78 F.3d 589
James SPANN; Appellant;
Michael GROOSE; Gerald Brommel; Dwayne Kempker; Joseph
Staten; Melvyn Douglas Smith, COI; Appellees.
United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit.
Submitted Feb. 13, 1996.
Filed March 11, 1996.
NOTICE: Eighth Circuit Rule 28A(k) governs citation of unpublished opinions and provides that they are not precedent and generally should not be cited unless relevant to establishing the doctrines of res judicata, collateral estoppel, the law of the case, or if the opinion has persuasive value on a material issue and no published opinion would serve as well.
Before MAGILL, HEANEY, and MURPHY, Circuit Judges.
James Spann, an inmate at the Jefferson City Correctional Center, initiated this action under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, alleging that the defendant prison officials violated his constitutional rights. Specifically, he asserted that they failed to protect him from an assault by other inmates at the correctional facility. The district court adopted the magistrate's report and recommendation and granted the defendants summary judgment in this matter. Spann appeals.
The Eighth Amendment imposes upon prison officials the duty to provide inmates with "humane conditions of confinement," which includes taking reasonable measures to " 'protect prisoners from violence at the hands of other prisoners.' " Farmer v. Brennan, 114 S.Ct. 1970, 1976 (1994) (quoting Cortes-Quinones v. Jimenez-Nettleship, 842 F.2d 556, 558 (1st Cir.), cert. denied, 488 U.S. 823 (1988)). For a failure-to-protect claim, inmates must show both that they are "incarcerated under conditions posing a substantial risk of serious harm" and that a prison official "knows of and disregards an excessive risk to inmate health or safety." Id. at 1977, 1979.
We have carefully reviewed the briefs and the record in this case and agree with the district court that the named defendants were without knowledge of a serious risk to Spann's safety. Thus, they could not have been deliberately indifferent. We therefore affirm the district court's grant of summary judgment for the defendants and the dismissal of Spann's claim.