Cisco is a city in Eastland County, Texas, United States. The population was 3,851 at the 2000 census. Conrad Hilton started the Hilton Hotel chain with a single hotel bought in Cisco. Hilton came to Cisco to buy a bank, but the bank cost too much, so he purchased the Mobley Hotel in 1919. The hotel is now a local museum and community center. During the 1920s, Cisco, like nearby Ranger, Eastland, and Desdemona, was a petroleum boomtown. Cisco Junior College is located in Cisco, one of two community colleges located in Eastland County. Ranger likewise has a community college, Ranger College. In 1925, the first annual meeting of the West Texas Historical Association was held in Cisco. The association, formed in 1924, was then based at Hardin-Simmons University in Abilene but moved in 1998 to Texas Tech University in Lubbock. The Santa Claus Bank Robbery occurred in Cisco in 1927, when Marshall Ratliff and his gang attempted to rob the First National Bank. As of August 2009, the bank site is occupied by an auto parts store, with a Texas Historical Commission sign up front, commemorating the event.