(b) Areas To Be Included as Unusually Sensitive.—
When describing areas that are unusually sensitive to environmental damage if there is a hazardous liquid pipeline accident, the Secretary shall consider areas where a pipeline rupture would likely cause permanent or long-term environmental damage, including
(1) locations near pipeline rights-of-way that are critical to drinking water, including intake locations for community water systems and critical sole source aquifer protection areas; and
(2) locations near pipeline rights-of-way that have been identified as critical wetlands, riverine or estuarine systems, national parks, wilderness areas, wildlife preservation areas or refuges, wild and scenic rivers, or critical habitat areas for threatened and endangered species.
(c) Risk Analysis and Integrity Management Programs.—
Each operator of a gas pipeline facility shall conduct an analysis of the risks to each facility of the operator located in an area identified pursuant to subsection (a)(1) and defined in chapter 192 of title 49
, Code of Federal Regulations, including any subsequent modifications, and shall adopt and implement a written integrity management program for such facility to reduce the risks.
(A) In general.—
Not later than 12 months after the date of enactment of this subsection, the Secretary shall issue regulations prescribing standards to direct an operators conduct of a risk analysis and adoption and implementation of an integrity management program under this subsection. The regulations shall require an operator to conduct a risk analysis and adopt an integrity management program within a time period prescribed by the Secretary, ending not later than 24 months after such date of enactment. Not later than 18 months after such date of enactment, each operator of a gas pipeline facility shall begin a baseline integrity assessment described in paragraph (3).
(B) Authority to issue regulations.—
The Secretary may satisfy the requirements of this paragraph through the issuance of regulations under this paragraph or under other authority of law.
(3) Minimum requirements of integrity management programs.—
An integrity management program required under paragraph (1) shall include, at a minimum, the following requirements:
A baseline integrity assessment of each of the operators facilities in areas identified pursuant to subsection (a)(1) and defined in chapter 192 of title 49
, Code of Federal Regulations, including any subsequent modifications, by internal inspection device, pressure testing, direct assessment, or an alternative method that the Secretary determines would provide an equal or greater level of safety. The operator shall complete such assessment not later than 10 years after the date of enactment of this subsection. At least 50 percent of such facilities shall be assessed not later than 5 years after such date of enactment. The operator shall prioritize such facilities for assessment based on all risk factors, including any previously discovered defects or anomalies and any history of leaks, repairs, or failures. The operator shall ensure that assessments of facilities with the highest risks are given priority for completion and that such assessments will be completed not later than 5 years after such date of enactment.
(B) Subject to paragraph (5), periodic reassessment of the facility, at a minimum of once every 7 years, using methods described in subparagraph (A).
(C) Clearly defined criteria for evaluating the results of assessments conducted under subparagraphs (A) and (B) and for taking actions based on such results.
(D) A method for conducting an analysis on a continuing basis that integrates all available information about the integrity of the facility and the consequences of releases from the facility.
(E) A description of actions to be taken by the operator to promptly address any integrity issue raised by an evaluation conducted under subparagraph (C) or the analysis conducted under subparagraph (D).
(F) A description of measures to prevent and mitigate the consequences of releases from the facility.
(G) A method for monitoring cathodic protection systems throughout the pipeline system of the operator to the extent not addressed by other regulations.
If the Secretary raises a safety concern relating to the facility, a description of the actions to be taken by the operator to address the safety concern, including issues raised with the Secretary by States and local authorities under an agreement entered into under section 60106
(4) Treatment of baseline integrity assessments.—
In the case of a baseline integrity assessment conducted by an operator in the period beginning on the date of enactment of this subsection and ending on the date of issuance of regulations under this subsection, the Secretary shall accept the assessment as complete, and shall not require the operator to repeat any portion of the assessment, if the Secretary determines that the assessment was conducted in accordance with the requirements of this subsection.
(5) Waivers and modifications.—
In accordance with section 60118 (c)
, the Secretary may waive or modify any requirement for reassessment of a facility under paragraph (3)(B) for reasons that may include the need to maintain local product supply or the lack of internal inspection devices if the Secretary determines that such waiver is not inconsistent with pipeline safety.
The standards prescribed by the Secretary under paragraph (2) shall address each of the following factors:
(A) The minimum requirements described in paragraph (3).
(B) The type or frequency of inspections or testing of pipeline facilities, in addition to the minimum requirements of paragraph (3)(B).
(C) The manner in which the inspections or testing are conducted.
(D) The criteria used in analyzing results of the inspections or testing.
(E) The types of information sources that must be integrated in assessing the integrity of a pipeline facility as well as the manner of integration.
(F) The nature and timing of actions selected to address the integrity of a pipeline facility.
(G) Such other factors as the Secretary determines appropriate to ensure that the integrity of a pipeline facility is addressed and that appropriate mitigative measures are adopted to protect areas identified under subsection (a)(1).
In prescribing those standards, the Secretary shall ensure that all inspections required are conducted in a manner that minimizes environmental and safety risks, and shall take into account the applicable level of protection established by national consensus standards organizations.
