81 FEDERAn :R:EPORTllIR.
demandedol defendant George Bryant an assignment of said let· terspatent to be executed in form necessary to secure to complainant the full enjoyment of the said letters patent. The bill asks for a decree that the defendants be directed to convey and assign to the complainant, by a proper instrument in writing, the said letters patent No. 568,892, together with all the rights and benefits thereup.der. The complaint alleges that the Pliable Shoe Company is a corporation incorporated under the laws of the state of Maine, and the defendants are citizens of the state of Oalifornia. If the jurisdiction of the court is assumed upon the diverse citizenship of the parties, it must appear that the matter in dispute exceeds, exclusive of interest and costs, the sum of $2,000. Act March 3, 1887, as amended by Act Aug. 13, 1888 (25 Stat. 433; 1 Supp. Rev. St. p. 611). There is no allegation to that effect in the complaint. On the other hand, if jurisdiction be claimed on the ground that it is a suit arising under the patent laws of the United States, it is a sufficient answer to say that the object of the bill is to enforce the specific enforcement of a contract. The relief sought is founded on the contract, and not on the patent laws of the United States, and this court has no jurisdiction of such an action. Nesmith v. Calvert, 1 Woodb. & M. 34, Fed. Cas. No. 10,123; Brooks v. Stolley, 3 McLean, 523, Fed. Cas. No. 1,962; Hartell v. Tilghman, 99 U. S. 547; Marsh v. Nichols, 140 U. S. 344, 11 Sup. Ot 798. The demurrer is sustained.
SIEGEL v. CITY OF NEW ORLEANS. (Circuit Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit. May 11, 1897.) No. 568.
MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS-INDEB'rEDNEss NUES. ApPLICA'rION OF SURPLUS REVE-
The Louisiana statute declaring that the revenues of municipalities for each year shall be devoted to the expenditures of that year, provided "that any surplUS of said revenues may be applied to the payment of the indebtedness of former years" (Act No. 30 of 1877, § 3), is merely permissive as to the surplus, and does not constitute It a trust fund to pay the debts of former years. Therefore a creditor having judgments payable out of the revenues of particular years, "with full benefit of the provisions of section 3 of Act No. 30 of 1877," has no right to have the surplus of subsequent years administered for his benefit. U. S. v. Thoman, 15 Sup. Ct. 378, 156 U.S. 353, followed.
Appeal from the Oircuit Court of the United States for the Eastern District of Louisiana.
. This was a suit In equity by Henry Siegel, a citizen of the German empire, against the city of New Orleans, to obtain an accounting of the revenues of the city alleged to be applicable to the payment of some 17 judgments theretofore obtained by the complainant against the city. These Judgments aggregated $74,262.17, and by their terms were made payable out of the revenues of particular years, extending from 1879 to 1887. Three of these judgments declared that they shouid be payable out of the revenues of the year 1882, and contained the additional clause, "prOVided that any surplus of the revenues of any subsequent year may be applied to the payment of the
SIEGEL V. CITY OF NEW ORLEANS.
debts of the year 1882, according to section 3 of Act No. 30 of 1877." The remaining 14 judgments, after providing that they should be paid out of the revenues of the years named in them, respectively, added, "with the full benefit of the provisions of section 3 of Act No. 30 of 1877." Act No. 30 of the Acts of Louisiana for 1877 declared that all the revenues of the parishes and municipalities of each year should be devoted to the expenditures of that year, provided "that any surplus of said revenues may be applied to the payment of the indebtedness of former years." The bill of complaint contained, among others, the following averments: "Your orator avers that said illegal diversion of the trust funds during the above-mentioned years amounts to the sum of thirty-nine thousand six hundred and forty dollars and twentytwo cents; and he now annexes an exhibit of the disbursement of said fund, giVing the date, amount, and numbers of the ordinances making said illegal disbursements to the prejudice of the rights of your orator. Your orator fUrther avers that the said sum of thirty-nine thousand six hundred and forty and 21100 dollars should be accounted for by said city, and be made subject to your orator's claims. Your orator further charges that all the interest which hud accumulated on the various taxes for said years formed a part of the revenues, and that the dedication of the principal to the payment of the claims due by the city of New Orleans for the various years carries with it the dedication of the interest, and that, furthermore, the various claims created by said city against the funds of said years was in the shape of contracts, protected by the constitution of the United States from being Impaired; that, in violation of the rights of your orator and the other creditors of said funds, the city of New Orleans diverted a large part of the interest received by her, and remitted, without consideration, a considerable part thereof; that your orator is unable to furnish at the present time an exact statement of the interest diverted and remitted, but avers that the sum amounted to considerably more than thirty thousand dollars, which the said city should be compelled to account for." In the court below a demurrer to the bill was sustained, and the bill dismissed. From this decree the complainant has appealed.
