UNITED STATES V. DONAHOWER.
to them"it wouldbave caused long delay, and in many Instances defeated the ends of justice. "'nile all this may be true, there is nothing in the record in the shape of findings or evidence to support it. If special circumstances e:xisted making this travel necessary, they should have been called to the attention of the circuit court. Finding no error in the rulings of the circuit court, the judgment will be affirmed.
UNITED STATES v. DONAHOWER. (Circuit Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit. No. 964. February 14, 1898.)
Unless a certified copy of the complaint upon which a warrant Is issued is annexed to the warrant, no magistrate other than the one who issued the warrant has. jurisdiction to hear the case under the act of March 3, 1893.; and the marshal is therefore entitled to his fees for transporting the prisoner from the place of arrest to the office of such magistrate, though he is not the one nearest to the place of arrest.
SAME-SERVICE oll' SUBP<ENAS AND WARItAN'rs.
The marshal Is entitled to charge for service of subpcenas and warrants dUly issued and regularly placed In his hands for service, and served, although the persons served were at the time prisoners awaiting trial or serving sentence, and also for service of bench warrants upon persontl then in his own custody. The power to direct the marshal to furnish meals for jurors at the expense of the government while they are deliberating upon their verdicts. in charge of an officer of the court, is one of the Inherent incidental powers of the circuit arid district courts, which they· may exercise in any case before them, whether the United States are or are not parties, and the disbursements therefor made by the marshal pursuant to the exercise of this power by the courts, are expenses necessarily incurred for some of the "other contingencies" referred to in the act of 1853 regulating fees and costs. 10 Stat. p. 165, c. 80; Rev. St. § 829.
SAME-MEALS OF JUROHS.
SAME-BRINGING PRISONER '1'0 COURT.
Rev. 'St. § 1030, prOViding that no fees shall be charged by the. clerk or marshal for bringing Into court any prisoner or person In custOdy, applies only to the case of prisoners confined at the place where the court is in session, and not to those In custody at a place remote therefrom.
In·Error to the Circuit Court of the United States for the District of Minnesota. Edward C. Stringer, for the United States. Eugene G. Hay, for' defendant III error. Before SANBORN and THAYER, Circuit Judges, and RINER, :Qistrkt Judge. ' RINER, District Judge. This is an brought by Jeremiah C. to recover $2,000, fees earned and disbursements made by marshal of the United States fQr ,the district of Minn,esota, tJ,'?m ,t4,eI5th QfMay, 1890, to the day April, 1894, which were included in his accountl:l presented to the dil'ltrict court, approvec;1
:85 FEDERAL REPORTER.
by'that court, and fot'warded to the accounting officers of the, treasury department, and by them disallowed. The testimonv in the case was taken before a referee, and, after receiptor his report on January 16, 1897, the circuit court filed its findings of fact and conclusions of law allowing some of the items of the claim and disallowing other items, and judgment was directed accordingly. The Dnited States prosecutes this writ of error to review the decision of the circuit court allowing certain items of the plaintiff's claim included in its findings, described in the record as findings "F," "I," "D," "X," "1," "10," and "11." The first assignment of error covers finding "F" of the findings of the circuit court. The items included in this finding consist of charges for fees in a number of cases for arresting and transporting prisoners from the place of arrest to the office of the circuit court commissioner who issued the warrant, and before whom the warrant, by its terms, was inade returnable, although that commissioner was not the commissioner nearest to the place of arrest. The objection to this item is based upon the act of March 3, 1893, which reads as follows:
"It shall be the duty of the marshal, his deputy. or other officer who may arrest a person charged with any crime or offense, to take the ,defendant before the commissioner or the near,est judicial officer having jurisdiction under existing laws, for a hearing, commitment or taking bail for trial, and the officer or magistrate issuing the warrant shall attach thereto a certified copy of the complaint; and upon the arrest of the accused, the return of the warrant, with a copy of the complaint attached, shall confer jurisdiction upon such officer as fully as if the complaint had originally been made before him, and no mileage shall be allowed any officer violating the provisions hereof."
The circuit court finds as a fact tbit in each case included in this findl ingt4e warrant was not issued, or made returnable before the circuit court commissioner before whom it was returnable, by the connivance, at the request, or with the knowledge of the petitioner,but came into his hands in. the regular course of the business of his office, 'and was' served and executed by him in obedience to its mandate; that it did not appear from the testimony that' a certified copy of the complaint upon which each of the warrants was based was attached to the warrants; that in each case the !Dlleage charged was actuaJly and necessarily traveled by the plaintiff; and the several items included in the finding, amounting to $188.70, were therefore allowed. We think the items of this account were properly allowed by the circuit court. The finding of fact shows that in none or the cases included in the finding, for which charges have been made, was there attached to the warrant a certified copy of the complaint, which, under this statute, would be necessary to confer jurisdicticn upon any nearer commissioner or magistrate before whom the. marshal might take the person arrested. Without the certiSed copy of the complaint attached to' the warrant, a commissioner or magistrate nearer the place of arrest than the commissioner issuing the warrant would be without jurisdiction to hear the case. As stated by the circuit court, "the marshal would have to obey the warrant in its legal efl;ect, and, if no certified copy of the complaint was attached, to give' toany other commissioner or magistrate, he would -the warrant so directing__be obliged to take the arrested person before the commissioner who issued the warrant."
