849 F.2d 606
Kim Allen MANUEL, Petitioner-Appellant,
W.F. WATKINS; Attorney General of the State of North
Carolina, Respondent- Appellees.
United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit.
Submitted: Feb. 29, 1988.
Decided: June 13, 1988.
NOTICE: Fourth Circuit I.O.P. 36.6 states that citation of unpublished dispositions is disfavored except for establishing res judicata, estoppel, or the law of the case and requires service of copies of cited unpublished dispositions of the Fourth Circuit.
Kim Allen Manuel, appellant pro se.
Lacy H. Thornburg, Barry Steven McNeill, Office of the Attorney General of North Carolina, for appellee.
Before DONALD RUSSELL, WIDENER and JAMES DICKSON PHILLIPS, Circuit Judges.
A review of the record and the district court's opinion discloses that an appeal from its order refusing habeas corpus relief pursuant to 28 U.S.C. Sec. 2254 would be without merit. Because the dispositive issues recently have been decided authoritatively, we deny a certificate of probable cause to appeal, dispense with oral argument, and dismiss the appeal on the reasoning of the district court. Manuel v. Watkins, C/A No. 86-135-ST-C (W.D.N.C. Dec. 15, 1986).