LAUGHLIN V. UNITED STATES ROLLING-STOCK CO.
and the course of business trend that way: Mozley v. Alston, 1 Phil. Ch. 790; State v. McDaniel, 22 Ohio St. 354---367; Wight v. Railroad Co., 117 Mass. 226; Despatch Line of Packets v. Bellamy Manuf'g Co., 12 N. H. 205; Brown's Case, 9 Ch. App. 102; Parmelee v. Hambleton, 24 TIl. 609; State v. Murray,28 Wis. 96; Privett v. Bickford, 26 Kan.52. The case for equitable relief made by the complainant's bill turns entirely upon the question whether, at the annual election of di· rectors of the Alabama Great Southern Railroad Company, a per· son can be legally voted for as a director of the company who is not a registered shareholder in the company. I conclude that he may be voted for, and, if elected, may subsequently qualify by acquiring as owner, in good faith and in his own right, one or more shares of stock of the company. So that, conceding the jurisdiction of the court, both in respect to the interest of the complainant to maintain the suit and in respect to the nature of the relief demanded, it seems clear the complainant's case must fail upon the merits. other questions, important if the case shall come on hereafter for further hearing, have been very ably discussed by counsel; but as I am clear that, no matter what view I shall take of them, still, for the reasons given, the restraining order should be dissolved,. it is unnecessary to state or consider them. An order dissolving the restraining order will be entered, to take effect immediately on being filed in the clerk's office.
LAUGHLIN et aI. v. UNITED STATES ROLLING·STOCK CO. (Circuit Court, S. D. New York. September 28, 1894.)
'Where the receiver of an insolvent manufacturing corporation, without notice to its bondholders or general creditors, secured an order authorizing the issue of receiver's certificates, and issued such certificates, not for debts of the receiver, as such, but to creditors of the corporation for claims arising in the ordinary course of business prior to the receivership, held, that holders of such certificates were entitled to no priority, in the distribution of the assets of the corporation, over its other creditors, either secured or unsecured. "Vhere a contract between a corporation and B. provided that if, after six months, B. still held certain stock, transferred on account of an indebtedness, and insisted on returning it, the corporation would accept it, and pay for it 90 per cent. in cash, and B., after rlJe expiration of the 8ix months, had collected dividends on the stock, and credited the stock to the corporation in statements of account, held, that these facts showed an election by B. to keep the stock in payment
This was a suit in equity by Henry D. Laughlin and others against the United States Rolling-Stock Company, and is now heard on exceptions to the master's report. Cravath'& Houston, for complainants. Seward, Guthrie, Morawetz & Steele, for defendant.
LAOOMBE,Oircl.lit Judge. Upon'the argument .tWO questions only pl'esented.fQr:the consideration of the; <tourt: Ii'irst. whether the receiver's..eertificates are entitled to priority over the claims of othercreditol'$, jilecUI:ed or unsecured; second, whether the receivell:Should· have' allowed a claim of Bement, Miles & Co. for ,52,275.50. . 1. A..$:uo:briefhas been filed in $upport of the contention of the holdevsofthe receiver's certificates, it will be unnecessary to enter upon disCussion of the law or the facts involved in the fi!rstquestion. There is no pretense. that any notice of application for the orders authorizing the issuing of these certificates was to, .the bondholders or general creditol'S, whose rights are now· claimed to beaffetted therebY; and the recehrer and all to who!Q the certificates were delivered, therefore, took the risk of the final action ·,of the court touching the priority of such securities when in the fullness of time an opportunity to hear all parties and persons, interested should be afforded. Union Trust Co. v. Illinois M. Ry. Co., 117 U. S. 434, 6 Sup. Ct. 809. As the certificates were none· them issued, for indebtedness of the receiver as such, but were all turned over to creditors of the company for claims accruing prior to the receivership for goods sold to the company ill the ol'dinary course of business or money loaned to it, or for 'salaries ollts officers or fees of its counsel, there is no warrant in the authorities for giving them any pl'iority either over secured or even other unsecured creditors. 