PENNSYINANIA CO. FOR INS. ON LIVES, ETC., V. RAILWAY CO.
right to assign the lease, then the injunction is unnecessary. If they have no right to free themselves from responsibility by such an assignment, and if in fact that responsibility will remain, notwithstanding an assignment, or an attempt to make an assignment, or the assignment proposed, then the complainant has a plain, adequate, and complete remedy at law against them, and he does not need, and cannot entitle himself to, the aid of this court. The restraining order heretofore granted is rescinded. The prayer for the injunction is refused. The bill is dismissed, with costs.
PENNSYLVANIA CO. FOR INSURANCE ON LIVES AND GRANTING ANNUITIES v. JACKSONVILLE, T. & K. W. RY. CO. et al. JACKSONVILLE, T. & K. W. RY. CO. v. AMERICAN CONST. CO. et ai. (Circuit Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit. Nos. 325 and 331.
February 5, 1895.)
COSTS IN RECEIVERSHIP PROCEEDINGS-APPORTIONMENT.
A subordinate railroad was taken into the hands of a receiver appointed ror the controlling company engaged in operating it, and, after being ated for some time by the receiver, was surrendered to its own company. Held, that the property so surrendered was liable for its due proportion of the costs of the receivership accruing while it was in the receiver's hands, although the company owning it never became a party to the proceedings until it appeared for the purpose of contesting such liability; and that the apportionment of such cost was a matter resting in the sound discretion of the circuit court. The matter of costs lies largely in the discretion of the chancellor, and a decree' made by him, reviewing the action of the clerk determining what papers should be formally filed, and the manner of filing, will not be revised on appeal.
COSTS IN EQUITy-DISCRETION OF CHANCELLOR.
Appeal from the Circuit Court of the United States for the Northern District of Florida. These were appeals taken respectively by the Pennsylvania Company for Insurance on Lives and Granting Annuities against the Jacksonville, Tampa & Key West Railway Company and others, and by the latter company against the American Construction Company, Philip Walters, and others, from a decree adjudicating the matter of costs arising in receivership proceedings. J. C. Cooper and T. M. Day, for Jacksonville, T. & K. W. R.v. Co. J. C. Cooper and R. H. Liggett, for Pennsylvania Co. for Insurance on Lives and Granting Annuities. R. W. Davis, for Florida Southern R. Co. Before McCORMICK, Circuit Judge, and BRUCE, District Judge. PER CURIAM. These cases are substantially one, and were heard as such in this court. The subject of the contention is the clerk's costs in a suit in equity in which the railroad and other property of the Jacksonville, Tampa & Key West Railway Company and of the Florida Southern Railroad Company was in the actual
cnstody of theconrt, and was operated and controlled by a receiver appointed in the snit in which the costs accrued. Nearly the whole of the costs in controversy were taxed for the filing of the receiver's monthly reports and the accompanying vouchers submitted to the court during the eight months that the receiver was operating the railroads under the orders of the court. The property of the .Jacksonville, Tampa & Key West Railway is still in the custody of the court, operated and controlled by another receiver, the successor of one to whom the first receiver delivered the same under the orders of the court. The present receiver and his immediate predecessor were appointed in another suit pending in the same court during the whole time of the continuance of the first receiver's holding. The first receiver. was appointed in a suit by a stockholder; the subsequent receiver in a snit by the trustee representing the mortgage bondholders of the Jacksonville, Tampa & Key West Railway Company. When the stockholder's suit was "0ronght. the Jacksonville, Tampa & Key West Railway Company was in the actual possession, and had the control and operation, of the railroad and otb.er property of the Florida Southern Railroad Company. It appears that the property of this company has been surrendered to the Florida Southern Railroad Company, and it is insisted that this company was never a party to either of the equity proceedings referred to, although its property was, as before stared, in the actual custody of the court during the whole period of the first receiver's employment as such, and the two properties were operated by him as one railroad. The Florida Southern Railroad Company did, however, appear