82 FEDERAL REPORTER.
dWense; :Dewees v. msliranceOo., 34,N. J. Law, 244. Whether themonuary,calI.in this clliseiWas .properly :made, or whether the as.surelt,had the/required notice, or failed to pay in due time, are questions of fact, to 'be determined by the jury from the evidence. :No doubt, the burden is on the Phove the facts showing valid assessments made in strict conformity' with ,tne and the l;>ylaws, but that is a matter of proof, not pleading The plea in this case ,gives notice to ,the of the rp.atter which the defendant sets up iJ;l defense of its action, and a joinder tnerein will, upon tne trialot- the cause, put tne defendant to its 'proof that it has' ,been absolved of its obligation by thefallure of fheassured to perform some duty imposed upon 'hini by t1).e cQntraet. ", ,The demurrer be overruled. '
KELLEY. et 'aI. v. BO'E'rTCHER'dt aI.
CURRAN etaI.v. Ci\.MPIOX et 'al.
DONOVAN v. SAl\i;El.
(Circuit Court ot
Septe,mber 15, 1897.)
ATTORNEYS-IMPROPER AND SCANDALOUS BRIEFS-STRIKI:NGFROM RECORD.,
Where an attorney tiled in a;n appellate court a filled with denunciation and abuse of the jwIges, who decided the c\lse against 1Iim, beloW, and upon their 'Intelligence; integtlty, and personal character. , lIeld.; that 'fOO brief would be stricken from the files, thajj'tl1e; name of the attorney would be stricken from the record as solicitor or cOWlsel. and !be would not be permitted to be heard further in the case, eitlle.+ ot'ally or by counsel, brief; but PJ,at appellant wo,1,1ld be peiimlited to ap.pear by , and file new briefs within a time llbtited. '
from tJ;J.e Oircuit Court of''the United States for the District , . This was a bill in. equity by Thomas D. Kelley, Margaret O.KeIley, Michael P .. Kelley, and Annie B. Kelley against Oharles Boettcher, John F.Campion, A. V. Hunter, 4. R. Meyer, William Boyd Paige, Max, Boehmer, and the Ibex',Mining Oompany. Demurrers to the original and an amended .bill were sustained by the court below, and, complainants declining to' a decree was entered for defendants. From this decree the present appeal was taken. The cause was heard upon a motion to strike the brief of Mr. T. A, Green from the recor.d. Oharles Oavender and Oharles J. Hughes, Jr., for the motion. T. A. Green and,E. B. Green, opposed. Before BREWER, Circuit Justice, and SANBORN and THAYER, Oircuit Judges. BREWER, Oircuit Justice, A DlOtion has b n made to strike from the files the brief of appellants, signed by T. A. Green as solicitor, and affirm the decree. The ground of the motion is, in general terms, the irrelevant, scandalous, and offensive matter with which that brief is filled. The record discloses that appellants, as plaintiffs, on June 19, 1895, by T. A. Green, their solicitor, filed a bill in equity in the cir-
KEtLEY T. BOETTCHER.
