TITLE 37 - US CODE - PAY AND ALLOWANCES OF THE UNIFORMED SERVICES

TITLE 37 - US CODE - CHAPTER 1 - DEFINITIONS

37 USC 101 - Definitions

In addition to the definitions in sections 1–5 of title 1, the following definitions apply in this title:
(1) 
(A) The term United States, in a geographic sense, means the States and the District of Columbia.
(B) The term continental United States means the 48 contiguous States and the District of Columbia.
(2) The term possessions includes Guam, American Samoa, and the guano islands.

Advertisement
view counter
(3) The term uniformed services means the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and Public Health Service.
(4) The term armed forces means the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard.
(5) The term Secretary concerned means
(A) the Secretary of the Army, with respect to matters concerning the Army;
(B) the Secretary of the Navy, with respect to matters concerning the Navy, the Marine Corps, and the Coast Guard when it is operating as a service in the Navy;
(C) the Secretary of the Air Force, with respect to matters concerning the Air Force;
(D) the Secretary of Homeland Security, with respect to matters concerning the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy;
(E) the Secretary of Commerce, with respect to matters concerning the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; and
(F) the Secretary of Health and Human Services, with respect to matters concerning the Public Health Service.
(6) The term National Guard means the Army National Guard and the Air National Guard.

Advertisement
view counter
(7) The term Army National Guard means that part of the organized militia of the several States, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Canal Zone, the Virgin Islands, and the District of Columbia, active and inactive, that
(A) is a land force;
(B) is trained, and has its officers appointed, under the sixteenth clause of section 8, article I, of the Constitution;
(C) is organized, armed, and equipped wholly or partly at Federal expense; and
(D) is federally recognized.
(8) The term Army National Guard of the United States means the reserve component of the Army all of whose members are members of the Army National Guard.
(9) The term Air National Guard means that part of the organized militia of the several States, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Canal Zone, the Virgin Islands, and the District of Columbia, active and inactive, that
(A) is an air force;
(B) is trained, and has its officers appointed, under the sixteenth clause of section 8, article I, of the Constitution;
(C) is organized, armed, and equipped wholly or partly at Federal expense; and
(D) is federally recognized.
(10) The term Air National Guard of the United States means the reserve component of the Air Force all of whose members are members of the Air National Guard.
(11) The term officer means commissioned or warrant officer.
(12) The term commissioned officer includes a commissioned warrant officer.
(13) The term warrant officer means a person who holds a commission or warrant in a warrant officer grade.
(14) The term enlisted member means a person in an enlisted grade.
(15) The term grade means a step or degree, in a graduated scale of office or rank, that is established and designated as a grade by law or regulation.
(16) The term rank means the order of precedence among members of the uniformed services.
(17) The term rating means the name (such as boatswains mate) prescribed for members of a uniformed service in an occupational field; rate means the name (such as chief boatswains mate) prescribed for members in the same rating or other category who are in the same grade (such as chief petty officer or seaman apprentice).
(18) The term active duty means full-time duty in the active service of a uniformed service, and includes full-time training duty, annual training duty, full-time National Guard duty, and attendance, while in the active service, at a school designated as a service school by law or by the Secretary concerned.
(19) The term active duty for a period of more than 30 days means active duty under a call or order that does not specify a period of 30 days or less.
(20) The term active service means service on active duty.
(21) The term pay includes basic pay, special pay, retainer pay, incentive pay, retired pay, and equivalent pay, but does not include allowances.
(22) The term inactive-duty training means
(A) duty prescribed for members of a reserve component by the Secretary concerned under section 206 of this title or any other law; and
(B) special additional duties authorized for members of a reserve component by an authority designated by the Secretary concerned and performed by them on a voluntary basis in connection with the prescribed training or maintenance activities of the units to which they are assigned;

and includes those duties when performed by members of a reserve component in their status as members of the National Guard, but (except as provided in section 206 (d)(2) of this title) does not include work or study in connection with a correspondence course of a uniformed service.

(23) The term member means a person appointed or enlisted in, or conscripted into, a uniformed service.
(24) The term reserve component means
(A) the Army National Guard of the United States;
(B) the Army Reserve;
(C) the Navy Reserve;
(D) the Marine Corps Reserve;
(E) the Air National Guard of the United States;
(F) the Air Force Reserve;
(G) the Coast Guard Reserve; or
(H) the Reserve Corps of the Public Health Service.
(25) The term regular compensation or regular military compensation (RMC) means the total of the following elements that a member of a uniformed service accrues or receives, directly or indirectly, in cash or in kind every payday: basic pay, basic allowance for housing, basic allowance for subsistence; and Federal tax advantage accruing to the aforementioned allowances because they are not subject to Federal income tax.
(26) The term contingency operation has the meaning given that term in section 101 of title 10.

TITLE 37 - US CODE - CHAPTER 3 - BASIC PAY

37 USC 201 - Pay grades: assignment to; general rules

(a) For the purpose of computing their basic pay, commissioned officers of the uniformed services (other than commissioned warrant officers) are assigned by the grade or rank in which serving to the following pay grades:
(b) For the purpose of computing their basic pay, warrant officers of the armed forces are assigned, by the warrant officer grade in which serving, to the following pay grades:
(c) Unless entitled to the basic pay of a higher pay grade, an aviation cadet of the Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard is entitled to monthly basic pay at the lowest rate prescribed for pay grade E4.
(d) Unless he is entitled to the basic pay of a higher pay grade, an aviation pilot of the Navy Reserve, Marine Corps Reserve, or Coast Guard Reserve is entitled to monthly basic pay at the rate prescribed for pay grade E5.
(e) Except as provided by subsections (c) and (d), enlisted members of the uniformed services shall, for the purpose of computing their basic pay, be distributed by the Secretary concerned in the various enlisted pay grades set forth in section 203 of this title. However, except as provided by section 307 of this title, an enlisted member may not be placed in pay grade E8 or E9 until he has completed at least 8 years or 10 years, respectively, of enlisted service computed under section 205 of this title.

37 USC 202 - Pay grades: retired Coast Guard rear admirals (lower half)

An officer of the Coast Guard holding a permanent appointment in the grade of rear admiral (lower half) on the retired list, and who in time of war or national emergency has served satisfactorily on active duty for two years in that grade or in a higher grade, is entitled when on active duty to the basic pay of a rear admiral.

37 USC 203 - Rates

(a) 
(1) The rates of monthly basic pay for members of the uniformed services within each pay grade are those prescribed in accordance with section 1009 of this title or as otherwise prescribed by law.
(2) Notwithstanding the rates of basic pay in effect at any time as provided by law, the rates of basic pay payable for commissioned officers in pay grades O7 through O10 may not exceed the monthly equivalent of the rate of pay for level II of the Executive Schedule, and the rates of basic pay payable for all other officers and for enlisted members may not exceed the monthly equivalent of the rate of pay for level V of the Executive Schedule.
(b) While serving as a permanent professor at the United States Military Academy, the United States Naval Academy, or the United States Air Force Academy or as a member of the permanent commissioned teaching staff at the United States Coast Guard Academy, an officer who has over 36 years of service computed under section 205 of this title is, in addition to the pay and allowances to which he is otherwise entitled under this title, entitled to additional pay in the amount of $250 a month. This additional pay may not be used in the computation of retired pay.
(c) A cadet at the United States Military Academy, the United States Air Force Academy, or the Coast Guard Academy, or a midshipman at the United States Naval Academy, is entitled to monthly cadet pay, or midshipman pay, at the monthly rate equal to 35 percent of the basic pay of a commissioned officer in the pay grade O1 with less than two years of service.
(d) 
(1) The basic pay of a commissioned officer who is in pay grade O1, O2, or O3 and who is credited with a total of over four years service described in paragraph (2) shall be computed in the same manner as the basic pay of a commissioned officer in the same pay grade who has been credited with over four years active service as an enlisted member.
(2) Service to be taken into account for purposes of computing basic pay under paragraph (1) is as follows:
(A) Active service as a warrant officer or as a warrant officer and an enlisted member.
(B) Service as a warrant officer, as an enlisted member, or as a warrant officer and an enlisted member, for which at least 1,460 points have been credited to the officer for the purposes of section 12732 (a)(2) of title 10.
(e) 
(1) A student at the United States Military Academy Preparatory School, the United States Naval Academy Preparatory School, or the United States Air Force Academy Preparatory School who was selected to attend the preparatory school from civilian life is entitled to monthly student pay at the same rate as provided for cadets and midshipmen under subsection (c).
(2) A student at a preparatory school referred to in paragraph (1) who, at the time of the students selection to attend the preparatory school, was an enlisted member of the uniformed services shall receive monthly basic pay at the rate prescribed for the students pay grade and years of service as an enlisted member or at the rate provided for cadets and midshipmen under subsection (c), whichever is greater.
(3) The monthly student pay of a student described in paragraph (1) shall be treated for purposes of the accrual charge for the Department of Defense Military Retirement Fund established under section 1461 of title 10 in the same manner as monthly cadet pay or midshipman pay under subsection (c).

37 USC 204 - Entitlement

(a) The following persons are entitled to the basic pay of the pay grade to which assigned or distributed, in accordance with their years of service computed under section 205 of this title
(1) a member of a uniformed service who is on active duty; and
(2) a member of a uniformed service, or a member of the National Guard who is not a Reserve of the Army or the Air Force, who is participating in full-time training, training duty with pay, or other full-time duty, provided by law, including participation in exercises or the performance of duty under section 10302, 10305, 10502, or 12402 of title 10, or section 503, 504, 505, or 506 of title 32.
(b) For the purposes of subsection (a), under regulations prescribed by the President, the time necessary for a member of a uniformed service who is called or ordered to active duty for a period of more than 30 days to travel from his home to his first duty station and from his last duty station to his home, by the mode of transportation authorized in his call or orders, is considered active duty.
(c) A member of the National Guard who is called into Federal service for a period of 30 days or less is entitled to basic pay from the date when he appears at the place of company rendezvous. However, this subsection does not authorize any expenditure before arriving at the place of rendezvous that is not authorized by law to be paid after arrival at that place.
(d) Full-time training, training duty with pay, or other full-time duty performed by a member of the Army National Guard of the United States or the Air National Guard of the United States in his status as a member of the National Guard, is active duty for the purposes of this section.
(e) A payment accruing under any law to a member of a uniformed service incident to his release from active duty or for his return home incident to that release may be paid to him before his departure from his last duty station, whether or not he actually performs the travel involved. If a member receives a payment under this subsection but dies before that payment would have been made but for this subsection, no part of that payment may be recovered by the United States.
(f) A cadet of the United States Military Academy or the United States Air Force Academy, or a midshipman of the United States Naval Academy, who, upon graduation from one of those academies, is appointed as a second lieutenant of the Army or the Air Force is entitled to the basic pay of pay grade O1 beginning upon the date of his graduation.
(g) 
(1) A member of a reserve component of a uniformed service is entitled to the pay and allowances provided by law or regulation for a member of a regular component of a uniformed service of corresponding grade and length of service whenever such member is physically disabled as the result of an injury, illness, or disease incurred or aggravated
(A) in line of duty while performing active duty;
(B) in line of duty while performing inactive-duty training (other than work or study in connection with a correspondence course of an armed force or attendance in an inactive status at an educational institution under the sponsorship of an armed force or the Public Health Service);
(C) while traveling directly to or from such duty or training;
(D) in line of duty while remaining overnight immediately before the commencement of inactive-duty training, or while remaining overnight, between successive periods of inactive-duty training, at or in the vicinity of the site of the inactive-duty training; or
(E) in line of duty while
(i) serving on funeral honors duty under section 12503 of title 10 or section 115 of title 32;
(ii) traveling to or from the place at which the duty was to be performed; or
(iii) remaining overnight at or in the vicinity of that place immediately before so serving, if the place is outside reasonable commuting distance from the members residence.
(2) In the case of a member who receives earned income from nonmilitary employment or self-employment performed in any month in which the member is otherwise entitled to pay and allowances under paragraph (1), the total pay and allowances shall be reduced by the amount of such income. In calculating earned income for the purpose of the preceding sentence, income from an income protection plan, vacation pay, or sick leave which the member elects to receive shall be considered.
(h) 
(1) A member of a reserve component of a uniformed service who is physically able to perform his military duties, is entitled, upon request, to a portion of the monthly pay and allowances provided by law or regulation for a member of a regular component of a uniformed service of corresponding grade and length of service for each month for which the member demonstrates a loss of earned income from nonmilitary employment or self-employment as a result of an injury, illness, or disease incurred or aggravated
(A) in line of duty while performing active duty;
(B) in line of duty while performing inactive-duty training (other than work or study in connection with a correspondence course of an armed force or attendance in an inactive status at an educational institution under the sponsorship of an armed force or the Public Health Service);
(C) while traveling directly to or from such duty or training;
(D) in line of duty while remaining overnight immediately before the commencement of inactive-duty training, or while remaining overnight, between successive periods of inactive-duty training, at or in the vicinity of the site of the inactive-duty training; or
(E) in line of duty while
(i) serving on funeral honors duty under section 12503 of title 10 or section 115 of title 32;
(ii) traveling to or from the place at which the duty was to be performed; or
(iii) remaining overnight at or in the vicinity of that place immediately before so serving, if the place is outside reasonable commuting distance from the members residence.
(2) The monthly entitlement may not exceed the members demonstrated loss of earned income from nonmilitary or self-employment. In calculating such loss of income, income from an income protection plan, vacation pay, or sick leave which the member elects to receive shall be considered.
(i) 
(1) The total amount of pay and allowances paid under subsections (g) and (h) and compensation paid under section 206 (a) of this title for any period may not exceed the amount of pay and allowances provided by law or regulation for a member of a regular component of a uniformed service of corresponding grade and length of service for that period.
(2) Pay and allowances may not be paid under subsection (g) or (h) for a period of more than six months. The Secretary concerned may extend such period in any case if the Secretary determines that it is in the interests of fairness and equity to do so.
(3) A member is not entitled to benefits under subsection (g) or (h) if the injury, illness, disease, or aggravation of an injury, illness, or disease is the result of the gross negligence or misconduct of the member.
(4) Regulations with respect to procedures for paying pay and allowances under subsections (g) and (h) shall be prescribed
(A) by the Secretary of Defense for the armed forces under the jurisdiction of the Secretary; and
(B) by the Secretary of Homeland Security for the Coast Guard when the Coast Guard is not operating as a service in the Navy.
(j) A member of the uniformed services who is entitled to medical or dental care under section 1074a of title 10 is entitled to travel and transportation allowances, or a monetary allowance in place thereof, for necessary travel incident to such care, and return to his home upon discharge from treatment.

