BLANKS V. KLEIN.
BLANKS et al. v. KLEIN et al. STARCKE et aL v. KLEIN et aL
(Circuit Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit.
ApPEALABLE DECREES-DECREE FOR COSTS.
December I, 1896.)
An appeal from a mere decree for costs of the court below must be dismissed. as a matter within that court's discretion. But, where one item included in the decree is for clerk's fees in making and certifying the transcript on a former appeal, the appellate court may ,'eview the same on the merits.
Appeal from the Circuit Court of the United States for the Western Division of the Southern District of Mississippi. Wade R. Young, for appellants. M. Dabney, for appellees. Before PARDEE and McCORMICK, ('''ircuit Judges, and MAXEY, District Judge. PARDEE, Circuit Judge. This appeal is from a decree of the circuit court taxing costs in two equity causes which were decided in the circuit court July 16, 1891. Both causes were afterwards appealed to this court, where Blanks v. Klein was affirmed (3 C. C. A. 585, 53 Fed. 436), and Starcke v. Klein was dismissed for fa.ilure to file the record within the proper delay (14 C. C. A. 672). The contested items of costs, with one exception, are costs incurred in the circuit court in the trial of the causes, and were approved by the judge who rendered the decrees, apparently in compliance with section 983, Rev. St. U. S. The proceeding in which the decree under consideration was rendered appears to have been provoked by a motion of the appellants to retax costs. Proceeding under this motion, the court, on the application of movers, referred the matter to a special master, with directions to tax the costs of said suits due by movers, and to make report to the jndge of the court in vacation. The special master made an investigation, hearing evidence of several parties by way of deposition, and reported that the items complained of were properly and lawfully taxed. Exceptions were filed to this report, complaining of the special master's findings both of fact and of law. 'l'he decree of the court overruled the exceptions to the master's report, confirmed the same in all respects, and declared as follows:
"And it is further considered by the court that inasmuch as nothing is involved in said motion and report except costs in said causes, and that both of said canses have heretofore been appe1l.led to the court of appeals, and said appeals finally disposed of in that court, no ap'peal lies from this decree."
It seems to be settled fuat nO appeal will lie from a mere decree for costs. Clarke v. Warehouse Co., 10 C. C. A. 387, 393, 62 Fed. 328; Du Bois v. Kirk, 158 U. S. 58, 67, 15 Sup. Ct. 729. If this case covered only the costs incurred in the circuit court in an equity cause, which costs are unquestionably within the sound discretion of the court (Canter v. Insurance Co., 3 Pet. 307; Kittredge v. Race, 92
78 FEDERAL REPORTER.
u. S. 120), we are clear that this appeal should be dismissed. As, however, one item included in the decree is for making and certifying the transcript in the appeal to this court, and incidentally, therefore, an item of costs incurred in this court, we are disposed to consider the merits of the same. The contention of appellants is that, owing to the circnmstances attendant upon making up the transcript, the clerk agreed to acC pt a less sum than the fee allowed by law for such services. The master finds, in respect to this matter, that the clerk was entitled to his full fee for the preparation of the transcript, unless the agreement claimed by complainants (appellants) to have been made with him for compensation was established. by the testimony, and then, upon a review of the evidence, finds that such agreement is not established. It is doubtful, under the system of compensation to clerks of the circuit courts of the United States, whether in any case the clerk may remit fees allowed by law, without making himself liable for the full amount, because the United States are interested in the fees of such clerks, and entitled to the overplns after deducting the compensation fixed by law. However this may be, we have examined the evidence found in the transcript, and we reach the same conclusion as did the master, that the agreement on the part of the clerk to remit any part ()f the lawful charges for making and certifying the transcript is not established. The decree appealed from is affirmed.
UNITED STATES v. GLEASON. (Circuit Court, E. D. New York. January 30, 1897.) The administration of the oaths and issuing of a certificate to an applicant for naturalization by a court having jurisdiction of such applications constitute a judgment of admission to citizenship, which is conclusive as to the existence of the necessary facts and the status of the applicant; and such certificate cannot be set aside upon the ground that the facts were falsely represented to the court.
James L. Bennett, U. S. Atty. F. H. Van Vechten, for defendant. WHEELER, District Judge. This cause has been heard on demurrer to the bill, which alleges, in substance, that the defendant was born prior to April 6, 1841, at Fishmoyne, in the parish of Down and Inch, and county of Tipperary, Ireland, and was an alien; that he remained there til11882, when he came to this country, and arrived at New York about May 13th of that year, when over 18 and about 20 years old; that on October 22, 1867, without having made any declaration of intention to beoome a citizen of the United States, he presented a petition for naturalization to the superior court of the city of New York, setting forth, among other things, that he had resided in the United States 3 years next prior to arriving at the age of 21 years, knowing this to be false; that thereupon the required oaths were taken, and a certificate in due form was issued out of, and under the seal of, that court, showing that he had complied with the stat-