H. L. Lazarus and Chas. Louque, for appellant. W. B. Sommerville, for appellee. Before PARDEE and McCORMIOK, Oircuit Judges, and NEWMAN, District Judge.
PER OURIAM. The supreme court, in U. S. v. Thoman, 156 U. S. 3'53, 15 Sup. Ct. 378, in construing the judgments obtained by the complainant against the city of New Orleans, which contain the provision that the respective amounts were payable out of the revenue of particular years, with full benefit of the provisions of section 3, Act No. 30 of 1877, held that the complainant took nothing therefrom in regard to the revenues of subsequent years further than the city was willing to give. Therefore the surplus of the revenues subsequent to any particular year named in the judgments constitutes no trust fund which the complainant has the right to have administered. As to the diversion of revenues of any particular year (from the revenues of which the complainant's judgments were payable): If the bill contained specific allegations as to divel'siom; for those years (which we understand to be 1879, 1880, 1881, and 1882), or either of them, the complainant might have a right to an accounting, and to such relief as an accounting would show the complainant entitled, but nothing further. Such allegations, however, are wanting; and to the bill, considered as one for an accounting and a receiver, the demurrer was properly sustained. The decree appealed from is affirmed.
SELIGMAN et aI. v. CITY OF SANTA ROSA.. (Circuit Court, N. D. California. April 10, 1897.)
1. EQUITY PROCEDURE-INTERVENTIONS. Under section 887, Code Civ. Proc. Cltl., providing that any person interested may intervene in an action or proceeding "before the trial," an appl!cation to intervene comes too late which is made at the time of the submission of the case on bill and answer. 2. SAME-JURISDICTION OF l!'EDERAL COURTS-CITIZENSHIP-INTERVENTION. The circuit court cannot take jurisdiction of an intervention in a merely personal action, in which no fund has come into the possession of the court, by one who is a citizen of the same state as the party against whom his complaint Is directed. 8. SAME-INTERVENTION BY TAXPAYER-ILLEGAL TAXES. Though a taxpayer may intervene In a pending suit to stop an lllegal levy while his property is subject to taxation, he has no right to intervene to prevent the expenditure of money which has already been collected, upon the gronnd that the tax which produced it was illegal.
Jesse W. Lilienthal, for plaintiffs. H. N. Olement and T. O. Judkins. for intervener Mark 14 McDonald O. O. Webber and Thos. Rutledge, for city of Santa Rosa. MORROW, District Judge (orally). This case was submitted on bill and answer. The bill contains 195 counts, alleging as many causes of action, from which it appears that the complainants are the owners of certain waterworks bonds issued by the city of Santa Rosa, in this state, in December, 1893. The proceedings relating to the issue of the bonds are set forth in the bill. The bonds held by the complainants are 190 in number, are numbered froln 11 to 200, inclusive, and are for the sum of each. Five of these bonds, numbered 11 to 15, inclusive, amounting to $4,125, became due and were payable upon being presented for payment at the office of the city treasurer in Santa Rosa on the first Monday in December, 1896. The bonds were so presented, and payment refused. One hundred and ninety coupons, representing the interest at 4 per cent. per annum on the bonds held by complainants, amounting to $6,270, became due and were payable at the office of the city treasurer in Santa Rosa on the first Monday of December, 1896. It is alleged in the bill that the coupons were so presented, and payment refused. The total amount due on account of the 5 bonds and the 190 coupons is $10,395, for which complainants ask judgment. The answer avers that Wells, Fargo & 00., on the 8th day of December, 1896, presented to the city of Santa Rosa the bonds mentioned in the bilI of complaint and 182 of the coupons, and demanded payment thereoo, and the common council of the city of Santa Rosa, being then in session, ordered the bonds and coupons to be paid, and directed the city clerk to draw his warrant on the city treasurer to pay the same; that the warrant was thereupon drawn in the manner and form prescribed by the city charter, was signed by the mayor and countersigned by the city clerk f and directed to the treasurer of the city to pay to Wells, Fargo & Co. the sum of $10,131, the amount in full for the bonds and coupons then presented for payment. It is further averred that on the 10th day of December, 1896, Wells, Fargo