37 USC 205 - Computation: service creditable

(a) Subject to subsections (b) and (c), for the purpose of computing the basic pay of a member of a uniformed service, his years of service are computed by adding
(1) all periods of active service as an officer, Army field clerk, flight officer, aviation midshipman, or enlisted member of a uniformed service;
(2) all periods during which he was enlisted or held an appointment as an officer, Army field clerk, or flight officer of
(A) a regular component of a uniformed service;
(B) the Regular Army Reserve;
(C) the Organized Militia before July 1, 1916;
(D) the National Guard;
(E) the National Guard Reserve;
(F) a reserve component of a uniformed service;
(G) the Naval Militia;
(H) the National Naval Volunteers;
(I) the Navy Reserve Force;
(J) the Army without specification of component;
(K) the Air Force without specification of component;
(L) the Marine Corps Reserve Force;
(M) the Philippine Scouts; or
(N) the Philippine Constabulary;
(3) for a commissioned officer in service on June 30, 1922, all service that was then counted in computing longevity pay and all service as a contract surgeon serving full time;
(4) all periods during which he held an appointment as a nurse, reserve nurse, or commissioned officer in the Army Nurse Corps as it existed at any time before April 16, 1947, the Navy Nurse Corps as it existed at any time before April 16, 1947, or the Public Health Service, or a reserve component of any of them;
(5) all periods during which he was a deck officer or junior engineer in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration;
(6) all periods that, under law in effect on January 10, 1962, were authorized to be credited in computing basic pay; and
(7) all periods while
(A) on a temporary disability retired list, honorary retired list, or a retired list of a uniformed service;
(B) entitled to retired pay, retirement pay, or retainer pay, from a uniformed service or the Department of Veterans Affairs, as a member of the Fleet Reserve or the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve; or
(C) a member of the Honorary Reserve of the Officers Reserve Corps or the Organized Reserve Corps.

Except for any period of active service described in clause (1) and except as provided by subsections (b), (c), and (d) of section 1402 and subsections (b), (c), and (d) of section 1402a of title 10, a period of service described in clauses (2) through (7) that is performed while on a retired list, in a retired status, or in the Fleet Reserve or Fleet Marine Corps Reserve, may not be included to increase retired pay, retirement pay, or retainer pay. For the purpose of clause (5), periods during which a member was a deck officer or junior engineer in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration includes periods during which a member was a deck officer or junior engineer in the Environmental Science Services Administration or the Coast and Geodetic Survey.

(b) A period of time may not be counted more than once under subsection (a).
(c) The periods of service authorized to be counted under subsection (a) shall, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, include service performed by a member of a uniformed service before he became 18 years of age.
(d) Notwithstanding subsection (a), a commissioned officer may not count in computing basic pay a period of service after October 13, 1964, that the officer performed concurrently as a member of the Senior Reserve Officers Training Corps, except for service that the officer performed on or after August 1, 1979, other than for training as an enlisted member of the Selected Reserve may be so counted.
(e) 
(1) Notwithstanding subsection (a), a period of service described in paragraph (2) of a member who enlists in a reserve component may not be counted under this section.
(2) Paragraph (1) applies to the following service:
(A) Service performed while a member of a reserve component under an enlistment under section 12103 (b) or 12103 (d) of title 10 before the member begins service on active duty under such section (including a period of active duty for training) unless the member performs inactive-duty training before beginning service on active duty or active duty for training;
(B) Service performed while a member of a reserve component under an enlistment under section 513 of title 10 (other than a period of active duty to which the member is ordered under chapter 1209 of title 10 or another provision of law).
(f) Notwithstanding subsection (a), the periods of service of a commissioned officer appointed under section 12203 of title 10 after receiving financial assistance under section 16401 of such title that are counted under this section may not include a period of service after January 1, 2000, that the officer performed concurrently as an enlisted member of the Marine Corps Platoon Leaders Class program and the Marine Corps Reserve, except that service after that date that the officer performed before commissioning (concurrently with the period of service as a member of the Marine Corps Platoon Leaders Class program) as an enlisted member on active duty or as a member of the Selected Reserve may be so counted.

37 USC 206 - Reserves; members of National Guard: inactive-duty training

(a) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, and to the extent provided for by appropriations, a member of the National Guard or a member of a reserve component of a uniformed service who is not entitled to basic pay under section 204 of this title, is entitled to compensation, at the rate of 1/30 of the basic pay authorized for a member of a uniformed service of a corresponding grade entitled to basic pay
(1) for each regular period of instruction, or period of appropriate duty, at which the member is engaged for at least two hours, including that performed on a Sunday or holiday;
(2) for the performance of such other equivalent training, instruction, duty, or appropriate duties, as the Secretary may prescribe; or
(3) for a regular period of instruction that the member is scheduled to perform but is unable to perform because of physical disability resulting from an injury, illness, or disease incurred or aggravated
(A) in line of duty while performing
(i) active duty; or
(ii) inactive-duty training;
(B) while traveling directly to or from that duty or training (unless such injury, illness, disease, or aggravation of an injury, illness, or disease is the result of the gross negligence or misconduct of the member); or
(C) in line of duty while remaining overnight immediately before the commencement of inactive-duty training, or while remaining overnight, between successive periods of inactive-duty training, at or in the vicinity of the site of the inactive-duty training.
(b) The regulations prescribed under subsection (a) for each uniformed service, the National Guard, and each of the classes of organization of the reserve components within each uniformed service, may be different. The Secretary concerned shall, for the National Guard and each of the classes of organization within each uniformed service, prescribe
(1) minimum standards that must be met before an assembly for drill or other equivalent period of training, instruction, duty, or appropriate duties may be credited for pay purposes, and those standards may require the presence for duty of officers and enlisted members in numbers equal to or more than a minimum number or percentage of the unit strength for a specified period of time with participation in a prescribed kind of training;
(2) the maximum number of assemblies or periods of other equivalent training, instruction, duty, or appropriate duties, that may be counted for pay purposes in each fiscal year or in lesser periods of time; and
(3) the minimum number of assemblies or periods of other equivalent training, instruction, duty, or appropriate duties that must be completed in stated periods of time before the members of units or organizations can qualify for pay.
(c) A person enlisted in the inactive National Guard is not entitled to pay under this section.
(d) 
(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), this section does not authorize compensation for work or study performed by a member of a reserve component or by a member of the National Guard while not in Federal service in connection with correspondence courses of a uniformed service.
(2) A member of the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve may be paid compensation under this section at a rate and under terms determined by the Secretary of Defense, but not to exceed the rate otherwise applicable to the member under subsection (a), upon the members successful completion of a course of instruction undertaken by the member using electronic-based distributed learning methodologies to accomplish training requirements related to unit readiness or mobilization, as directed for the member by the Secretary concerned. The compensation may be paid regardless of whether the course of instruction was under the direct control of the Secretary concerned or included the presence of an instructor.
(3) The prohibition in paragraph (1), including the prohibition as it relates to a member of the National Guard while not in Federal service, applies to
(A) any work or study performed on or after September 7, 1962, unless that work or study is specifically covered by the exception in paragraph (2); and
(B) any claim based on that work or study arising after that date.
(e) A member of the National Guard or of a reserve component of the uniformed services may not be paid under this section for more than four periods of equivalent training, instruction, duty, or appropriate duties performed during a fiscal year instead of the members regular period of instruction or regular period of appropriate duty during that fiscal year.

37 USC 207 - Band leaders

(a) The leader of the Army Band is entitled to the basic pay of a captain in the Army.
(b) The leader of the United States Navy Band is entitled to the basic pay of a lieutenant in the Navy.
(c) A member of the Marine Corps who is appointed as director or assistant director of the United States Marine Band under section 6222 of title 10 is entitled, while serving thereunder, only to the basic pay of an officer in the grade in which he is serving. However, his basic pay may not be less that to which he was entitled at the time of his appointment under that section.
(d) The leader of the Naval Academy Band is entitled to the basic pay of the grade the Secretary of the Navy prescribes. The second leader is entitled to the basic pay of a warrant officer, W1.
(e) The director of the Coast Guard Band is entitled to the basic pay of an officer in the grade in which he is serving. However, his basic pay may not be less than that to which he was entitled at the time of his appointment as director.

37 USC 208 - Repealed. Pub. L. 91482, 1(b), Oct. 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 1082]

Section, Pub. L. 87–649, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 461, provided that an officer furloughed under section 6406 of Title 10, Armed Forces, was entitled to pay at the rate of one-half of the basic pay to which he was entitled at the time of being furloughed.

37 USC 209 - Members of precommissioning programs

(a) Senior ROTC Members in Advanced Training.— 

(1) Except when on active duty, a member of the Senior Reserve Officers Training Corps who is selected for advance training under section 2104 of title 10 is entitled to a monthly subsistence allowance at a rate prescribed under paragraph (2) beginning on the day he starts advanced training and ending upon the completion of his instruction under that section, but in no event shall any member receive such pay for more than 30 months.
(2) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe by regulation the monthly rates for subsistence allowances provided under this section. The rate may not be less than $250 per month, but may not exceed $674 per month.
(3) A subsistence allowance under this section may not be considered financial assistance requiring additional service within the meaning of the third sentence of section 6(d)(1) of the Military Selective Service Act (50 App. U.S.C. 456 (d)(1)).
(b) Senior ROTC Members Appointed in Reserves.— 
Except when on active duty, a cadet or midshipman appointed under section 2107 of title 10 is entitled to a monthly subsistence allowance at a rate prescribed under subsection (a). A member enrolled in the first two years of a four-year program is entitled to receive subsistence for a maximum of twenty months. A member enrolled in the advanced course is entitled to subsistence as prescribed for a member enrolled under section 2104 of title 10 as prescribed in subsection (a).
(c) Nonscholarship Senior ROTC Members Not in Advanced Training.— 
A member of the Selected Reserve Officers Training Corps who has entered into an agreement under section 2103a of title 10 is entitled to a monthly subsistence allowance at a rate prescribed under subsection (a). That allowance may be paid to the member by reason of such agreement for a maximum of 20 months.
(d) Pay While Attending Training or Practice Cruise.— 
Each cadet or midshipman in the Senior Reserve Officers Training Corps, while he is attending training or practice cruises under chapter 103 of title 10 if the training or cruise is of at least four weeks duration and must be completed before the cadet or midshipman is commissioned, and each applicant for membership in the Senior Reserve Officers Training Corps, while he is attending field training or practice cruises to satisfy the requirements of section 2104 (b)(6)(B) of title 10 for admission to advanced training, is entitled, while so attending, to pay at the rate prescribed for cadets and midshipmen at the United States Military, Naval, and Air Force Academies under section 203 (c) of this title, except that the rate for a cadet or midshipman who is a member of the regular component of an armed force shall be the rate of basic pay applicable to the member under section 203 of this title.
(e) Members of Marine Corps Officer Candidate Program.— 
Except when serving on active duty, a member who is enrolled in a Marine Corps officer candidate program which requires a baccalaureate degree as a prerequisite to being commissioned as an officer and who is not enrolled in a program established under chapter 103 of title 10 or an academy established under chapter 403, 603, or 903 of title 10 may be paid a subsistence allowance at a monthly rate prescribed under subsection (a) for a member of the Senior Reserve Officers Training Corps who is selected for advanced training under section 2104 of title 10.

37 USC 210 - Pay of senior enlisted members during terminal leave and while hospitalized

(a) A noncommissioned officer of an armed force who, immediately following the completion of service as the senior enlisted member of that armed force, is placed on terminal leave pending retirement shall be entitled, for not more than 60 days while in such status, to the rate of basic pay authorized for the senior enlisted member of that armed force.
(b) A noncommissioned officer of an armed force who is hospitalized and who, during or immediately before such hospitalization, completed service as the senior enlisted member of that armed force, shall continue to be entitled, for not more than 180 days while so hospitalized, to the rate of basic pay authorized for the senior enlisted member of that armed force.
(c) In this section, the term senior enlisted member means the following:
(1) The Sergeant Major of the Army.
(2) The Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy.
(3) The Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force.
(4) The Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps.
(5) The Master Chief Petty Officer of the Coast Guard.
(6) The Senior Enlisted Advisor to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

37 USC 211 - Participation in Thrift Savings Plan

(a) Definition.— 
In this section, the term member means
(1) a member of the uniformed services serving on active duty; and
(2) a member of the Ready Reserve in any pay status.
(b) Authority.— 
Any member may participate in the Thrift Savings Plan in accordance with section 8440e of title 5.
(c) Rule of Construction Regarding Separation.— 
For purposes of subchapters III and VII of chapter 84 of title 5, each of the following actions shall, in the case of a member participating in the Thrift Savings Plan in accordance with section 8440e of such title, be considered a separation from Government employment:
(1) Release of the member from active duty, not followed, before the end of the 31-day period beginning on the day following the effective date of the release, by
(A) a resumption of active duty; or
(B) an appointment to a position covered by chapter 83 or 84 of title 5 or an equivalent retirement system, as identified by the Executive Director (appointed by the Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board) in regulations.
(2) Transfer of the member to inactive status, or to a retired list pursuant to any provision of title 10.
(d) Agency Contributions for Retention in Critical Specialties and First-Time Enlistees.— 

(1) The Secretary concerned may enter into an agreement with a member to make contributions to the Thrift Savings Fund for the benefit of the member if the member
(A) 
(i) is in a specialty designated by the Secretary as critical to meet requirements (whether such specialty is designated as critical to meet wartime or peacetime requirements); and
(ii) commits in such agreement to continue to serve on active duty in that specialty for a period of 6 years; or
(B) is enlisting in the armed forces for the first time and the period of the members enlistment is not less than two years.
(2) Under any agreement entered into with a member under paragraph (1)(A), the Secretary shall make contributions to the Fund for the benefit of the member for each pay period of the 6-year period of the agreement for which the member makes a contribution to the Fund under section 8440e of title 5 (other than under subsection (d)(2) thereof).
(3) In the case of a member described by paragraph (1)(B), the Secretary shall make contributions to the Fund for the benefit of the member for each pay period of the enlistment of the member described in that paragraph for which the member makes a contribution to the Fund under section 8440e of title 5 (other than under subsection (d)(2) thereof).
(4) Paragraph (2) of section 8432 (c) of title 5 applies to the Secretarys obligation to make contributions under this subsection, except that the reference in such paragraph (2) to contributions under paragraph (1) of such section 8432 (c) does not apply.

