Doniphan is a village in Hall County, Nebraska, United States. The population was 763 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Grand Island, Nebraska Micropolitan Statistical Area. The town of Doniphan was platted by local pioneer William J. Burger in 1879 as a midway point between Hastings and Grand Island on the St. Joseph and Grand Island Railroad. The town was named for Col. John Doniphan of Saint Joseph, Missouri, an attorney for the railroad.