95 FEDERAL 'REPORTER.
time iiens' upon her thereby eitingttished, the. court must' now face the creditors who were entitled to enforce maritime liens against her she was sent away on 'bel' fatal voyage; and say to them: "We have devested you of your rights by the mex'e exertion of power, and. you lllust submit to the deprivation of your rights 'merely because the court,has the power to trample upon them, and has seen fit to exert tI).at power at the instance: of other creditors, whom the law regarded with sucilfavor as to give them liens of equal rank, or' else the insurance money whirli has ;COIDe into the hands of the receiver, as the consequence of the loss of the Steamship and the destruction of the maritime liens upon her, must be applied first to the payment of the debts which were secured by liens." In mJ opinion, the latter alternative is consonant with the rules of equity practice, and the first is not. A decree'will be entered directing the receiver to disburse theirlsurance mqney in practically the. same manner as if it had come into his hands as the proceeds of the sale of the vessel. '
BANK OF PUTNAM, CONN., v. CORWINE et al. (Circuit Court, S. D. Ohio, E.D. April 19, 1899.)
CONVEYANCE"':""RIGHTS OF SUBSEQUENT MORTGAGEE.
One who til good faith, and without notice of' facts to put him on inquiry, makes a loan on the securi1!y of a mQrtgage of'real estate, as against others having a right to set, aside. the,convf\yance of such real estate to the mortglligor as.fraudulent ,the position of abona fide purchaser for vahif!, iIlthough 11 part of the proceeds of the Man was paid to him in satisfaction of an obligation of a third person, which was fully satisfied and surrendered. ' · :
On Rehearing as to the Issue between Complainants and Defeudants Hayes, Jon01 & Company. IraI' former opinion, see 89 Fed. 774. TAFT, Circuit Judge. This was a bill to set aside certain .conveyances made by John W. Corwine to his children, on the ground that they were made in fraud of creditors. The case, on its merits, was considered and decided by this court November 9, 1898, in an opin- , ion reported in 89 Fed. 774. Upon application of the pa,rties, a single and collateral issue between the complainants in the bill and the banking firm of Hayes, Jones & Co. was reopened, and new testimony allowed to be introduced, on the ground that it was not expected by the complainants that the court would dispose of this collateral issue, on the main hearing. Additional evidence has now been taken, And the case has been submitted for final decision upon this issue. The facts upon which the issue arises are as' follows: Corwine made a deed to Barger of the undivided one-third of 318 acres of bottom land in Ross county, Ohio, for the recited consideration of $10,000, without the payment of money or other valuable thing whatever. Barger withheld the deed from record from May until November. On. the 9th day of N,ovember-the day after the fire which .destroyed the cotton seed oil plant in Memphis-Barger went to Hayes, Jones & Co., and, presenting the unrecorded deed from Cor-
HERRMANN V. CENTRAL CAR-TRUST CO.
by a note signed by himself as principal and his wife as surety, and
'.vine to himself, obtained from them a loan of $10,000, evidenced
secured by a mortgage upon the undivided one-third of the land. The deed was undoubtedly made tD defraud creditors, and could give no title or security to anyone who should buy it or loan money thereon with knowledge of the facts. A judgment had been .taken in Ross county by Rockhold, Brown & Co., creditors of John 'V. Corwine, and complainants herein, on the 8th day of November. The mortgage was executed on the 10th day of November, and the deed and mortgage were recorded upon the same day. It is conceded that the priority of Ha,yes, Jones & Co.'s lien is not affected by the fact that the judgment against Corwine Wlli'! taken before the mortgage Wlli'! executed, the title then not being in Corwine, if Hayes, Jones & Co. are in the attitude of bona fide purchasers for value. The sale question in the case is, therefore, whether Hayes, Jones & Co. stand in that situation. The money which Barger obtained he deposited in the bank of Hayes, Jones & Co. He gave his check for something over $5,000 to pay a note held by Hayes, Jones & Co. upon which Corwine and three others were liable as makers or indorsers. He used the other $5,000 to pay a note of Corwine's held by the National Bank of Circleville. In accordance with the decision of Bank v. Taylor, <1 C. C. A. 55, 53 Fed. 854, I have no difficulty in holding that Hayes, Jones & CQ. are bona fide purchasers to the extent of $10,000, if they had no notice of facts that would put them upon an inquiry which, if pursued, would have led to knowledge of the fraudulent character of the deed. I have read the evidence upon the question of the knowledge of Hayes,Jones & Co., but I can find nothing upon which to sustain the contention of the complainants that either member of the firm had notice which would lead a reasonable man to suppose that the deed in question was a fraudulent one. The deed from Corwine to Barger wHIbe set aside, and the property covered thereby will be sold, subject, however, to thepllyment to Hayes, Jones & Co. of the amount due upon their .mortgage, and interest. The costs of the litigation as between the complainants and Hayes, Jones & Co. will be taxed to the complainants.
HERRMANNv. CEN1'RAL CAR-TRUST CO. et at (Circuit Court, S. D. New York.
Pr,EDGEs":':'RtGHTS OF PLEDGEE-ESTOPPEL.
June 14, 1899.)
A pledgee of bonds as secondary security, to make good any deficiency there may: be after other security has been exhausted, by whose. act or with whose consent the primary security has been rendered unavailable for payment of the debt, is estopped from claiming that the contingency will ever arise to entitle him to subject the pledge to its pa;l·ment.
Final Hearing upon Pleadings and Proofs. F. K. Pendleton, for complainant. HowardA.. Taylor, for defendants.