37 USC 212 - Advancement of basic pay: members deployed in combat zone for more than one year

(a) Eligibility; Amount Advanced.— 
If a member of the armed forces is assigned to duty in an area for which special pay under section 310 of this title is available and the assignment is pursuant to orders specifying an assignment of one year or more (or the assignment is extended beyond one year), the member may request, during the period of the assignment, the advanced payment of not more than three months of the basic pay of the member.
(b) Consideration of Request.— 
A request by a member described in subsection (a) for the advanced payment of a single month of basic pay shall be granted. The Secretary concerned may grant a members request for a second or third month of advanced basic pay during the assignment upon a showing of financial hardship.
(c) Recoupment of Advanced Pay.— 
The Secretary concerned shall recoup an advance made on the basic pay of a member under this section in equal installments over a one-year period beginning as provided in subsection (d). If the member is serving on active duty for any month during the recoupment period, the amount of the installment for the month shall be deducted from the basic pay of the member for that month. The estate of a deceased member shall not be required to repay any portion of the advanced pay paid to the member and not repaid before the death of the member.
(d) Commencement of Recoupment.— 
The recoupment period for an advancement of basic pay to a member under this section shall commence on the first day of the first month beginning on or after the date on which the member receives the advanced pay.

TITLE 37 - US CODE - CHAPTER 5 - SPECIAL AND INCENTIVE PAYS

37 USC 301 - Incentive pay: hazardous duty

(a) Subject to regulations prescribed by the President, a member of a uniformed service who is entitled to basic pay is also entitled to incentive pay, in the amount set forth in subsection (b) or (c), for the performance of hazardous duty required by orders. In this subsection, the term hazardous duty means duty
(1) involving frequent and regular participation in aerial flight as a crew member, as determined by the Secretary concerned, except for a member who is entitled to incentive pay under section 301a of this title;
(2) involving frequent and regular participation in aerial flight, not as a crew member under paragraph (1);
(3) involving parachute jumping as an essential part of military duty;
(4) involving the demolition of explosives as a primary duty, including training for that duty;
(5) inside a high- or low-pressure chamber;
(6) as a human acceleration or deceleration experimental subject;
(7) as a human test subject in thermal stress experiments;
(8) involving frequent and regular participation in flight operations on the flight deck of an aircraft carrier or of a ship other than an aircraft carrier from which aircraft are launched;
(9) involving frequent and regular exposure to highly toxic pesticides or involving laboratory work that utilizes live dangerous viruses or bacteria;
(10) involving
(A)  the servicing of aircraft or missiles with highly toxic fuels or propellants,
(B)  the testing of aircraft or missile systems (or components of such systems) during which highly toxic fuels or propellants are used, or
(C)  the handling of chemical munitions (or components of such munitions);
(11) involving regular participation as a member of a team conducting visit, board, search, and seizure operations aboard vessels in support of maritime interdiction operations;
(12) involving use of ski-equipped aircraft on the ground in Antarctica or on the Arctic ice-pack; or
(13) involving frequent and regular participation in aerial flight by a member who is serving as an air weapons controller crew member (as defined by the Secretary concerned) aboard an airborne warning and control system aircraft (as designated by such Secretary) and who is not entitled to incentive pay under section 301a of this title.
(b) For the performance of hazardous duty described in paragraph (1) of subsection (a), a member is entitled to monthly incentive pay as follows: Pay Grade Monthly Rate O10 $150 O9 150 O8 150 O7 150 O6 250 O5 250 O4 225 O3 175 O2 150 O1 150 W5 250 W4 250 W3 175 W2 150 W1 150 E9 240 E8 240 E7 240 E6 215 E5 190 E4 165 E3 150 E2 150 E1 150
(c) 
(1) For the performance of hazardous duty described in paragraphs (2) through (12) of subsection (a), a member is entitled to $150 a month. However, a member performing hazardous duty described in paragraph (3) of that subsection who also performs as an essential part of such duty parachute jumping in military free fall operations involving parachute deployment by the jumper without the use of a static line is entitled to $225 a month.
(2) 
(A) For the performance of hazardous duty described in paragraph (13) of subsection (a), a member is entitled to monthly incentive pay based upon his years of service as an air weapons controller as follows:
(B) For purposes of this paragraph, the years of service of a member as an air weapons controller shall be computed, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, from the date the member begins training leading to a designation as an air weapons controller, but there shall be excluded from such computation any period of more than 90 days during which the member performs primary duties other than as an air weapons controller.
(d) 
(1) In time of war, the President may suspend the payment of incentive pay for any hazardous duty described in subsection (a).
(2) A member is entitled to not more than two payments of incentive pay, authorized by this section, for a period of time during which he qualifies for more than one payment of that pay.
(e) A member of a uniformed service who is entitled to basic pay may be paid incentive pay under this subsection, at a monthly rate not to exceed $150, for any month during which the member performs duty involving regular participation as a firefighting crew member, as determined by the Secretary concerned.
(f) 
(1) Under regulations prescribed by the President and to the extent provided for by appropriations, when a member of a reserve component of a uniformed service, or of the National Guard, who is entitled to compensation under section 206 of this title, performs, under orders, any duty described in subsection (a) for members entitled to basic pay, he is entitled to an increase in compensation equal to 1/30 of the monthly incentive pay authorized by subsection (b) or (c), as the case may be, for the performance of that hazardous duty by a member of a corresponding grade who is entitled to basic pay. He is entitled to the increase for as long as he is qualified for it, for each regular period of instruction, or period of appropriate duty, at which he is engaged for at least two hours, including that performed on a Sunday or holiday, or for the performance of such other equivalent training, instruction, duty, or appropriate duties, as the Secretary may prescribe under section 206 (a) of this title. This subsection does not apply to a member who is entitled to basic pay under section 204 of this title for the entire month.
(2) 
(A) If in any calendar month a member performs duty as described in paragraph (1) and while entitled to basic pay also performs hazardous duty as described in the same paragraph of subsection (a) as constitutes the predicate for his entitlement under paragraph (1), the earned units of measuring entitlement for incentive pay under this section shall be combined. If the sum of units determined under the preceding sentence equals or exceeds the minimum standard prescribed by the President for entitlement to pay specified under subsections (b) and (c) for a member of corresponding grade who is entitled to basic pay for the entire relevant month, the member shall be entitled to an increase in compensation equal to 1/30 of the monthly incentive pay authorized by subsection (b) or (c) for the performance of that hazardous duty by a member of corresponding grade who is entitled to basic pay for the entire month.
(B) A member who qualifies for entitlement under this paragraph is entitled to the increase for each day in the relevant month in which he is entitled to basic pay pursuant to section 204 of this title or to compensation under section 206 of this title.
(C) In this paragraph, the term units means the significant increments of performance prescribed as qualifying standards in regulations promulgated by the President pursuant to this section.

37 USC 301a - Incentive pay: aviation career

(a) 
(1) Subject to regulations prescribed by the President, a member of a uniformed service who is entitled to basic pay is also entitled to aviation career incentive pay in the amount set forth in subsection (b) for the frequent and regular performance of operational or proficiency flying duty required by orders.
(2) Aviation career incentive pay shall be restricted to regular and reserve officers who hold, or are in training leading to, an aeronautical rating or designation and who engage and remain in aviation service on a career basis.
(3) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy, or the Secretary of Commerce and the Secretary of Health and Human Services with respect to members under their respective jurisdiction, an officer (except a flight surgeon or other medical officer) who is entitled to basic pay, holds an aeronautical rating or designation, and is qualified for aviation service under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, is entitled to continuous monthly incentive pay in the amount set forth in subsection (b) that is applicable to him. A flight surgeon or other medical officer who is entitled to basic pay, holds an aeronautical rating or designation, and is qualified for aviation service under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, is not entitled to continuous monthly incentive pay but is entitled to monthly incentive pay in the amounts set forth in subsection (b) for the frequent and regular performance of operational flying duty.
(4) To be entitled to continuous monthly incentive pay, an officer must perform the prescribed operational flying duties (including flight training but excluding proficiency flying) for 8 of the first 12, and 12 of the first 18 years of the aviation service of the officer. However, if an officer performs the prescribed operational flying duties (including flight training but excluding proficiency flying) for at least 10 but less than 12 of the first 18 years of the aviation service of the officer, the officer will be entitled to continuous monthly incentive pay for the first 22 years of aviation service of the officer. Entitlement to continuous monthly incentive pay ceases for an officer (other than a warrant officer) upon completion of 25 years of aviation service, but such an officer in a pay grade below pay grade O7 remains entitled to monthly incentive pay under subsection (b)(1) for the performance of operational flying duty.
(5) If upon completion of either 12 or 18 years of aviation service it is determined that an officer has failed to perform the minimum prescribed operational flying duty requirements during the prescribed periods of time, his entitlement to continuous monthly incentive pay ceases. For the needs of the service, the Secretary concerned may permit, on a case by case basis, an officer to continue to receive continuous monthly incentive pay despite the failure of the officer to perform the prescribed operational flying duty requirements during the prescribed periods of time so long as the officer has performed those requirements for not less than 6 years of aviation service. The Secretary concerned may not delegate the authority in the preceding sentence to permit the payment of incentive pay under this subsection. If at the completion of 12 years of aviation service entitlement to continuous monthly incentive pay ceases, entitlement to that pay may again commence at the completion of 18 years of aviation service upon completion of the minimum operational flying duty requirements, such pay to continue for a period of time as prescribed in accordance with this section. However, if entitlement to continuous monthly incentive pay ceases in the case of any officer at the completion of either 12 or 18 years of aviation service, such officer remains entitled to monthly incentive pay for the performance of subsequent operational or proficiency flying duties up to the maximum period of time prescribed in accordance with this section.
(6) In this section:
(A) The term aviation service means service performed by an officer (except a flight surgeon or other medical officer) while holding an aeronautical rating or designation or while in training to receive an aeronautical rating or designation.
(B) The term operational flying duty means flying performed under competent orders by rated or designated members while serving in assignments in which basic flying skills normally are maintained in the performance of assigned duties as determined by the Secretary concerned, and flying performed by members in training that leads to the award of an aeronautical rating or designation.
(C) The term proficiency flying duty means flying performed under competent orders by rated or designated members while serving in assignments in which such skills would normally not be maintained in the performance of assigned duties.
(D) The term officer includes an individual enlisted, and designated, as an aviation cadet under section 6911 of title 10.
(b) 
(1) A member who satisfies the requirements described in subsection (a) is entitled to monthly incentive pay as follows:
(2) An officer in a pay grade above O6 is entitled, until the officer completes 25 years of aviation service, to be paid at the rates set forth in the table in paragraph (1), except that
(A) an officer in pay grade O7 may not be paid at a rate greater than $200 a month; and
(B) an officer in pay grade O8 or above may not be paid at a rate greater than $206 a month.
(3) For a warrant officer with over 22, 23, 24, or 25 years of aviation service who is qualified under subsection (a), the rate prescribed in the table in paragraph (1) for officers with over 14 years of aviation service shall continue to apply to the warrant officer.
(4) An officer serving as an air battle manager who is entitled to aviation career incentive pay under this section and who, before becoming entitled to aviation career incentive pay, was entitled to incentive pay under section 301 (a)(13) of this title, shall be paid the monthly incentive pay at the higher of the following rates:
(A) The rate otherwise applicable to the member under this subsection.
(B) The rate at which the member was receiving incentive pay under section 301 (c)(2)(A) of this title immediately before the members entitlement to aviation career incentive pay under this section.
(c) In time of war, the President may suspend the payment of aviation career incentive pay.
(d) Under regulations prescribed by the President and to the extent provided for by appropriations, when a member of a reserve component of a uniformed service, or of the National Guard, who is entitled to compensation under section 206 of this title, performs, under orders, duty described in subsection (a) for members entitled to basic pay, he is entitled to an increase in compensation equal to 1/30 of the monthly incentive pay authorized by subsection (b) for the performance of that duty by a member with corresponding years of aviation service who is entitled to basic pay. Such member is entitled to the increase for as long as he is qualified for it, for each regular period of instruction, or period of appropriate duty, at which he is engaged for at least two hours, including that performed on a Sunday or holiday, or for the performance of such other equivalent training, instruction, duty or appropriate duties, as the Secretary may prescribe under section 206 (a) of this title. This subsection does not apply to a member who is entitled to basic pay under section 204 of this title.

