NUGENT V. PHILADELPHIA TRACTION CO.
NUGENT v. PHILADELPHIA TRACTION CO.
(Circuit Court, E. D. Pennsylvania.
May 31, 1898.)
CounTs-CONCURRENT JURISDICTro:,\-CQ:,\CLURIVENESS OF AD,lUDICATlON.
Where suits on the same cau;..e of action are pending simultaneously In the state court and in the United States circuit court, a final judgment entered In the former is binding on the latter. 1
This was an action by one Nugent against the Philadelphia Traction Company. Plaintiff demurs to the plea. Ingham & Newitt, for plaintiff. Thad. L. Vanderslice, for defendant. BUTLER, District Judge. The plea sets out a good defense, and the demm'rer must be oveITUled. The judgment in the common pleas is conclusive. If the suit there had terminated with the order of reversal, there might be some question about its effect. The question need not however be considered. The subsequent judgment entered was a final disposition of the rights of the parties. I am not at liberty to consider the propriety of entering that judgment; the question is not before me. The judgment is not here for review, and cannot be disregarded; it must stand until reversed. '['he scope and construction of the statute under which the court and its applicability to the facts, were matters for the consideration of that court; and its judgment respecting them is conclusive. The suit here did not oust the jurisdiction which had previously attached in the common pleas. The two courts thereafter had concurrent authority to proceed and dispose of the cause of litigation (if it was not disposed of previously to the suit here), and a disposition of it by either would conclude further proceeding by the other. The situation is unlike that which arises in cases of removal, or appeal. The -plaintiff was at liberty to seek final judgment in either suit, and the ,defendant equally at liberty to invoke the aid of the court in either, to that end. The defendant invoked and obtained such aid in the 'state court. If the plaIntiff had obtained permission to discontinue the first suit, before commencing the second, the situation would be different. Discontinuances are treated as if at the option of the plaintiff alone, but they nevertheless rest upon an implied assent of the court, and should not be allowed in any case after verdict, where the object is to prolong the litigation. A discontinuance would not luive been allowed by the court in this case after the order of reversal. It is sufficient that it was not allowed, however, and that the case remained open to further action, as the court determined.
1 As to "Res Judicata as between Federal and State Courts," see note to ,Railroad Co. v. Morgan, 21 C. C. A:. 480.
87 FEDERAL REPORTER.
ELKHART NAT. BANK v. NORTHWESTERN GUARANTY LOAN CO. et al. (Circuit Court of Appeals,Thlrd Circuit. April 12, 1800.)
JURISDICTION OF FEDERAL COURT-FOREIGN CORPORATION-SUIT TO ENFORCm LIABILITY OF STOCKHOLDERS.
Unless It voluntarily appears, a foreign corporation cannot be made a party defendant to a suit in a federal court by one of Its creditors, who seeks the appointment of a receiver, an accounting, and to enforce the individual liabilityof stockholders who are Within the jurisdiction of the court.
SUIT 1'0 ENFORCE STOCKHOLDERS' LIABII,ITy-NECESSARY PARTIES.
The corporation and all Its stockholders are necessary parties defendant toa creditors' suit for the appointment of a receiver, an accounting, and to enforce the personal liability of stockholders, and, if the corporation cannot be brought In, the suit must be dismissed.
Appeal from the Circuit Court of the United States for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. This was a suit by the Elkhart National Bank, of Elkhart, Ind., against the Northwestern Guaranty Loan Company, of Minnesota, and Edward P. Allison and others, stockholders of said corporation, residing within the Eastern district of Pennsylvania. The purpose of the suit was to enforce the individual liability of stockholders. The bill was dismissed for want of necessary parties defendant, and plaintiff appeals. M. H. Boutelle, for appellant. John G. Johnson, for appellees. Before ACHESON, Circuit JUdge, and BUTLER and BRADFORD, District Judges. BUTLER, District Judge. Can the suit be sustained? The bill avers, substantially, that the loan company was organized under the laws of Minnesota; that the individual defendants named, together with a large number of other persons not residents of Pennsylvania, hold its stock; that in May, 1893, the district court of Hennepin county, Minn., adjudged the company insolvent, in proceedings instituted under a statute of that state, and appointed a receiver, who took possession of its assets, and continues to hold them; that the plaintiff obtained a judgment against the company, since that date, which is unpaid; that the assets of the loan company do not exceed $500,000, while its indebtedness exceeds $3,000,000; that the individual defendants named hold 846 shares of its stock, worth at the par value $84,000, and reside in Pennsylvania; that by the laws of" Minnesota the stockholders of the company are personally liable to its creditors, each in an amount equal to the par value of the stock held by him, or so much thereof as is necessary to pay his proportion of the balance due creditors, after· the assets of the company. have been eXhausted; that the deficiency of assets is more than $2,500,000, and that the amount of stock liable to call for contribution, on account of this deficiency represents in money $1,250,000. The relief sought is stated as follows;