Cllit court, seeking to set aside a deed to a one-sixth interest in the Little Johnny lode mining claim. This deed was charged to have been executed on January 16, 1893, and it was claimed that the execution thereof had been fraudulently obtained. Attached to and as a part of the bill were 72 interrogatories directed to one of the defendant!3, 47 to another, 72 to a third, and 20 to a fourth. The bill having been dismissed by complainants as to certain other defendants, the interrogatories as to them are not copied into the record before us, but it is stated that there were 49 typewritten pages of such interrogatories. With these interrogatories left out, the bill and remaininginterrogatories fill 42 pages of the printed record. To this bill the defendants severally, on August 31 and October 5, 1895, demurred. The demurrers were, after argument before Judge Riner, and on January 30, 1896, sustained, and leave given to file an amended bill within 10 days. On February 5, 1896, amendments were filed, and to the bill as thus amended, after a motion to strike out had been overruled, a demurrer was, on May 4,1896, filed, which, after argument, was sustained by Judge Hallett, and, the plaintiffs declining to further amend, a decree was entered on July 13, 1896, in favor of the defendants. From this decree an appeal was on the same day asked and allowed. From the foregoing record it appears that there was no unreasonable delay on the part of either Judge Riner or Judge Hallett in deciding the questions raised by the demurrers, nor any attempt to interfere with the right of appeal. The order sustaining the demurrer to the original bill gave leave to file an amended bill. No conditions or terms were placed in this order, yet the amended bill contained two or three pages of matter like the following:
"Your orators and oratrlces again most earnestly protest against thIs honorable court violating all rules, and especially the decisions of the supreme co-urt of the United States, which complainants are advised and believe are binding and obligatory upon tbis honorable court, by compelling these complainants or their solicito-r to violate all rules of pleading in order to prevent this honorable court, in violation of all law and all precedent, from sustaining demurrers to complainants' bill o·f complaint, and requiring complainants' solicitor to furnish affida,its of all of the facts and circtunstances connected with the discovery of the facts constituting the fraud alleged in this! case by complainants, and that, too, even when defendants' demurrer to complainants' bill of complaint is a solemn admission of all of the material facts and allegations contained in said bill; and your orators and oratrices most respectfully and earnestly insist that this honorable court should consider and determine all questions raised by demurrers in accordance with the decisions of the supreme court of the United States and of all precedent in all courts of equity, both federal and state, throughout the whole United States, as well as in the chancery courts of England; and complainants most earnestly and respectfUlly protest again against being compelled to violate all rules and all practice of good pleading in order to prevent this honorable court from sustaining demurrer after demurrer to this bill of complaint; and complainants insist most earnestly and maintain that their original bill of complaint was full and complete in every respect, and in strict accordance with all well-established principles of equity pleading, and contained specific charges of fraud enough to have supported a dozen ordinary bills of complaint for relief against fraud; * * * and complainants reSpectfully and most earnestly insist mat all such rulIngs of this honorable court are not oniy in violation of all precedent and all authoriiJ',both state and federal, but that such rulings are judicial acts of oppression as to complainants and a direct denial of all of the rights secured by the decisions
82 FEDERAL REPOItTER.
ot the ot t!he United States to compla,InanUl as 'well as to Ijtigann; in thisJlOnorable court, and that such rulings on the part of this hon:orable court operate as an absoiute denial of all rights in this honorable COUrt, and as' ahact' of great judicial wrong and oppression)'
In sustaining the demurrer to the amended bill, the court observed:
''This is not an occasion for any observations respecting the matter inserted In the amendment in relation to the ruling of the court in the first demUrrer. Punishment for the sins of the solicitor cannot be visited upon 1Jhe unoffending. suitor. We Shall find opportunity to deal with that matter by and by. It is impossible to allow such. offensive criticisms to remain UpOll the files of the court. The clerk will withdraw from the files the original bUI and the amend/Ilent,. seal them in a which shall be kept in some recl)'ptacle distinct from 1fuat allotted to the lJ3pers in the cause, and opened only uiJ<ln the order' of the court. .Within. thirty da.ys from the date of the order .complalnants will be at liberty, if so advised, to file a new bill, which sJlall,contain only the matters declared to be proper for consideration In this opinion. Sucl,! blIl shall not. exceed In length 25 typewritten pages. When presented, It shall be filed by the 'clerk as of the date June 19, 1895, wthen the original bill was filed, and it shilll be taken to be the original bill of complaint in all further proceedings in the (!ause. The demurrers will be sustained, the original bill and amendment will be stricken from the files, and an order will be entered as incpcated respectina: a new bill to be filed."
