the plaintiffs, which was in excess of the amount actually due as a lien, by the amount of the first judgment. 'l'he amount required to redeem under the foreclosure from the ,assignee of Gilbert was given to .the sheriff of Sibley county, a:\ld also certified copies of the judgment, and the proper certificates evidenClngthe lien tinder' which the right to redeem- is' claimed were produced. It appears also that a certificate of redemption was duly made in compliance with the statute, by the sheriff of said county, and delivered to plaintiffs, bearing date June 29, and dUly recorded. Also another certificate of redemption was executed by the sheriff, dated August :.la, and duly recorded. This last certificate· was issued merely to correct an error in the , date of the time specified in. the certificate of June BO, 115\J:.l,.which fixed .June 29th as the day of redemption, when in fact redemption was actually made on June 30, 1892, which was after the year had expired, of which fact there is sufficient evidence in the case. Fuller & Johnson, as creditors, being lien holders under the statute, had a right to redeem them, but not before that time. Defendant has never received or accepted from the sheriff of the county of Sibley the moneys paid by said plaintiffs to said sheriff in attempting to makeredePlptlon from the foreclosure sale of the premises in controversy to Hoppenstedt, and such money has not in fact been paid to him by the sheriff, nor demanded by Hoppenstedt from the sheriff; but tlle sheriff duly tendered him the amount so paid to him, for the purpose of redemption, and the full amount necessary to redeem the premises from the foreclosure sale.. The mortgagor, Bierman; never redeemed, and Hoppenstedt never filed any notice of intention to redeem as a subsequent mortgagor, nor took any steps required to set forth his rights under the Franzen mortgage. "I find, as conclusions. of law, that Peterson, as the agent of Fuller & Johnson, had a right to sign the notice to redeem and thea:ltidavit of the amount due the creditors, and that the statute has been complied with in that respect; that Fuller & Johnson could redeem without paying the junior mortgage owned by Hoppenstedt; and that they. could lawfully use the name of the old firm as was done by them. I find that plaintiffs are entitled to possession of the premises. Judgment therefor will be rendered accordingly, ,with costs. R. R. Nelson, JUdge." Upon these findings of fact and declarations of law, judgment was rendered .for the plaintiffs, and the defendants sued out this writ of error.
C. G. Lawrence (W.P. Warner and Harris Richardson were with him on the brief), for plaintiffs in error. John Lind (0. A. Hagberg was with him on the brief), for defendants in error. Before CALDWELL, SANBORN, and THAYER, Circuit Judges. OALDWELL, Circuit Judge, after stating the case as above, de· livered the opinion of the court. The objection that it does not appear either from the pleadings or finding of facts that the citizenship of the plaintiffs is such as to give the circuit court jurisdiction is not well founded. The com· plaint avers that the plaintiffs are "citizens of the state of Wisconsin and residents therein." The answer to this averment only pnts in issue the immaterial fact whether the plaintiffs "reside in the state of Wisconsin." It does not put in issue, and therefore con· fesses, the allegation of the complaint that the plaintiffs are "citizens of the state of Wisconsin," which is the essential jurisdictional fact. The redemption was made on the 30th day of June, 1892, but, by a clerical misprision of the sheriff, the certificate of redemption was dated June 29, 1892. This clerical error of the sheriff in affixing a wrong date to the certificate did not affect the validity of the reo
demption. It was the duty of the sheriff to issue a certificate showing the date the redemption was made, and, if the first one did not do this, it was his duty either to correct the error in that certificate or to issue a new one that did state the date correctly. If the first certificate was valid, the second did not invalidate it; but if the first certificate was void on account of the error in its date, as contended by the plaintiffs in error, then it was the duty of the sheriff to issue one giving the true date, as was done. But this is concluded by the findings. The court below found there was this mistake in the date of the certificate. This court is bound to presume this finding was made upon sufficient and competent evidence. The record does not contain the evidence, and there is nowhere in the record any exception to the introduction of any evidence offered by either party; nor is there any assignment of error based on the reception of alleged incompetent evidence. On the contrary, it appears from the record that the case was tried upon a written agreement that stipulated that "the testimony offered, and all stipulations and admissions heretofore entered into herein, and received upon the former trial," were to be taken as admitted and proved. Certainly, if the plaintiffs in error, on the trial below, admitted the error in the date of the certificate, and made no objection to its introduction in evidence on that ground, they will not be heard to make the objection for the first time in this court. Upon the record, this court will presume that the findings of the court below were based upon admissions or competent evidence, and that thel'e was no objection to the admission of any evidence tending to prove the facts found. It is further contended by the plaintiffs in error that the redemption was void because the atndavit which was filed to show the amount for which the defendants in error claimed to have a lien upon the land, to entitle them to redeem, included two judgments, only one of which was a lien upon the land. The judgment whieh was a lien gave the right to make the redemption. 'l'he plaintiff in error Hoppenstedt, as the holder of the Franzen mortgage, was not prejudiced by the error, for the reason that he did not file within the year allowed for redemption the notice required by the statute of his intention to redeem. The defendants in er,ror were the only persons who filed a notice of their intention to redeem. 'r'hey were therefore the only persons entitled to redeem. No one else tried to redeem or qualified himself to do so. Assuming, but not deciding, that the second certificate was essential to the validity of the redemption, and that it was not recorded within 10 days after the redemption, as required by the statute, that fact, by the terms of the statute, only affeets its validity "as against any person in good faith making redemption from the same person or lien." The plaintiff in error Hoppenstedt is not such a person. The facts found warrant the judgment of the circuit court, which is affirmed.
