Conway is the county seat of Faulkner County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 43,167 at the 2000 census. A 2005 special census indicated the population had risen to 52,430, making Conway the eighth most populous city in Arkansas. It is a principal city of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area which had 675,069 people in 2008. Conway is the second fastest growing city in Arkansas and home to three postsecondary educational institutions, earning it the nickname "The City of Colleges". Conway has a population of 57,006 according to 2007 Census estimates.