89 FEDERAL REPORTER.
in the admission of evidence. By the decisions in New York there had been, but it was insisted that in Illinois a different rule prevailed, and, on the assumption that the rule in Illinois was controlling, the decisions in that state alone were examined, and the conclusion declared accordingly. Our ruling upon the point is in harmony with the decision of the court of appeals for the Fifth circuit in Hinds v. Keith; 13 U. S. App. 222, 6 C. C. A. 231, 57 Fed. 10; and while there is a decision to the contrary in the Eighth circuit, in Railway Co. v. Yates, 49 U. S. App. 241, 25 C. C. A. 103, 79 Fed. 584, the citations on which it was based seem not to be in point, because the questions decided were questions of ultimate right, and no rule of evidence by which the right might be established was considered. The cases referred to are Burgess v. Seligman, 107 U. S. 20, 2 Sup. Ct. 10; Railroad Co. v. Baugh, 149 U. S. 368, 13 Sup. Ct. 914; Ryan v. Staples, 40 U. S. App. 427 (1),23 C. C. A. 541, 76 Fed. 721; Railroad Co. v. Hogan, 27 U. S. App. 184, 11 C. C. A. 51, 63 Fed. 102. The petition is overruled.
SYNNOTT v. IRON BELT BUILDING & LOAN ASS'N.
(Circuit Court, W. D. Virginia.
May 27, 1898.)
BUILDING AND ASSOCIATIONS-STOCKHOLDERS-WITHDRAWAL.
A stockholder who exercises the right to withdraw can only do so In accordance with the terms of the by-laws.
Where 60 days' notice of withdrawal Is required by the by-laws, the stockholder remains a member of the corporation, sharing its profits or losses, until the expiration of that time, when his rights as a creditor become fixed, In so far that his demand is liquidated, and Is payable in the mode lI;nd at the time prescribed in the by-laws. B. SAME- WITHDRAW AL VALUE OF SHARES. The by-laws of an association fixed the withdrawal value of shares at the amount paid in and the profits as shown. by the last preceding apportionment of profits, which apportionments were required to be made each six months. A shareholder gave the required notice of witIJdrawal at a time when an apportionment of profits was due, but had not been made owing to the illness of the secretary. Held, that the withdrawal value of his stock was determined by such apportionment when made, and not by the one precl'lding, but that the amount did not become due and payable so as to draw interest until there was a sufficient amount to pay it In its proper order in the fund applicable to its payment, under the by-laws.
SAME-NOTICE OF WITHDRAWAL.
Scott & Staples, for plaintiff. C. A. McHugh, for defendant. SIMONTON, Circuit Judge. This is an action of assumpsit brought by plaintiff, shareholder in the defendant company, for the withdrawal value of his shares under by-laws of the corporation. The defense admits the right of recovery, the only question being as to the amount thereof and the period of time for which interest should run. The cause has by stipulation been submitted to the court to pass upon all issues of fact as well as law, without the intervention of a jury.
SYNNOTT V. IRON BELT BUILDING & LOAN ASS'N.
Findings of Fact. Plaintiff is a citizen and resident of the state of New Jersey. The defendant is a corporation created under authority of the state of Virginia. Plaintiff is holder and owner of a certificate for 100 shares in the capital stock of the defendant company, No. 192, series 32, dated 12th January, 1893; and also the holder and owner of another certificate for 100 shares in said company, No. 193, series 32, dated on same day. Upon each of these certificates he paid, upon the receipt thereof, $50 per share. Each of these certificates of stock has printed on its face the following provisions:
"This stock cannot be withdrawn nntil one year from the date of the certificate, when the holder thereof shall be entitled to receive $50 per share. After three years from the date of certificate, a member may withdraw from the loan fund, upon surrender of such certificate, the amount paid into said fund on said shares, and the full measure of the profit made thereon, as ascertained at the last apportionment of profits. In the former case a withdrawal fee of $1 will be charged on each scrip of ten shares 01' under, and $2 for each scrip of oyer ten shares. In the latter case a withdrawal fee of $1 shall be charged for each scrip of five shares or less. and twenty cents for each additional share. Members must give sixty days' notice of withdrawal. The association cannot use more than one-half of the monthly receipts of Its loan fund for withdrawal, except by special action of the directors. Twice each year, in January and July, the profits arising from the business of the assoc;:ltion shall be eqnitably divided and credited on the books of the associatiou to the stock in force."
The by-laws of the corporation (article 6, § 6) have this provision:
"Sixty days' notice in writing will be required at the central office for all withdrawals. Each notice of ,vithdrawal will have attention in the order in which it is receiyed at the central ofliet'. l;n!css till' directors sbould otlwrwise expressly determine, not more than one-half of tbe net monthly receipts of the loan fund shall be applied to paying withdrawals."
