99 U.S. 592
25 L.Ed. 293
October Term, 1878
APPEAL from the Circuit Court of the United States for the Northern District of Illinois.
This was a bill in equity by Matthias Terhune against John Phillips and Wellington Phillips, praying for an injunction restraining them from using or vending, or in any manner putting into practical operation or use, the corner sockets for show-cases for an improvement in which reissued letters-patent No. 5748 had been granted to the complainant by the United States, Jan. 27, 1874.
It appears by the specification forming a part of the letters-patent that the invention for which they were granted 'has for its object to provide a means for connecting the ends of the horizontal and vertical members of a show-case frame; and to that end it consists in a metallic corner-piece, provided with sockets adapted to receive the ends of the different members, whereby the same are firmly connected at the corners of the case.'
The court below dismissed the bill, whereupon the complainant brought the case here.
Mr. L. L. Coburn for the appellant.
No counsel appeared for the appellee.
MR. JUSTICE SWAYNE delivered the opinion of the court.
The determination of this case is controlled by Brown et al. v. Piper, 91 U. S. 37. We cannot fail to take judicial notice that the thing patented was known and in general use long before the issuing of the patent. The substitution of metal for wood was destitute both of patentable invention and utility. The admission of improper testimony, if it occurred, was, therefore, immaterial. The case of the appellant as it appears in the record, without any testimony, is clear and conclusive against him.