(7) Additional optional standards.—
The Secretary may also prescribe standards requiring an operator of a pipeline facility to include in an integrity management program under this subsection
(A) changes to valves or the establishment or modification of systems that monitor pressure and detect leaks based on the operators risk analysis; and
(B) the use of emergency flow restricting devices.
(8) Lack of regulations.—
In the absence of regulations addressing the elements of an integrity management program described in this subsection, the operator of a pipeline facility shall conduct a risk analysis and adopt and implement an integrity management program described in this subsection not later than 24 months after the date of enactment of this subsection and shall complete the baseline integrity assessment described in this subsection not later than 10 years after such date of enactment. At least 50 percent of such facilities shall be assessed not later than 5 years after such date of enactment. The operator shall prioritize such facilities for assessment based on all risk factors, including any previously discovered defects or anomalies and any history of leaks, repairs, or failures. The operator shall ensure that assessments of facilities with the highest risks are given priority for completion and that such assessments will be completed not later than 5 years after such date of enactment.
(9) Review of integrity management programs.—
(A) Review of programs.—
(i) In general.—
The Secretary shall review a risk analysis and integrity management program under paragraph (1) and record the results of that review for use in the next review of an operators program.
(ii) Context of review.—
The Secretary may conduct a review under clause (i) as an element of the Secretarys inspection of an operator.
(iii) Inadequate programs.—
If the Secretary determines that a risk analysis or integrity management program does not comply with the requirements of this subsection or regulations issued as described in paragraph (2), has not been adequately implemented, or is inadequate for the safe operation of a pipeline facility, the Secretary may conduct proceedings under this chapter.
(B) Amendments to programs.—
In order to facilitate reviews under this paragraph, an operator of a pipeline facility shall notify the Secretary of any amendment made to the operators integrity management program not later than 30 days after the date of adoption of the amendment. The Secretary shall review any such amendment in accordance with this paragraph.
(C) Transmittal of programs to state authorities.—
The Secretary shall provide a copy of each risk analysis and integrity management program reviewed by the Secretary under this paragraph to any appropriate State authority with which the Secretary has entered into an agreement under section 60106
(10) State review of integrity management plans.—
A State authority that enters into an agreement pursuant to section 60106
, permitting the State authority to review the risk analysis and integrity management program pursuant to paragraph (9), may provide the Secretary with a written assessment of the risk analysis and integrity management program, make recommendations, as appropriate, to address safety concerns not adequately addressed by the operators risk analysis or integrity management program, and submit documentation explaining the State-proposed revisions. The Secretary shall consider carefully the States proposals and work in consultation with the States and operators to address safety concerns.
(11) Application of standards.—
Section 60104 (b)
shall not apply to this section.
(e) Distribution Integrity Management Programs.—
(1) Minimum standards.—
Not later than December 31, 2007, the Secretary shall prescribe minimum standards for integrity management programs for distribution pipelines.
(2) Additional authority of secretary.—
In carrying out this subsection, the Secretary may require operators of distribution pipelines to continually identify and assess risks on their distribution lines, to remediate conditions that present a potential threat to line integrity, and to monitor program effectiveness.
(3) Excess flow valves.—
(A) In general.—
The minimum standards shall include a requirement for an operator of a natural gas distribution system to install an excess flow valve on each single family residence service line connected to such system if
(i) the service line is installed or entirely replaced after June 1, 2008;
(ii) the service line operates continuously throughout the year at a pressure not less than 10 pounds per square inch gauge;
(iii) the service line is not connected to a gas stream with respect to which the operator has had prior experience with contaminants the presence of which could interfere with the operation of an excess flow valve;
(iv) the installation of an excess flow valve on the service line is not likely to cause loss of service to the residence or interfere with necessary operation or maintenance activities, such as purging liquids from the service line; and
an excess flow valve meeting performance standards developed under section 60110 (e)
of title 49
, United States Code, is commercially available to the operator, as determined by the Secretary.
Operators of natural gas distribution systems shall report annually to the Secretary on the number of excess flow valves installed on their systems under subparagraph (A).
The Secretary shall determine which distribution pipelines will be subject to the minimum standards.
(5) Development and implementation.—
Each operator of a distribution pipeline that the Secretary determines is subject to the minimum standards prescribed by the Secretary under this subsection shall develop and implement an integrity management program in accordance with those standards.
(6) Savings clause.—
Subject to section 60104 (c)
, a State authority having a current certification under section 60105
may adopt or continue in force additional integrity management requirements, including additional requirements for installation of excess flow valves, for gas distribution pipelines within the boundaries of that State.
(f) Certification of Pipeline Integrity Management Program Performance.—
The Secretary shall establish procedures requiring certification of annual and semiannual pipeline integrity management program performance reports by a senior executive officer of the company operating a pipeline subject to this chapter. The procedures shall require a signed statement, which may be effected electronically in accordance with the provisions of the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act (15
et seq.), certifying that
(1) the signing officer has reviewed the report; and
(2) to the best of such officers knowledge and belief, the report is true and complete.