ilege ofpurchasing, if a gWt 1Vl'iting,.'be valid, and that a. reI,lter suc,4,1t. :pass jitleeve;n .to a bona fide IWticl;l,., other that, 'between, FJie 0figiD:a.l pl,trpies, i Qontracts, as that in (Jree'1',v. Church If givesa,valid,jien·.whichwill he enforce. abJe notice. and who right opiI,liop.s, do, I!Qt.JI!,qdify tb.e, lormer' ,iQuly' make plainer, the up0ll; rW.pieh, i" ;Whatever may be the in QtherqOuJ:ts.th.e which are 8,llthodtyin,this' deelltre agre«;l1pe,n.ts as tqe one bet.ween ,the & ,Smith Manufaetgring CoIllpany and the statutie' of .liens to be recorded. Motiqn for overruled. ,'
. il,\' '.'". .,.
The 'PttJceedingswith 'referbJ1ce to I.deoogriizltnce and: itS' forfeiture iof the ¢clUl't, of: the reco'rds: Qf th,ll ,court, ,'ltlld t4e. imports 8'Uchabsoll1te verity that I1 c,lln it. ' . : . .
. ;... tiPOD: ,-, i1tllited' in the' l.Jaol'cl.l of, the:Jforfditute
110 cohiradlct facts tit I thf) recogiiizli.nc&;'Aeld. in'\' ' ' 1 )'
, ; - , . ",
'J/ _ ."
c. ' .. '
the o0tlrt, ;. ,:"
without a j u r Y " i l I . jJhan?1;irw
an'a Th,omis upon' a into by them ih for the appearance of :Ahibrose;ftom.'dayt(,! day,' to answer to an indicttrlant' :pendil11g.againsthim,ana 'noVde-
of. , lj.)',),swer breach, a,ndthereplieation ;perfects the; theissueion its part, the:United .States' ihtrodltcea and ',' .; r:'}::--, . ''',' LL',;' ',' ,'. ". ) read a record of the court showmg that on a certam day during that. ihe ne'dessary steps fcit: thepul'posa'of work7 ing' and decHirirrg a weret'akerL' To that the, that· the facts stated in that: recol'd,shO'wibg thefotfeitnre,: were not truEh that, in pOint balled as therein: 'reeited; and that; in fact, Hahy' T, Ambrose, his sutety, was' zrotcitHeet ripb'n to produce 'filS body;: as is 'whether"otnoHhat testimony is'con1peten:t. J rthinlt iHsriot. ' " . .The proceeding with''referahce rl3cognizance is's, pro'ceedirig :01 tlle . The' itself congtittites a part of the teeords of the' :' itiil of'record. The' proceedin:g in 'the' 8f recoghiz a 'proceedIng' of the: iiJ"8; tter' df f' ab.di it seettlfi totbe ,that,itif(as in other 6freacirdlt;:'8, ·,aasewn'ere·tb record imports such absolute whoni iHs 'produeibleshall: I
is fully oited in the note to. .Duches8 of Kingston Case, iu'S'mith'i!> Deitdirig Cases,' "! condeted df:a seditious:1ibel, Elrrorto tHeJQtftjen"s BEmch,assigning forertoBn fac'c't, tbatthare'wasbutoile of the jtisticEts' iri when thE! jury! gave their On 'Kmgls Bench (and· which was,lma;de"'-ap"in' ·. an4 the court ant to question ·the; faat.as! stated)'" .. ' : ' ' ' 1 : f, In' rlelivering 'the 0p'iili6n,; the' 'ci:>dftsa'id' that" 'tt'w3isclear
cllnnpt intact"a ,to the record.!, ,: InI lnst. 2,60, Lord Coke says :
":The rolls being the records or memorials of the of the courts of record, impgrt in such Ilrnd verity as they, ad!llit of no averment, plea, or propf to the contrary'. And if such a record be alleged, and it be pleaded that there is no such record, it shall be tried only by itseJ1'; and the reason thereof is apparent, for otherwise (as our Qld authors say, tllat truly): IIhQu,ld never. any end to contro. ' . versies which would be inconvenient."
_,,+'h\3 of borDElsiJrl, mipd,;
(op.Eviden,ce, ,?17, wiph gqod
illent has been . to
, . - _;1 ·
. til :'1.:,
," " , : , , ' ·
t,hat is" the prodliction .ofa
Pllrpoa,e .of )1>rqving-tpe, llxistence, .of a j,t1lfgJ:ll;6nt either sort is conClusive uDon all. the w.odd."
