98 F3d 1336 United States v. Kidd

98 F.3d 1336

UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff-Appellee,
Dennis Ray KIDD, Defendant-Appellant.

No. 95-5955.

United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit.

Submitted Sept. 20, 1996.
Decided Oct. 3, 1996.

NOTICE: Fourth Circuit Local Rule 36(c) states that citation of unpublished dispositions is disfavored except for establishing res judicata, estoppel, or the law of the case and requires service of copies of cited unpublished dispositions of the Fourth Circuit.

Joseph N. Bowman, Alexandria, Virginia, for Appellant. Helen F. Fahey, United States Attorney, Stacy E. Flippin, Special Assistant United States Attorney, Alexandria, Virginia, for Appellee.

Before NIEMEYER, HAMILTON and MOTZ, Circuit Judges.



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Dennis Ray Kidd was convicted for reckless driving in violation of 18 U.S.C.A. § 13 (West Supp.1996), assimilating Va.Code Ann. § 46.2-852 (Michie 1994), and operating a motor vehicle after his license had been suspended or revoked in violation of 18 U.S.C.A. § 13, assimilating Va.Code Ann. § 46.2-301 (Michie Supp.1995). Kidd alleges on appeal that the evidence adduced at trial is insufficient to sustain his convictions because there was no evidence that he was actually driving. Kidd alleges he was merely a passenger in the vehicle but does not dispute any other element of the offenses.


We review a sufficiency of the evidence claim under the well-settled standard that a criminal conviction shall not be set aside for insufficient evidence if, "viewing the evidence in the light most favorable to the prosecution, any rational trier of fact could have found the essential elements of the crime beyond a reasonable doubt." Jackson v. Virginia, 443 U.S. 307, 319 (1979).


Viewing the evidence in the light most favorable to the Government, the following facts were adduced at trial. A police officer observed a white Honda Prelude go past him at an excessive rate of speed and then run off the road as it was making a right turn. Moments after the Prelude struck another vehicle head-on, the officer arrived at the scene to see both drivers sitting behind their steering wheels. Kidd had sustained facial lacerations and smelled of alcohol and there was an open bottle of wine in his car. After Kidd was taken to a military police station he spontaneously stated, "Was it a black guy I hit?" Later Kidd was taken to a military hospital where he stated to an X-ray technician that, "he was driving down the road ... he thought he was making a turn but he wasn't ... and he struck a car."


Accordingly, viewing the evidence in the light most favorable to the Government, we find that any rational trier of the facts could have found that Kidd was actually the driver of the vehicle that night. Jackson v. Virginia, 443 U.S. at 318-19. We therefore affirm the conviction. We dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the court and argument would not aid the decisional process.