BALDWIN V. NATIONAL HEDGE & WIRE-FENCE CO.
murrer and plea were disposed of, appellant Gregory answered the cross bill of Kemp Van Ee, proofs were taken touching the merits of Kemp Van Ee's claim, and the merits were heard by the court below. The assignment of errors, as already said, raised no question as to the merits of that claim, and we were, therefore, to assume that they were not in issue. As with reference to the petition as against Mary H. Pike, we have re-examined in this connection the assignment of errors and the points made in the brief against Kemp Van Ee, and find nothing which was not duly considered by us. After considering the several petitions for a rehearing, no judge who concurred in the judgments desires that a rehearing be granted, or permitted to be argued, and therefore orders will be entered as follows: After duly considering the petition for a rehearing, no judge who concurred in the judgment desiring that it should be granted, or permitted to be argued, it is denied. Mandate will issue forthwith.
BALDWIN v. NATIONAL HEDGE & WIRE-FENCE CO. (Circuit Court, E. D. Pennsylvania. May 14, 1895.) No. 28.
REFORMATION OF CONTRACTS-EvIDENCE-AsSIGNMENT OF PATENT.
An assignment of all the patentee's interest in a patent will not be reformed, on the ground of mistake, so as to assign merely his rights for -one county, where the allegations of the bill are denied, and the proofs to support the same are not clear and satisfactory.
This was a bill by William Baldwin against the National Hedge .& Wire-Fence Company for the purpose of reforming a contract purporting to assign all of complainant's rights in a certain patent. Meade D. Detwiler, H. Sargent Ross, Baldwin & Oliver, and F. ,Carroll Brewster, for complainant. James Kell and John G. Johnson, for defendant. DALLAS, Circuit Judge. Upon the day of its date an instrument of writing was executed and delivered, as follows:
Plashed Fences, William Baldwin. York, Penna., March 4th, 1889. Know all men by these presents, that I, William Baldwin, of Marion, Indiana, for one dollar to me in hand paid, and other valuable considerations, the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged, I do hereby assign, transfer, and set over all my title and interest in patent No. 274,895, date Aprll 3, 1888, being the sole owner and patentee, to the National Hedge and Wire-Fence Company, of York, Penna. William BaldwiD. [Seal.] Witness: E. H. Neiman, S. B. Gleason, J. Jessup.
This suit is brought by the assignor against the assignee. The bill alleges that "it was by mutual mistake of the parties that said instrument was so written as to assign or transfer all the right of the
orutor under his patent, and that he did not intend at any time to make such a transfer or assignment, and the defendant did not intend that such assignment or transfer should be made, but both parties then and there meant and intended that only a right in and to (said) county of Baltimore should be assigned and transferred." The relief sought is "that the mistake in said instrument " * .. be corrected; that said instrument be so reformed as to assign and transfer to the defendant a right in and to said county of Baltimore, :\1aryland," etc. The answer denies the material allegations of the bill. If the question of fact presented might be dealt with as a doubtful one, a discussion of the evidence would be necessary; but as, in suits of this kind, equity will withhold relief if the mistake is not made entirely plain, it is sufficient to say that in the present case this certainly has not been done. Upon attentively considering all the proofs, I am constrained to hold that they are, at most, not clear and satisfactory. They are by no means "free from doubt and uncertainty, and such as to entirely satisfy the conscience of the court." Baltzer v. Railroad 00., 115 U. S. 684, 6 Sup. Ct. 216; Van Vleet v. Sledge, 45 Fed. 743. The rule to which I have referred is thoroughly well settled, both in England and in this country, and in my judgment the present case is one which peculiarly calls for its enforcement The bill is dismissed.
DONALD v. SCOTT et al. (Circuit Court. D. South Carolina. l\1ay 8. 1895.)
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW-SUIT Af:ATNST A STATE.
'l'he statute of South Carolina known as the "Disl?ensary Law" prohibits citizens of that state from bringing into it, for their own use, alcoholic liquors purchased in other states, and directs the seizure and confiscation of such liquors, but proyides for the purchase of such liquors either in or out of the state by state officials, and for their sale by such otticials. One D., a citizen of South Carolina, purchased in other states. and imported, for his own use, certain alcoholic liquors, which were seizea by the state constables, ncting under the dispensary law. D. filed a bill in the federal court for an injunction to restrain such constahles from continuing their interference with his importation of alcoholic liquors; alleging that the dispensary law was an interference with interstate commerce, and in contravention of the acts of congress relating thereto. Held, that the suit was not a suit against the state.
UNITED STATES COURTS-.JUJ:ISIHC1'ION-[<'FDERAL QUESTION.
Heli}, further, that the suit involved n federal question, and was within the jurisdiction of the courts of the United States. Held, further, that so far as the dispensary law prohibited citizens ot
the state from purchasing alcoholic liquors, for their own use, in other states, and from importing them into South Carolina, it was a discrimination against the products of other states and the citizens or such states not patronized by the state officials of South Carolina, and was void a. an interference with interstate commerce.
" SAME-POLICE POWER.
Held, further, that such interference could not be justified as an exercise of the police power.