CAMP V. BHAXHAIIL
LACOMBE, Circuit Judge. Whether the E'nglish predecessors of complainant, or the Milwaukee firm, were the first to use the word "Sunlight" in connection with soap, is immaterilil, since complainant is the owner of all the rights of both concerns in that particnlar use of the name. It is undoubtedly a good trade-mark, and the use of the name "American Sunlight" in connection with soap is plainly an infringement Indeed, the only point which is urged with any force by defendant's counsel is the fact that only one actual sale is shown, and that to an emissary of the complainant, who persuaded defendant to put up and sell the goods, and bill them under the infringing designation. It is not the law, however, that relief in equity will be denied when the only actual sale proven is one to complainant's detective. It may be, as suggested in Byam v. Bullard, 1 Ourt. 100, Fed. Cas. No. 2,262, that such a sale is not per se an infringement; but as pointed out in De Florez v. Raynolds, 14 Blatchf. 505, Fed. Oas. No. 3,742, it may, in connection with other proof, be persuasive evidence of other sales, and convincing proof of an intention to sell whenever the opportunity of doing so without detection is presented. The testimony of the defendant himself, especially in regard to the letter produced by complainant; his careful qualification of his answers with the phrase, "I do not remember;" the circumstances attending the sale, and his own admissions as to what he said and did; his careful preservation of the infringing labels and die,-satisfy me that, unless reRtrained by injunction, he will continue to sell his soap under the infringing trade-mark whenever what he may think a safe ehance to do so presents itself. Against this threatened injury complainant shbuld be protected by an injunction, but there is not proof sufficient to warrant a decrep. for an accounting.
CAMP v. et aL (CIrcuIt Court, N. D. Ohio, W. D.. June 8, 1898.) No. 1,305.
PATENTS-INVENTION-ApPARATUS FOR LAYlNG UNDERGROUND CONDillTS.
The production of a mandrel having at one end a handle for pushIng It back and forth, and at the other a rubber rim which serves to break orr and push or sweep ahead of it all the particles of cement that stick to the interior of a hollow tiling conduIt for electrIc wires, held to Involve patentable invention. The Camp patent, No. 467.050, for an apparatu8 for laying underground conduits for electrIc wIres, held valid and infringed.
This was a suit in equity by H. B. Camp against Branham & Gest for alleged infringement of a patent Albert M. Austin, for complainant E. 0" Reemelin, for defendants.
ot lettertil patent No. 467,650, dated January 26, 1892; being an
R;ICKS, District Judge.
This is a bill depending on the validity
apparatus for laying underground conduits for electric wires.
88 FEDERAL REPORTER..
demand for this patent was created by the extensive use of hollow tiling having one or more longitudinal openings laid jn lengthwise parallel courses, with the end of the sections of each course arranged to register. The great demand for such a conduit induced the complainant to give his attention to some instrument which would remove from the inside of these hollow tile conduits the cement with which the end of each section was bound together, so as to make a continuous conduit, without obstructions in the interior to impede the laying of wire therein. The mandrel which the complainant made for that purpose is a very simple device. It has a rubber rim about one end of it, which serves to break oft' and push or sweep ahead' of it all the particles of cement that stick to the interior of the conduit in laying it. The other end of the mandrel had a handle by which it could be moved backward and forward. With this simple device, the tile was laid lengthwise, and joints fitted, and the interior made smooth and passable; and the problem of an easy nse of the interior of such hollow tiling was solved. Now, while it is true that there was no great invention developed in this simple device, it is just one of these happy successes which occasionally reward the inventor in his diligent the public. search for something new and useful, and acceptable The fact that the use of this mandrel has so rapidly increased the sale of tiling is a significant fact, and tends to support the claim of invention. In all the large cities it was a problem of great importance how to put underground all the wires used for the many purposes for which electricity is now employed. But a mere multiplication of words would not make more plain what must seem a fair conclusion. to every impartial mind,-that the patentee in this case did invent something new, and that his patent must be declared valid. The patent office allowed it without any hesitation, as the file wrapper and contents show. The defendants concede that, if the patent is new, they infringe. They claim that the use of the mandrel accompanied the purchase of the tile. If they can show any such contract as this, it will have a material effect upon the am'<lunt of damages to be awarded, but does not go to the complainant's right to have the patent sustained. A decree may be prepared, referring the case to Mr. Belford, as master, to ascertain and report the damages to which the complainant is entitled.
HAGGENMACHER v ·. NELSON et at. (Circuit Court, E. D. Pennsylvania. June 22, 1898.) No. 6.
A reissue In which all the claims ot the original are Uterally reproduced, excepting one, which Is predicated on the same Invention as the original, but which expresses more clearly what would, under the ordinary doctrine ot eqUivalents, be the legal effect of the original, Is valid. l. BAHB-F'LotrR,SIll'Tmo.·ApPARATUS. The Haggenmacherpatents, reissue No. 11,252 No. 428,0(7) and No. 428,9(8, 'or "apparatus for sifting and sorting flour," construed, and
PATENTS-VALIDITY 01' REISSUB.