NATlO!'AL BISCUIT CO. V. BAKER.
889; 01: the "Chicago waists" in Gage-Downs CO. V,. Featherbone Corset Co., 83 Fed. 213. I shall therefore direct that an interlocutory decree be entered in this case in favor of the complainant, and the usual reference to the master.
v. BAKER et al.
June 27, 1899.)
(Circuit Court, S. D. New York.
UNFAIR COMPETITION-PREI,IMINARY INJUNCTION.
"Uneeda," as applied to a biscuit, is a proper trade-mark; and the proprietoris entitled to an injunction against the use of "Iwanta" by another manufacturer as the name of a similar biscuit put up and soleI to the trade in packages so similar as to be calculated to deceive consumers.!
Motion for preliminary injunction against sellers of alleged infringinggoods; the action being defended by the Ward-Mackey Company, of Pittsburg, Pa., makers of the same. Charles K. Offield, for the motion. Arthur v. Briesen, opposed. LACOMBE, Cireuit Judge. This case is too plain to waste many words over it,-the prineiples of trade-mark infringement and of unfair competition lUlve been so often in this eircuit. That "U needa," as applied to biscuit, is a pro'per trade-mark, and that complainant is entitled to its exclusive use in that conneetion, is hardly disputed. That it has been most extensively advertised, presumably at great expens,e, is matter of common knowledge, and is asserted in the moving papers. Defendants present the USUlll voluminous bundle of affidavits by persons in the .trade to the efreet that in their opinion no one is likely to mistake defendants' biscuit for complainant's. .As has been often pointed out before, it makes no difference that dealers in the artiele are not deceived. No one expeets that they will be. rt is the pI,'obable exper,ence of the consunwr that the court considers. Here, too, we have the manufaeturer of the articles complained of, who explains, as usual, that, in adopting a trade-name by wbich to identify his own produet, he has bepn most "earef\11 not to trespass on any rights" of complainant, and that "after considerable thought" he seleeted a name whieh should make the differenee between his goods and complainant's "distinct and plain, so that there could be no possibility of mistake." It is a curious faet that so many manufacturers of proprietary articles, '''hen confronted with some welradvertised trade name 01' mark of a rival manufacturer, seem to find their inventive faculties so singularly unresponsive to their efforts to differentiate. Thus, in one case, with the word "Cottolene" before him, defendant's best effort at differentiation resulted in "Cottoleo," and "1fongolia" seemed to another defendant entirely unlike "'Magnolia." '.I.'he manufaeturer of the articles which defendants in the case at bar
20 C. C. A. lG5, and supplementary tbereto, under same title, note to Lare v.
As to what constitutes unfaircomjJetition, see note to Seheuer v. Muller,
Harper, 30 C. C. A. 376.
95 FEDERAL REPORTER.
are selling seems to have had no better luck, for, with the word "Uneeda" before him, hiS! device to avoid confusion was the adoption of. the word "Iwanta." The incessant use of the personal pronouns in daily speech has associated· in everyone's mind the sounds represented by the letters "I" and "U"; the two words are of precisely the same length; both end with the same letter, "A"; and both express the same idea, namely, that the prospective purchaser's personal comfort would be promoted by the acquisition of a biscuit. There are, also is usual, a number of minor differences between the forms and the dress of the two packages, which are expatiated upon in the affidavits and the brief; but no one can look at both packages without perceiving that there are strong resemblances, which could easily have been avoided had there been an honest effort to give defendants' goods a distinctive dress. Both name and dress are clearly calculated to mislead, and the statements that both were adopted with an eye single to differentiation ·strain the credulity of the court beyond the breaking point. Complainant may take a preliminary injunction against the use of the trade-name "Iwanta," and of the present style of package; also against similar colorable imitations of complainant's trade-name, "Uneeda," and of his style of package.
BLAKEY et a1.
/NATIONAL MFG. CO. et aL No.15.
(Circuit Court of Appeals, Third Circuit. .Tune 1, 1899.)
A preliminary injunction should be refused when Infringement Is not clearly established.
SAME-DEVICE FOR PROTECTING SCREW THREADS OIr PIPES.
A preliminary injunction upon claim 1 of patent No. 440,168, for a device for protecting the screw-threaded ends of pipes, denied, because infringement was .not clearly shown.
Appeal from the Circuit Court of the United States for the Western District of Pennsylvania. W. L. Pierce, for appellants. Thomas W. Bakewell and E. A. Lawrence, fot: appellees. Before ACHESON and DALLAS, Circuit Judges, and BRADFORD, District Judge. DALLAS, Circuit Judge. This is an appeal from a decree of the circuit court of the United States for the Western district of Pennsylvania, refusing a preliminary injunction to restrain the alleged infringement by the appellees of the first claim of letters patent of the United States No. 440,168, dated November 11, 1890, which claim is as follows: "(1) The device for protecting the screw-threaded ends of pipes, consisting of a band provided with :fI.a,nges on each end of the band, and adapted to engage the screw threads of the pipe, substantially as set forth!' The only question which we have felt ourselves called upon to consider is that of infringement, and we do