MARDEN V. CA¥PBELL PRINTING-PRESS & MANUF'G CO.
"Every one has the absolute rIght to use his own name honestly in his own business, even though he may thereby incidentally interfere with and injure the business of another having the same name. In such case the inconvenience or loss to which those having a common right are subjected is damnum absque injuria. But, although he may thus use his name, he cannot resort to any artifice or to any act calculated to mislead the public as to the identity of the business firm or establishment, or of the article produced by them, and thus produce injury to the other beyond that which results from the similarity of name. Where the name Is one which has previously thereto come to indicate the source of manufacture of particular devices, the use of such name by another, unaccompanied with any precaution or indication, in itself amounts to an artifice calculated to produce the deception alluded to in the foregoing adjudications."
If the new firm could properly adopt the name of "Duryea & Co.," and if sufficient precautions were taken to show the public that the manufacture is not that of the succeSsor of the Glen Cove Manufacturing Company, the complainant is not entitled to an injunction. The firm consisted of four persons, two of whom were named "Duryea," and all of whom were without capital, which was furnished by the father of the two Duryeas, and who had now a right to permit his name to be used honestly in the starch business. .Undel' this state of facts, the firm was not dealing unfairly with the complainant in calling itself "Duryea & Co.," and in omitting to add the name of the former salesmen of the complainant. Upon the second point, whereas the complainant uses the name "Duryea Starch" and the picture of the Glen Cove factories, and said that it was the manufacturer, the defendants' packages simply assert that the starch which they contain is prepared by Duryea & Co. We think that this is a sufficient declaration of the source of the manufacture, as distinguished from the well-known source at Glen Cove, and that the labels are not objectionable, because, by reason of their marked dissimilarity from the complainant's labels, the public could not be misled. Upon the whole case, as disclosed by the affidavits, the order of injunction should be reversed, with costs.
MARDEN et al. v. CAMPBELL PRIKTIKG-PRESS & MANUF'G CO. OAMPBELL PRINTING-PR]}SS & MANUF'G CO. v. MARDEN et al.
(Circuit Court of Appeals, First Circuit. November 10, 1896.) Nos. 169, 170.
FINAL DECREK SUIT-SETTLEMEKT AFTER INTERLOCUTORY DECREE'
under a bill relating to the use of a single macbine by defendants, who were not manufacturers, and who indicated no disposition to use any other infringing machine. Thereafter, and before final decree, a settlement was effected, whereby all damages, profits, and costs were released, and defendant was licensed to use and sell that machine. This settlement having been brought to the attention of tbe court under such circumstances that a formal pieading of it was ,vaived, it rendered a final decree for a perpetual injunction, with a provision that it should not apply to the machine .in question. Held" that this was erroneous, and that the bill should have been dismissed without costs.
An interlocutory decree for Injunction and an accounting was granted
of Massachusetts. This was a suit In equity by the Campbell Printing-Press & ManufacturiIll Company against George A. Marden and others for alleged infringement of certain patents for web printing machinet!. In December, 1894, an interlocutory decree for an Injunction and account was ordered. the court holding that certain claims of the patents were valid and Infringed, that others were not infringed, and that one claim of the Stonemetz patent was void for want of novelty. 64 Fed. 782. From thtsdecree both parties appealed, and thereafter, upon a hearing in this court, the appeal of the defendants was dismissed with· out prejudice to subsequent proceedings in the circuit court or to a subsequent appeal, and the appeal of the complainant was dismissed, w,lth costs. Thereafter the defendants moved to reopen the decree to amend their answer and introduce further evidence, which motion was granted, the court at the same time vacating the order for supersedeas, and authorizing the issuance of an Injunction. 70 Fed. 889. After 'some further proceedings below, a settlement was effected between the parties by the payment of a sum In cash In satistaction of all profits, damages, and costs, and the granting of a license to defendant to use and sell the Infringing machine, which was the Bole subject of the suit. This settlement having been brought to the attention of the court, a final decree was entered, December 16, 1895, granting a perpetual InjunctiOD against the Infringement of claims 1, 2, and 7 of patent No. 291,521, and the twelfth claim of patent No. 376,053. The decree concluded with the following paragraph: "And It appearing to the court that the respondents, since the filing of this blll, to wit, on the 22d day of November, 1895, In consideration of the payment by them to the complainant of the sum of twenty-five hundred dollars, have received from the complainant a contract In writing, whereby the complainant licenses the respondents to use and sell a certain printing machine, which machine Is the same by the use of which the respondents herein are adjudged to have infringed certaln claims of l!Iaid patents, and also releases any right to any money recovery of damages, profits, or costs in this cause,-It is further ordered, adjudged, and decreed that the respondents shall not be held to violate the Injunction heretofore In this decree ordered by any use or sale by them in the future of the said machine as to which the respondents are so licensed &s aforesaid, and that the complainant recover no damages or profits from the respondents, and that the complainant recover no costs of the respondents." From this decree both parties have appealed.