37 USC 301b - Special pay: aviation career officers extending period of active duty

(a) Bonus Authorized.— 
An aviation officer described in subsection (b) who, during the period beginning on January 1, 1989, and ending on December 31, 2007, executes a written agreement to remain on active duty in aviation service for at least one year may, upon the acceptance of the agreement by the Secretary concerned, be paid a retention bonus as provided in this section.
(b) Covered Officers.— 
An aviation officer referred to in subsection (a) is an officer of a uniformed service who
(1) is entitled to aviation career incentive pay under section 301a of this title;
(2) is in a pay grade below pay grade O7;
(3) is qualified to perform operational flying duty; and
(4) has completed any active duty service commitment incurred for undergraduate aviator training or is within one year of completing such commitment.
(c) Amount of Bonus.— 
The amount of a retention bonus paid under this section may not be more than $25,000 for each year covered by the written agreement to remain on active duty.
(d) Proration.— 
The term of an agreement under subsection (a) and the amount of the bonus under subsection (c) may be prorated as long as such agreement does not extend beyond the date on which the officer making such agreement would complete 25 years of aviation service.
(e) Payment of Bonus.— 
Upon the acceptance of a written agreement under subsection (a) by the Secretary concerned, the total amount payable pursuant to the agreement becomes fixed and may be paid by the Secretary in either a lump sum or installments.
(f) Additional Pay.— 
A retention bonus paid under this section is in addition to any other pay and allowances to which an officer is entitled.
(g) Repayment.— 
An officer who does not complete the period of active duty specified in the agreement entered into under subsection (a) shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(h) Regulations.— 
The Secretaries concerned shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section. Regulations prescribed by the Secretary of a military department shall be subject to the approval of the Secretary of Defense.
(i) Reports.— 

(1) Not later than February 15 of each year, the Secretaries concerned shall submit to the Secretary of Defense a report analyzing the effect of the provision of retention bonuses to aviation officers during the preceding fiscal year on the retention of qualified aviators.
(2) Not later than March 15 of each year, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives copies of the reports submitted to the Secretary under paragraph (1) with regard to the preceding fiscal year, together with such comments and recommendations as the Secretary considers appropriate.
(j) Definitions.— 
In this section:
(1) The term aviation service means service performed by an officer (except a flight surgeon or other medical officer) while holding an aeronautical rating or designation or while in training to receive an aeronautical rating or designation.
(2) The term operational flying duty has the meaning given such term in section 301a (a)(6)(B) of this title.

37 USC 301c - Incentive pay: submarine duty

(a) Eligibility Requirements.— 

(1)  Subject to regulations prescribed by the President, a member of the naval service who is entitled to basic pay, and
(A)  holds (or is in training leading to) a submarine duty designator,
(B)  is in and remains in the submarine service on a career basis, and
(C)  meets the requirements of paragraph (3), is entitled to continuous monthly submarine duty incentive pay in the amount prescribed pursuant to subsection (b).
(2) Subject to regulations prescribed by the President, a member of the naval service who is entitled to basic pay but is not entitled to continuous monthly submarine duty incentive pay under paragraph (1) is entitled to submarine duty incentive pay in the amount prescribed pursuant to subsection (b) for any period during which such member performs frequent and regular operational submarine duty (as defined in paragraph (5)) required by orders.
(3) To be entitled to continuous monthly submarine duty incentive pay through 26 years of service (as computed under section 205 of this title, but excluding, in the case of an officer, periods as an enlisted member before initial appointment as an officer), a member must perform operational submarine duties for at least 6 of the first 12, and at least 10 of the first 18, years of his submarine service. However, if a member performs the prescribed operational submarine duties for at least 8 but less than 10 of the first 18 years of his submarine service, he is entitled to continuous monthly submarine duty incentive pay for the first 22 years of his service (as computed under section 205 of this title, but excluding, in the case of an officer, periods as an enlisted member before initial appointment as an officer).
(4) If upon completion of either 12 or 18 years of submarine service it is determined that a member has failed to perform the minimum prescribed operational submarine duty requirements during the prescribed periods of time, his entitlement to continuous monthly submarine duty incentive pay ceases. If entitlement to continuous monthly submarine duty incentive pay ceases upon completion of 12 years of submarine service, entitlement to that pay may again commence upon completion of 18 years of submarine service if the minimum operational submarine duty requirements have been met, and such pay shall continue for the period of time prescribed in accordance with this section. However, if entitlement to continuous monthly submarine duty incentive pay ceases in the case of any member at the completion of either 12 or 18 years of submarine service or 26 years of service (as computed under section 205 of this title, but excluding, in the case of an officer, periods as an enlisted member before initial appointment as an officer), such member shall be entitled to that pay in the amount prescribed pursuant to subsection (b) for the performance of subsequent operational submarine duty, or for the performance of service as a member of a submarine operational command staff, if such members duties require serving on a submarine during underway operations.
(5) In this section:
(A) The term operational submarine duty means duty
(i) while attached under competent orders to a submarine, while serving as an operator or crew member of an operational submersible (including an undersea exploration or research vehicle), while undergoing training preliminary to assignment to a nuclear-powered submarine, while undergoing rehabilitation after assignment to a nuclear-powered submarine, or, in the case of a member qualified in submarines, while attached as a member of a submarine operational command staff whose duties require serving on a submarine during underway operations
(I) during one calendar month: 48 hours, except that hours served underway in excess of 48 as a member of a submarine operational command staff during any of the immediately preceding five calendar months and not already used to qualify for incentive pay may be applied to satisfy the underway time requirements for the current month;
(II) during any two consecutive calendar months when the requirements of subclause (I) of this clause have not been met: 96 hours; or
(III) during any three consecutive calendar months when the requirements of subclause (II) of this clause have not been met: 144 hours;
(ii) while receiving instruction to prepare for assignment to a submarine of advanced design, or
(iii) while receiving instruction to prepare for a position of increased responsibility on a submarine.
(B) The term submarine service means the service performed, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Navy, by a member, and the years of submarine service are computed beginning with the effective date of the initial order to perform submarine service.
(b) Monthly Rates.— 
The Secretary of the Navy shall prescribe the monthly rates of submarine duty incentive pay, except that the maximum monthly rate may not exceed $1,000.
(c) Exceptions.— 

(1) An officer who fails of selection for assignment as an executive officer or commanding officer of a submarine or who declines to serve in either such position may not be paid submarine duty incentive pay except for periods during which the officer is serving on a submarine during underway operations.
(2) An enlisted member may not be paid continuous submarine duty incentive pay while serving ashore between submarine sea duty assignments unless the member has a sufficient period of enlistment (including any extension of an enlistment) remaining to be reassigned to submarine sea duty.
(d) Applicability to Certain Navy Reserve Duty.— 
Under regulations prescribed by the President and to the extent provided for by appropriations, when a member of the Navy Reserve who is entitled to compensation under section 206 of this title, performs, under orders, duty on a submarine during underway operations, he is eligible for an increase in such compensation equal to one-thirtieth of the monthly incentive pay prescribed pursuant to subsection (b) for the performance of that duty by a member of a corresponding grade and years of service who is entitled to basic pay. Such a member is eligible for the increase for each day served, for as long as he is qualified for it, during each regular period of appropriate duty.

37 USC 301d - Multiyear retention bonus: medical officers of the armed forces

(a) Bonus Authorized.— 

(1) A medical officer described in subsection (b) who executes a written agreement to remain on active duty for two, three, or four years after completion of any other active-duty service commitment may, upon acceptance of the written agreement by the Secretary of the military department concerned, be paid a retention bonus as provided in this section.
(2) The amount of a retention bonus under paragraph (1) may not exceed $50,000 for each year covered by a four-year agreement. The maximum yearly retention bonus for two-year and three-year agreements shall be reduced to reflect the shorter service commitment.
(b) Eligible Officers.— 
This section applies to an officer of the armed forces who
(1) is an officer of the Medical Corps of the Army or the Navy or an officer of the Air Force designated as a medical officer;
(2) is in a pay grade below pay grade O7;
(3) has at least eight years of creditable service (computed as described in section 302 (g) of this title) or has completed any active-duty service commitment incurred for medical education and training; and
(4) has completed initial residency training (or will complete such training before September 30 of the fiscal year in which the officer enters into an agreement under subsection (a)).
(c) Repayment.— 
An officer who does not complete the period of active duty specified in the agreement entered into under subsection (a) shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.

37 USC 301e - Multiyear retention bonus: dental officers of the armed forces

(a) Bonus Authorized.— 

(1) A dental officer described in subsection (b) who executes a written agreement to remain on active duty for two, three, or four years after completion of any other active-duty service commitment may, upon acceptance of the written agreement by the Secretary of the military department concerned, be paid a retention bonus as provided in this section.
(2) The amount of a retention bonus under paragraph (1) may not exceed $50,000 for each year covered by a four-year agreement. The maximum yearly retention bonus for two-year and three-year agreements shall be reduced to reflect the shorter service commitment.
(b) Officers Automatically Eligible.— 
Subsection (a) applies to an officer of the armed forces who
(1) is an officer of the Dental Corps of the Army or the Navy or an officer of the Air Force designated as a dental officer;
(2) has a dental specialty in oral and maxillofacial surgery;
(3) is in a pay grade below pay grade O7;
(4) has at least eight years of creditable service (computed as described in section 302b (g)1 of this title) or has completed any active-duty service commitment incurred for dental education and training; and
(5) has completed initial residency training (or will complete such training before September 30 of the fiscal year in which the officer enters into an agreement under subsection (a)).
(c) Extension of Bonus to Other Dental Officers.— 
At the discretion of the Secretary of the military department concerned, the Secretary may enter into a written agreement described in subsection (a)(1) with a dental officer who does not have the dental specialty specified in subsection (b)(2), and pay a retention bonus to such an officer as provided in this section, if the officer otherwise satisfies the eligibility requirements specified in subsection (b). The Secretaries shall exercise the authority provided in this section in a manner consistent with regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense.
(d) Repayment.— 
An officer who does not complete the period of active duty specified in the agreement entered into under subsection (a) shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
[1] See References in Text note below.

37 USC 302 - Special pay: medical officers of the armed forces

(a) Variable, Additional, and Board Certification Special Pay.— 

(1) An officer who is an officer of the Medical Corps of the Army or the Navy or an officer of the Air Force designated as a medical officer and who is on active duty under a call or order to active duty for a period of not less than one year is entitled to special pay in accordance with this subsection.
(2) An officer described in paragraph (1) who is serving in a pay grade below pay grade O7 is entitled to variable special pay at the following rates:
(A) $1,200 per year, if the officer is undergoing medical internship training.
(B) $5,000 per year, if the officer has less than six years of creditable service and is not undergoing medical internship training.
(C) $12,000 per year, if the officer has at least six but less than eight years of creditable service.
(D) $11,500 per year, if the officer has at least eight but less than ten years of creditable service.
(E) $11,000 per year, if the officer has at least ten but less than twelve years of creditable service.
(F) $10,000 per year, if the officer has at least twelve but less than fourteen years of creditable service.
(G) $9,000 per year, if the officer has at least fourteen but less than eighteen years of creditable service.
(H) $8,000 per year, if the officer has at least eighteen but less than twenty-two years of creditable service.
(I) $7,000 per year, if the officer has twenty-two or more years of creditable service.
(3) An officer described in paragraph (1) who is serving in a pay grade above pay grade O6 is entitled to variable special pay at the rate of $7,000 per year.
(4) Subject to subsection (c), an officer entitled to variable special pay under paragraph (2) or (3) is entitled to additional special pay of $15,000 for any twelve-month period during which the officer is not undergoing medical internship or initial residency training.
(5) An officer who is entitled to variable special pay under paragraph (2) or (3) and who is board certified is entitled to additional special pay at the following rates:
(A) $2,500 per year, if the officer has less than ten years of creditable service.
(B) $3,500 per year, if the officer has at least ten but less than twelve years of creditable service.
(C) $4,000 per year, if the officer has at least twelve but less than fourteen years of creditable service.
(D) $5,000 per year, if the officer has at least fourteen but less than eighteen years of creditable service.
(E) $6,000 per year, if the officer has eighteen or more years of creditable service.
(b) Incentive Special Pay.— 

(1) Subject to subsection (c) and paragraph (2) and under regulations prescribed under section 303a (a) of this title, an officer who is entitled to variable special pay under subsection (a)(2) may be paid incentive special pay for any twelve-month period during which the officer is not undergoing medical internship or initial residency training. The amount of incentive special pay paid to an officer under this subsection may not exceed $50,000 for any 12-month period.
(2) An officer is not eligible for incentive special pay under paragraph (1) unless the Secretary concerned has determined that such officer is qualified in the medical profession.
(c) Active-Duty Agreement.— 

(1) An officer may not be paid additional special pay under subsection (a)(4) or incentive special pay under subsection (b) for any twelve-month period unless the officer first executes a written agreement under which the officer agrees to remain on active duty for a period of not less than one year beginning on the date the officer accepts the award of such special pay.
(2) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense under section 303a (a) of this title, the Secretary of the military department concerned may terminate at any time an officers entitlement to the special pay authorized by subsection (a)(4) or (b)(1). If such entitlement is terminated, the officer concerned shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(d) Regulations.— 
Regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense under section 303a (a) of this title shall include standards for determining
(1) whether an officer is undergoing medical internship or initial residency training for purposes of subsections (a)(2)(A), (a)(2)(B), (a)(4), and (b)(1); and
(2) whether an officer is board certified for purposes of subsection (a)(5).
(e) Frequency of Payments.— 
Special pay payable to an officer under paragraphs (2), (3), and (5) of subsection (a) shall be paid monthly. Special pay payable to an officer under subsection (a)(4) or (b)(1) shall be paid annually at the beginning of the twelve-month period for which the officer is entitled to such payment.
(f) Repayment.— 
An officer who does not complete the period for which the payment was made under subsection (a)(4) or subsection (b)(1) shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(g) Determination of Creditable Service.— 
For purposes of this section, creditable service of an officer is computed by adding
(1) all periods which the officer spent in medical internship or residency training during which the officer was not on active duty; and
(2) all periods of active service in the Medical Corps of the Army or Navy, as an officer of the Air Force designated as a medical officer, or as a medical officer of the Public Health Service.
(h) Reserve Medical Officers Special Pay.— 

(1) A reserve medical officer described in paragraph (2) is entitled to special pay at the rate of $450 a month for each month of active duty, including active duty in the form of annual training, active duty for training, and active duty for special work.
(2) A reserve medical officer referred to in paragraph (1) is a reserve officer who
(A) is an officer of the Medical Corps of the Army or the Navy or an officer of the Air Force designated as a medical officer; and
(B) is on active duty under a call or order to active duty for a period of less than one year.
(i) Effect of Discharge in Bankruptcy.— 
A discharge in bankruptcy under title 11 that is entered less than 5 years after the termination of an agreement under this section does not discharge the person signing such agreement from a debt arising under such agreement or under subsection (c)(2) or (f). This paragraph applies to any case commenced under title 11 after September 30, 1985.

