CITY OF ATLANTA V. OLD COLONY TRUST CO.
OITY OF ATLANTA v. OLD COLONY TRUST CO. et aL
(Circuit Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit.
May 31, 1898.)
STREET RAII,ROADS-COMPUJ,SORY TRANSFERS-AUTHORITY OF CITY.
'.rhe city of Atlanta, Ga., has no authority to Impose a compulsory system of passenger transfers upon the Atlanta Consolidated Street-Railway Company, either under the city charter, the charters of the two corporations whose property was purchased by the said consolidated company, the state statutes ratifying and confirming the Incorporation of street and suburban railroad companies, or under the constitution of Georgia and the ordinance of the city of Atlanta, made in pursuance thereof, consenting to the occupation of Its streets by the said consolidated company. 83 Fed. 39, affirmed.
Appeal from the Circuit Court of the United States for the North· -ern District of Georgia. J. T. Pendleton and Alex. C. King, for appellant. N. J. Hammond, J. Carrol Payne, John S. Tye, Morris Brandon, RndPreston S. Arkwright, for appellees. Before PARDEE, Circuit Judge, and and PARLANGE, District Judges. PER CURIAM. This is an appeal from an order continuing an injunction pendente lite restraining the city of Atlanta from executing a certain ordinance of that city relating to compulsory transfers on the lines of the Atlanta Consolidated Street-Railway Company. The case was heard in the circuit court before Circuit Judge McCormick and District Judge Newman upon a demurrer to the complainant's bill, which demurrer raised all the questions presented on this hearing. In overruling the demurrer the two judges concurred in an elaborate and well·considered opinion, which is found in the record (83 Fed. 39), with the reasoning of which we substantially concur. On this hearing we conclude: 1. Under the charter of the city of Atlanta there is no power given to the mayor and general council to pass and enforce the said transfer ordinance. 2. 'The charters of the Atlanta Street-Railroad Company and the West End & Atlanta Street-Railroad Company, of which companies the Atlanta Consolidated Street·Railway Company has become the purchaser and successor, do not make the rates of fare on the Atlanta Consolidated Street-Railway Company's lines subject to the initial control of the mayor and general council of the city: of Atlanta. 3. The statutes of the state of Georgia (1 Laws Ga. 1890-91, p. 169), ratifying and confirming the incorporation of street and suburban railroad companies, or any other acts of like nature to which our 1l;ttention has been called, do not give the right of regulating and tlXiIlg fares and transfers on street railroads to the city. of Atlanta. : 4. Under the constitution of the state of Georgia, which prohibits any street-railway company from building upon the streets of a city
88 FEDER4L REPORTlllR.
withont its consent, and under the reservations made by the city of Atlanta in its ordinances granting such consent 'to the Atlanta Consolidated Street-Railway Company, the power is not reserved to the city of Atlanta to pass any ordinance which it sees fit, compelling the Atlanta Consolidated Street-Railway Company to give transfers and issue transfer tickets between the several Jines, of said company. These couchisions, the reasons for which are found in· the opinion of the circuit court on the demurrer, dispose of this appeal. The decree of the circuit court appealed from.is affirmed.
BERLIN MILLS CO. v. CROTEAU. (Circuit Court of Appeiils, No. 212.
The requirements of reasonable foresight and reasonable precalltlon to prevent injury to another do not ltJ:lpose on an owner a duty to keep hIs premises or work in a suitable coudition ,forthose Who come thereon solely for their own purposes, without any enticement, allurement, Inducement, 01' express or Implied assurance of safety. As to such persons the rules regulating the duty of a master to his servants do not apply. A stranger went into'a sawmill to collect. money from ODe of tbe em1'0 reach the employli, be walked along a ra ilroad on a descending grade, 'down which cars were' 'allowed to pass by their own momentum, and· witqolUt a brake. As he.approltched the workman, the latter called to him'to "look out"; and, witUoutturning round to see wh;!t the danger was, Ile jumped between two .cars stapding. on the traCk, and was Injured by the ,desceqdlng car striking agalbst them. If he had stood still, or moved In the opposite direction, he would have been safe, Held, that his misapprehension 'of the signal 'of the worl,man was the proximate cause of hIs Injury, land the mm owner was not liable.
SAME....... PROXIMATE CAUSE.
In Error to the Circuit Court of the United States for the District of New Harr;iPshire. Robert N:, Chamberlin and Irving W. Shurtleff, on brief), for plaintiff in error. Harry G. Sargent, William a. Pllllle, and Edward C;Niles, for defendant in error. 'Before Circuit· Judge,· and WEBB and,· BROWN, DistHct J udgas.
: BROWN, District'iJudge. .'rbisis, an. actlon 0ll the 'C/l,se .by Albert Croteau against the Berlin Mills Company for personal injuries rethrough' being crushedb.etween two Cars in, tlle. basement of the comptmy's sawmill. ,Three car tracks in this were 'llsed for removing lumber and waste to the yard·.. F.rorn 350 to 450 car loads were ,removed each day. When empty, the cars were drawn by horsesd:o a point-in the yard where tbe,grade of the tracks began to descend.! The horses were then,deta9laeP, and the cars allowed to run down the descending grade into the, basement. The