Elk Grove is a city in Sacramento County, California, located just south of the state capital of Sacramento. It is part of the Sacramento–Arden-Arcade–Roseville Metropolitan Statistical Area. State population estimates place the city's population at 136,318 as of January 1, 2007. The second-largest city in Sacramento County, Elk Grove earned the title of the fastest growing city in the U. S between July 1, 2004 and July 1, 2005.