WESEL MANUF'G CO. December 19, 1895.)
(CIrcuit Court, S. D. New York.
PATENTS-INVF:NTION-PRINTERS' RULE .AND LEAD CUTTERS.
The Golding patent, No. 206,781, for an improvement in machines for cutting printers' ruies and leads, discloses patentable novelty in the special construction of the blade, whereby it is adapted to cut rules by its rear portion, where great power is applied, and leads by its front portion, where less power is exerted.
This was a bill in equity by William H. Golding against the F. Wesel Manufacturing Company for alleged infringement of a patent. John J. Jennings, for complainant. Louis C. Raegener, for defendant. COXE, District Judge. This is an infringement suit based on letters patent No.. 206,781, granted to the complainant August 6, 1878, for an improvement in machines for cutting printers' rules and leads. The novelty of the machine consists in the special construction of the cutting blade by means of which it is adapted to cut both rules and leads. The rear portion of the blade, where great power is. applied, is used for cutting rules which are thick and hard, the front portion, where less power is applied, is used for cutting leads which are comparatively thin and soft. The other novel features to details of co:nlltruction which prevent lateral movement· of the cutter and impart great strength and ample power to the machine. The result is a compact and convenient tool which is known in the art as "The Little Giant." The first and third claims are .involved. They are .as follows:
"(1) The combination of the pivoted cutter-head with the cutter having the straigbt and inclined cutting-edges, both located on the same side of, and the inclined edges next to the pivotal point of, the head, as and for .the purpose set forth." "(3) In combination with a tlxed cutti:!r and a cutter pivoted at one end, the guiding-block b6 and arm a 5 · fo·r holding the free end of the cutter· against lateral movement, as described."
As the defendant's machine is almost the exact counterpart of "The Little Giant," and was advertised by the defendant under the name of the "ImproYed Little Giant," infringement must be conceded, the only defense relied on being lack of patentable novelty. be maintained. The proof of patentability is This defense unusually .cJear and explicit. A simple inspection of the Golding tool shows.it to be an exceedingly, convenient, efficacious and power· ful one.. It needl!l no expert to em,phasi2,e this; it is obvious. There in the patent for 15 years. Fifteen thouwas sand macbiIWlil have been useq· in. the printers' art·. The defendant bears testimony to the value of the invention, for it sells an almost , Chipese reproduction. The Hoe m,achine is the only one in the prior art which wMactuallyused. in,a practical way by printers. Its in· feriority to the ;D;ll:\,cpine is apparent at a glance. It is like comparing the "flint lock" of revolutionary days with the modErn "Winchester." In structure, convenience of operation and
AMERICAN TUBING & WEBBING CO. V. NICHOLLS.
in the character of work done Golding is at all points an improvement on Hoe. It is not surprising that the former has superseded the latter and occupies a position of unchallenged supremacy in the
It is not pretended that any of the patents introduced by the defendant anticipates the complainant's invention and it is thought that they do not negative invention when combined. What printers wanted was a small, strong, cheap, durable and powerful machine that would cut both rules and leads, making a clean, straight, accurate cut. This they got in "The Little Giant." No other machine possessed these features, no prior patent describes how such a machine can be made. Nothing in the prior art discloses a knife capable of making a shearing cut and a straight cut at one stroke with a gauge plate arranged in plain sight of the. operator so that the result is a clean, straight edge on rule and lead. The claims above quoted are aptly worded to give the inventor the fruits of his invention. They do nothing more and both are necessary to accomplish this result. The patent having expired pendente lite the complainant is entitled to a decree for an accounting.
AMERICAN TUBING & WEBBING CO. v. NICHOLLS.
(Circuit Court, S. D. New York. December 19, 1895.)
PATENTS-PRIOR USE-FLExmLE GAs-TUBE ATTACHMENTS.
The Caldwell patent, No. 480,247, for improvements in the mode of attaching tips to flexible tubing for gas, held void because of prior use.
Final Hearing in Equity.
This action is for infringement, founded upon letters patent, No. 480,247, granted August 9, 1892, to Alfred Caldwell for improvements in the mode of attaching tips to flexible tUbing for gas. The patent is owned by the complalnant. The specification says: "The llexible tubing now in use (February, 1892,) is attached to the tip or socket referred to by placing the small end of the same within the end of the tubing and then winding with thread or fine wire to retain the connection of tbe two parts and prevent the escape of the gas. This method of attachment requires much time and care and cannot always be relied upon to make a perfectly tight joint. The object of my invention is to make a more complete and perfect union between the tubing and the tip or socket by which it is attached to the stove, drop-light, or source of supply and at the same time permit tbe parts to be more qUickly and easily united. My Invention Is more particularly designed to be used in connection with a flexible gas-tubing having an Interior spiral wire supporting the same, although It may be used with good effect in tubing in the constJ:uction of which such spiral wire Is not employed." The specification further 'ltates, in SUbstance, that the joint is made by placing the cap over the end of the flexible tube. The hollow shank is then screwed in. The interior of the tube is spirally wound with wire which engages with the screw threads on the. shank and thus the parts become so ;firmly united that they cannot be separated. 'I'he relative diameters of the screw-shank, the cap and the tube are such that the Introduction of the shank Into· the tube expands the ttibe within the cap to an extent sufficient to. form a perfectly tight joint and prevent the escape of gas. The connection is made in a moment and no ,special care Is required to secure, a tight