37 USC 302a - Special pay: optometrists

(a) Regular Special Pay.— 
Each of the following officers is entitled to special pay at the rate of $100 a month for each month of active duty:
(1) A commissioned officer
(A) of the Regular Army, Regular Navy, or Regular Air Force who is designated as an optometry officer; or
(B) who is an optometry officer of the Regular Corps of the Public Health Service.
(2) A commissioned officer
(A) of a Reserve component of the Army, Navy, or Air Force who is designated as an optometry officer; or
(B) who is an optometry officer of the Reserve Corps of the Public Health Service,

who is on active duty as a result of a call or order to active duty for a period of at least one year.

(3) A general officer of the Army or the Air Force appointed, from any of the categories named in clause (1) or (2), in the Army, Air Force, or the National Guard, as the case may be.
(b) Retention Special Pay.— 

(1) Under regulations prescribed under section 303a (a) of this title, the Secretary concerned may pay an officer described in paragraph (2) a retention special pay of not more than $15,000 for any twelve-month period during which the officer is not undergoing an internship or initial residency training.
(2) An officer referred to in paragraph (1) is an officer of a uniformed service who
(A) is entitled to special pay under subsection (a);
(B) has completed any initial active-duty service commitment incurred for education and training; and
(C) is determined by the Secretary concerned to be qualified as an optometrist.
(3) An officer may not be paid retention special pay under paragraph (1) for any twelve-month period unless the officer first executes a written agreement under which the officer agrees to remain on active duty for a period of not less than one year beginning on the date the officer accepts the award of such special pay.
(4) The Secretary concerned may terminate at any time the eligibility of an officer to receive retention special pay under paragraph (1). An officer who does not complete the period for which the payment was made under paragraph (1) shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.

37 USC 302b - Special pay: dental officers of the armed forces

(a) Variable, Additional, Board Certification, and Incentive Special Pay.— 

(1) An officer who
(A) is an officer of the Dental Corps of the Army or the Navy or an officer of the Air Force designated as a dental officer; and
(B) is on active duty under a call or order to active duty for a period of not less than one year,

is entitled to special pay in accordance with this subsection.

(2) An officer described in paragraph (1) who is serving in a pay grade below pay grade O7 is entitled to variable special pay at the following rates:
(A) $3,000 per year, if the officer is undergoing dental internship training or has less than three years of creditable service.
(B) $7,000 per year, if the officer has at least three but less than six years of creditable service and is not undergoing dental internship training.
(C) $7,000 per year, if the officer has at least six but less than eight years of creditable service.
(D) $12,000 per year, if the officer has at least eight but less than 12 years of creditable service.
(E) $10,000 per year, if the officer has at least 12 but less than 14 years of creditable service.
(F) $9,000 per year, if the officer has at least 14 but less than 18 years of creditable service.
(G) $8,000 per year, if the officer has 18 or more years of creditable service.
(3) An officer described in paragraph (1) who is serving in a pay grade above pay grade O6 is entitled to variable special pay at the rate of $7,000 per year.
(4) An officer who is entitled to variable special pay under paragraph (2) or (3) is also entitled to additional special pay for any 12-month period during which an agreement executed under subsection (b) is in effect with respect to the officer. Such additional special pay shall be paid at the following rates:
(A) $4,000 per year, if the officer has less than three years of creditable service.
(B) $6,000 per year, if the officer has at least three but less than 10 years of creditable service.
(C) $15,000 per year, if the officer has 10 or more years of creditable service.
(5) An officer who is entitled to variable special pay under paragraph (2) or (3) and who is board certified is entitled to additional special pay at the following rates:
(A) $2,500 per year, if the officer has less than 10 years of creditable service.
(B) $3,500 per year, if the officer has at least 10 but less than 12 years of creditable service.
(C) $4,000 per year, if the officer has at least 12 but less than 14 years of creditable service.
(D) $5,000 per year, if the officer has at least 14 but less than 18 years of creditable service.
(E) $6,000 per year, if the officer has 18 or more years of creditable service.
(6) An officer described in paragraph (1) who is an oral or maxillofacial surgeon may be paid incentive special pay at the same rates, and subject to the same terms and conditions, as incentive special pay available for medical officers under section 302 (b) of this title.
(b) Active-Duty Agreement.— 

(1) An officer may not be paid additional special pay under paragraph (4) or (6) of subsection (a) for any 12-month period unless the officer first executes a written agreement under which the officer agrees to remain on active duty for a period of not less than one year beginning on the date the officer accepts the award of such special pay.
(2) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense under section 303a (a) of this title, the Secretary of the military department concerned may terminate at any time an officers entitlement to the special pay authorized by paragraph (4) or (6) of subsection (a). If such entitlement is terminated, the officer concerned shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(c) Regulations.— 
Regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense under section 303a (a) of this title shall include standards for determining
(1) whether an officer is undergoing internship or residency training for purposes of subsections (a)(2)(A), (a)(2)(B), and (a)(4); and
(2) whether an officer is board certified for purposes of subsection (a)(5).
(d) Frequency of Payments.— 
Special pay payable to an officer under paragraphs (2), (3), and (5) of subsection (a) shall be paid monthly. Special pay payable to an officer under paragraph (4) or (6) of subsection (a) shall be paid annually at the beginning of the 12-month period for which the officer is entitled to such payment.
(e) Repayment.— 
An officer who does not complete the period of active duty specified in the agreement referred to in subsection (b) shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(f) Determination of Creditable Service.— 
For purposes of this section, creditable service of an officer is computed by adding
(1) all periods which the officer spent in dental internship or residency training during which the officer was not on active duty; and
(2) all periods of active service in the Dental Corps of the Army or Navy, as an officer of the Air Force designated as a dental officer, or as a dental officer of the Public Health Service.
(g) Reserve Dental Officers Special Pay.— 

(1) A reserve dental officer described in paragraph (2) is entitled to special pay at the rate of $350 a month for each month of active duty, including active duty in the form of annual training, active duty for training, and active duty for special work.
(2) A reserve dental officer referred to in paragraph (1) is a reserve officer who
(A) is an officer of the Dental Corps of the Army or the Navy or an officer of the Air Force designated as a dental officer; and
(B) is on active duty under a call or order to active duty for a period of less than one year.

37 USC 302c - Special pay: psychologists and nonphysician health care providers

(a) Public Health Service Corps.— 
A member who is
(1) an officer in the Regular or Reserve Corps of the Public Health Service and is designated as a psychologist; and
(2) has been awarded a diploma as a Diplomate in Psychology by the American Board of Professional Psychology,

is entitled to special pay, as provided in subsection (b).

(b) Rate of Special Pay.— 
The rate of special pay to which an officer is entitled pursuant to subsection (a) shall be
(1) $2,000 per year, if the officer has less than 10 years of creditable service;
(2) $2,500 per year, if the officer has at least 10 but less than 12 years of creditable service;
(3) $3,000 per year, if the officer has at least 12 but less than 14 years of creditable service;
(4) $4,000 per year, if the officer has at least 14 but less than 18 years of creditable service; or
(5) $5,000 per year, if the officer has 18 or more years of creditable service.
(c) Army, Navy, and Air Force Psychologists.— 
The Secretary of Defense may provide special pay at the rates specified in subsection (b) to an officer who
(1) is an officer in the Medical Service Corps of the Army or Navy or a biomedical sciences officer in the Air Force;
(2) is designated as a psychologist; and
(3) has been awarded a diploma as a Diplomate in Psychology by the American Board of Professional Psychology.
(d) Nonphysician Health Care Providers.— 
The Secretary concerned may authorize the payment of special pay at the rates specified in subsection (b) to an officer who
(1) is an officer in the Medical Services Corps of the Army or Navy, a biomedical sciences officer in the Air Force, an officer in the Army Medical Specialist Corps, an officer of the Nurse Corps of the Army or Navy, an officer of the Air Force designated as a nurse, an officer of the Coast Guard or Coast Guard Reserve designated as a physician assistant, or an officer in the Regular or Reserve Corps of the Public Health Service;
(2) is a health care provider (other than a psychologist);
(3) has a postbaccalaureate degree; and
(4) is certified by a professional board in the officers specialty.

37 USC 302d - Special pay: accession bonus for registered nurses

(a) Accession Bonus Authorized.— 

(1) A person who is a registered nurse and who, during the period beginning on November 29, 1989, and ending on December 31, 2007, executes a written agreement described in subsection (c) to accept a commission as an officer and remain on active duty for a period of not less than three years may, upon the acceptance of the agreement by the Secretary concerned, be paid an accession bonus in an amount determined by the Secretary concerned.
(2) The amount of an accession bonus under paragraph (1) may not exceed $30,000.
(b) Limitation on Eligibility for Bonus.— 
A person may not be paid a bonus under subsection (a) if
(1) the person, in exchange for an agreement to accept an appointment as an officer, received financial assistance from the Department of Defense to pursue a baccalaureate degree; or
(2) the Secretary concerned determines that the person is not qualified to become and remain licensed as a registered nurse.
(c) Agreement.— 
The agreement referred to in subsection (a) shall provide that, consistent with the needs of the uniformed service concerned, the person executing the agreement will be assigned to duty, for the period of obligated service covered by the agreement, as an officer of the Nurse Corps of the Army or Navy, an officer of the Air Force designated as a nurse, or an officer designated as a nurse in the commissioned corps of the Public Health Service.
(d) Repayment.— 
An officer who does not become and remain licensed as a registered nurse during the period for which the payment is made, or who does not complete the period of active duty specified in the agreement entered into under subsection (a), shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.

37 USC 302e - Special pay: nurse anesthetists

(a) Special Pay Authorized.— 

(1) An officer described in subsection (b)(1) who, during the period beginning on November 29, 1989, and ending on December 31, 2007, executes a written agreement to remain on active duty for a period of one year or more may, upon the acceptance of the agreement by the Secretary concerned, be paid incentive special pay in an amount not to exceed $50,000 for any 12-month period.
(2) The Secretary concerned shall determine the amount of incentive special pay to be paid to an officer under paragraph (1). In determining that amount, the Secretary concerned shall consider the period of obligated service provided for in the agreement under that paragraph.
(b) Covered Officers.— 

(1) An officer referred to in subsection (a) is an officer of a uniformed service who
(A) is an officer of the Nurse Corps of the Army or Navy, an officer of the Air Force designated as a nurse, or an officer designated as a nurse in the commissioned corps of the Public Health Service;
(B) is a qualified certified registered nurse anesthetist; and
(C) is on active duty under a call or order to active duty for a period of not less than one year.
(2) The Secretary of Defense may extend the special pay authorized under subsection (a) to officers of the armed forces who serve in a nursing specialty (other than as nurse anesthetists) that
(A) is designated by the Secretary of the military department concerned as critical to meet requirements (whether such specialty is designated as critical to meet wartime or peacetime requirements); and
(B) requires postbaccalaureate education and training.
(c) Termination of Agreement.— 
Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, with respect to the Army, Navy, and Air Force, and the Secretary of Health and Human Services, with respect to the Public Health Service, the Secretary concerned may terminate an agreement entered into under subsection (a). Upon termination of an agreement, the entitlement of the officer to special pay under this section and the agreed upon commitment to active duty of the officer shall end. If such entitlement is terminated, the officer concerned shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(d) Payment.— 
Special pay payable to an officer under subsection (a) shall be paid annually at the beginning of the 12-month period for which the officer is to receive that payment.
(e) Repayment.— 
An officer who does not complete the period of active duty specified in the agreement entered into under subsection (a) shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.

37 USC 302f - Special pay: reserve, recalled, or retained health care officers

(a) Eligible for Special Pay.— 
A health care officer described in subsection (b) shall be eligible for special pay under section 302, 302a, 302b, 302c, 302e, or 303 of this title (whichever applies) notwithstanding any requirement in those sections that
(1) the call or order of the officer to active duty be for a period of not less than one year; or
(2) the officer execute a written agreement to remain on active duty for a period of not less than one year.
(b) Health Care Officers Described.— 
A health care officer referred to in subsection (a) is an officer of the armed forces who is otherwise eligible for special pay under section 302, 302a, 302b, 302c, 302e, or 303 of this title and who
(1) is a reserve officer on active duty (other than for training) under a call or order to active duty for a period of more than 30 days but less than one year;
(2) is involuntarily retained on active duty under section 12305 of title 10, or is recalled to active duty under section 688 of title 10 for a period of more than 30 days; or
(3) voluntarily agrees to remain on active duty for a period of less than one year at a time when
(A) officers are involuntarily retained on active duty under section 12305 of title 10; or
(B) the Secretary of Defense determines (pursuant to regulations prescribed by the Secretary) that special circumstances justify the payment of special pay under this section.
(c) Monthly Payments.— 
Payment of special pay pursuant to this section may be made on a monthly basis. The officer shall repay in the manner provided in section 303a (e) of this title any amount received under this section in excess of the amount that corresponds to the actual period of active duty served by the officer.
(d) Special Rule for Reserve Medical and Dental Officers.— 
While a reserve medical or dental officer receives a special pay under section 302 or 302b of this title by reason of subsection (a), the officer shall not be entitled to special pay under section 302 (h) or 302b (h) of this title.