On 12th February, 1897, plaintiff in writing gave notice to the company of his withdrawal of certificates 102 and UJ:3, for 100 shares each, of the stock in said company. lie bad sent tbe certificates to the First National Bank of Roanoke for collection, and requesting settlement in accordance with the terms of the certificate. There were in, at the time this notice was received, other applications prior to that of plaintiff. All of the funds on hand set apart for withdrawals were applied to the prior applications, and none of this fund was ready for plaintiff until 7th December, 1897, when there was money on hand enough to pay certificate No. 192, and on IGth December, 1897, for the first time was there enongh of this fund to pay certificate No. 193. All funds received from this repayment of loans and other sources were by special action of the directors applied to payment of withdrawals according to the dates at which they were listed. A statement was made of withdrawal values, under the bylaws, for June 30, 1896. By this it appears that the withdrawal value of each share in this series 32 was $56.73. The illness of the secretary prevented the preparation of the semiannual statement for 31st December, 18f16. He conld not begin it until 8th February, 1897, and it was concluded 18th March, 18U7. By this the withdrawal value of each share in series 32 was fonnd to be $50.24. The plaintiff claims the withdrawal value of his shares as fixed by the report of
30th June, 1896, with interest thereon from 12th April, 1897 (GO days after his notice). The defendant insists that the withdrawal value of the shares is fixed by the account as made up for 31st December, 1897, and that interest runs from 7th December, 1897, on one certificate, and from 16th December, 1897, on the other certificate. Conclusions of Law. A shareholder who exercises the right to withdraw can only do so in accordance with the terms prescribed by the by-laws. As 60 days' notice is required in this company for all withdrawals, the right of a shareholder to withdraw is not consummate until the expiration of the60-days notice. Until that date he is a member of the corporation, and is not entitled to change his character as such to that of a creditor. From that date he becomes a creditor; that is to say, the amount of his debt is ascertained, and his demand is a liquidated demand, payable in the mode and at the time prescribed in the bylaws. Under the by-laws, every six months an account is taken and the profits of the business ascertained and apportioned among the shareholders. This fixes the value of each share during the half year succeeding the account. It is the ascertainment of the value of each share to which, and to which alone, the shareholder is enti· tled. So long as a shareholder remains in the corporation, he is en· titled to his just proportion of its profits,-the proportion just to his co-shareholders and just to himself. When he exercises his unquestionable right to withdraw, he can take out this just proportion with him. The by-laws of the company fix certain periods for the ascertainment of this proportion,-the 1st days of July and January in each year; and the shareholder is entitled to receive the proportion which the books of the corporation show was the value of his share on the 1st days of the July or January preceding his notice of intention to withdraw. In this case the plaintiff, as he had a right to do, remained a shareholder and a member of the corporation during all of the six months succeeding the apportionment in July, 1896, taking his share in the business of the corporation,-its chances of profit or of loss; knowing that at the end of the six months from July 1, 1896, a new apportionment would be made and a new departure adopted. When he determined in February, 1897, to withdraw, he voluntarily lost his right to apportionment made in July, 1896, and made himself subject, as every other shareholder was, to an apportionment made after ascertaining the condition and progress of the company during the last half year of 1896, when he continued to be a shareholder in full standing. He became a creditor of the corporation on 12th April, 1897, his claim being payable in its regular turn after prior calls were paid. This provision of the by-laws binds him in the absence of fraud on the part of the officers of the company, and none appears in the record. Under the operation of the by-laws, the sum payable on certificate No. 192 became que on 7th December, 1897, and that payable on certificate No. 193 became due 16th December, 1897. The share and value of certificate No. 192 is for 100 shares, at $50.24 per share; and the share and value of certificate No. 193 is for 100 shares,
MANDELL V. SAN DIEGO LAND & TOWN CO. OF MAINE.
at $50.24 per share. A verdict will be entered for the aggregate of these amounts, less the charges provided for in the certificate on withdrawal.
MANDELL et at. v. SAN DIEGO LAND & TOWN CO. OF MAINE Intervener). (Circuit Court, S. D. California.
August 22, 1898.)
A corporation which approprIates water under the laws ot the state, and furnishes the same to consumers for domestic and Irrigation purposes, cannot, by a private contract with a consumer owning land within its distributing system, limit the time during which It Is required to furnish him water so that, at the expiration of such time, it may withdraw the water from his land which has been improved by its use, and sell it to a new consumer, though, by reason of more favorable location, a larger area may thereby be brought into cultivation.
COMPANIES-RIGHTS OF CONSUMERS.
In the Matter of the Petition in Intervention of James M. Sharp.
Henry J. Stevens, for complainant. Works & Works, for defendant. A. Haines, for intervener. ROSS, Circuit Judge. The question in this matter is between the intervener and the San Diego Land & Town Company of Maine, a corporation of the state of Maine, successor in interest to the San Diego Land & Town Company of Kansas, a Kansas c()rporation, which latter oompany, pursuant to the laws of the state of California, entered this state, and acquired, under and by virtue of its constitution and laws, waters and water rights for sale and distribution, and in pursuance of that purpose constructed a large and costly reservoir, and an extensive distributing system of pipes, for the purpose of supplying with water for irrigation and domestic use the inhabitants ()f National Oity, in the county of San Diego, and a large adjacent territory outside of that city, but within the county, much of which territory was the property of the company, which it designed to subdivide and sell. It did subdivide and sell a considerable portion of its lands, and furnished purchasers thereof with water for irrigation and domestic use, through and by means of its pipe system; and it also furnished water for similar purposes to the owners and occupants of neighboring lands not owned or sold by the company. The intervener, Sharp, owned 15 acres of land situated below, and within about 1,400 feet of, one of the company's mains; and on the 26th day of March, 1892, he and the company entered into a written contract by which, in consideration of the payments and agreements therein set forth, the company agreed to furnish him, subject, where not inconsistent with the provisions of the contract, to its general rules and regulations, water for the irrigation of his tract of land, for the term of five years, or any less number of years, at Sharp's option, at the rate of $11.50 per acre annually for each and every acre or part of an acre irrigated under the contract, provided that at least 7% acres should be paid for at the rate