JAROS HYGIENIC UNDERWEAR CO. v. FLEECE HYGIENIC UNDERWEAR CO. et at (Circuit Court, E. D. Pennsylvania. December 18, 1894.) No. 23.
1. TRADE-MARll:-"HYGIENlC. It
2. SAME,.-REQUISITES OF.
The word "hygienic," as applied to underwear, cannot be monopolized under the guise of a trade-mark.
Not only priority is required in the appropriation of trade-marks, but the mark selected must be arbitrary, and not merely descriptive of the article to which it is applied or of some quality thereof. Where the pleadings in a suit in equity show a prior proceeding to which the parties were privies, but in which no opinion was filed to explain the decree, the whole record of the former proceeding is good evidence in the latter for the purpose of shOWing that the preceding adjudication was upon the same subject-matter as the latter, and, as such, an estoppel thereto.
When it is shown that the subject-matter of a preceding suit was the same as that in issue, that the court had jurisdiction, that the parties to the second suit would have been concluded by a decree in the first, and that there was no technical or unsubstantial ground upon which the first suit could have decided, the subject is res judicata.
Hearing on bill, answer, and proofs.
This was a suit in equity, charging infringement of certain trade-mark rights alleged to belong to the complainant. As originally filed, the bill of complaint also charged infringement of a certain patent. By amendment, all reference to the patent and charge of infringement thereof were subsequently withdrawn. The bill set forth an allegation of title in the complainant and its predecessors in the words "Hygienic," "Jaros Hygienic 'Veal'," "Wool Fleece Knit," and in thl:' symbol of the sun with projecting rays. It set forth that these four said trade-marks were registered in the patent office. It also set forth the publication of a book witb photolithographic cuts of persons clothed in certain undenvear, of advertising cards containing peculiar printed matter, and averred the use of a peculiar system of enumeration for designating different sizes and qualities of underwear. It charged tbat tbe defendant Rishel was the selling agent of the plaintiff, and, as such, became acquainted with the above-mentioned trade-marks; that he organized the defendant company, and began to infringe at various places, and more particularly in the city of' Boston, through a company knmvn as the "William H. Richardson Company." It averred the commencement of a suit by this complainant against the said company, and the granting of a preliminary injunction therein; further averring that the said suit was defended by the said defendants herein; and that, a motion having been made by them to dissolve said injunction, the motion was denied; and that the said injunction was still in force, and no further attempt to dissolve tbe same bas been made. The bill particularized that the defendants had infringed complainant's right as follows: By the use of the word "Hygienic" as applied to underwear; by the use of a symbol resembling that of the complainant's, viz. that of the SUll with projecting rays, surrounded by the words "Jaros Hygienic 'Wear"; by the use of the words "Wool Fleece Knit"; by the use of said pictures of persons clothed in said underwear; by the use of said peculiar system of' numbers designating the quality of tbe fabric; by the use of advertising cardli containing the same formula of construction, basis, ad,antages, and diseases indicated. , The answer, while admitting the registration of the said trade-marks, denied that such registration gave the complainant any right in the premises. It
CLINTON WIRE-CLOTH CO. V. WRIGHT &: COLTON WIRE-CLOTH CO.
It further averred that the suit above referred to had been brought to tinal
also averred" that the saId publications were not original with the complainant.
hearing in the supreme court of Massachusetts, and had been dismissed, with costs; that the decision in said suit was an estoppel upon the present one. It denied the use of saId trade-marks, except the word "Hygienic," which was part of its corporate title. Under the evidence, the suit was narrowed down to the right of the use of the word "Hygienic," and the adjudication of the essential matters in dispute in favor of the defendants in the Boston suit; both parties being privies thereto, as admitted in the pleadings. In said case no opinion was rendered, but the entire record was put in evidence by the defendants, for the purpose of showIng that the subject-matter was the same as in the present suit.
W. P. Preble, Jr., for complainant. J os. C. Fraley, for defendants. DALLAS, Circuit Judge. The oral argument of the learned counsel of the complainant, and the brief which he has submitted, have, I believe, presented as forcibly as possible every consideration "which could be urged on its behalf; but I have not been persuaded that it is entitled to the relief which it seeks. I do not deem it necessary to detail the facts, or to discuss the familiar principles of law which have been debated at bar. It must suffice to say that I am of opinion that the final decree of the Massachusetts court in the case of this complainant against the William H. Richardson Company is conclusive in the present one (Lyon v. Manufacturing Co., 125 U. S. 698, 8 Sup. Ct. 1024; Billing v. Gilmer, 8 C. C. A. 645, 60 Fed. 332; Castle v. Noyes, 14 N. Y. 329; Follansbee v. Walker, 74 Pa. St. 306; Frauenthal's Appeal, 100 Pa. St. 290; Spring Run Coal Co. v. Tosier, 102 Pa. St. 342; Finley v. Hanbest, 30 Pa. St. 190); and that, irrespective of that decree, the complainant has no right or title to such exclusive use of the word "H:rgienic" as it claims. With reference to complainant's citation of Manufacturing Co. v. Ludeling, 22 Fed. 823, the attention of counsel is directed to National, etc., Co. v. Munn's, etc., Co.,  App. Cas. 275. Bill dismissed, with costs.
CLINTON WIRE-CLOTH CO. v. WRIGHT & COLTON WIRE-CLOTH CO. (Circuit Court, D. Massachusetts. January 22, 1895.) No. 222. P ATENTs-INVENTION-INFRINGEMENT-WIRE CLOTH. The Wright patents, No. 239,011, for a shuttle for weaving wire cloth, and No. 239,012, for an improvement in the art of weaving wire cloth, held valid, as showing patentable invention.
This was a suit by the Olinton Wire-Cloth Company against the Wright & Colton Wire-Cloth Company for infringement of certain patents. ' Cansten Browne and Alex. P. Browne, for complainant. Elmer P. Howe, for defendant. OARPENTER, District Judge. This is a bill in equity to restrain an alleged infringement on letters patent No. 239,011, issued March