'fo do so would be grossly inequitable. Cases referred to on the argument, dealing with the administration of railroad receiverships, are of no application in the case at bar, where the insolvent is a private manufacturing corporation. Farmers' Loan & Trust Co. v. Grape Creek Coal Co., 50 Fed. 481. There is nothing in the orders heretofore made by the United States circuit court in Illinois which, either as an adjudica· tion or as a matter of comity, ,should prevent this court from finally administering and distributing the assets in the hands of the receiver, according to these well-settled principles of equity jurisprudence. The Illinois court, on the contrary, has expressly inserted in its orders language which relegates all the questions raised upon the argument to this court for final decision. The master, therefore, under the terms of the order of reference, which required him to ascertain and report as to the respective priority of all claims, was not precluded by those orders from passing upon the prioritJ' of these receiver's certincates. As there is no good reason why the disposition of this question should be any longer delayed, and as the master has reported all the facts, the decree should adjudge that the hOlders of receiver's certificates are entitled to no preferential lien. 2. As to the claim of Bement, Miles & Co., an examination of the record affords no sufficient ground for reversing the finding of the master on the fundamental question of fact, viz. that the contract between the corporation and the firm, under which the stock was transferred on account of tb<;> indebtedness for machinery, provided that if, at the end of six IIlonths, it was still in the firm's hands,and
UNITED STATES V. ELLIOTT.
they should insist upon returning it, and taking 90 per cent. cash in its place, the corporation would accept it, and pay that sum. Waiving all question as to the validity of such a contract, the evidence in the case, which is barren of any suggestion as to an extension of the six months originally limited, and which shows the repeated collection of dividends, and the rendering of a statement of merchandise account showing a crediting of the stock to the corporation in settlement af the debt, satisfies' me, as it did the master, that, upon the expiration of the six months, the firm elected· to keep the stock as payment for the supplies they had furnished. There is nothing in the proceedings before the Alabama court to prevent a final disposition of this question in this court. Those proceedings were wholly without notice to the other creditors, who here oppose the claim. Moreover, the Alabama court, as did the lllinois court, inserted, in the order whereby it transferred to the present permanent receiver all the property and effects of the corporation in the hands of the temporary receiver it had appointed, a clause providing for the payment of all liens lawfully created or imposed on the property by any order of its own, "as may be after ordered or adjudged, this order being made without prejudice to any existing liens, and without prejudice to any objection or defense thereto." Evidently, the Alabama court did not undertake so to adjudicate upon the corpus temporarily in its hands as to cut off the rights of persons who had no opportunity to be heard before it. The exceptions to this part of the master's report are overruled, and the claim disallowed. The receiver, however, should return i them the stock which, presumably, they gave up when they received the receiver's certificate.
UNITED STATBS v. ELLIOTT et at. (Circuit Court, E. D. }1issourL October 24, 1894.)
CONSPIRACY IN RESTRAI:S-T OF INTEHSTATE CmBIERCE -WHAT CONSTITUTES.
A combination by railroad employlis to prevent all the railroads of a large city engaged in carrying the United States mails and in interstate commerce, from carrying freight and passengers, hauling cars, and securing the services of persons other than strikers, and to induce persons to leave the service of such railroads, is within Act July 2, 1890, § 1, which prOVides that every contract, combination in the form of trust or otherwise, "01' conspiracy in restraint of trade or commerce" among the states, is illegal. Act July 2, 1890, § 4, which provides that the circuit courts of the United States have jurisdiction to restrain combinations and conspiracies to obstruct and destroy interstate commerce, before such objects are accomplished, is not void for want of power in congress to authorize such proceedings, Dnder Act July 2, 1890, § 5, an injunction order in an action to enjoin an ilIegal conspiracy against interstate commerce may provide that it shall be in force on defendants not named in the bill, but who are within
SAME-IN.JUNCTION-POWER OF CONGRESS TO AUTHORIZE.
SAME-INJUNCTION ORDER-PERSONS KOT NAMED IN BILL.