Boley is a town in Okfuskee County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 1,126 (including the local prison population) at the 2000 census. It was founded in 1903. The Boley Public School District is one of the smallest public school districts in the state of Oklahoma. For the most recent data available, it tied with Sweetwater for the smallest high school with 15 students. For a combined district, K-12, Boley finished first, just ahead of Clarita (58) and Sweetwater (60), with 51 students. Boley is also home to BBQ equipment maker, Smokarama, Inc, and the John Lilley Correctional Center. The Boley Historic District is a National Landmark. Currently Boley hosts The Annual Boley Rodeo & Bar-B-Que Festival festival.