37 USC 302g - Special pay: Selected Reserve health care professionals in critically short wartime specialties

(a) Special Pay Authorized.— 
An officer of a reserve component of the armed forces described in subsection (b) who executes a written agreement under which the officer agrees to serve in the Selected Reserve of an armed force for a period of not less than one year nor more than three years, beginning on the date the officer accepts the award of special pay under this section, may be paid special pay at an annual rate not to exceed $25,000.
(b) Eligible Officers.— 
An officer referred to in subsection (a) is an officer in a health care profession who is qualified in a specialty designated by regulations as a critically short wartime specialty.
(c) Time for Payment.— 
Special pay under this section shall be paid annually at the beginning of each twelve-month period for which the officer has agreed to serve.
(d) Repayment.— 
An officer who does not complete the period of service in the Selected Reserve specified in the agreement entered into under subsection (a) shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(e) Termination of Agreement Authority.— 
No agreement under this section may be entered into after December 31, 2007.

37 USC 302h - Special pay: accession bonus for dental officers

(a) Accession Bonus Authorized.— 

(1) A person who is a graduate of an accredited dental school and who, during the period beginning on September 23, 1996, and ending on December 31, 2007, executes a written agreement described in subsection (c) to accept a commission as an officer of the armed forces and remain on active duty for a period of not less than four years may, upon the acceptance of the agreement by the Secretary concerned, be paid an accession bonus in an amount determined by the Secretary concerned.
(2) The amount of an accession bonus under paragraph (1) may not exceed $200,000.
(b) Limitation on Eligibility for Bonus.— 
A person may not be paid a bonus under subsection (a) if
(1) the person, in exchange for an agreement to accept an appointment as an officer, received financial assistance from the Department of Defense to pursue a course of study in dentistry; or
(2) the Secretary concerned determines that the person is not qualified to become and remain certified and licensed as a dentist.
(c) Agreement.— 
The agreement referred to in subsection (a) shall provide that, consistent with the needs of the armed service concerned, the person executing the agreement will be assigned to duty, for the period of obligated service covered by the agreement, as an officer of the Dental Corps of the Army or the Navy or an officer of the Air Force designated as a dental officer.
(d) Repayment.— 
A person who, after signing an agreement under subsection (a), is not commissioned as an officer of the armed forces, does not become licensed as a dentist, or does not complete the period of active duty specified in the agreement shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.

37 USC 302i - Special pay: pharmacy officers

(a) Army, Navy, and Air Force Pharmacy Officers.— 
Under regulations prescribed pursuant to section 303a of this title, the Secretary of the military department concerned may, subject to subsection (c), pay retention special pay under this section to an officer who
(1) is a pharmacy officer in the Medical Service Corps of the Army or Navy or the Biomedical Sciences Corps of the Air Force; and
(2) is on active duty under a call or order to active duty for a period of not less than one year.
(b) Public Health Service Corps.— 
Subject to subsection (c), the Secretary of Health and Human Services may pay retention special pay under this section to an officer who
(1) is an officer in the Regular or Reserve Corps of the Public Health Service and is designated as a pharmacy officer; and
(2) is on active duty under a call or order to active duty for a period of not less than one year.
(c) Limitation on Eligibility for Special Pay.— 
Special pay may not be paid under this section to an officer serving in a pay grade above pay grade O6.
(d) Limitation on Amount of Special Pay.— 
The amount of retention special pay paid to an officer under this section may not exceed $15,000 for any 12-month period.

37 USC 302j - Special pay: accession bonus for pharmacy officers

(a) Accession Bonus Authorized.— 
A person who is a graduate of an accredited pharmacy school and who, during the period beginning on October 30, 2000, and ending on December 31, 2007, executes a written agreement described in subsection (d) to accept a commission as an officer of a uniformed service and remain on active duty for a period of not less than 4 years may, upon acceptance of the agreement by the Secretary concerned, be paid an accession bonus in an amount determined by the Secretary concerned.
(b) Limitation on Amount of Bonus.The amount of an accession bonus under subsection (a) may not exceed $30,000.
(c) Limitation on Eligibility for Bonus.— 
A person may not be paid a bonus under subsection (a) if
(1) the person, in exchange for an agreement to accept an appointment as a warrant or commissioned officer, received financial assistance from the Department of Defense or the Department of Health and Human Services to pursue a course of study in pharmacy; or
(2) the Secretary concerned determines that the person is not qualified to become and remain licensed as a pharmacist.
(d) Agreement.— 
The agreement referred to in subsection (a) shall provide that, consistent with the needs of the uniformed service concerned, the person executing the agreement shall be assigned to duty, for the period of obligated service covered by the agreement, as a pharmacy officer in the Medical Service Corps of the Army or Navy, a biomedical sciences officer in the Air Force designated as a pharmacy officer, or a pharmacy officer of the Public Health Service.
(e) Repayment.— 
A person who, after signing an agreement under subsection (a), is not commissioned as an officer of the armed forces, does not become and remain certified or licensed as a pharmacist, or does not complete the period of active duty specified in the agreement shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.

37 USC 302k - Special pay: accession bonus for medical officers in critically short wartime specialties

(a) Accession Bonus Authorized.— 
A person who is a graduate of an accredited school of medicine or osteopathy in a specialty designated by regulations as a critically short wartime specialty and who executes a written agreement described in subsection (d) to accept a commission as an officer of the armed forces and remain on active duty for a period of not less than four consecutive years may, upon the acceptance of the agreement by the Secretary concerned, be paid an accession bonus in the amount determined by the Secretary concerned.
(b) Amount of Bonus.— 
The amount of an accession bonus under subsection (a) may not exceed $400,000.
(c) Limitation on Eligibility for Bonus.— 
A person may not be paid a bonus under subsection (a) if
(1) the person, in exchange for an agreement to accept an appointment as an officer, received financial assistance from the Department of Defense to pursue a course of study in medicine or osteopathy; or
(2) the Secretary concerned determines that the person is not qualified to become and remain certified as a doctor or osteopath in a specialty designated by regulations as a critically short wartime specialty.
(d) Agreement.— 
The agreement referred to in subsection (a) shall provide that, consistent with the needs of the armed force concerned, the person executing the agreement will be assigned to duty, for the period of obligated service covered by the agreement, as an officer of the Medical Corps of the Army or the Navy or as an officer of the Air Force designated as a medical officer in a specialty designated by regulations as a critically short wartime specialty.
(e) Repayment.— 
A person who, after executing an agreement under subsection (a) is not commissioned as an officer of the armed forces, does not become licensed as a doctor or osteopath, as the case may be, or does not complete the period of active duty in a specialty specified in the agreement, shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(f) Termination of Authority.— 
No agreement under this section may be entered into after December 31, 2007.

37 USC 302l - Special pay: accession bonus for dental specialist officers in critically short wartime specialties

(a) Accession Bonus Authorized.— 
A person who is a graduate of an accredited dental school in a specialty designated by regulations as a critically short wartime specialty and who executes a written agreement described in subsection (d) to accept a commission as an officer of the armed forces and remain on active duty for a period of not less than four consecutive years may, upon the acceptance of the agreement by the Secretary concerned, be paid an accession bonus in the amount determined by the Secretary concerned.
(b) Amount of Bonus.— 
The amount of an accession bonus under subsection (a) may not exceed $400,000.
(c) Limitation on Eligibility for Bonus.— 
A person may not be paid a bonus under subsection (a) if
(1) the person, in exchange for an agreement to accept an appointment as an officer, received financial assistance from the Department of Defense to pursue a course of study in dentistry; or
(2) the Secretary concerned determines that the person is not qualified to become and remain certified as a dentist in a specialty designated by regulations as a critically short wartime specialty.
(d) Agreement.— 
The agreement referred to in subsection (a) shall provide that, consistent with the needs of the armed force concerned, the person executing the agreement will be assigned to duty, for the period of obligated service covered by the agreement, as an officer of the Dental Corps of the Army or the Navy or as an officer of the Air Force designated as a dental officer in a specialty designated by regulations as a critically short wartime specialty.
(e) Repayment.— 
A person who, after executing an agreement under subsection (a) is not commissioned as an officer of the armed forces, does not become licensed as a dentist, or does not complete the period of active duty in a specialty specified in the agreement, shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(f) Coordination With Other Accession Bonus Authority.— 
A person eligible to execute an agreement under both subsection (a) and section 302h of this title shall elect which authority to execute the agreement under. A person may not execute an agreement under both subsection (a) and such section 302h.
(g) Termination of Authority.— 
No agreement under this section may be entered into after December 31, 2007.

37 USC 303 - Special pay: veterinarians

(a) Monthly Special Pay.— 
Each of the following officers is entitled to special pay at the rate of $100 a month for each month of active duty:
(1) A commissioned officer
(A) of the Regular Army who is in the Veterinary Corps;
(B) of the Regular Air Force who is an officer in the Biomedical Sciences Corps and holds a degree in veterinary medicine; or
(C) who is a veterinary officer of the Regular Corps of the Public Health Service.
(2) A commissioned officer
(A) of a Reserve component of the Army who is in the Veterinary Corps of the Army;
(B) of a reserve component of the Air Force, of the Army or the Air Force without specification of component, or of the National Guard, who
(i) is designated as a veterinary officer; or
(ii) is an officer in the Biomedical Sciences Corps of the Air Force and holds a degree in veterinary medicine; or
(C) who is a veterinary officer of the Reserve Corps of the Public Health Service,

who is on active duty as a result of a call or order to active duty for a period of at least one year.

(3) A general officer of the Army or the Air Force appointed, from any of the categories named in clause (1) or (2), in the Army, the Air Force, or the National Guard, as the case may be.
(b) Additional Special Pay for Board Certification.— 
A commissioned officer entitled to special pay under subsection (a) who has been certified as a Diplomate in a specialty recognized by the American Veterinarian Medical Association is entitled to special pay (in addition to the special pay under subsection (a)) at the same rate as is provided under section 302c (b) of this title for an officer referred to in that section who has the same number of years of creditable service as the commissioned officer.

37 USC 303a - Special pay: general provisions

(a) The Secretary of Defense, with respect to the Army, Navy, and Air Force, and the Secretary of Health and Human Services, with respect to the Public Health Service, shall prescribe regulations for the administration of sections 301d, 302 through 302j, and 303 of this title.
(b) 
(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) or as otherwise provided under a provision of this chapter, a commissioned officer in the Regular or Reserve Corps of the Public Health Service is entitled to special pay under a provision of this chapter in the same amounts, and under the same terms and conditions, as a commissioned officer of the armed forces is entitled to special pay under that provision.
(2) A commissioned medical officer in the Regular or Reserve Corps of the Public Health Service (other than an officer serving in the Indian Health Service) may not receive additional special pay under section 302 (a)(4) of this title for any period during which the officer is providing obligated service under the following provisions of law:
(A) Section 338B of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 254l–1).
(B) Section 225(e) of the Public Health Service Act, as that section was in effect before October 1, 1977.
(C) Section 752 of the Public Health Service Act, as that section was in effect between October 1, 1977, and August 13, 1981.
(c) Special pay authorized under sections 301d, 302 through 302j, and 303 of this title is in addition to any other pay or allowance to which an officer is entitled. The amount of special pay to which an officer is entitled under any of such sections may not be included in computing the amount of any increase in pay authorized by any other provision of this title or in computing retired pay, separation pay, severance pay, or readjustment pay.
(d) The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a review every two years of the special pay for health professionals authorized by sections 301d, 302 through 302j, and 303 of this title.
(e) Repayment of Unearned Portion of Bonuses and Other Benefits When Conditions of Payment not Met.— 

(1) A member of the uniformed services who receives a bonus or similar benefit and whose receipt of the bonus or similar benefit is subject to the condition that the member continue to satisfy certain eligibility requirements shall repay to the United States an amount equal to the unearned portion of the bonus or similar benefit if the member fails to satisfy the requirements, except in certain circumstances authorized by the Secretary concerned.
(2) The Secretary concerned may establish, by regulations, procedures for determining the amount of the repayment required under this subsection and the circumstances under which an exception to the required repayment may be granted. The Secretary concerned may specify in the regulations the conditions under which an installment payment of a bonus or similar benefit to be paid to a member of the uniformed services will not be made if the member no longer satisfies the eligibility requirements for the bonus or similar benefit. For the military departments, this subsection shall be administered under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense.
(3) An obligation to repay the United States under this subsection is, for all purposes, a debt owed the United States. A discharge in bankruptcy under title 11 does not discharge a person from such debt if the discharge order is entered less than five years after
(A) the date of the termination of the agreement or contract on which the debt is based; or
(B) in the absence of such an agreement or contract, the date of the termination of the service on which the debt is based.
(4) In this subsection:
(A) The term bonus or similar benefit means a bonus, incentive pay, special pay, or similar payment, or an educational benefit or stipend, paid to a member of the uniformed services under a provision of law that refers to the repayment requirements of this subsection.
(B) The term service, as used in paragraph (3)(B), refers to an obligation willingly undertaken by a member of the uniformed services, in exchange for a bonus or similar benefit offered by the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary concerned
(i) to remain on active duty or in an active status in a reserve component;
(ii) to perform duty in a specified skill, with or without a specified qualification or credential;
(iii) to perform duty at a specified location; or
(iv) to perform duty for a specified period of time.

