443 F2d 343 Vitales v. Immigration and Naturalization Service

443 F.2d 343

Jovencia Arce VITALES, Petitioner,

No. 26686.

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

May 28, 1971.

Robert S. Bixby (argued), of Fallon, Hargreaves & Bixby, San Francisco, Cal., for petitioner.

Charles Gordon (argued), Gen. Counsel, I.N.S., Washington, D.C., James L. Browning, Jr., U.S. Atty., Stephen Suffin, Atty., I.N.S., San Francisco, Cal., John N. Mitchell, U.S. Atty. Gen., Washington, D.C., for respondent.

Before BARNES, DUNIWAY, Circuit Judges, and GRAY,1 District Judge.


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Vitales was admitted to this country from the Philippines on July 21, 1968 under a non-immigrant visitors' visa. On May 18, 1969, she gave birth to a child in the United States. She overstayed the permitted time and was charged with being deportable under 241(a)(2) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, 8 U.S.C. 1251(a)(2). At a hearing before a Special Inquiry Officer she admitted the charge but sought to show that, under 241(f) of the Act, 8 U.S.C. 1251(f), she was not deportable because she had procured her non-immigrant visa by fraud and was otherwise admissible to this country. Her counsel offered to show that when she obtained the visa she intended to stay in this country permanently, that she failed to disclose her education to the Consul, failed to disclose relatives, and used a false statement of funds in bank. Most of the proof was rejected, the officer ruling that 241(f) did not apply. The question whether she was otherwise admissble was not reached. An order of deportation was issued and affirmed by the Board of Immigration Appeals.


We hold that the decision of the Supreme Court in I.N.S. v. Errico, 1966, 385 U.S. 214, 87 S.Ct. 473, 17 L.Ed.2d 318, and our decisions in Muslemi v. I.N.S., 9 Cir. 1969, 408 F.2d 1196; Lee Fook Chuey v. I.N.S., 1970, 439 F.2d 244 and United States v. Osuna-Picos, 9 Cir., 1971, 443 F.2d 907. (May 26, 1971), taken together, require a reversal. Muslemi is on all fours except that he was charged with entering without an immigrant visa, and thus being deportable under 241(a)(1), whereas Vitales was found deportable under 241(a)(2). Like Muslemi, Vitales could have been charged under 241(a)(1). In Muslemi we reserved the question whether 241(f) would apply to a charge such as is here involved. Lee Fook Chuey, however, makes it emphatically clear that 241(f) waives 'any deportation charge that results directly from the misrepresentation regardless of the section of the statute under which the charge was brought. * * *' (Opinion on petition for rehearing).


Here there has been no decision whether Vitales in fact procured her visa by fraud or misrepresentation, or whether she is otherwise admissible. These are matters for the Service to decide.


The order is reversed and the matter is remanded for further proceedings.

WILLIAM P. GRAY, District Judge (concurring):


It seems to me that if a person accepted admission as a visitor, she cannot later be heard to make a self-serving claim of her own fraud by denying that she entered as a visitor. However, Lee Fook Chuey does indicate to the contrary, and I therefore feel obliged to concur in the remand.


Honorable William P. Gray, United States District Judge, Central District of California, sitting by designation