BARNES and others v. HARTFORD FIRE lNs. 00.
(Oircuit Oourt, D. Minnesota. January, 1882.)
Where several insurance companies take separate risks upon the same property, and a lOBS occurs, the companies are liable in the ratio that their risks bear respectively to the total risk.
Action at law, tried before the court without a jury upon an agreed tatement of facts. W. D. Cornish, for plaintiffs. C. K. Davis, for defendant. NELSON, D. J. This suit is brought against the defendant upon an insurance policy, dated February 22, 1881, by the terms.of which it insured the plaintiffs, as their interest might appear, against loss or damage by fire "to the amount of $20,000 upon grain held by them in storage, or in trust, or on commission, or sold but not delivered, contained in elevators and warehouses situate on the lines of the Northern Pacific and St. Paul, Minneapolis & Manitoba Railroads, . as per schedule herewith, as the same may be owned, controlled, or leased by the said assured." The schedule referred to, and which was attached and made a part of the policy of insurance, was in words and figures as follows:
"On grain owned or held by them in storage, or in trust, or on commission, or sold but not delivered, contained in elevators, warehouses, situate on the lines of the Nor.thern Pacific and St. Paul, Minneapolis & Manitoba Railroads, as per schedule herewith, as the same may be owned, controlled, or leased by the said <JSsured. "It is understood and agreed that, in case of loss under this policy, this company shall be liable only for such proportion of the whole loss as the amount of this insurance bears to the cash value of the whole property herein described and contained in the elevators and warehouses, in schedule herewith, at the time of the fire. "Permission to clean grain, and to make ordinary alterations and repairs in and to any of the buildings named in this schedule, and to run at night when necessary. Other insurance permitted, without notice, until requiJ;ed.
"SCHEDULE OF ELEVATORS AND WAREHOUSES.
Kind of building.
Jamestown..... Spiritwood.. . . . . Sanborn. Valley City Valley City Tower City.. . . . . New Buffalo Wheatland...·· , Casselton. . . . . .. Casselton Mapleton .······ .'dapleton. . ·· ··. Fargo. . . ··· . ··· Fargo .···...··. ' Glyndon ,Hawley......... Lake Park. .. Audubon.... . .. Detroit. . .. ,D.etroit. ····.· ··. Perham.. · .· . . .. Perham. . ··. . ··. Bluffton. . . · . ·· · We,dena Wadena .....··· Verndale Aldrich. · .. .. Motley Belle Prairie. .. · Little Falls.. ···. Royalton... . . .. . Sauk Hapids . Blanchard. ··. ..
Frame steam-power elevator . Frame warehouse . Frame warehouse .. Frame warehouse .. Frame steam-power elevator.....·.....·....... Frame warehouse....·.........······.· , ·...... Frame warehouse . Frame steam-power elevator....··...·.·...···. Frame steam-power elevator....····..··....·.. Frame warehouse. (adjoining,) . Frame steam-power elevator..··..··....·.·.··. Frame warehouse, (adjoining,) .·.·.· , ....·...·· Frame warehouse " ...........·.......··. Frame steam-power elevator....····...··...··. Frame steam-power elevator . Frame warehouse . Frame warehouse . Frame warehouse . Frame warehouse, large . Frame warehouse, small. ·. ·...··..·.....·· Frame warehouse........................·...·. Frame H. P. elevator " Wallace" ....···.······ Frame warehouse. . . . .. . . . . . . ·. .·. . . ·. ··.·.··. Frame warehouse, large. ' .. Frame warehouse. small. .···.....·'.·...·....·· Frame warehouse............................·· Frame warehouse .. Frame warehouse . Frame warehouse . Frame warehouse, "J. C. Flynn & Co."., .······ Fl'ame warehouse . Frame warehouse .. Frame warehouse...···.·..··....··.·.···...·..
50,000 15,000 10,000 10,000 60,000 12.000 5,000 50,000 50,000 20,000 50,000 10,000 15,000 120,000 60,0 11 0 25,000 25,000 15,000 15,000 fi,OOO 15,000 20,000 5,000 25.000 5:000 10,000 10,000 15,000 10,000 20,000, 10,000 10,000 12,000
100 10(1 100 300 100
60 80 100
50 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
100 100 100 100
I 100 I 100
100 100 100 100 100 100 100
"It is stipulated that this insurance is limited in each building to amounts named in this schedule, under head of "Capacity in bushels," and this company, in the event of a loss, shall not be liable to contribute over one-tenth of the amount of all the insurance upon property described above. "Loss, if any, payable to David Dows & Co., as interest may appear. "This slip being attached to and becomes a part of Policy No . .····. ...··· ·..... ·....· .·.... of ...·.·.·.......... Ager;,t."
