Shickshinny is a borough in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 959 at the 2000 census. The community's name likely means "fine stream" in a local Native American language. According to "The founding of the Shickshinny Borough," an undated Suburban News article posted on the website of the Historical and Preservation Society of the Greater Shickshinny Area, "the first permanent settler in what became Shickshinny was Ralph Austin of Connecticut. This was the period of Connecticut jurisdiction of 1782."