42 USC 10601 - Crime Victims Fund

(a) Establishment 
There is created in the Treasury a separate account to be known as the Crime Victims Fund (hereinafter in this chapter referred to as the Fund).
(b) Fines deposited in Fund; penalties; forfeited appearance bonds 
Except as limited by subsection (c) of this section, there shall be deposited in the Fund
(1) all fines that are collected from persons convicted of offenses against the United States except
(A) fines available for use by the Secretary of the Treasury pursuant to

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(i) section 11(d) of the Endangered Species Act (16 U.S.C. 1540 (d)); and
(ii) section 6(d) of the Lacey Act Amendments of 1981 (16 U.S.C. 3375 (d)); and
(B) fines to be paid into
(i) the railroad unemployment insurance account pursuant to the Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act (45 U.S.C. 351 et seq.);
(ii) the Postal Service Fund pursuant to sections 2601 (a)(2) and 2003 of title 39 and for the purposes set forth in section 404 (a)(7) of title 39;
(iii) the navigable waters revolving fund pursuant to section 311 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1321); and
(iv) county public school funds pursuant to section 3613 of title 18;
(2) penalty assessments collected under section 3013 of title 18;[1]
(3) the proceeds of forfeited appearance bonds, bail bonds, and collateral collected under section 3146 of title 18;
(4) any money ordered to be paid into the Fund under section 3671 (c)(2) of title 18; and

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(5) any gifts, bequests, or donations to the Fund from private entities or individuals, which the Director is hereby authorized to accept for deposit into the Fund, except that the Director is not hereby authorized to accept any such gift, bequest, or donation that
(A) attaches conditions inconsistent with applicable laws or regulations; or
(B) is conditioned upon or would require the expenditure of appropriated funds that are not available to the Office for Victims of Crime.
(c) Retention of sums in Fund; availability for expenditure without fiscal year limitation 
Sums deposited in the Fund shall remain in the Fund and be available for expenditure under this chapter for grants under this chapter without fiscal year limitation. Notwithstanding subsection (d)(5) of this section, all sums deposited in the Fund in any fiscal year that are not made available for obligation by Congress in the subsequent fiscal year shall remain in the Fund for obligation in future fiscal years, without fiscal year limitation.
(d) Availability for judicial branch administrative costs; grant program percentages 
The Fund shall be available as follows:
(1) Repealed. Pub. L. 105–119, title I, § 109(a)(1), Nov. 26, 1997, 111 Stat. 2457.
(2) 
(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the first $10,000,000 deposited in the Fund shall be available for grants under section 10603a of this title.
(B) 
(i) For any fiscal year for which the amount deposited in the Fund is greater than the amount deposited in the Fund for fiscal year 1998, the $10,000,000 referred to in subparagraph (A) plus an amount equal to 50 percent of the increase in the amount from fiscal year 1998 shall be available for grants under section 10603a of this title.
(ii) Amounts available under this subparagraph for any fiscal year shall not exceed $20,000,000.
(3) Of the sums remaining in the Fund in any particular fiscal year after compliance with paragraph (2), such sums as may be necessary shall be available for the United States Attorneys Offices and the Federal Bureau of Investigation to improve services for the benefit of crime victims in the Federal criminal justice system, and for a Victim Notification System.
(4) Of the remaining amount to be distributed from the Fund in a particular fiscal year
(A) 47.5 percent shall be available for grants under section 10602 of this title;
(B) 47.5 percent shall be available for grants under section 10603 (a) of this title; and
(C) 5 percent shall be available for grants under section 10603 (c) of this title.
(5) 
(A) In addition to the amounts distributed under paragraphs (2), (3), and (4), the Director may set aside up to $50,000,000 from the amounts transferred to the Fund in response to the airplane hijackings and terrorist acts that occurred on September 11, 2001, as an antiterrorism emergency reserve. The Director may replenish any amounts obligated from such reserve in subsequent fiscal years by setting aside up to 5 percent of the amounts remaining in the Fund in any fiscal year after distributing amounts under paragraphs (2), (3) and (4). Such reserve shall not exceed $50,000,000.
(B) The antiterrorism emergency reserve referred to in subparagraph (A) may be used for supplemental grants under section 10603b of this title and to provide compensation to victims of international terrorism under section 10603c of this title.
(C) Amounts in the antiterrorism emergency reserve established pursuant to subparagraph (A) may be carried over from fiscal year to fiscal year. Notwithstanding subsection (c) of this section and section 619 of the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2001 (and any similar limitation on Fund obligations in any future Act, unless the same should expressly refer to this section), any such amounts carried over shall not be subject to any limitation on obligations from amounts deposited to or available in the Fund.
(e) Amounts awarded and unspent 
Any amount awarded as part of a grant under this chapter that remains unspent at the end of a fiscal year in which the grant is made may be expended for the purpose for which the grant is made at any time during the 3 succeeding fiscal years, at the end of which period, any remaining unobligated sums shall be available for deposit into the emergency reserve fund referred to in subsection (d)(5) of this section at the discretion of the Director. Any remaining unobligated sums shall be returned to the Fund.
(f) “Offenses against the United States” as excluding 
As used in this section, the term offenses against the United States does not include
(1) a criminal violation of the Uniform Code of Military Justice (10 U.S.C. 801 et seq.);
(2) an offense against the laws of the District of Columbia; and
(3) an offense triable by an Indian tribal court or Court of Indian Offenses.
(g) Grants for Indian tribes; child abuse cases 

(1) The Attorney General shall use 15 percent of the funds available under subsection (d)(2) of this section to make grants for the purpose of assisting Native American Indian tribes in developing, establishing, and operating programs designed to improve
(A) the handling of child abuse cases, particularly cases of child sexual abuse, in a manner which limits additional trauma to the child victim; and
(B) the investigation and prosecution of cases of child abuse, particularly child sexual abuse.
(2) The Attorney General may use 5 percent of the funds available under subsection (d)(2) of this section (prior to distribution) for grants to Indian tribes to establish child victim assistance programs, as appropriate.
(3) As used in this subsection, the term tribe[2] has the meaning given that term in section 450b (b)3 of title 25.
[1] See References in Text note below.
[2] So in original. Probably should be “ ‘Indian tribe’ ”.
[3] See References in Text note below.