107 F3d 876 United States v. Shulze

107 F.3d 876

UNITED STATES of America, Appellee,
Floyd Wesley SHULZE, Appellant.

No. 95-3356ND

United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit.

Submitted Feb. 13, 1997.
Filed March 6, 1997.

NOTICE: Eighth Circuit Rule 28A(k) governs citation of unpublished opinions and provides that they are not precedent and generally should not be cited unless relevant to establishing the doctrines of res judicata, collateral estoppel, the law of the case, or if the opinion has persuasive value on a material issue and no published opinion would serve as well.

Before McMILLIAN, JOHN R. GIBSON, and FAGG, Circuit Judges.


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Floyd Wesley Shulze appeals his weapons-related convictions and guidelines sentence. Relying on United States v. Lopez, 115 S.Ct. 1624 (1995), Shulze raises a Commerce Clause challenge to the constitutionality of the interstate weapons charges. Because the provisions under which Shulze was charged contain an interstate commerce requirement, Shulze's argument is foreclosed by our recent opinions. See United States v. Bates, 77 F.3d 1101, 1103-04 (8th Cir.), cert. denied, 117 S.Ct. 215 (1996); United States v. Shelton, 66 F.3d 991, 992 (8th Cir.1995) (per curiam), cert. denied, 116 S.Ct. 1364 (1996). Shulze's contention that the district court improperly considered predicate felonies for which Shulze's civil rights had been restored is similarly foreclosed by our decision in United States v. Dockter, 58 F.3d 1284, 1289-91 (8th Cir.1995), cert. denied sub nom., Shulze v. United States, 116 S.Ct. 932 (1996). We also reject Shulze's contention that the enhancement to his sentence for crimes committed while he was on bail violates double jeopardy. See United States v. Lincoln, 956 F.2d 1465, 1473 (8th Cir.1992); United States v. Thomas, 930 F.2d 12, 13-14 (8th Cir.1991). Finally, Shulze challenges the sufficiency of the evidence to support his conviction for bartering stolen weapons. Contrary to Shulze's view, there is overpowering evidence that Shulze bartered stolen weapons for cocaine. See United States v. Koskela, 86 F.3d 122, 126 (8th Cir.1996) (evidence against Shulze characterized as "overwhelming"). The court declines to consider the supplemental citations raised in Shulze's correspondence with his counsel. This matter is best presented in a motion under 28 U.S.C. § 2255. We thus affirm Shulze's convictions and sentence.


JOHN R. GIBSON, Circuit Judge, concurs in the result and in the judgment in this case.