in the circuit court in these suits to contest its liability for the costs in controversy; and it was found by that court to be liable and was adjudged to pay a certain portion of these costs arising out of the court's operating of its property. In equity proceedings the matter of costs is necessarily so largely in the discretion of the chancellor that a decree relating to that subject alone is not ordinarily reviewed in the appellate court. In the absence of manifest abuse of that discretion, the appellate court will decline to control its exercise. There is no statute or rule of court prescribing what papers, to the exclusion of all others, shall or may be filed in court. In the absence of such a mandatory limitation, it seems clear that the clerk should and must file all such papers in an equity proceeding as the chancellor orders him to file. And if the clerk, acting on his own judgment and sense of duty' or lawful interest, files separately the vouchers accompanying a receiver's reports, when the parties object because the vouchers are not proper papers to be filed in court, or are many of them fastened together in bundles, and should be filed as one paper, or ·for any other reason, and the issue is brought to the decision of the chancellor, who decides that many of them should be filed, as they have been, separately, marked. "Filed" by the clerk, the order 01' decree announcing ,that decision is controlling on the clerk, and a sufficient warrant to him for filing such papers. It mayor it may not be necessary or judicious to regulate the practice in this regard by a rule of court. There were 15,621 vouchers filed with
TABOR V. INDIANAPOI.IS JOURNAL NEWSPAPER 00.
the receivers' reports, for which the clerk charged 10 cents a voucher, a.mounting to $1,562.10. It may be that these vouchers unnecessarily incumber the records of the court, and unduly swell the cost of the proceedings. We express no opinion as to whether these vouchers should have been kept in a safe: place among the records of the railroad offices, or filed with the special master, or brought into court and filed with the clerk. As the statutes and rules of court now stand, it was in the discretion of the judge· to decide this question, and we do not feel authorized to review decree in this matter, or in the matter of making a part of the amount of the costs a charge on the property of the railway and railroad companies respectively. We are clear that so much of the proper cost as accrued during the first receiver's operation of the railroads, and grew out of that operation, was and is a proper charge on the property of, those corporations, and that, under the conditions in which the costs accrued, the apportioning of them against the respective properties must rest in the sound discretion of the judge of the circuit court. The decrees appealed from. are affirmed.
TABOR v. INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL NEWSPAPER CO. (Circuit Court, D. Indiana. March 14, 1895.)
PLEADING-SURPLUSAGE-COMPLAINT FOR LIEEL.
Allegations in a complaint for libel that plaintiff addressed several let· tel's (setting them out in fUll) to defendant, asking a retraction of the al· leged libelous statements, and that no answers thereto were received, coil· stitute a violation of the rule requiring a statement of facts constituting the cause of action, and not the evidence to sustain it; and all matter relating to such letters must be stricken out on motion.
PRACTICE-FILING INTERROGATORIES IN ACTIONS AT LAW.
The rule of practice in the federal courts does not permit the plaintiff in an action at law to file, with his complaint, interrogatories to be swered by defendant. Ex parte Fisk. 5 Sup. Ct 724, 113 U. S. 713, followed.
This was an action for libel brought by Julia Marlowe Tabor against the Indianapolis Journal Newspaper Company. Defendant moves to strike out certain matter from the complaint. Lucius B. Swift, for plaintiff. Hawkins & Smith, for defendant. BAKER, District Judge. The plaintiff, in her complaint, alleges that the defendant did maliciously, with intent to injure her good name and reputation, and to defame and injure her in respect of her profession as an actress, print and publish in the regular Sun· day issue of the Indianapolis Journal, of and concerning the plaintiff. a certain false and malicious libel, which is set out in the complaint. The complaint then further alleges that on the 16th day of .January, 1895, the plaintiff caused to be addressed to the defendant's editor a letter, which is set out, asking for a retraction of the