(a) In general
As used in this subchapter:
The term INTELSAT means the International Telecommunications Satellite Organization established pursuant to the Agreement Relating to the International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (INTELSAT).
The term Inmarsat means the International Mobile Satellite Organization established pursuant to the Convention on the International Maritime Organization.
The term signatories
(A) in the case of INTELSAT, or INTELSAT successors or separated entities, means a Party, or the telecommunications entity designated by a Party, that has signed the Operating Agreement and for which such Agreement has entered into force; and
(B) in the case of Inmarsat, or Inmarsat successors or separated entities, means either a Party to, or an entity that has been designated by a Party to sign, the Operating Agreement.
The term Party
(A) in the case of INTELSAT, means a nation for which the INTELSAT agreement has entered into force; and
(B) in the case of Inmarsat, means a nation for which the Inmarsat convention has entered into force.
The term Commission means the Federal Communications Commission.
(6) International Telecommunication Union
The term International Telecommunication Union means the intergovernmental organization that is a specialized agency of the United Nations in which member countries cooperate for the development of telecommunications, including adoption of international regulations governing terrestrial and space uses of the frequency spectrum as well as use of the geostationary satellite orbit.
(7) Successor entity
The term successor entity
(A) means any privatized entity created from the privatization of INTELSAT or Inmarsat or from the assets of INTELSAT or Inmarsat; but
(B) does not include any entity that is a separated entity.
(8) Separated entity
The term separated entity means a privatized entity to whom a portion of the assets owned by INTELSAT or Inmarsat are transferred prior to full privatization of INTELSAT or Inmarsat, including in particular the entity whose structure was under discussion by INTELSAT as of March 25, 1998, but excluding ICO.
(9) Orbital location
The term orbital location means the location for placement of a satellite on the geostationary orbital arc as defined in the International Telecommunication Union Radio Regulations.
(10) Space segment
The term space segment means the satellites, and the tracking, telemetry, command, control, monitoring and related facilities and equipment used to support the operation of satellites owned or leased by INTELSAT, Inmarsat, or a separated entity or successor entity.
(11) Non-core services
The term non-core services means, with respect to INTELSAT provision, services other than public-switched network voice telephony and occasional-use television, and with respect to Inmarsat provision, services other than global maritime distress and safety services or other existing maritime or aeronautical services for which there are not alternative providers.
(12) Additional services
The term additional services means
(A) for Inmarsat, those non-maritime or non-aeronautical mobile services in the 1.5 and 1.6 Ghz band on planned satellites or the 2 Ghz band; and
(B) for INTELSAT, direct-to-home (DTH) or direct broadcast satellite (DBS) video services, or services in the Ka or V bands.
(13) INTELSAT Agreement
The term INTELSAT Agreement means the Agreement Relating to the International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (INTELSAT), including all its annexes (TIAS 7532, 23 UST 3813).
(14) Headquarters Agreement
The term Headquarters Agreement means the International Telecommunication Satellite Organization Headquarters Agreement (November 24, 1976) (TIAS 8542, 28 UST 2248).
(15) Operating Agreement
The term Operating Agreement means
(A) in the case of INTELSAT, the agreement, including its annex but excluding all titles of articles, opened for signature at Washington on August 20, 1971, by Governments or telecommunications entities designated by Governments in accordance with the provisions of the Agreement; and
(B) in the case of Inmarsat, the Operating Agreement on the International Maritime Satellite Organization, including its annexes.
(16) Inmarsat Convention
The term Inmarsat Convention means the Convention on the International Maritime Satellite Organization (Inmarsat) (TIAS 9605, 31 UST 1).
(17) National corporation
The term national corporation means a corporation the ownership of which is held through publicly traded securities, and that is incorporated under, and subject to, the laws of a national, state, or territorial government.
The term COMSAT means the corporation established pursuant to subchapter III of this chapter, or the successor in interest to such corporation.
The term ICO means the company known, as of March 17, 2000, as ICO Global Communications, Inc.
(20) Global maritime distress and safety services or GMDSS
The term global maritime distress and safety services or GMDSS means the automated ship-to-shore distress alerting system which uses satellite and advanced terrestrial systems for international distress communications and promoting maritime safety in general. The GMDSS permits the worldwide alerting of vessels, coordinated search and rescue operations, and dissemination of maritime safety information.
(21) National security agency
The term national security agency means the National Security Agency, the Director of Central Intelligence and the Central Intelligence Agency, the Department of Defense, and the Coast Guard.