37 USC 303b - Waiver of board certification requirements

(a) Certification Interrupted by Contingency Operation.— 
A member of the armed forces described in subsection (b) who completes the board certification or recertification requirements specified in section 302 (a)(5), 302b (a)(5), 302c (c)(3), or 302c (d)(4) of this title before the end of the period established for the member in subsection (c) shall be paid special pay under the applicable section for active duty performed during the period beginning on the date on which the member was assigned to duty in support of a contingency operation and ending on the date of that certification or recertification if the Secretary of Defense determines that the member was unable to schedule or complete that certification or recertification earlier because of that duty.
(b) Eligible Members Described.— 
A member of the armed forces referred to in subsection (a) is a member who
(1) is a medical or dental officer or a nonphysician health care provider;
(2) has completed any required residency training; and
(3) was, except for the board certification requirement, otherwise eligible for special pay under section 302 (a)(5), 302b (a)(5), 302c (c)(3), or 302c (d)(4) of this title during a duty assignment in support of a contingency operation.
(c) Period for Certification.— 
The period referred to in subsection (a) for completion of board certification or recertification requirements with respect to a member of the armed forces is the 180-day period (extended for such additional time as the Secretary of Defense determines to be appropriate) beginning on the date on which the member is released from the duty to which the member was assigned in support of a contingency operation.

37 USC 304 - Special pay: diving duty

(a) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, a member of a uniformed service who is entitled to basic pay is entitled to special pay, in the amount set forth in subsection (b), for periods during which the member
(1) is assigned by orders to the duty of diving;
(2) is required to maintain proficiency as a diver by frequent and regular dives; and
(3) either
(A) actually performs diving duty while serving in an assignment for which diving is a primary duty; or
(B) meets the requirements to maintain proficiency as described in paragraph (2) while serving in an assignment that includes diving duty other than as a primary duty.
(b) Special pay payable under subsection (a) shall be paid at a rate of not more than $240 a month, in the case of an officer, and at a rate of not more than $340 a month, in the case of an enlisted member.
(c) If, in addition to diving duty, a member is assigned by orders to one or more hazardous duties described in section 301 of this title, the member may be paid, for the same period of service, special pay under this section and incentive pay under such section 301 for each hazardous duty for which the member is qualified.
(d) 
(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned and to the extent provided for by appropriations, when a member of the National Guard or a reserve component of a uniformed service who is entitled to compensation under section 206 of this title performs diving duty, pursuant to orders, such member is entitled to an increase in compensation equal to 1/30 of the monthly special pay prescribed by the Secretary concerned for the performance of diving duty by a member of comparable diving classification who is entitled to basic pay under section 204 of this title. Such member is entitled to the increase
(A) for each regular period of instruction, or period of appropriate duty, at which the member is engaged for at least two hours, including that performed on a Sunday or holiday; or
(B) for the performance of such other equivalent training, instruction, duty, or appropriate duties, as the Secretary may prescribe under section 206 (a) of this title.
(2) This subsection does not apply to a member who is entitled to basic pay under section 204 of this title.
(e) In time of war, the President may suspend the payment of diving duty pay.

37 USC 305 - Special pay: hardship duty pay

(a) Special Pay Authorized.— 
A member of a uniformed service who is entitled to basic pay may be paid special pay under this section at a monthly rate not to exceed $750 while the member is performing duty in the United States or outside the United States that is designated by the Secretary of Defense as hardship duty.
(b) Regulations.— 
The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations for the provision of hardship duty pay under subsection (a), including the specific monthly rates at which the special pay will be available.

37 USC 305a - Special pay: career sea pay

(a) Availability of Special Pay.— 
A member of a uniformed service who is entitled to basic pay is also entitled, while on sea duty, to special pay at the applicable rate under subsection (b).
(b) Rates; Maximum.— 
The Secretary concerned shall prescribe the monthly rates for special pay applicable to members of each armed force under the Secretarys jurisdiction. No monthly rate may exceed $750.
(c) Premium.— 
A member of a uniformed service entitled to career sea pay under this section who has served 36 consecutive months of sea duty is also entitled to a career sea pay premium for the thirty-seventh consecutive month and each subsequent consecutive month of sea duty served by such member. The monthly amount of the premium shall be prescribed by the Secretary concerned, but may not exceed $350.
(d) Regulations.— 
The Secretary concerned shall prescribe regulations for the administration of this section for the armed force or armed forces under the jurisdiction of the Secretary. The entitlements under this section shall be subject to the regulations.
(e) Definition of Sea Duty.— 

(1) In this section, the term sea duty means duty performed by a member
(A) while permanently or temporarily assigned to a ship and
(i) while serving on a ship the primary mission of which is accomplished while under way;
(ii) while serving as a member of the off-crew of a two-crewed submarine; or
(iii) while serving as a member of a tender-class ship (with the hull classification of submarine or destroyer); or
(B) while permanently or temporarily assigned to a ship and while serving on a ship the primary mission of which is normally accomplished while in port, but only during a period that the ship is away from its homeport.
(2) The Secretary concerned may designate duty performed by a member while serving on a ship the primary mission of which is accomplished either while under way or in port as sea duty for purposes of this section, even though the duty is performed while the member is permanently or temporarily assigned to a ship-based staff or other unit not covered by paragraph (1).
(3) For the purpose of determining the years of sea duty with which a member may be credited for purposes of this section, the term sea duty also includes duty performed after December 31, 1988, by a member while permanently or temporarily assigned to a ship or ship-based staff and while serving on a ship on which the member would be entitled, during a period that the ship is away from its homeport, to receive sea pay by reason of paragraph (1)(B).
(4) A ship shall be considered to be away from its homeport for purposes of this subsection when it is
(A) at sea; or
(B) in a port that is more than 50 miles from its homeport.

37 USC 305b - Special pay: service as member of Weapons of Mass Destruction Civil Support Team

(a) Special Pay Authorized.— 
The Secretary of a military department may pay special pay under this subsection to members of an armed force under the jurisdiction of the Secretary who are entitled to basic pay under section 204 and are assigned by orders to duty as members of a Weapons of Mass Destruction Civil Support Team if the Secretary determines that the payment of such special pay is needed to address recruitment or retention concerns in that armed force.
(b) Monthly Rate.— 
The monthly rate of special pay under subsection (a) may not exceed $150.
(c) Inclusion of Reserve Component Members Performing Inactive Duty Training.— 

(1) To the extent funds are made available to carry out this subsection, the Secretary of a military department may pay the special pay under subsection (a) to members of a reserve component of the armed forces who are entitled to compensation under section 206 of this title and who perform duty under orders as members of a Weapons of Mass Destruction Civil Support Team.
(2) The amount of the special pay for a member referred to in paragraph (1) shall be equal to 1/30 of the monthly special pay rate in effect under subsection (b) for each day on which the member performs duty under orders as members of a Weapons of Mass Destruction Civil Support Team.
(d) Regulations.— 
Special pay under this section shall be provided in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense.
(e) Definition.— 
In this section, the term Weapons of Mass Destruction Civil Support Team means a team of members of the reserve components of the armed forces that is established under section 12310 (c) of title 10 in support of emergency preparedness programs to prepare for or to respond to any emergency involving the use of a weapon of mass destruction.

37 USC 306 - Special pay: officers holding positions of unusual responsibility and of critical nature

(a) 
(1) The Secretary concerned may designate positions of unusual responsibility which are of a critical nature to an armed force under his jurisdiction and may pay special pay, in addition to other pay prescribed by law, to an officer of an armed force described in paragraph (2) who is performing the duties of such a position, at the following monthly rates:
(2) An officer of the armed forces referred to in paragraph (1) is an officer who is entitled to the basic pay under section 204 of this title, or the compensation under section 206 of this title, of pay grade O6 or below.
(b) If an officer entitled to compensation under section 206 of this title is paid special pay under subsection (a) for the performance of duties in a position designated under such subsection, the special pay shall be paid at the rate of 1/30 of the monthly rate authorized by such subsection for each day of the performance of duties in the designated position.
(c) The Secretary concerned shall prescribe the criteria and circumstances under which officers of an armed force under his jurisdiction are eligible for special pay under this section and, when he considers it necessary, may abolish that special pay.
(d) 
(1) Not more than 5 percent of the number of officers on active duty (other than for training or mobilization in support of a contingency operation) in an armed force in each of the pay grades O3 and below, and not more than 10 percent of the number of officers on active duty in an armed force in pay grade O4, O5, or O6, may be paid special pay under this section.
(2) Of the number of officers in the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve of an armed force who are not on active duty (other than for training or mobilization in support of a contingency operation), not more than 5 percent of the number of such officers in each of the pay grades O3 and below, and not more than 10 percent of the number of such officers in pay grade O4, O5, or O6, may be paid special pay under subsection (b).
(e) This section shall be administered under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for the armed forces under his jurisdiction, and by the Secretary of Homeland Security for the Coast Guard when the Coast Guard is not operating as a service in the Navy.
(f) This section does not apply to a person who is entitled to special pay under section 302, 302a, 302b, or 303 of this title.

37 USC 306a - Special pay: members assigned to international military headquarters

Not more than nine members of the armed forces, including members detailed to international military headquarters, may be paid pay and allowances at rates referred to in section 625(d) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2385 (d)).

37 USC 307 - Special pay: special duty assignment pay for enlisted members

(a) An enlisted member who is entitled to basic pay and is performing duties which have been designated under subsection (b) as extremely difficult or as involving an unusual degree of responsibility in a military skill may, in addition to other pay or allowances to which he is entitled, be paid special duty assignment pay at a monthly rate not to exceed $600.
(b) The Secretary concerned shall determine which enlisted members under his jurisdiction are to be paid special duty assignment pay under subsection (a). He shall also designate those skills within each armed force under his jurisdiction for which special duty assignment pay is authorized and shall prescribe the criteria under which members of that armed force are eligible for special duty assignment pay in each skill. He may increase, decrease, or abolish such pay for any skill.
(c) This section shall be administered under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for the armed forces under his jurisdiction and by the Secretary of Homeland Security for the Coast Guard when the Coast Guard is not operating as a service in the Navy.
(d) 
(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned and to the extent provided for by appropriations, when an enlisted member of the National Guard or a reserve component of a uniformed service who is entitled to compensation under section 206 of this title performs duty for which a member described in subsection (a) is entitled to special pay under such subsection, the member of the National Guard or reserve component is entitled to an increase in compensation equal to 1/30 of the monthly special duty assignment pay prescribed by the Secretary concerned for the performance of that same duty by members described in subsection (a).
(2) A member of the National Guard or a reserve component entitled to an increase in compensation under paragraph (1) is entitled to the increase
(A) for each regular period of instruction, or period of appropriate duty, at which the member is engaged for at least two hours, including that performed on a Sunday or holiday; or
(B) for the performance of such other equivalent training, instruction, duty, or appropriate duties, as the Secretary may prescribe under section 206 (a) of this title.
(3) This subsection does not apply to a member of the National Guard or a reserve component who is entitled to basic pay under section 204 of this title.

37 USC 307a - Special pay: assignment incentive pay

(a) Authority.— 
The Secretary concerned may pay incentive pay under this section to a member of a uniformed service who performs service, while entitled to basic pay, in an assignment designated by the Secretary concerned. Incentive pay payable under this section may be paid on a monthly basis, in a lump sum, or in installments.
(b) Written Agreement.— 

(1) The Secretary concerned may require a member performing service in an assignment designated under subsection (a) to enter into a written agreement with the Secretary in order to qualify for the payment of incentive pay on a monthly basis under this section. The written agreement shall specify the period for which the incentive pay will be paid to the member and, subject to subsection (c), the monthly rate of the incentive pay.
(2) The Secretary concerned shall require a member performing service in an assignment designated under subsection (a) to enter into a written agreement with the Secretary in order to qualify for the payment of incentive pay on a lump sum or installment basis under this section. The written agreement shall specify the period for which the incentive pay will be paid to the member and, subject to subsection (c), the amount of the lump sum, or each installment, of the incentive pay.
(c) Maximum Rate or Amount.— 

(1) The maximum monthly rate of incentive pay payable to a member on a monthly basis under this section is $3,000.
(2) The amount of the lump sum payment of incentive pay payable to a member on a lump sum basis under this section may not exceed an amount equal to the product of
(A) the maximum monthly rate authorized under paragraph (1) at the time of the written agreement of the member under subsection (b)(2); and
(B) the number of months in the period for which incentive pay will be paid pursuant to the agreement.
(3) The amount of each installment payment of incentive pay payable to a member on an installment basis under this section shall be the amount equal to
(A) the product of
(i)  a monthly rate specified in the written agreement of the member under subsection (b)(2) (which monthly rate may not exceed the maximum monthly rate authorized under paragraph (1) at the time of the written agreement), and
(ii)  the number of months in the period for which incentive pay will be paid; divided by
(B) the number of installments over such period.
(4) If a member extends an assignment specified in an agreement with the Secretary under subsection (b), incentive pay for the period of the extension may be paid under this section on a monthly basis, in a lump sum, or in installments in accordance with this section.
(d) Repayment.— 
A member who enters into an agreement under this section and receives incentive pay under the agreement in a lump sum or installments, but who fails to complete the period of service covered by the payment, whether voluntarily or because of misconduct, shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(e) Relationship to Other Pay and Allowances.— 
Incentive pay paid to a member under this section is in addition to any other pay and allowances to which the member is entitled.
(f) Status Not Affected by Temporary Duty or Leave.— 
The service of a member in an assignment referred to in subsection (a) shall not be considered discontinued during any period that the member is not performing service in the assignment by reason of
(1) temporary duty performed by the member pursuant to orders; or
(2) absence of the member for authorized leave, other than leave authorized for a period ending upon the discharge of the member or the release of the member from active duty.
(g) Termination of Authority.— 
No agreement under this section may be entered into after December 31, 2008.

