996 F2d 1229 United States v. Pedrianes-Valina

996 F.2d 1229

UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff-Appellee,
Pedro PEDRIANES-VALINA, Defendant-Appellant.

No. 92-50376.

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

Submitted June 10, 1993.*
Decided June 14, 1993.

NOTICE: Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3 provides that dispositions other than opinions or orders designated for publication are not precedential and should not be cited except when relevant under the doctrines of law of the case, res judicata, or collateral estoppel.

Before: KOZINSKI, SILER** and KLEINFELD, Circuit Judges.




The district court realized it had discretion to depart for less than minimal role, but consciously chose not to. ASER 16-17, 34. Its refusal to depart on that ground is nonreviewable. United States v. Moss, 972 F.2d 273, 274 (9th Cir.1992).


The court correctly held it had no discretion to depart because of disparity in sentences among codefendants. Such departures are permissible only when the disparity is caused by the fact that some defendants were sentenced under the Guidelines while others were sentenced under the pre-Guidelines regime. United States v. Petti, 973 F.2d 1441, 1448 (9th Cir.1992); United States v. Mejia, 953 F.2d 461, 467-68 (9th Cir.1991).


Finally, though departures for extraordinary acceptance of responsibility are permissible, United States v. Brown, 985 F.2d 478, 482-83 (9th Cir.1993), "nothing in the record before us suggests that [Pedrianes-Valina] took any action beyond what is normally encompassed within the acceptance of responsibility finding. Acceptance of responsibility, therefore, [could not have] form[ed] the basis for a downward departure in this case." United States v. Berlier, 948 F.2d 1093, 1096 (9th Cir.1991).




The panel unanimously finds this case suitable for decision without oral argument. Fed.R.App.P. 34(a); 9th Cir.R. 34-4


The Honorable Eugene E. Siler, United States Circuit Judge, United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit, sitting by designation


This disposition is not appropriate for publication and may not be cited to or by the courts of this circuit except as provided by 9th Cir.R. 36-3