The Town of Nederland is a Statutory Town located in the mountains of Boulder County, Colorado, United States. According to 2006 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 1,337. Nederland began its history as the site of the mill for silver ore from the rich silver mines at Caribou (now a ghost town five miles away) and, during World War I, for tungsten ore from surrounding mines. Nederland was named by a Dutch mining company that purchased several mines in the area. The word Nederland is Dutch for Netherlands, meaning low lands. It was named this because the large boom town at the time was Caribou, a town above Nederland, and Nederland was the lower lands that many traveled down to for supplies. Today it is better known as a gateway to outdoor recreation in the nearby Indian Peaks and the new James Peak Wilderness Areas. Nederland is located 15 miles west of Boulder. On Barker Meadow Reservoir within Roosevelt National Forest, Nederland hosts two major events every year: NedFest and also Frozen Dead Guy Days.