REJALL V. GREENHOOD.
'REJALL v. (Circuit Comt of Appeals, ?\Inth Circuit. No. 433.
et at. February 6, 1899.)
JUDGMENT AS TRUSTEE.
In a suit to set aside an assignment for the benefit of creditors, the assignee represents all the beneficiaries of the trust; and a judgment against him is binding upon such beneficiaries, though they were not parties to the suit.
EQUITy-EFFECT OF SUSTAI1'\ING
'Vhere a plea in bar meets all the claims made in the bill, and is sustained on issue joined, the dpfendant is entitlEd to the benefit of such finding, in a decree dismissing the bill; and the complainant caunot insist that it should have been retained for the purpose of granting him relief not prayed for, and inconsistent with the theory upon which the suit was brought.
Appeal from the Circ1lit Court of the United States for the District of Montana.
This action was instituted by the appellant against the appellees for an accounting as to certain goods and property alleged to have been wrongfully taken from an assignee. in which goods and property appellant elaims to have had an interest or equity. The facts leading to this action wpre the following: Isaac Greenhood and Ferdiuand Bolnn, doing business the firm name of Greenhood. Bohm &, Co., in the city of Hdcna, Mont.. and in the city of New York. on the 12th day of February, 1.'lU:!, executed and delivered a deed of assignment. for the benefit of all their creditors. to one }Iax Kahn, as assignee (one of the defendants in this action), who aceepted the assignment, took possession of the assigned property. and proceeded with the execution of the trust. There were a number of preferred creditors, among whom was the appellant herein. The defendant :\ational Bani, of Helena, also a preferred creditor under the assignment, on the 13th day of February, 189'2, commenced an action in the district ('ourt of Lewis and Clarke count;y, Mont., against the defendants Greenhood, Bohm &, Co., to recover judgment for the sum of about $35,000. A writ of attachment was issued, and delivered to the sheriff, who seized and levied upon the property formerly assigned to Kahn. On April 8, 1892, the defendant bank recoYered a judgment for the amount of its claim; and on the 18th day of April, 1892, execution was issued llpon this judgment, and delivered to the sheriff, who then had in his possession the stock of goods and property before attached. The sheriff returned the execution unsatisfied; stating that he could find no property in Lewis and Olarke county out of which to satisfy said execution, except the property attached, and which was included in the assignment to the defendant Kahn. On the 21st day of April, 1892, the defendant bank commenced an action in equity in the same court against Isaac Greenhood, Ferdinand Bohm, and Max Kahn for the purpose of setting aside the assignment of Greenhow, Bohm & Co. to Kahn, on the following grounds: (1) Want of sufficient description of the property pretended to be conveyed; (2) because said pretended assignment was made and executed with the intent and for the purpose of hindering, delaying, and defrauding the plaintiff herein, and the other creditors of the firm of Greenhood, Bohm & Co.; (3) because said pretended assignment was not executed by all the members of the firm of Greenhood, Bohm & Co., and all the owners of the property thereby pretended to be conveyed. In its bill of complaint the defendant bank alleged that it sued for the benefit of all creditors, and asked for the appointment of a receiver of all the assets and property described in the said assignment. The court on the 27th day of April, 1892, appointed William )futh receiver of the assets of Greenhood, Bohm & Co., whether in the hands of the sheriff, or of said Kahn, as assignee. Immediately thereafter all of said property was delivered over to the said receiver. and was disposed of by him under the order of the state court. On July 19, 921".-60
