87 FEDERAL REPORTER.
and deed of trust dated at Vicksburg, Miss., were executed in Mem· phis, Tenn., is. a circumstance fully explained by the evidence. The loan is not usurious unper the laws of Mississippi, because the rate of interest agreed upoDwas permitted by the laws of that state. The provision in the deed of trust as to the payment of solicitor's fees on 'default relates to, it contingency which in no way affects the rate of interest. Spain v. Hamilton's Adm'r, 1 Wall. 624, 626; Meacham v. Pinson, 60 Miss. 217, ·226. The provision with reference to the right of the loan company to declare the unpaid principal due in case of taxation by the state of the deed of trust or debt is also based on a contingency, and, as we construe the contract, it war· . ranted, in no event, any higher rate of interest than the 10 per cent. stipulated. See Spain v. Hamilton's Adm'r, supra; Dugan v. Lewis (Tex. Sup.) 14 S. W. 1024; Williams' Heirs v. Douglass (La.) 17 19 S. W. 442. The decree South. 805; Gillmour v.Ford (Tex. of the circuit court is affirmed.
RAND et 01. v. COLUMBIA NAT. BANK OF TACOMA, WASH., et aL (CirCUit Court, D. Minnesota. June 15. 1898.)
Where one subscribes for part of an Increased issue of national bank stock, but actually receives orlgillal stock Instead, alld holds It for several years, receiving dividends and paying assessments thereon, he will be liable, upon failure of the bank, to assessment on such stock by the comptroller of the currency.
This was a suit in equity by Alonzo T. Rand, Rufus R. Rand, and Kate A. Ogle against the Columbia National Bank of Tacoma, Wash., Philip Tillingha,st, James H. Eckels, as comptroller of the currency, to enjoin the prosecution of actions at law by said receiver to reCOV13ran assessment made by the comptroller on certain shares of the bank's stock. A. B. Jackson, for complainants. J. B. Atwater,f<lr 'defendants. LOCHREN, District Judge. The bill of complaint in this suit alleges the organization of the defendant the Columbia National Bank of Tacoma, Wash., under the national banking laws of the United States on September 2, 1891, with a banking capital of $200" 000, divided into 2,000 shares of $100 each; and that on the 24th day of October, 1895, the defendant James H. Eckels, comptroller of the currency, took possession of said bank and its books and as· sets, and later transferred the same to the defendant Philip Til· linghast, whom he appointed receiver of said bank; and that said Eckels, as such comptroller, on June 22, 1896, made an assessment and requisition upon the shareholders of said bank of $61 on each and every share of the capital stock of said bank. Also that said Tillinghast, as such receiver, has, by direction of said comptroller, begun an action at law in this court against everyone of said com·
RAND V. COLUMBIA NAT. BANK.
plainants, wherein he seeks to recover of every of said complainants, severally, the sum of $3,050 and interest, being the amount of stock of said bank, said assessment upon 50 shares of the which said Tillinghllilt, as such receiver, alleges was owned by each of the complainants at the time of the failure of said bank. The complainants aver that they are not, and never were, shareholders of said bank, but that on the 12th day of January, 1892, the shareholders of said bank duly passed the following resolution:
"Resolved, that under the provisions of the act of May 1, 1886, the capital stock of this association be increased in the sum of $300,000, making the total capital $500,000. Further resolved, that, as the money paid in amounts to $50,000 or more, the president or cashier be authorized to certify the same to the comptroller of the 'currency, and shall so continue to certify until the said $300,000 is paid in."
And that thereafter, on or about July 1, 1892, each of said complainants subscribed for 50 shares of such proposed increase of the capital stock of said bank, and paid to said banking association the amount of $5,100 in full upon such subscription, taking its receipt therefor in the form of certificate for 50 shares of the capital stock of said bank; but that such proposed increase of stock was never, except in part, subscribed for, and was abandoned; and that an in· crease of such stock of $150,000, afterwards certified by the comptrOller, had never been subscribed for nor paid in, and that such certification by the comptroller was and is null and void. The object of this suit is to enjoin the said actions at law, and any attempted collection of the said assessments against complainants. No service was had upon the comptroller, and he does not appear; and this suit, together with the three actions at law sought to be restrained, ,ire submitted upon the stipulated facts, supplemented by a very little oral testimony taken at the hearing. The evidence supports the allegations of the bill as to the organization of the bank, and the adoption by the shareholders of the resolution of January 12, 1892, for the increase of the capital stock of the bank to $500,000; and shows that on July 18, 1892, the complainant Alonzo T. Rand was at the office of said bank in Tacoma, and was informed of the proposed increase of the stock of said bank to $500,000, and that he was desirous to obtain stock of that bank for himself and for the other complainants, and then subscribed for 60 shares of the capital stock of said bank for himself and for a like amount for each of the other complainants at $llH per share, to be paid on call of the said bank, the certificates of stock to be sent to the Nicollet National Bank of Minneapolis, Minn. On the 19th day of July, 1892, the vice president of said Columbia National Bank inclosed to the cashier of the Nicollet National Bank three certificates of the original stock of said Columbia National Bank, one for each of the above-named complainants, each certificate stating that the capital stock of said Columbia National Bank was $200,000, and that the complainant named therein was the owner of 50 shares of $100 each in the capital stock of the Columbia National Bank of Tacoma, directing said cashier to deliver such certificates of stock to the parties named therein on payment of $5,060 for each certificate, and that such certificates were, on July 23, 1892, delivered to the complainants, respectively, who