-And entered an order to the same effect. Thereafter an appeal was, as stated, prayed, and allowed. This is the record, and the entire record. On July 31, 1897, Mr. T. A. Green; as solicitor, filed a brief in. behalf of the appellants. This brief contains 267 pages. Instead of being confined to a discussion of the questions arising on the record, and proper for consideration on this appro}, it contains page after page of denunciation and abuse of the two judges who decided these demurrers. It gOes far beyond criticism or denunciation of the decisions., It is personal in its attacks upon the intelligence, integrity, and character of the judges. There are in it allegations of matters of a personal nature, in no manner connected with or suggested by anything in the record, and insinuations and charges against those judges in language which, speaking mildly, is not common among gentlemen. That this is an offense against the proprieties of professional life is not open to question. The matter thus poured into the brief is irrelevant and grossly scandalous. No self-respecting court can, for a moment, thinkof tolerating such conduct. Mter service of notice of this motion, and just before the time set for its hearing, a new brief was filed, signed by 1\11'. T. A. Green and Judge E. B. Green, the latter having been recently employed as associate counsel. It is not suggested that there is anything in this brief of an offensive character, and apparently it was prepared and filed to obviate any consequences which might flow from the character of the former brief. Judge Green evidently appreciates fully the situation, and seeks to relieve his clients from its difficulties; but, un· del' the circumstances, we cannot recognize this latter brief as now properly in the case. What ought to be done? That the client should not unduly suffer on account of the wickedness and malice of counsel is clear, but at the same time no such outrage can be tolerated, and a client must expect to suffer somewhat for the misconduct of the counsel he employs.
CITY OF PHILADELPHIA V. WESTERN UNIOX TEL. CO.
The following order will be entered: The brief in favor of ap· pellants, signed by T. A. Green as solicitor, and filed July 31, 1897, and also the brief signed by T. A. Green and E. B. Green, as counsel, and filed September 10, 1897, will be stricken from the files in this case; the name of said T. A. Green will be stricken from the record as solicitor or counsel of appellants, and he will no longer be heard in this case, either orally or by brief; the appellants will be permitted to appear by some other solicitor or counsel, and file new briefs within 30 days, and the appellees will have 15 days thereafter to reply thereto, and the case will be continued and set down for hearing at the next term of this court. All the costs of the case up to date will be charged to appellants. The same order will be entered in case No. 871, Michael Curran et al. v. John F. Campion et al., and in case No. 872, James H. Donovan v. John F. Campion et al.
CITY OF PHILADELPHlA v. WIDS'l'ERN UNION TEL. CO.
(Circuit Court, E. D. Pennsylvania.
July 16, 1897.)
MUNI(':IPAL CORPORATIONS...,.. TELEGRAPH POLE AND WIRE TAXES- INTERSTATE COMMERCE..
The city of Philadelphia has no power to Impose pole and wire taxes upon a telegraph company doing interstate business, in excess of the reasonable expense to the city of the inspection and rt;gulation thereof, and an ordinance imposing charges several times larger than this amount is invalid. 40 Fed. 615, followed.
John L. Kinsey and E. Spencer Miller, for plaintiff. Reed & Pettit, for defendant. DALLAS, Oircuit Judge. This is an action for the recovery of certain charges imposed by two ordinances of the plaintiff, which the defendant contends are invalid. Upon the trial the counsel of both parties united in suggesting that the case was for decision by the court, but each of them claimed that a verdict should be directed for his client. Thereupon the jury was instructed to find for the defendant, and, a verdict having been rewlered accordingly, the plaintiff now moves for a new trial. One of these ordinances imposed a charge of $1 per annum for each telegraph pole maintained in the city of Philadelphia by any telegraph company, including the defendant; and the other of them required, in addition to this pole charge, the annual payment of $2.50 per mile on all wires suspended above ground. The defendant conceded that, if the amount of these charges was not unreasonably in excess of the amount needful to defray the expense to which the municipality was subjected for inspection and regulation of the appliances of the telegraph companies, the ordinances should be sustained; and to this question of reasonableness the evidence was. directed. A witness, whose qualification as an expert plainly appeared and was not questioned, testified, without objection, that a liberal