To meet the demand of the grain business conducted by dealers owning and controlling numerous elevators, at which they purchase and from which they ship and distribute large quantities of grain, continually changing and shifting in the location and in the amount
HARTFORD FIRE· INS. CO.
of property to be protected, the insurance companies have this form of policy, by which each company, while insuring a gross sum upon all grain in the elevators in its schedule, yet limits its liability in each elevator as certainly as though the amount allotted each were set opposite its name in the schedule. It appears that on March 13, 1881, while the policy was in full force, the elevator at Mapleton was destroyed by fire, and the net loss on grain belonging to plaintiffs was $12,986.18. At the time this policy was procured the same agent insured the plaintiffs in other companies upon the property described in defendant's policy, and concurrent therewith, to the amount of $20,000, which additional insurance was in force at the time of the loss; and at that time the plaintiffs also had insurance against loss or damage by fire to the amount of $330,000 upon the grain contained in two elevators at Duluth, and the ele.vators and warehouses described in defendant's policy. All the policies were written by filling out an.d inserting, in the company's ordinary policy, a printed blank slip or schedule, as above set forth, with the addition:
"Duluth steam-power elevator A; capacity, 100,000 bushels; detached." "Duluth steam-power Lake Superior elevator; capacity, 100,000 bushels; detached."
The defendant's policy and two others for $20,000, making, with defendant's risk, $40,000, excepted, as appears in schedules, the elevators at Duluth. Policies in other companies to the amount of $330,000 covered the elevators in Duluth as well as those outside. There was contained in the elevators at Duluth, at the time of the fire, plaintiffs' grain of the cash value of $168,107.28, and in the elevators and warehouses mentioned in defendant's policy of the ca,sh value of $189,220.22. The amount of defendant's liability is the only question at issue in the view taken by the court. To arrive at this it is necessary to ascertain what proportion of the $330,000 insurance upon the grain, both in and outside of Duluth, was applicable to pay the loss at the date it occurred. The aggregate value of the grain at the time of the fire was $357,327.50; of that outside of Duluth $189,220.20; so that there would be 189,220.22-356,327.50 part of the $330,000 insurance which, equId be applied at the time to loss qutside of Duo luth,-that is, $174,749. If to this is added the $40,000 taken by
defendant and other companies upon grain outside of Duluth, it will give $214:,749-the total amount of insurance which must pay the loss. The proportion which defendant and the other companies having $20,000 like insurance must bear is 40,000-214:,749 of $12,. 986.18, equal to $2,418.88, and the defendant company one-half of this sum, which is $1,209.44. Judgment will be entered for this amount, with interest and costs.
(District Court, D. Delaware.
PAYMENT-EVIDENCE OF-DECLARATIONS OF CREDITORS.
A declaration previously made by petitioning creditors. who afterwards sought to have their claims proven before the register in bankruptcy, that such claims were paid on the supposition that they were entitled to a security or secu. rities which gave them an unlawful preference under the bankrupt act, which preference was afterwards set aside as void by the court, is not sufficient of itself to sustain a plea of payment.
If a claim is not barred by the state statute of limitations before the adjudi. cation of bankruptcy, the statute of limitations does not commence to run; and no lapse of time will prevent the proof of such claim before the register up to the final distribution of dividends. If it is barred by the statute beforl' the adjudication it will remain barred, and the claim cannot be proven.
3. UNLAWFUL PREFERENCES DECREE AGAINST CREDITOR IN A SUIT AGAINST THE ASSIGNEE-SUBSEQUENT ATTEMPT TO PROVE THE CLAIM.
A decree upon a contested suit by. a creditor against the assignee, that the right sought to be established is an unlawful preference, and void under the act, prevents such a surrender under the act as will enable the creditor to prove the claim which was the consideration of such preference, and to COnIe pari PfM8U with other general creditors. They may surrender and prove before such a decree, but not afterwards, and when a knowledge of the same has been brought home to them.
In Bankruptcy. Upon petition of Henry C. Robinson, assignee of said bankrupt, to strike off certain claims of Swan, Clark & Co., proved before the register. Charles B. Love and J. Henry Hoffecker, for assignee, citedBankrupt act of March 2,1867; In re Lee, 14 N. B. R. 89; Tinker v. Van Dyke, Id. 112; Barnewall v. Jones, Id. 278; Oxford Iron Co. v. f:;lajter, Id. 380; Swan, Clark & Co. v. Robinson,5 FED. REP. 287; Phelps v. Stephens, 4 N. B. R. 34; Vorkin v. Newartha, Id. 52; Rechter's Est. Id. 221; Scott v. McCarty, Id. 414; In 1'e Kipp, Id. 593; In re Cramer,13 N. B. R. 225; In re Rim'den, 14 N. B. R. 332; In re Stein, 16 N. B. R. 569; In re Leland, 9 N. B. R. 200; In 1'e Dakin, 19 N. B. R. 181.