STANTON V. UNITED f:;TATES.
large or a judgment creditor, was beneficially interested in the trust created by that mortgage, and entitled to proceed in equity for ita enforcement in his behalf. The complainant has been excluded from all participation therein. It is entitled to a decree placing it upon an equality with those who signed the composition agreement, and requiring the mortgagees to recognize its claim, and pay dividends upon the full amount thereof. The validity of the composition agreement is not questioned. It is binding upon those who signed, but the trust mortgage, having been made in contemplation of insolveucy, with intent to prefer the creditors who entered into the composition agreement, inures to the equal benefit of all creditors in proportion to the amount of their respective claims. The rule that individual property shall be applied first to the payment of individual creditors, and the surplus, if any, divided among partnership creditors, and that partnership property will be applied first to the payment of partnership debts, and, second, if the:l'e be any surplus, to the payment of individual debts, which is the rule recognized alike in the federal courts and in the courts of Ohio, will be applied in this case. What is said above with reference to dividends in favor of the complainant will be understood to be subject to this rule. Decree for complain)1t accordingly, with costs.
STAr-.TTON v. UNITED STATES.
(Circuit Court, D. Connecticut. July 10, 1896.)
DISTRICT ATTORNEYS-AU,OWANCE OF EXPENSES-TELEGRAMS.
When the emoluments of the district attorney's office are less than $6,000 per annum, and he bas never received from the government the necessary expenses hereinafter mentioned, he is entitled to be reimbursed for the expenses, actually paid by him from his own funds, of the ordinary and necessary telegraphic communications relating to criminal business, which are a part of the necessary expenses of his office. He is entitled to be allowed the amount of clerk hire actually paid by him for necessary clerical assistance at a time when an unusual amount of clerical labor was cast upon him by reason of a special effort on the part of the collector of internal revenue to increase the government revenues for the district. He is entitled to be reimbursed for sums actually paid by him for printing a:qd stationery, constituting part of the necessary expenses of his office.
SAME-PRINTING AND STATIOl'\ERY.
Lewis E. Stanton, in pro. per. C. W. Comstock, U. S. Atty. SHIPMAN, Circuit Judge. In the above-entitled cause, the former judgment having been reversed by the circuit court of appeals for the Second circuit, and a new trial ordered, (17 C. C. A. 475, 70 Fed. 890), said cause has been again tried at this, the April term, A. D. 1896, of said court, the petitioner, Lewis E. Stanton, Esq., appearing for himself, and Charles W. Comstock,Esq., United
States district attorney, appearing for the United States, and the following are the findings of fact: (1) The amount of the former judgment rendered by this court in favor of the plaintiff was, exclusive of costs, $1,591.82. The items not·in dispute were admitted by the defendant, and were not re-examined. From the sum of $1,591.82 this court disallowed and deducted those disputed items which were definitely rejected by the circuit court of appeals, viz.: Three per diems, $15, in cases of Meech, Webb, and Roath, for attendance before a commissioner prior to the day of actual trial; two per diems in cases of Sparks and Roemer, the attorney having been absent from the state, and having paid some other attorney, for the attendance, $10; also fourteen per diems for appearances before a commissioner in order to discontinue proceedings, pursuant to order of the commissioner of internal revenue, $70,-the total amount deducted as stated in this paragraph being $95. (2) As to certain other items, the circuit court of appeals required fuller and more explicit findings of fact. These items, which are the only ones now in dispute, are as follows: Telegrams for the United States, $38.37; clerk hire, paid by attorney on account of the United States from January 2, 1885, to April 2, 1888, $699; and printing and stationery between same dates, paid by the attorney, $64.55,-in all, $801.92. (3) The telegrams, copies of which were preserved, and were produced in court, were the ordinary and necessary telegraphic communications in regard to criminal business, were a part of the necessary expense of the office, were necessarily sent in the course of official business, and the amount charged was paid by the petitioner. The rules on the subject of "Telegrams," contained on page 225 of Oousar's Digest of Rules Relating to Oompensation, etc., were not in existence until after 1888. (4) The clerk hire was by the attorney on account of the United States. At that time a special effort was being made by the collector of internal revenue to increase the revenues of the government from the district of Oonnecticut. The attorney was called upon to perform a large amount of clerical work, and the assistance of clerks was important and necessary, and was obtained. The amount paid by the attorney was about $216 per annum, and is a moderate charge, and was approved by the attorney general. (5) The amount charged by the attorney for printing and stationery was a part of the necessary expenses of the office. The articles therein mentioned were furnished and paid for by the at· torney. (6) All these items were necessary expenses of the office, including necessary clerk hire, and have not been drawn for as personal compensation, and have never been received by the petitioner. Neither has he received them by receiving all or any part of the emoluments of office. The emolument returns of the attorney for the period during which he held the office have been produced in court. From these returns and other evidence in the case the court now finds that these expenses for telegrams, clerk hire, and
JACKSON V. }<'IDEUTY & CASUALTY CO.
stationery have not been received by the attorney in any form. He paid the bills when they were incurred, from private moneys; and none of the bills have either been allowed or paid to him. The account for telegrams was rejected by the attorney general. The one for clerk hire was approved by the attorney general, but rejected by the first comptroller of the treasury. The one for printing and stationery was rejected by the comptroller. (7) The attorney in this district ordinarily does not receive moneys of the United States. In the few instances when this attorney received such moneys, he promptly paid them over to the treasury, or to the proper officer, in accordance with section 3617, Rev. St. U. S. The attorney did not "retain" the amounts of these bills from any moneys in his hands, for he had no such moneys from which they could be "retained" by him. He was paid such items as were allowed, and no others, directly from the treasury. A full and complete list of those payments appears in the plaintiff's bill of particulars. None of them' cover the amount of these expenses. (8) Inregard to the emoluments of the attorney's office during the period when this attorney held it, the court finds that during the whole time, and at each period of rendering accounts, and during each year of his term of office, the earnings of the attorney were less than $6,000 per annum by an amount far greater than the aggregate of these three items. The entire amount paid to him or credited by him during the 3i years appears from the bill of particulars to be $4,374.41. The entire amount charged by him in his bill of particulars is $7,359.29, or about $2,265 per annum. The amount of these three items-$801.92-is therefore allowed. In accordance with the above findings of fact and with the opinion of the circuit court of appeals the court deducts from the former judgment the sum of $95, and now renders judgment in of the plaintiff to recover $1,496.82 debt, together with the costs allowed by statute.
JACKSON v. FIDELITY & CASUALTY CO. OF NEW YORK (three cases). (Circuit Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit. JUDe 15, 1896.) No. 452.
INSURANCE-LIMITATION BY TIONAL BANK. OF RECEIVER OF NA-
An insurance company issued three policies to the F. National Bank, Insuring it against loss by the dishonesty of three of its officials. It was prOVided in each policy that no suit thereon should be brought unless the same should be commenced within 12 months next after the discovery of the· dishonesty on which it was based. Suit was brought upon the policies on February 1, 1895, alleging misappropriations of me funds ot the bank by the insured officials between April 29, 1893, and July 1, 1893. As a reason for the delay in bringing suit, and to avoid the limitation in the policy, it was alleged in the declaration that the bank suspended payment on July 24, 1893; that, on July 26th, the comptroller of the cun'ency, by the bank examiner, took possession of all the books and assets of the bank, and, on August 14th, appointed a receiver; that the examiner alleged sundry frauds against the bank officials, of which the receiver gave