Appeals from the Circuit Court of the United States for the District
Frederic H. Betts, T. H. Alexander, and Arthur E. Dowell, for Geo. A. Marden. Louis W. Southgate and Frederick P. Fish, for Campbell Printing. Press & Manuf'g Go. Before COLT and PUTNAM, Circuit Judges, and NELSON, District Judge. COLT, Circuit Judge. These are cross appeals from the decision of the circuit court. The defendants below move to dismiss the complainant's appeal upon the ground that the cause of action therein has been extinguished by settlement thereof. In the court below the defendants were adjudged to have infringed the first, second, and seventh claims of the Kidder patent, No. issued January 8, 1884, and the twelfth claim of the Stonemetz patent, No. 376,053, issued January 3,1888. These patents were for improvements in printing machines. The bill alleges that the defendants, without license or right, use, and threaten to continue to use, a single printing and folding machine which contains each and all of the patented improvements. The bill was filed July 11, 1892. On November 22, 1895,
MARDEN V. CAMPBELL PRINTING-PRESS &: MANUF'G CO.
the complainant granted a license to the defendants. contains the following provisions:
"And whereas, the said Marden & Rowell are desirous of taking a license from the said Campbell Printing-Press and Manufacturing Company under both of said patents, and are desirous of being discharged from all costs of thl' suit brought by the Campbell Printing-Press and Manufacturing Company in the circuit court of the United States for the district of Massachusetts against them, and are desirous of being discharged from ail claims for damages, profits, or recoveries whatsoever which the said Campbell Printing-Press and Manufacturing Company have under said patents against the said Marden & Rowell: Now, therefore, to all whom it may concern, be it known that for and in consideration of the sum of twenty-five hundred dollars ($2,500) well and truly paid by said Marden & Rowell to said Campbell Printing-Press and Manufacturing Company, it does hereby license and empower the said Marden & Rowell, or their assigns, to use and sell said printing machine, and no other, to the full end of the terms for which said letters patent are or may be granted, the said sum of twenty-five hundred dollars being accepted by the said Campbell Printing-Press and Manufacturing Company to cover all claims what· soever for the past use of the machine by any party or parties whatsoever, and for all future use thereof. And the said Campbell Printing-PresE! and Manufacturing Company hereby releases all claims for costs of said suit that they have against said Marden & Rowell in the case of the Campbell PrintingPress and Manufacturing Company against Marden & Rowell, and all claims for liabilities that said Campbell Printing-Press and Manufacturing Company may have against said Marden & Rowell, or their assigns, for the use and sale of said machine. This discharge, however, Is not to be understood as extendIng to relieve the Duplex Printing-Press Company, In any manner, from any liability for its manufacture and sale of the said machine."
As this suit was brought against the user of a single machine which embodied the patented improvements, and as the complainant, for a consideration of $2,500, has licensed the defendants to use this machine, and has waived damages for past use, and as there is no proof that the defendants have any intent to purchase any other of the alleged infringing machines, we think that the controversy between the parties to this suit has been substantially settled, and that, so far as this particular controversy is there is nothing left for the court to determine. Appeals dismissed, without costs to either party in this court.
On Petition for Rehearing.
(March 9, 1897.)
PER CURIAM. These cases involve an appeal and a cross appeal, or they may be described as cross appeals. The appellees in one appeal, who were also the appellants in the other, moved to dismiss the appeal in which they were the appellees on the ground that the cause of action therein had been extinguished by a settlement thereof. On opening the record, we found that the cause of action had been so far disposed of by an adjustment between the parties that there was no substantial question left for this court. This fact, of course, as the parties are the same in each, affected one appeal as much as it did the other. Consequently we granted the motion in the very terms in which it was expressed; and this, if correctly done, necessarily carried both appeals. The opinion directing the dismissal of the appeals was passed down November 10, 1896. The principles underlying it have since been reinforced by us in Gamewell Fire-Alarm Tel. Co. v.
