Mebane is a city located mostly in Alamance County, North Carolina, United States, with a part of it in Orange County, North Carolina. It is part of the Burlington, North Carolina Metropolitan Statistical Area. The current population estimate (2008) is 10,624. According to the Official website of Mebane, NC, the town was named for General Alexander Mebane, Jr. , a Revolutionary War figure and member of the U. S. Congress. It was incorporated as Mebanesville in 1881, then the name was changed to Mebane. In 1987, the official name became the City of Mebane.