95 FEDEItAL.. REl'OIlTER. CORNELL No. 514. A foreclosure blII was brought agaiilst the widow of the mortgagor and his children,and against"'T., B. & C., 8,ll of whom are residents of * * *, ana guardians, of said minor children, the said T. being also one of the executors of the last will of" the mortgagor, and others, "all of which persons and corporations are made defenda'nts herein." The blII also averred a conveyance from the mortgagor :T., and that "the above-named parties,against,whom the bill is brought,have,or claim tQhave, some interest in the premises * * * by mortll!-ge, judgment, conveyance, or otherwille," and that each and all the ,defendants have neglected to pay tbe debt Held, that T. wa,s Ulade a party in his individual capacity, even though the prayer for process'did not contain the names of all the defendants,as required by the eql:llty rules. Thesubpama in a foreclosure suit was d!I:ected, among others, to "T., B. & C., guardian, etc., & 1'., executor, etc.," and recited, "We command you, and everyone o'f you,' to' 'appear;" imd "the above-named defendants are notified that unless tbey, and each of them, shall enter their appearance,':etc.The return recited personal service "upon T. as guardian and T. as executor." Hcld, that T. was suffi,ciently served in his individual ca' , " pacity.
" ,. PARTIES. , "
(Circuit Court of ;Appeals,, Se"Verlth .Circuit. June 6, 1899.)
2.. P R O O E S S - S E R V I C E . .
Appeal from the pircuit Court of the United States for the Northern Division· of the Northern District of Illinois. This was a suit in equity ·to redeem from a mortgage which had been foreclosed in a prior suit. The circuit court Sllstained a demurrer to, and dismissed, the bill (88 Fed. 821), and complainant appeals. R.obert Rae, for appellant. C. W.Ogden, for appellee. , Before WOODS and JENKINS, Circuit Judge&, and BUNN, District Judge. PER CURIAM. The primary and a controlling question in this case is whether William F. Tucker was party to the decree of foreclosure, under whic:b. the appellee claims title to the lands in controversy, and upon thatquesti.on we are content to quote the opinion delivered below: . .
"SHOWALTER, Circuit JUdge. On November 27, 1875,Mrs. Green exhibited in the circuit court of the United States for the N district of Illinois her bill of complaint for the foreclosure of two mortgages. Mrs. Sarah H. Gage, widow of the mortgagor, and a number of other persons,' and a number of corporations, were made parties defendant. Certain of the- defendants answered; others were defaulted. The cause was referred to a master,and a final decree of foreclosure was entered on his report on .July 31, 1876. "Pursuant to this decree, a sale was made by the master, and Mrs. Green became the purchaser of the mortgaged propertJ' on the 7th of December, 187G. She entered into possession pursuant to her purchase, and has since remained in possession. Afterwards, and on the 3d of February, 1877, she received the master's deed. The bill in the present case was filed July 29, 1896. Prior to the foreclosure above mentioned, and in Dec-ember, 1874, George W. Gage, the original mortgagor, his wife, Mrs. Sarah II. Gage, joining him in the conveyance, had alienated the property, subject to the two mortgages to one William F. Tucker.
CORNELL V. GREEN.
Tucker afterwards died, and long after the foreclosure the heirs of Tucker conveyed to this complainant, Cornell. The present bill Is for redemption. The fundamental claim is that the interest of .Tucker was not cut off by the foreclosure mentioned. It is said that, on a proper construction of the bill of complaint in that case, Tucker was not a party defendant; and, again, assuming him to have been a party defendant, that he did not appear, and was not served with process. The foreclosure bill reads in part as' follows: 'Your oratrix, Hetty H. R. Green, who is a resident of Bellows Falls, in the state of Vermont, and a citizen in the said last-named state, brings this, her bill of complaint, against Sarah H. Gage, a resident of the city of Chicago; Illinois, a citizen of the state of Illinois, and the widow of the late George 'V. Gage, deceased, and executrix of his last will and testament; Eva Gage, Mary B. Gage, Carrie Eo l:3. Gage, Alice Gage, George W. Gage, Jr., and David A. Gage, children of sait!. George W. Gage, deceased, each of said children being now residents of said city of Chicago, and citizens of the state of Illinois, the said two last-namea children, George W. Gage, Jr., and David A. Gage, being minors; William F. Tucker, .Joseph K. Barry, and John 'V. Clapp, all of whom are residents of the county of Cook, state of Illinois, and citizens of said last-named state, and guardians of said minor children, the said William F. Tucker being also one of the executors of the said last will and testament of said George 'V. Gage, deceased; Louis L. Coburn, a resident of Chicago, and citizen of the state of Illinois [here follow the. name's .of a large number of other persons and of a number of corporations],-all of which persons and corporations before named are made defendants herein.' In a subsequent portion of the bill the conveyancefrom Gage and wife of December 18, 1874, to said Tucker, of all the mortgaged premises for the consideration of $24,000, subject to the two mortgages, is averred. It is then set forth 'that said above-named parties against whom this bill of complaint is brought have, or claim to have. some interest in said premises described in said trust deed by mortgage, judgment, conveyance, or. otherwise'; and, afterwards, that Gage and his executors, 'and each and all of them, and all of said defendants, have hitherto wholly failed and neglected, and stilI do neglect, to pay' the debt. 