8. RAUH 4: CO. V. GUINZBURG.
The decree of the circuit court is modified, without costs of this court, and the case is remanded to that court, with directions to modify its decree in accordance with the foregoing opinion with respect to claim 6 of letters patent 352,869 and claims 4 and 5 of letters patent 354,935, and that the complainants recover of the defendants their costs in that court.
S. RAUB & CO. v. GUINZBURG. (Circuit Court, S. D. New York. May 26, 1899.)
PATENTS-INFRINGEMENT-BATHING SHOE AND STOOKING.
formed of cork coated with rubber cement, and having an outer lining of cotton or other fa brie, Is not Infringed by a similar stocking and shoe, with a sole made of linoleum and an outer lining of canvas.
A claim covering a combined bathing shoe and stocking with the Bole
The Rauh patent, No. 347,442, for a combined bathing shoe and stocking made of stockinet, and having a sole of cork, to both surfaces of which a coating of rubber cement was applied, construed, in view of the prior state of' the art, as limited to the particular construction shown, and held not infringed.
This was a suit in equity by S. Rauh & Co., a corporation, against Edwin A. Guinzburg, for alleged infringement of a patent for a combined bathing shoe and stocking. AllanD. Kenyon, for complainant. J.ames A. Hudson, for defendant. SHIPMAN, Circuit Judge. Letters patent No. 347,442 were issued on August 17, 1886, to Samuel Rauh, for a combined bathing shoe and stocking made of stockinet or Jersey cloth, having a sole constr:ucted of cork, to both Sl;irfaces of which a cpating of rubber cement was applied. An o:uter lining cotton or other fabric is theu applied to each surface of the sole, which is held smoothly upon the Bole by the cement. The claim is as follows:
"As an Improved article of manufacture, a combined shoe and stocking luucted of stockinet, and cOIlslsting of the pieces, A, b, b, the sole of the shoe being formed of cork coated with rubber cement, and having an outer llnlng of 8ultable fabric, substantially as set forth."
:.. " .
95 FEDERAL REPORTElt.
.Combined bathing shoes and stockings of stockinet, with a rubber or oilcloth sole, a combined bathing shoe and stocking with a cork sole, a bathing shoe with a cork sole, and a cork sOle coated with rubber cement, Were old at the date of the invention, but the com· bination described in the claim was new and patentable. The in· vention must, however, be regarded, in view of the pre-existing state of the art, to be simply an improvement upon a combined shoe and stocking with a cork sole, and the patent cannot take in a large variety of equivalents or substitutes for the cork sole and its rubber cement The defendant manufactures a combined bathing shoe and stocking made of stockinet, with a sole made of linoleum, and an outer lining of canvas. Linoleum is "a preparation of linseed oil and ground cork intimately mixed and spread in a uniform layer over a sheet of rough jute canvas," and is often used for floor cloth. The question in the case is whether, under this patent, a linoleum sole is an infringement of the cork sole treated with rubber cement. The patentee took the old cork sole and improved it, made it flexible by cement, and protected it from rough use by a covering of coarse cloth, but he cannot justly claim as an infringement the use of a ml:\.terial which is not cork and cement, but is a different thing, made of ground cork and linseed oil mixed together and spread over canvas, although it makes a flexible sole. The invention described and claimed in the patent was a narrow improvement upon the old stocking and shoe with a cork sole, and the floor cloth which the defendant uses is too far away from the cork and rubber cement to be an infringement. The bill is dismissed, with costa.
MILLHEIM ELECTRIC TEL. CO. et a1. T. WESTERN ELECTRIC Co. (CirCUit Court ot Appelj.ls, Third Circuit. June 8, 1899.) No. 16.
PATENTS-TELEPHONE CIRCUIT AND ApPARATUS.
lu!ld not anticipated, Valid, and infringed.
The Carty patent, No. 449,106, tor a telephone circuit and appllratua,
Appeal from the Circuit Court of the United States for the Western District of Pennsylvania. This was a suit in ecluity by the Western Electric Company against the .Millheim Electric Telephone Company, J. C. Spiegelmyer, and W. L. Goodhart for alleged infringement of the Carty patent for telephone circuit and apparatus. In the circuit court the patent was held valid and infringed, and decree entered accordingly. 88 Fed. 505. From this decree the respondents have appealed. Josiah for appellants. George P. Barton, for appellee. _ Before ACHESON and DALLAS, Circuit Judges, and JORKPA'l' , RICK, District Judge. . KIRKPATRICK, District Judge. The respondents herein (the complainants below) filed their bill of complaint, alleging infringe-