112 F3d 451 United States v. L Grist

112 F.3d 451

97 CJ C.A.R. 622

UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff-Appellee,
Jerry L. GRIST, Defendant-Appellant.

No. 96-6331.

United States Court of Appeals,
Tenth Circuit.

April 24, 1997.

Before SEYMOUR, Chief Judge, PORFILIO, Circuit Judge, and MURPHY, Circuit Judge.


JOHN C. PORFILIO, Circuit Judge.

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Jerry Lee Grist attempts to appeal from an order denying his petition for vacation of sentence under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 on the grounds of double jeopardy. He contends after his consent to a judicial forfeiture of his property he could not be convicted on the substantive count upon which the forfeiture was predicated. Although he admits he did not contest the forfeiture, he maintains his plea of guilty was barred by the double jeopardy clause of the Fifth Amendment. We have previously held a person is not placed in jeopardy by a judicial forfeiture unless he contests it in the district court. United States v. Hardwell, 80 F.3d 1471, 1485, (10th Cir.1996); United States v. German, 76 F.3d 315, 318 (10th Cir.1996).


Mr. Grist also argues he was denied effective assistance of counsel because his attorney did not raise the double jeopardy issue prior to the entry of his guilty plea, nor did he present the issue on direct appeal. Of course, because the issue was not available, failure to raise it cannot constitute denial of effective assistance.


Thus, Mr. Grist, having failed to preserve the double jeopardy issue, has failed to raise justiciable questions in this court. Id. The certificate of appealability is DENIED and the appeal is DISMISSED. 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2); Lennox v. Evans, 87 F.3d 431 (10th Cir.1996). The previous orders entered for the payment of a filing fee are VACATED. United States v. Simmonds, 111 F.3d 737 (10th Cir.Kan.1997).