The second assignment of error covers finding "I" of the findings of ,for the same reathe circuit court, and the objections thereto are were made in the first assignment. The facts as sons that to the items contained in this finding .differ only from those in finding "F" in this respect: In finding "F" there was a United States commissioner nearer the place of arrest than the commissioner issuing the warrant, and in the items contained in this finding there was no commissioner, but there was a justice of the peace, nearer the place of arrest than the commissioner issuing the warrant. For the reasons already stated, we think the items in this finding were properly allowed. The third assignment of error covers finding"U" of the findings of the circuit court, and relates to a charge tor service of subprenas on federal prisoners awaiting trial, or serving sentence,in the federal court. The findings of fact show that each item of charge contained in this finding was for service of a subprena issued by the clerk upon the prrecipe of the district attorney, and regularly placed in the plilintiff's hands for service, and by him served upon the witnesses therein named. This was a process placed in the hands of the marshal for service, issued in due form upon the prrecipe of the district attorney, and it was, therefore, his duty to serve it, and his fees therefor, amounting to three dollars, were properly allowed by the ;circuit conrt. of the findings The fourth assignment of errol' Covers finding of the circuit court, and relates to a charge for service of a warrant of arrest issued by a circuit court commissioner, and served by the marshal on the person named in th,e warrant, the person named in the warrant being at that time a prisoner confined in the county jail of Beeker county, Minn. What we have said· in relation to finding 3 applies to this finding, and it was properly allowed by the circuit court. The fifth assignment of error covers finding "1" of the findings of the circuit court, and is a claim for disbursements for nioneys expended by the marshal in cases to which the United States were not parties, by order of the circuit and district courts, for meals for jurors after they had been charged, and while they were confined, in charge of an officer, deliberating upon their verdicts. In the case of Campbell v.U. 'S., 65 Fed. 777, where this identical question was before this court, Judge Sanborn, in delivering the opinion of the court, said:
"The result is that the power to direct the marshal to furnish meals for jurors at the expense of the government while they are deliberating upon their verdicts, in charge of an officer of the court, is one of the inherent incidental powers of the circuit and district courts of :the United States, which they may exercise in any case before them whether the United· States are or are not parties to them. The disbursements for' such meals, made· by the marshal pursuant to the exercise of this power by the courts, are expenses necessarily incurred for some of the 'other contingencies' referred to in the act of 1853 regulating the fees and costs of marshals and others (10 Stat. p. 165, c. 80; Rev. St. § 829); and the claim of the plaintiff in error against the United States for these disbursements should have been allowed."
The items covered by this assignment were properly allowed by the circuit court. The sixth assignment of error covers "10" of the findings of tIue circuit court, and relates to a charge for travel in ser",ing an order of court directing the plaintiff to produce in court, as a witness, a person
'then ib custody of ,the'Uitited States at a place remote from the place where the session. The objection to this item is based on section 1030 of the RettisedStatutes, which provides:
"No writ is ,necessary to bring into court any prisoner or person in custody, or for'remanding him front the court into custody; but the Slime shall be done on the order of tM court ordlstrict attorney, for which no fees shall be charged ,cleX;k ,or marshal." by
, The learned judge who tried this caSe, in announcing his conclusions allowing this item, said: ,
"These prisoners were not confined at the place where the court was in session, and the case does not, therefore, fall under section 1000, Rev. St. U. S., whicb, 'bY rellsonable construction, only applies to cases of that kind."
We concu:r:in the view expressed by the circuit court,and think the item was properly allowed. Kinney v. U. S., 54 Fed. 319j Hitch v. U. S., 66 'Fed; 93J. The seventh assignment of error eoversfinding "11" of the findings of the circuit court, and is fpr the service of a bench warrant on a person then in the custody of the United States marshal. 'fb,e allowance of tbis item (aIDounting to dollars) by the circuit court we think should be, sustained. The warrant was iss,ued by the court. The marshal was bound, to serve it, and was entitled to the fee charged for the service.' The judgment oftl;le'circuH court will be affirmed.,
D. M. ,FERRY &
v. UNITED STATIDS.
(CIrcult Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit. February 8, 1898.) No; 484.
REVENUE OF OF
CongreSs may, if it'sees fit, make the secretary of the treasury the final 'arbiter; in an:v class of cases arising under the revenue laws, to determine In a quasi judicial manner whether by vIrtue of those laws any claim against the government has arisen in Javor of the ,petitioner.
2. SAUE.-:.-REFUllTD OF
·Rev, St. §. 21)84, authori:>jb1g the ot' the treasury, on satisfactory proofs' of' the" destruction' <if imported' met:chandise while in the custody of the customs officers, etC., 'lliakes the secretary the' final tribunal to decide ,on the y'8,lidity of any sucl\ ,claim, and his decision is not subject to review by tbe; court of claims or .¥Dy other tri1)unal. The above section does not authorize the refunding of duties on merchandise dt>stroyt>dafter it has .been, 'delivered into· the manual possession of the importer,.,on hisgivlng.bond for redelivery to the customs officers, under Rev.
In ,Error :to'the Circuit Court of the United States for the Eastern Distl'iet; of ,Michigan. This is a proceeding in error to review a jUdgment of the circuit ,ppurt to the petiti?n of the plaintiff and dismiss' ing the same. '
\., The petitioI\wllll, filed under tlfe act of March S, 1887, Which provides for the ofsultsaga;lnst.the VnitedStates. Th!! petition set forth: 'That theplaiiltiff,D.':\L Ferry & .Co" was acorpQratl.ou organized under··the il1i's of' the sttlte of Michigan, That it imported through the port of Detroit