eac,h ,paid, her' own certificate the said sum 'of '$5;050. On Ja.nuary 8, of said complainants was paid by said Columbia National Bankthe sum of '200, being a stock dividend of 4 per cent. declared by said bank on December 30, 1892; aud on January 2, 1894, each of said complainants 'was paid by said Columbia National Bank another sum of $200, being another stock dividend of 4 per cent.,' declared by the same bank on Deceniber 28, 1893. On July 18,1895, the comptroller of the currency notified said Columbia National Bank that he found its capital stock impaired, and required it to assess its capital stock 25 per cent., which ,was done, and in compliance therewith each of the complainants paid to said bank '1,250. On the 25th day of July, 1895, the board of directors notified the comptroller of the said resolution of January 12, 1892, to increase by $300,000 the capital stock of said bank, and that $150,000 had been paid in and certificates issued therefor, and requested the comptroller to approve the increase to $350,000. After further correspondence and action, 'needless to refer to, this increase of capital stock of said bank to $350,000 was approved by the comptroller October 23, 1895, and two days later the comptroller put the bank, as insolvent, into the hands and charge of a receiver. The testimony of Alonzo T. Rand indicates that in his conference on July 18, 1892, with the officers of the Columbia National Bank of Tacoma, its then last printed statement, of July 12, 1892 (Exhibit 15), was put in his hands, stating that the bank was increasing its capital to $500,000, and therefore it was this proposed increase alone that he bargained concerning. There was nothing in the situation or in the negotiation to indicate on the part of Mr. Rand any preference,' for the proposed new stock over the original. The subscription for the stock waadifferent in its terms from any other subscription for the new or incooased stock. But, admitting that this subscription was intended and understood to be for the increase stock only, it is certain that the certificates of stock which were on the next daiy sent by the vice -president of the Columbia National Bank to the cashier of the Nicollet National Bank for delivery to the subscribers on payment, were for oriJ;dnalstock of the Columbia 'Nationa1 Bank, and so appeared upon the face of each certificate. That particular stock was therefore offered, accepted, and paid for, as the stock bargained for, or in lieu of the stock bargained for. Being so accepted and paid for, the pUt'chaser cannot be permitted, after holding it se"eral years, and receiving dividends and paying assessments upon it, to claim now, after the ,collapse of the bank,that it was not the kind of stock which he at first supposed he subscribed for. Even if the certificates of stock delivered to the complainants could have been regarded as· receipts for money paid on subscription,,.,-though they state no amount,---'and only to be considered certificates of stock when the increase on which the payment was made was approved by the comptroller, still such approval was had before the failure of the bank. The resolution of January 12, 1892, under which the subscrip. tions for increase were made, expressly provided for increase by installments, or in part, to the amount of paid-in subscriptions when'ever certified to amount to $50,000 or more. Such certificate was
I.OVE V. WHEELER.
made to the comptroller before his approval of the $150,000 increase, and whatever was done September 9, 1895, whether valid or not, was unnecessary. The case is a hard one upon the stockholders, as is every case where they have to make good the losses caused by un· wise or dishonest management. But as against the receiver, who represents the creditors of the Columbia National Bank, there is no equity in the contention of the complainants. Decree will be entered dismissing the bill, with costs. In the law cases, counsel will draft proper findings.
LOVE v. WHEELER. (Circuit Court, S. D. New York. May 27, 1898.)
STOCK HELD IN TnUST-ASSIGNMENT-AsCERTAINMENT AND ACCOUNTING.
Complainant's assignor delivered to defendant a large amount of stock in a corporation in which he was the principal stockholder, and of Which defendant was the general manager. Defendant had power to transfer the stock, and alleged that he held a portion of it, which he had transferred to himself, under a parol trust agreement, for the promotion and benefit of the corporation and the protection of persons who might be induced to invest in it, but produced no evidence in support of his testimony to that effect, while the letters and other documentary evidence all showed that the directions of the owner, as given from time to time, as to the disposal of the .stock, were to be followed. Defendant alleged and testified that a portiou of the stock was held for the joint benefit of himself and complainant's assignor, but the evidence was vague and unsatisfactory. Hela, that the stock admitted to be held in trust was so held for the exclusive benefit, and subject to the direction, of complainant's assignor, and should be transferred to defendant, as trustee for complainant, and that complainant is entitled to an ascertainment of all the stock held by defendant, and an accounting as to receipts and disbursements, if any, by the trustee.
This was a suit in equity, brought by Robert W. P. Love against Albert G. Wheeler for an accounting as to certain stock delivered to Wheeler in trust by John O. Love, and assigned to complainant. The ruling is upon the hearing on proofs taken on both sides. Wm. S. Beaman, for complainant. Robert L. Harrison, for defendant. SHIPMAN, Oircuit Judge. The bill alleges that John C. Love, now temporarily residing in England, was on August 14, 1895, the beneficial owner of a large amount of stock of the Love Electric Traction Company, and that the defendant was the trustee for said Love of about 20,000 shares of said stock, the exact number of shares the complainant being unable to give; that on August 14, 1895, John C. Love assigned to his son, the complainant, all the father's right in this stock so held in trust; that the trust is still open and continuing, and the defendant has never rendered any account. The bill prays that the defendant may be required to render an account of the trust, and of all property held under it, and of his receipts and disbursements as trustee; and for other and further relief as may seem proper. The bill does not state the terms or the nature of the trust.