281 F3d 919 Garceau v. Woodford

281 F.3d 919

Robert Frederick GARCEAU, Petitioner-Appellant,
Jeanne WOODFORD, Acting Warden of San Quentin State Prison, Respondent-Appellee.

No. 99-99022.

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

February 15, 2002.

Before: O'SCANNLAIN, TASHIMA, and THOMAS, Circuit Judges.


Despite the fact that it "explicitly declined to invoke Teague," either in the trial court or in this court, Garceau v. Woodford, 275 F.3d 769, 781 n. 1 (9th Cir.2001) (O'Scannlain, J., dissenting), the State, in its petition for rehearing, asks us to invoke the rule of Teague v. Lane, 489 U.S. 288, 310, 109 S.Ct. 1060, 103 L.Ed.2d 334 (1989), that a "new rule" of constitutional law cannot be applied retroactively to cases on collateral review, and to deny relief to petitioner on that ground. We decline the invitation under the law of our circuit. See Boardman v. Estelle, 957 F.2d 1523, 1534 (9th Cir.1992) ("We deny the petition for rehearing because the state has waived the Teague defense in this case."). Although we there noted that "[t]he Supreme Court has not yet decided whether a state may waive the Teague defense by failing timely to raise it," id., the Court has since declined to dispose of a case on the ground that a "new rule" was involved "because petitioner[State warden] did not raise a Teague defense in the lower courts or in his petition for certiorari." Godinez v. Moran, 509 U.S. 389, 397 n. 8, 113 S.Ct. 2680, 125 L.Ed.2d 321 (1993) (citations omitted). Accordingly, even though we have the discretion to consider a Teague claim raised for the first time on a petition for rehearing, See Boardman, 957 F.2d at 1536-37, we decline to do so here where the State's lawyer declined to raise Teague, even after the panel inquired of him directly at oral argument whether the State wished to do so. See Garceau v. Woodford, 275 F.3d at 781 n. 1 (explaining that under the circumstances, "I reluctantly conclude that it is inappropriate to analyze whether the Teague bar applies") (O'Scannlain, J., dissenting).

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Judges Tashima and Thomas vote to deny the petition for panel rehearing and Judge O'Scannlain votes to grant it. The panel votes to deny the petition for rehearing en banc. The full court has been advised of the petition for rehearing en banc and no judge of the court has requested a vote on en banc rehearing. See Fed. R.App. P. 35(b).


The petition for panel rehearing and the petition for rehearing en banc are denied.