WHITTEN V. BENNETT.
equitable assignment, of the 148 vouchers. I do not see how either can assert any claim, except such as would arise upon· the vouchers themselves. Since the condition was not fulfilled in the case of any voucher, I think there can be no recovery. The exceptions to the master's report are overruled.
SOUTHERN PAC. R. CO. v. BROWN et a!.
(Circuit Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit. October 26, 1896.)
Rehearing denied. 21 C. C. A. 236, 75 Fed. 85.
Appeal from the Circuit Court of the United States for the Southern District of California. 'l'his was a suit by the Southern Pacific Railroad Company agaQnst David R. Brown and others to establish a claim to certain land.. The circuit court dismissed the bill (68 Fed. 333), and the complainant appealed. This court, on June 19, 1896, filed an opinion affirming the decree below. 21 C. O. A. 236, 75 Fed. 85. The appellant has now moved for a rehearing. Before McKENNA and GILBERT, Circuit Judges, and HAWLEY, District Judge. HAWLEY, District Judge. Appellant petitions this court for a rehearing herein upon the ground "that lots 1 and 2 of the lands in suit lie west of the Reynolds survey, as is clearly and unquestionably shown by the record." It is claimed that this fact "was inadvertently overlooked by the COllI'!: in rendering its decision." The fact that such a point was made in counsels' brief was not overlooked by the court. K0 reference thereto was made in the opi,nion because it was not made in the court below, and there was no assignment of error which raised any question upon this particular point, and for the further and more substantial reason that the respective counsel herein stipulated "that the lands involved in said case against Brown and in the said case against Bray are in the same situation and condition as the claimed limits of the Jurupa Rancho and Juapa Rancho and preliminary surveys of said ranchos." For the same reasons a rehearing should not be allowed. Moreover, the record does not indisputably show, as claimed by the appellant, that lots 1 and 2, even if not included within the Reynolds survey, were public lands, which passed by the grant to appellant. The petition for rehearing is denied.
WHITTEN v. BENNETT et a1.
(Circuit Court, D. Connecticut. December 4, 1896.) 1.
CONFLICT OF LAWS-SURVIVAL OF ACTIONS.
The question of the survival of actions against the estate of a flecedent Is determined by the law of the jurisdiction within which he was domiciled at the time of his decease, not by that of the jurisdiction where the cause of action arose.
77 FEDERAL REPORTER.
.. WRONGFUL ARREST-LIABILITY OF OFFICER-PROCESS.
An officer acting under process regular in f4>rm, based upon a proper indictment appearing of record, is not to be held liable for hIs acts because the grand jury made a mistake in finding the indictment.
W. H. Baker, for plaintiff. W. L. Bennett, per se. L. N. Blydenburgh, for John R Leete. TOWNSEND, District Judge. This is an action by George E. Whitten, of Newton, Mass., against William L. Bennett, of New Haven, Oonn., executor of the will of Tilton E. Doolittle, deceased, late of said New Haven, and John R. Leete, of said New Haven. The complaint alleges that said Doolittle, while state's attorney for New Haven county, Conn., drew an indictment charging plaintiff, together with J. Edward Lee, with murder in the second degree, and, knowing that he had no evidence to support said indictment, handed to the grand jury, and told them that, if they found probable Lee, they should mark the indictment, "A true bill," cause and that, as plaintiffwas not in the state, they were to pay no attention to it as connected with him; that the grand jury were satisfied that there was no case against the plaintiff, but, by mistake and clerical error, indorsed said indictment, "A true bill"; that although Doolittle knew that the grand jury did not indict the plaintiff, and that the indorsement was caused by said Doolittle's statements to them, he obtained a requisition, and sent the other defendant, Leete, to bring the plaintiff from Massachusetts; that Leete was instructed by Doolittle to bring the plaintiff with all speed and haste from Massachusetts, so that the plaintiff could not have the benefit of the writ of habeas corpus; that plaintiff was arrested by a warrant from the governor of Massachusetts, and taken to the police station at Newton; that the defendant Leete falsely and .fraudulently represented to the marshal and keeper of the Newton police station that the plaintiff, was charged with murder in the first degree,-an offense not bailable,-and that thereby the plaintiff was not admitted to bail in Massaoo.usetts, as othenvise would have been the case, and was prevented from suing out a writ of habeas corpus; that plaintiff was a surgeon in good practice and of good reputation; that he was subjected to imprisonment and great indignity; suffered great pain of mind; lost a large part of his income; expended enormous sums of money in obtaining his release; and has been injured in his good name and practice. The damages claimed are $100,000. To this complaint, the defendant Bennett demurs, upon the following grounds: (1) The cause of action does not survive against the executor. (2) The decedent, Doolittle, was not responsible, in a private action, for acts done by him as state's attorney within the line of his powers and duties. (3) It is not alleged that the prosecution was instituted without probable cause. (4) It is not alleged that the prosecution has been terminated by the acquittal or discharge of the plaintiff. (5) The complaint does not state a cause of action. Defendant Leete demurs, on the ground that the process was valid on its face, and that he was protected thereby, and that