'fhe prayer for process is, 'May it please your honors to grant to your oratrix a writ of summons issued out of and under the seal of this honorable court, according to the rules of practice of said court, directed to the said Sarah H. Gage and the other defendants hereinbefore named, commanding them, and each of them,' etc. "It seems to me very clear that William F. Tucker is made a party defendant on the face of this bilI. Complainant says she 'brings this, her bill of complaint, against * * * William 1<'. TUcker, Joseph K. Barry, and John W. Clapp, all of whom are residents of the county of Cook, 'state of Illinois, and citizens of said last-named Slate, and guardians of said minor' children, the said William Ii'. Tucker being also one o,f the execntorsof the said last will and testament of said George W. Gage, .deceased, * * * all of which persons * * * are made defendants herein:' If the question were whether or not Tucker, in his' character as guardian of the minor children, was made a party, some criticism might be made on the phraseology of the bill, but it seems to me to be beyond controversy that T1ll;kerhimself is named and described as one of the persons against whom the bilI is brought. The two minor children were themselves made parties to the foreclosure bill. Summons was issued against them and served on them,' and a guard,ian a!l litem, appointed by the court, appeared and answered in their behalf. It is predicated of 'Villiam F. Tucker that he was ,a relilident of the county of. Cook, in the state of Illinois, that he was a citizen of said state, 'and that he was one of the guardians of the two minor children. It is also said of him: that he was one of the executors of the last will and testament of said Geol'ge W. Gage. It is also stated in the bill that 'l'uckerhimself was the owner of the equity of redemption, to cut offwh!ch was the very purpose of the bill, and, as one of the persons named in the list of those who were sued, he was expressly made a defendant. There is no reason for saying that vVilliam F. Tucker, merely in. his character as guardian, or merely in his character as executor, was made a defendant, and that he was not personally a defendant. "The prayer for process in this bill does not contain the names of all the defendants mentioned in the introductory part of the bill, as reqUired by equity
95 FEDERAL REPORTER.
for the purposes of the preseJ;lt,controversy, that rule can only be forproeess indicates with as mucb distinctness agllinst whom the supprena is to as though the name of each particular,defllndant, as well as the name of'M;rs. Sarah H. Gage, had been repeated in t\1af part of the bill. I see no reason, on account of this formal defect, for impeaching tJ1e decree, or ,for holding th!Lt Tucker was not personally a party. '''I'hil'suoprena In the case reads in part as follows: 'The United States of America to l3arah H. Gage, widow Of· the late George W. Gage, deceased, and executor of his will; Eva Gage, Mary B. Gage, Carrie E. S, Gage, Alice Gage, George W. Gage, .Tr., and David A. Gage, children of said George W. Gage, deceased; William F. Tucker; Joseph K. Barry: and John W. Clapp, guardian,' etc.; 'and William F. Tucker, etc.; 'Louis L. Coburn, executor,' etc.; 'David A. Gage;' and so on, naming the other defendants and corporations, -'Greeting: We command you, and every of you, that you appear before the of ,our circuit court,' etc.. 'I:hen, after the signature of the clerk, comes the men;lOrandum: 'The above-named defendants are notified that unless they, and each of. them, shall enter their appearance in the clerk's office of said court at Chicago, aforesaid, on or beiore the date to which the above writ is returnable, the complainant's bill will be taken against them as confessed, and a decree ,entered accordingly. William H. Bradley, Clerk.' The marshal states in his return indorsed on this writ: 'I have served the annexed writ by personally delivering a true and correct copy thereof to each of the following named on the day set opposite their names: Upon William F. Milligan, Monroe Heath, Bradford Hancock, * * * Julius White, and William F. Tucker, as executor, on the 8th day of December, A. D. 1875,' etc. It will be seen on the face of this subprena that William F. Tucker is named therein as a defendant. The word 'guardian' follows the name 'John W. Clapp.' On tbe face of the subprena William F. Tucker is not mentioned as guardian of any person, but he is named as an executor. It is stated in the return that the marshal served this writ, by personally delivering a true and correct copy thereof to William F. Tucker on the 8th day of December, 1875. The recital by the marshal as to the character in which -William Ii'. Tucker was served is an Immaterial matter. The copy of the writ placed In Tucker's hands gave him the information, namely, that he must cpme Into the court, and make whatever defense he had to the bill. One copy was as efficacious for the purpose of informing Mr. Tucker that he had been sued as a dozen would have been. He saw ,on the face of thesubprena that he wils expected to answer personally, and that he was expected to answer also as executor of George W. Gage. My conclusion is that Mr. Tucker was served with process; that the jurisdiction over him personally was complete. It would follow from this tbat the Interest of Mr. Tucker in the land was cut off by the decree in the old foreclosure suit."
It was conceded at the hearing that the lands were properly described in the master's deed of conveyance, and that the supposed mistake is in the recorded copy. The decree below is affirmed.
FELTON v. CITY OF CINCINNATI et a1.
(Olrcuit Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit. July 5, 1899.)
No. 672; 1.
LANDLORD AND TENANT REBUILDING. LEASE OF RAILROAD LIABIUTY OF LESSOR FOR
At common law, in the absence of express covenant In a lease, the lessor Is not bound to make repairs, additions, or Improvements to' the leased property, Ol' to rebuild structures thereon which have become unfit for use, nor is there any implied covenant that the property Is fit for -the purpose for which it is leased. The fact that the demised property is a. railroad does not affect the application of those principles.