88 F3d 1278 Coles v. Washington Free Weekly Inc

88 F.3d 1278

John M. COLES, Appellant,
WASHINGTON FREE WEEKLY, INC., doing business as Washington
City Paper; Bill Gifford.

No. 95-7105.

United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit.

April 3, 1996.

NOTICE: D.C. Circuit Local Rule 11(c) states that unpublished orders, judgments, and explanatory memoranda may not be cited as precedents, but counsel may refer to unpublished dispositions when the binding or preclusive effect of the disposition, rather than its quality as precedent, is relevant.

Before: SILBERMAN, ROGERS, and TATEL, Circuit Judges.



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Upon consideration of the motion for summary affirmance, the opposition thereto, and the reply, it is


ORDERED that the motion for summary affirmance be granted substantially for the reasons stated by the district court in its memorandum opinion filed March 27, 1995. The merits of the parties' positions are so clear as to warrant summary action. See Taxpayers Watchdog, Inc. v. Stanley, 819 F.2d 294, 297 (D.C.Cir.1987) (per curiam); Walker v. Washington, 627 F.2d 541, 545 (D.C.Cir.) (per curiam), cert. denied, 449 U.S. 994 (1980).


The Clerk is directed to withhold issuance of the mandate herein until seven days after disposition of any timely petition for rehearing. See D.C.Cir.Rule 41.