the complaint does not allege that the prosecution is terminated. Plaintiff claims, as to the defendant Bennett, that the process was founded upon an indictment not .actually made by the grand jury, and was therefore wholly void, and in no way protected anyone acting under it. The statutes of Massachusetts provide that certain injuries, which do not survive by the common law or by the statutes of the state of Connecticut, shall survive against the executor. Thus, an action for false imprisonment survives against the executor in Massachusetts. Plaintiff claims that, by means of said acts of the deceased, he was actually imprisoned in Massachusetts; that he has a good cause of action for injuries done in Massachusetts; and that as these would, by the laws of Massachusetts, survive against the executor, they must be held to so survive here. I do not understand that the Massachusetts statute limits the survival of such actions to those in which the causes of action arose in the state of Massachusetts. If, therefore, one should falsely imprison another in an adjoining state, and then remove to M'assachusetts, and die, it would seem that the cause of action would survive against the executor there; or if the deceased had been domiciled in Massachusetts when he died, and his estate was in process of settlement there, I think an action of false imprisonment would lie against the executor, even though the imprisonment was done in Connecticut. But this is a common-law action for a personal wrong, alleged to have been committed by defendant's testator, who was domiciled in Connecticut at the time of his decease. The law of the jurisdiction within which the decedent was thus domiciled determines the nature and extent of the remedy for such wrongs. At the time of the alleged commission of said wrongs, there was no statute in Connecticut providing for the survival of actions therefor. "All private as well as public wrongs and crimes are buried with the offender. The executor does not represent or stand in the place of the testator as to them, or as to any acts of malfeasance or misfeasance to the person or property of another, unless some valuable fruits of such acts have been carried into the estate." Mitchell v. Hotchkiss, 48 Conn. 9, 16; Payne's Appeal, 65 Conn. 397, 408, 32 Atl. 948, 952; Hegerich v. Keddie, 99 N. Y. 258, 1 "N. E. 787. This conclusion renders it unnecessary to consider the other questions involved, so far as they affect the executor. The defendant John R. Leete served the process. I cannot assent to plaintiff's claim that it was so far void as not to protect the person serving it. It is not disputed that the record in the Connecticut superior court shows a proper indictment, and that the papers are regular. The officer serving the process ought not to be obliged to inquire whether the grand jury made a mistake in doing what they did. The process was valid on its face, and protected him. Both demurrers are sustained. 77F.-18
CHAPMAN v. REYNOLDS. (CIrcuit Court of Appeals, First Circuit. No. 182. October 22, 1896.)
ApPEAL-RECORD ON ApPEAL-REQUEST TO CHARGE.
Notwithstanding an assignment of error is based upon the refusal of a request to charge, and neither the reason for refusing the request, nor any part of the general charge, is given In the record, yet, If the counsel on either side argue on Its merits the requested Instruction, without protest, and Impliedly agree and give the court to understand that it raised a substantial issue at the trial, and was not covered by any instructions given, the court will consider such request.
2. MASTER AND SERVANT-NEGLIGENCE-INSTRUCTIONS-FELLOW SERVANTS.
In this case a new trial is granted for want of proper instructions on the question of fellow-servants. Railroad Co. v. Peterson, 16 Sup. Ct. 843, 162 U. S. 346, and Railroad Co. v. Cbarless, 16 Sup. Ct. 848, 162 U. S. 359, applied.
In Error to the Circuit Court of the United States for the District of Rhode Island. This was an action by Peter Reynolds, as administrator, against Chal'lel3 P. Chapman, for causing the death of plaintiff's intestate while he was at work in defendant's quarry. Judgment for plaintiff, and defendant appeals. Walter F. Angell (Albert B. Orafts and Stephen O. Edwards, with him on brief), for plaintiff in error. Walter B. Vincent, for defendant in error. Before COLT and PUTNAM, Circuit Judges, and NELSON, District Judge. PUTNAM, Circuit Judge. This is a suit at law by an administrator of the estate of a quarryman against the owner of the quarry, for causing the death of the quarryman, and is based on a statute of Rhode Island, of which the following is the only part essential to the issues now before us:
"In all cases In which the death of any person ensues from Injuries Inflicted by the wrongful act of another, and In which an action for damages might have been maintained at the common law had death not ensued, the person Inflicting such injUry shall be liable to an action for damages for the Injury caused by the death of such person, to be recovered by action on the case for the use of the husband, widow, children or next of kin, in like manner and with like effect as in the preceding five sections provided."
The alleged circumstances of the death of the quarryman are sufficiently shown by the following extract from the bill of exceptions:
"It appeared from the evidence that the accident which caused the intestate's death occurred In a quarry which was operated by the defendant. 'fhe intestate was in the employ of the defendant, and was one of a gang of men who were engaged in operating a derrick In use In the quarry. TIle derrick gang was In charge of one Splan, who was also an of the defendant. The immediate cause of the accldent to deceased was the fall of a portion of the rock which formed the anchorage ot a Blondin, an apparatus used for raising and moving stone out of the quarry. The Blondin consists of a cable stretched over a quarry, from which Is suspended a large tUb. The tub is filled with stone, then raised by an engine, and moved along under the cable from which it is suspended