'. ' ' . ;; \ \ · ,:,'
to 1:).as lIlOre tqan once been dEicided,. and especially in the ·of v. 12 Ohio St. 60,' facts of case are !lot distinguisha})le from the fa(Jts in this <lase,.and wherein t!:W court,,.,through JUdge Peck, says.:
"The settled p,actice in these cases,'which may be said to be the law of such judicial undertakings, that Squires should appear in said court .Olj. the. day named in the recognizance, and answer to the criminal charge specified therein, and that the defendants, his sureties, should have him then and there for that purpose; and that, if Squires was not so present or produced, the several parties to said recognizance were to be called
anti reqttiredto comply'With its' 0 'aha alSo' tMt,o'l1J a·failure to comply, it WOUld: be ,the duty, of ,tlle:court before wh\Ch jfl 3Qknowl-· declare a.ll!l: the,foJ:feit!lr1l IJ? forthwith be. deemed a record of said court. ',' f, law of this'speciWof underta.'kitigs, how can it be said th:Wthe camng' and forfeiture of (too'hB'reoogn:izance is an 6:ll 'Parte ceeding in, the to by They vqluntarily appeared in open, aJ;ld became parties to .an inchoate judicial proceeding.).nd were conversithf; or, at least, cannot plead ignor- ' arice :ofthe legal course prescribed f01"Jitsfulfilment and; its forfei1[ure. They, therefore, knew; or must be pvesumedto hl've ·known, when enterthat, jn,calle a default, HW0l,lld be the duty ing into that. of theeourt before it was" acknowledged; 'without prqcess or flHiller notice; to entet against them j atforfeitJrtrlr of the entire'penalty; wolild'l1ave'all the and efiect·of a record<tf theicourt.l which' It but in 'rh,ipb. lL judgmllnt llJ.ade.p,Ydefa,ult" wh,ere a serviceofll-otice has been acknowledged,. could 'lind no"oBewou'ldsay 'that i1 jtitlgfnent' sb tehdetll'd iSJn\)t fi.riail land· ddnolnsiJve tb.e detendaIit, until ,reversed bl'; !let 'a16l1e in tW.e 'CqUlJW of l/lIw, . 'J ,i: ,; f :' : ; j " , i : , .. , , ; ' 'll .-1 n[ j '. " The record may be only butJ;t ill, , sta\utl;l,. evide,nce of ,& superior l/y recora..-an,d,·on . ,c!it&otul\elmetJilill' bf'lte$tIbt6liy .o'f an grade, as was attempted in the case.Bt,bf)r:n"dl)·;)1 ;,: j ') . .Ii i
And the opinion of the supreme court of the state of Ohio is sustained by citation ofauthoritiee 'from Iowa and New York to the same effect. . Now I am refe:re'd; o'ih6i' ilide; !<fiwo cases only: the cat!.e ·of..llee8e v.·,TheUnited State8, One in 9 W where all t4at t,hEj ; P in:a recogWzance is like. a. ,ooniract o£ suretyship :inaJI ,other calJes' iIi' respect t<>thispbint:.thatineas8 the contract is tOr the, by ,the cqn,seni party altered, hU to whom ,the, r,ecognizanclihis.. given,t,hat tb!tt the surety'. ., '., The other case is that of Griswold v. Stewart, 4: Cow. 457. That was scire against Stewart, andset.fort1:la. judgment of the court.in favor cUbe plaintiff against Walton for $'5,000 and costs,. on the twenty-ninth of October, 1813; that execution thereof still remained to be maMithat Walton was dead"and commanded the sheriff of county warn the heir-s and tenants of all the land in his whereof Walton, or any person or persons in trust for him, was
seized: on the day on whiah>:the· ju'dgment"was e1'l'tered,joratany time' after, to show dEibt should ubt'be made of' Jands peing as one of the,tenants on the,day af,o.the·rendition of the judgment, appeared and·ma.de thetneathtl.t'dnthe day on which the judgand,t4at consequently mellt . the,judgmenti wasV:Qid by of the, want of jurisdiction in ,the cOl1rtovet'thifl person 'of Walton for the purpose of rendering the, Judg¢ent. It! "\Vas' held that plea was a becau'se','itdidnQtcontradict t4e record, but only, undertook to ,avoid theeffetlt of it by showing that the court h'adho ,to, render the judgment. But it did not 'fact of the j)ld'gmept,: 9r any of the, transactions, ofthe,court·,wbich: took place on that day, and I see nothing in that which is not consistent with rule There will, be a- judgment for the plaintiff for the amount of the recognizance.
(':' · , :" , J· ·,
1> TAXATkdN:"PERS01qAi.' Pl'OMmTV-CnANGll:OF 'RltllIDENCE,
;"At statute of. t!lestate of'MinnesotA, 'infor<le-in' the year 1876. Nj3n (\>f residing." within the 8tate,10 referenGe: tothe quantity of such' property held i " ofbwnedby :thetltst day "i>:dth that year, Held, :who:had Wed: a resident of the state, but who was in. itinere on the first day of May, 1876, for the ." city oj Y plac;:,e pi his fut}lfe resi,de)1ce, was subject to taxation !lnder the Minnesota statute.
J ' , J , '.·
, ;In) theyeiir< ;Jtatute' of it-jul' Mlihi\.e915til WQB amended ": !jstl,J;·ilfp.pose a ftall; 4poJi :'" il.ll PllfBQllal piQperty,emp)oyed in trade
wlthm the state for the p,urposesof prlvate 1;lankmg, and for the loan'hig of ixiOitey nbteaMlmottgag'e,!wd1l1mi.pI6yed hi ;,." )withtn tbemeanfugjof tJie8tatuteJ !Sltiliough sucIa.bmiiess was in the: i:' .· :, "'I ; ,;':' .. Tif" !