79 FEDERAL REPORTER.
Municipal Signal Co., 23 C. C. A. 250, 77 Fed. 490. The appellants seasonably filed a petition for a rehearing, claiming that, so far, at least, as the appeal taken by them was concerned, the decree below should have been reversed, and the appeal should not have been dismissed. This position involved a clear inconsistency, as the two appeals, sofaI' as this matter is concerned, necessarily went hand in hand. However, in order to protect ourselves from entering judgments which may be improper on their face, we were disposed to look into their propriety under the actual circumstances of the case, and therefore we ordered that all the parties might be heard by briefs on the petition for a rehearing. These briefs have been filed and duly considered. The adjustment was made after an interlocutory decree for an injunction, and for an accounting, on a bill in equity which related to the unauthorized use of a patented device in a single machine by the respondents below, who were not manufacturers, and who had indicated no disposition to make any use of the device except in that machine. It included a license covering the machine, and a release of all damages, profits, and costs in the suit. Consequently, all controversy between the parties had ceased; and, if the adjustment had been properly pleaded, it is clear that the court below would have had no occasion to consider the case further, and a final decree against the respondents below, whether for an injunction or otherwise, would have been erroneous. In this respect the case would have been essentially different from those.in which it has been held that infringers cannot deprive a patentee of the just fruits of his litigation, including an injunction, by ceasing to infringe of their own motion alone. As the adjustment was made after an interlocutory decree for an injunction and an accounting, it should, in strictness, have been brought formally to the attention 9f the court by supplemental proceedings, if relied on as a matter of right to bar a final decree. This was not done. l'he record, however, shows that it was incorporated into the final decree by the complainant itself, through the draft decree which it filed under the rules; and it is plain that its effect was a mattpr of controversy, and, as such, was brought to the attention of the court. All questions as to the proper method of setting it up were evidently waived, and no judgment should have been rendered against the resppn,dentsbelow. The adj;ustment satisfied all costs in the circuit court, Q.nd, under the circumstances we have stated, neither party is equitably entitled to any costs on appeal. The judgment on each appeal m,ust be the same, as we have already said. The petition for a rehearing is granted, and, having been fully heard, the judgment heretoforeentered is vacated, the decree of the circuit court is reversed, and the case is remanded to that court, with directions to dismiss the bill because of accord and satisfaction, and without costs to either party in either court.
LANNING V. OSBORNE.
LANNING v. OSBORNE et aL RIPPEY v. SAN DIEGO LAND & TOWN CO. et aL (Circuit Court, S. D. California. March 22, 1897.) Nos. 671 and 716. 1.
FEDERAL UOURTS-JURISDIOTIONAL AMOUNT.
In a suit brought by the receiver of a water company to establish his alleged right to fix the rates at which he should furnish to consumers water for irrigation, it is the value of that right which constitutes the amount in controversy, and not the mere difference between the annual rate contended for by the defendants and that to which the complainant asserts a right. A suit by or against a receiver of a federal court in the course of the winding up of a corporation is ancillary to the main suit, and is cognizable in the same court, regardless of the amount in controversy.
SAME-STAY OF PROCEEDINGS IN DTATE COUH'l'.
The provision of Rev. St. § 720, that no writ of injunction shall be granted by any court of the United States to stay proceedings in any state court, with a certain exception, relates only to the stay of proceedings begun in a state court before any resort to the federal court, and does not apply to proceedings begun in the state court after the jurisdiction of the federal court has attached. Where a federal court has taken possession of the property of an insolvent water company by the appointment of a receiver, and the receiver has brought suit in that court to test the alleged right of the company to fix water rates, the jurisdiction thus acquired cannot be taken away by a subsequent suit brought by a consumer of water in a state court to test the same question; and such a suit, having been removed to the federal court, will not be remanded.
Works & Works, for complainant Lanning. Withington & Carter and C. H. Rippey, for complainant Rippey. C. B. Rippey, Haines & Ward, and J. S. Chapman, for defendants Osborne and others. Works & Works and Works & Lee, for defendant San Diego Land & Town Co. / ROSS, Circuit Judge. The bill in this case, to which there are a large number of defendants, was filed January 6, 1896. It alleges, among other things: That on the 4th day of September, 1895, the complainant was, by an order and decree of the circuit court of the United States for the district of Massachusetts, duly made and entered, appointed receiver of all of the property of the San Diego Land & Town Company, with full power to take possession of and manage, operate, and control the same, including the plant and water system in the bill mentioned; and that by an order of this court, duly made and entered September 30, 1895, the said first-mentioned order, was duly confirmed as to all property of the said company situated within the jurisdiction of this court, including the said water plant and system, and that the complainant was by the said last-mentioned order duly appointed receiver of the said mentioned property, with full power and authority to manage and control the same,-by virtue