92 FEDERAL REPORTER.
1892, and during the pendency of the case in the state court, the appellant herein tiled his bill In the United States circuit court, Claiming that he was a beneficiaq ll:t:lder the trust of Kahn, and that the defendant bank, the receiver, the sheriff, Jefferis, and the two Hershfields, fraudulently conspired to, and did, seize all of the assigned property; and they were asked to account therefor to the appellant, and pay over the Income and profits in satIsfaction of his debt. He proceeded upon the theory that he had an equitable interest in the property under the assignment, and was entitled to an accounting for all the property received by the defendants under the proceedings in the state court, and to a distribution of the proceeds of the same to him and the other beneficiaries under the assignment. The case of the defendant bank against Gre-enhood, Bohm, and Kahn In the state court proceeded to trial without any other creditor of Greenhood, Bohm & Co. joining in its prosecution; and, as to the Merchants' National Bank, It was decreed that the assignment was executed and delivered with the intent to hinder, delay, and defraud the creditors of said firm of Greenhood, Bohm & Co., and was void as to the bank and the other creditors not assenting thereto. Thereupon, in this ease in the circuit court, by permission granted by the c(mrt (60 Fed. 784), pleas in bar were presented and filed by defendants, setting forth that the suit in the state court had been determined, and that it had been adjUdicated that the assignment was fraudulent and void. Replications to the pleas in bar were filed by appellant. The pleas were referred to a master in chancery, who heard testimony, and found, among other things, that the court had jurisdiction of the subject-matter of the action in the district court wherein the Merchants' Bank of Helena was plaintiff, and Greenhood, Bohm, and Kahn were defendants, and of the parties thereto; that the appellant herl!in, Ernst Rejall, was a beneficiary under the deed of assignment made by said Greenhood, Bohtn & Co. to Max Kahn; that a trial of said action was duly had, and judgment entered therein declaring the said deed of assignment fraudulent and void; til at an appeal was duly had from said judgment to the supreme court of the state of Montana; that the said judgment was by the said supreme court duly affirmed (41 Pac. 250), and was then in full force and effect. Exceptions were filed to the report of the master by both parties, which were by the court overruled. Thereupon the case came on to be heard, and the court sustained the plea. Thereafter, on July 1, 1897, a tinal decree was entered dismissing complainant's bill.
Chas. H. Cooper and Sanders & Sanders, for appellant. l!cConnell, Clayberg & Gunn, for appellees. Before GILBERT, ROSS, and MORROW, Circuit Judges. MORROW, Circuit -Judge, after stating the case as above, delivered the opinion of the court. The principal question to be determined is whether the appellant, upon the facts stated in his bill, is bound by the judgment recovered in the action in the state court, declaring the assignment of Greenhood, Bohm & Co. to Max: Kahn fraudulent and void, and canceling and setting aside the same. The general rule is that a judgment or decree is not, evidence against one who is a stranger to the proceeding; but to this rule there is at least one exception, and that is, in an action brought in hostility to a trust,-to set aside a deed or 'Other instrument by which the trust was created, and to procure it to be declared a nullity,-the suit may be maintained without the presence of the beneficiaries, since the trustee represents all, and defends for all. A decree rendered in the suit binds them as effectually as if they had been made parties, and is conclusive against them. Porn. Code PI. § 357; Russell v. Lasher, 4 Barb. 232; Scudder v. Voorhis,.5 Sandl. 271; Rogers v. Rogers, 3 Paige, 379; Wakeman v. Grover, 4 Paige, 23; Winslow v. Railroad Co., 4 Minn. 313 (Gil. 230);
PECK, STOW &: WILCOX CO. V. l<'RAY.
PECK, STOW & WILCOX CO. v. FHAY et at (Circuit Court, D. Connecticut. February 27, 1809.)
COSTs-EQUITY-DoCKET FEE. Only one attorney's docket fee is taxable in an equity case. and that only on the final disposition of the case, unless ul,on motion for rehearing allowed, when an attorney's docket fee is taxable in favor of the prevailing party upon each hearing.
On Motion to Retax Costs.
This was a patent suit, brought for infringement of United States letters patent to Robert O. Ellrich, February 19, 188·1, for improvement in pawis and ratchets, in which a motion for injunction pendente lite was argued July 19, 1898, before the circuit court, which on July 22d filed an opinion (88 Fed. 784) granting the motion as to claims 2 and 3 of the patent. From the decree authorized by this opinion an llppeal was taken tlJ the circuit court of appeals for the second circuit, which on the 15th of November, 1898, rendered a decision reversing the decree of the circuit court, with costs of the appeal. 92 Fed. 1021. Upon the entry of the decree for CQsts in pursuance of the mandate of the court of appeals, the clerk of the circuit court taxed CQsts in favor of the appellants as follows, viz.: (1) Defendants' costs of appeal transcript to court of appeals; (2) appellants' costs in court of appeals, as indorsed on the mandate; (3) clerk's costs in the circuit court for filing and recording mandate of the court of appeals, and the decree thereon; (4) attorney's docket fee in the circuit court for the district of Connecticut, on the ground that a judgment for costs had been arrived at, which might be final. From this taxation complainant's solicitor appealed as to the last item, and the parties were heard on briefs.