RUSH v. FIRST NAT. BANK OF KANSAS CITY. (Circuit Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit. December 2, 1895.) No. 645.
ApPEAL-QUESTION NOT RAISED BELOW.
The fact that an amended counterclaim stated Ii cause of action ditIerent from that alleged in the first answer is not ground for objection for the first time on appeal. In an action on a note, plaintiff averred that it had made a valid sale of securities pledged for the note, and had credited the proceeds on the note, and prayed a judgment for the amount of the note, less such credit. Defendant pleaded that the alleged sale was unlawful, and that, as plaintitI had wrongfully appropriated the securities pledged, defendant was entitled to a credit for their full value. Held, that defendant was not bound to tender the amount due on his note, as a condition precedent to making such defense.
ACTION ON NOTE-PARTIAL PAYMENT-TENDER OF AMOUNT DUE.
The wrongful act complained of by defendant's answer was so connected with the transaction set forth by plaintiff as to constitute a valid counterclaim, under Gen. St. Kan. 188l:J, par. 4178.
In Error to the Circuit Court of the United States for the District of Kansas.
The first National Bank of Kansas City, Mo., the defendant in error, sued J. W. Rush, the plaintiff in error, in the circuit court of the United States for the district of Kansas, to recover the amount due on a promissory note which was executed by the defendant in the following form: "$3780. Kansas City, Mo., Feby. 5, 1894. "Sixty days after date, I promise to pay to the order of 1st Nat. Bank, Kansas City, Mo., thirty-seven hundred eighty 00/00 dollars, at its otlice in Kansas City, Mo., for value received, with 8 per cent. interest from maturity; and attached hereto, as collateral security, ten (10) shares of the capital stock of 1st Nat. Bank, Ness City, Kansas; also sixty-four (64) shares of the capital stock of 1st Nat. Bank of Dighton, Kansas,-with full authority to said bank or its assigns to sell the same at public or private sale, without notice, on nonpayment of this note. J. W. Rush." The plaintitI bank alleged, in substance, that it had realized the sum of $740 by the sale of the collateral described in the aforesaid note, and that it had indorsed that amount as a credit on the note on June 21), 18M. It prayed judgment for the balance due on said note, together with accrued interest. The defendant filed an answer to the complaint, which was adjudged insufficient, and thereafter an amended answer, which was as follows: "Comes now the said defendant, and for his amended answer herein, by leave of court first had, says that he admits the execution and delivery of the promissory note in said petition described, and that the plaintiff is a corporation, and alleges that at the time of the execution and delivery of said note, and as a part of the, same transaction, the defendant delivered to sald plaintiff, as collateral security therefor, sixty-four (64) shares of the capital stock of the First National Bank of Dighton, Kansas, and ten (10) shares of the capital stock of the First National Bank of Ness City, Kansas, all of which shares were of the face value of one hundred dollars per share, and were fully paid up, and of the actual market value of seventy-four hundred dollars; that afterwards, on or about June 2l:J, 1894, without having demanded payment of said defendant of said note, and without having given any notice to defendant to redeem said stock, or of the sale hereinafter mentioned, the said plaintiff pretended to make a sale of said stock to one Richard Allen, who is and was a colored porter or janitor in the employ of said bank, for the sum of $740; that said sale was made privatelj', and without any effort to obtain a better price therefor, and that the same was grossly inadequate, and not the fair