37 USC 308 - Special pay: reenlistment bonus

(a) 
(1) The Secretary concerned may pay a bonus under paragraph (2) to a member of a uniformed service who
(A) has completed at least 17 months of continuous active duty (other than for training) but not more than 20 years of active duty;
(B) is qualified in a military skill designated as critical by the Secretary of Defense, or by the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as service in the Navy; and
(C) reenlists or voluntarily extends the members enlistment for a period of at least three years
(i) in a regular component of the service concerned; or
(ii) in a reserve component of the service concerned, if the member is performing active Guard and Reserve duty (as defined in section 101 (d)(6) of title 10).
(2) The bonus to be paid under paragraph (1) may not exceed the lesser of the following amounts:
(A) The amount equal to the product of
(i) 15 times the monthly rate of basic pay to which the member was entitled at the time of the discharge or release of the member; and
(ii) the number of years (or the monthly fractions thereof) of the term of reenlistment or extension of enlistment, not to exceed six.
(B) $90,000.
(3) Any portion of a term of reenlistment or extension of enlistment of a member that, when added to the total years of service of the member at the time of discharge or release, exceeds 24 years may not be used in computing a bonus under paragraph (2)(A).
(4) Notwithstanding paragraph (1)(B), a member who agrees to train and reenlist for service in a military skill which, at the time of that agreement, is designated as critical, may be paid the bonus approved for that skill, at the rate in effect at the time of agreement, upon completion of training and qualification in that skill, if otherwise qualified under this subsection and even if that skill is no longer designated as critical at the time the member becomes eligible for payment of the bonus.
(5) The Secretary of Defense may waive the eligibility requirement in paragraph (1)(B) in the case of a reenlistment or voluntary extension of enlistment by a member of the armed forces that is entered into as described in this subsection while the member is serving on active duty in Afghanistan, Iraq, or Kuwait in support of Operation Enduring Freedom or Operation Iraqi Freedom.
(b) Bonus payments authorized under this section may be paid in either a lump sum or in installments. If the bonus is paid in installments, the initial payment shall be not less than 50 percent of the total bonus amount.
(c) For the purpose of computing the reenlistment bonus in the case of an officer with prior enlisted service who may be entitled to a bonus under subsection (a), the monthly basic pay of the grade in which he is enlisted, computed in accordance with his years of service computed under section 205 of this title, shall be used instead of the monthly basic pay to which he was entitled at the time of his release from active duty as an officer.
(d) A member who does not complete the term of enlistment for which a bonus was paid to the member under this section, or a member who is not technically qualified in the skill for which a bonus was paid to the member under this section, shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(e) For the purposes of determining the eligibility of a member for a bonus under this section and of computing the amount of that bonus
(1) any period of enlistment (including any extension of an enlistment)
(A)  that is incurred by the member for the purpose of continuing to qualify for continuous submarine duty incentive pay under section 301c of this title, and
(B)  for which no bonus is otherwise payable; or
(2) any unserved period of two years or less of an extension of an enlistment for which no bonus has been paid or for which no bonus is otherwise payable under this section,

may, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, be considered as part of an immediately subsequent term of reenlistment (or as part of an immediately subsequent voluntary extension of an enlistment).

(f) This section shall be administered under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for the armed forces under his jurisdiction, and by the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy.
(g) No bonus shall be paid under this section with respect to any reenlistment, or voluntary extension of an active-duty enlistment, in the armed forces entered into after December 31, 2007.

37 USC 308a - Repealed. Pub. L. 106398, 1 [[div. A], title VI, 624(b)(1)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A153]

Section, added Pub. L. 92–129, title II, § 203(a), Sept. 28, 1971, 85 Stat. 358; amended Pub. L. 93–64, title II, § 204, July 9, 1973, 87 Stat. 149; Pub. L. 93–277, § 2(2), May 10, 1974, 88 Stat. 120; Pub. L. 95–57, § 2, June 29, 1977, 91 Stat. 253; Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, § 802(b), Oct. 20, 1978, 92 Stat. 1619; Pub. L. 96–342, title VIII, § 804(b), Sept. 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 1092; Pub. L. 97–60, title I, § 117(b), Oct. 14, 1981, 95 Stat. 996; Pub. L. 97–276, title I, § 131, Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1197; Pub. L. 97–377, title I, § 101(c) [title VII, 798], Dec. 21, 1982, 96 Stat. 1833, 1865; Pub. L. 98–14, § 1, Mar. 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 55; Pub. L. 98–525, title VI, § 621(a), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2540; Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title VI, 626(a), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1104; Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title VI, 612(a), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1445; Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title VI, 612(b), Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2421; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title VI, 613(c), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1681; Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title VI, 613(c), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2783; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title VI, 613(c), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 359; Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title VI, 613(c), Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2544; Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title VI, 613(c), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1786; Pub. L. 105–261, div. A, title VI, 613(c), Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2039; Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title VI, 613(c), 619 (a)(c), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 650, 652, 653, related to enlistment bonuses.

37 USC 308b - Special pay: reenlistment bonus for members of the Selected Reserve

(a) Authority and Eligibility Requirements.— 
The Secretary concerned may pay a bonus under subsection (b) to an enlisted member of a reserve component who
(1) has completed not more than 20 years of total military service; and
(2) reenlists or voluntarily extends his enlistment for a period of three years or for a period of six years in a designated military skill, or in a designated unit, as determined by the Secretary concerned, in the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve of an armed force.
(b) Bonus Amounts; Payment.— 

(1) The amount of a bonus under this section may not exceed
(A) $15,000, in the case of a member who reenlists or extends an enlistment for a period of six years;
(B) $7,500, in the case of a member who, having never received a bonus under this section, reenlists or extends an enlistment for a period of three years; and
(C) $6,000, in the case of a member who, having received a bonus under this section for a previous three-year reenlistment or extension of an enlistment, reenlists or extends the enlistment for an additional period of three years.
(2) Bonus payments authorized under this section may be paid in either a lump sum or in installments. If the bonus is paid in installments, the initial payment shall be not less than 50 percent of the total bonus amount. The Secretary concerned shall prescribe the amount of each subsequent installment payment and the schedule for making the installment payments.
(3) Any portion of a term of reenlistment or extension of enlistment of a member that, when added to the total years of service of the member at the time of discharge or release, exceeds 24 years may not be used in computing the total bonus amount under paragraph (1).
(c) Condition on Eligibility.— 

(1) To be eligible for a second bonus under this section in the amount specified in subsection (b)(1)(C), a member must
(A) enter into the subsequent reenlistment or extension of an enlistment for a period of three years not later than the date on which the enlistment or extension for which the first bonus was paid would expire; and
(B) still satisfy the designated skill or unit requirements required under subsection (a)(2).
(2) In the case of a reenlistment or voluntary extension of enlistment by a member of the armed forces that is entered into as described in subsection (a) while the member is serving on active duty in Afghanistan, Iraq, or Kuwait in support of Operation Enduring Freedom or Operation Iraqi Freedom, the Secretary concerned may waive so much of paragraph (1)(B) or subsection (a)(2) as requires that the skill or unit in which the member reenlists or extends an enlistment be a designated skill or designated unit determined by the Secretary concerned.
(d) Payment to Mobilized Members.— 
A member entitled to a bonus under this section who is called or ordered to active duty shall be paid, during that period of active duty, any amount of the bonus that becomes payable to the member during that period of active duty.
(e) Repayment.— 
A member who does not complete the term of enlistment in the element of the Selected Reserve for which the bonus was paid to the member under this section shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(f) Regulations.— 
This section shall be administered under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for the armed forces under his jurisdiction and by the Secretary of Homeland Security for the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy.
(g) Termination of Authority.— 
No bonus may be paid under this section to any enlisted member who, after December 31, 2007, reenlists or voluntarily extends his enlistment in a reserve component.

37 USC 308c - Special pay: bonus for affiliation or enlistment in the Selected Reserve

(a) Affiliation Bonus Authorized.— 
The Secretary concerned may pay an affiliation bonus to an enlisted member of an armed force who
(1) has completed fewer than 20 years of military service; and
(2) executes a written agreement to serve in the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve of an armed force for a period of not less than three years in a skill, unit, or pay grade designated under subsection (b) after being discharged or released from active duty under honorable conditions.
(b) Designation of Skills, Units, and Pay Grades.— 
The Secretary concerned shall designate the skills, units, and pay grades for which an affiliation bonus may be paid under subsection (a). Any skill, unit, or pay grade so designated shall be a skill, unit, or pay grade for which there is a critical need for personnel in the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve of an armed force, as determined by the Secretary concerned. The Secretary concerned shall establish other requirements to ensure that members accepted for affiliation meet required performance and discipline standards.
(c) Accession Bonus Authorized.— 
The Secretary concerned may pay an accession bonus to a person who
(1) has not previously served in the armed forces; and
(2) executes a written agreement to serve as an enlisted member in the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve of an armed force for a period of not less than three years upon acceptance of the agreement by the Secretary concerned.
(d) Limitation on Amount of Bonus.— 
The amount of a bonus under subsection (a) or (c) may not exceed $20,000.
(e) Payment Method.— 
Upon acceptance of a written agreement by the Secretary concerned, the total amount of the bonus payable under the agreement becomes fixed. The agreement shall specify whether the bonus shall be paid by the Secretary concerned in a lump sum or in installments.
(f) Continued Entitlement to Bonus Payments.— 
A member entitled to a bonus under this section who is called or ordered to active duty shall be paid, during that period of active duty, any amount of the bonus that becomes payable to the member during that period of active duty.
(g) Repayment.— 
A person who enters into an agreement under subsection (a) or (c) and receives all or part of the bonus under the agreement, but who does not commence to serve in the Selected Reserve or does not satisfactorily participate in the Selected Reserve for the total period of service specified in the agreement, shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(h) Regulations.— 
This section shall be administered under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for the armed forces under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Defense and by the Secretary of Homeland Security for the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy.
(i) Termination of Bonus Authority.— 
No bonus may be paid under this section with respect to any agreement entered into under subsection (a) or (c) after December 31, 2007.

37 USC 308d - Special pay: members of the Selected Reserve assigned to certain high priority units

(a) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, or the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy, a member who is assigned to a high priority unit of the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve of an armed force, as designated under subsection (b), and who performs inactive duty for training for compensation under section 206 of this title with such unit may be paid compensation, in addition to the compensation to which the member is otherwise entitled, in an amount not to exceed $50 for each regular period of instruction, or period of appropriate duty, at which the member is engaged for at least four hours, including any such instruction or duty performed on a Sunday or holiday.
(b) The Secretary concerned may designate a unit, for the purposes of subsection (a) and under such terms and conditions as the Secretary considers appropriate, as a high priority unit if that unit has experienced, or reasonably might be expected to experience, critical personnel shortages. The Secretary may vacate a designation made under this subsection at any time he considers the designation no longer necessary.
(c) Additional compensation may not be paid under this section for inactive duty performed after December 31, 2007.

37 USC 308e - Repealed. Pub. L. 109163, div. A, title VI, 631(b), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3299]

Section, added Pub. L. 96–342, title VIII, § 805(a)(1), Sept. 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 1093; amended Pub. L. 97–86, title V, § 505, Dec. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 1109; Pub. L. 99–145, title VI, § 645(a), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 654; Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title VI, 626(b), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1104; Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title VI, 613, Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1446; Pub. L. 102–25, title VII, § 702(b)(1), (2), (c), Apr. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 117; Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title VI, 612(d), Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2421; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title VI, 612(c), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1680; Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title VI, 611(c), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2782; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title VI, 611(c), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 359; Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title VI, 611(e), Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2543; Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title VI, 611(e), 623, Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1785, 1793; Pub. L. 105–261, div. A, title VI, 611(e), Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2038; Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title VI, 611(e), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 650; Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title VI, 621(e)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A151; Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title VI, 611(e), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1135; Pub. L. 107–296, title XVII, § 1704(c), Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2314; Pub. L. 107–314, div. A, title VI, 611(d), Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2567; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title VI, 611(d), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1500; Pub. L. 108–375, div. A, title VI, 611(d), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 1946, related to payment of bonus for reserve affiliation agreement.

37 USC 308f - Repealed. Pub. L. 106398, 1 [[div. A], title VI, 624(b)(1)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A153]

Section, added Pub. L. 97–60, title I, § 117(c)(1), Oct. 14, 1981, 95 Stat. 996; amended Pub. L. 98–14, § 2, Mar. 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 55; Pub. L. 98–525, title VI, § 621(a), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2540; Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title VI, 626(a), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1104; Pub. L. 102–25, title VII, § 702(b)(2), Apr. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 117; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title VI, 613(e), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1681; Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title VI, 613(c), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2783; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title VI, 613(c), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 359; Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title VI, 613(c), Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2544; Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title VI, 613(c), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1786; Pub. L. 105–261, div. A, title VI, 613(c), 620, Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2039, 2042; Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title VI, 613(d), 622 (a), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 650, 653, related to bonus for enlistment in the Army.

37 USC 308g - Special pay: bonus for enlistment in elements of the Ready Reserve other than the Selected Reserve

(a) An eligible person who enlists in a combat or combat support skill of an element (other than the Selected Reserve) of the Ready Reserve of an armed force for a term of enlistment of not less than six years, and who has not previously served in an armed force, may be paid a bonus as provided in subsection (b).
(b) Eligibility for and the amount and method of payment of a bonus under this section shall be determined in accordance with regulations prescribed under subsection (g), except that the amount of such a bonus may not exceed $3,000. A person entitled to a bonus under this section who is called or ordered to active duty shall be paid, during that period of active duty, any amount of the bonus that becomes payable to the member during that period of active duty.
(c) A bonus may not be paid under this section for a term of enlistment to any person who fails to complete satisfactorily initial active duty for training or who, upon completion of initial active duty for training, elects to serve the remainder of the term of enlistment in the Selected Reserve or in an active component of an armed force.
(d) A person who does not serve satisfactorily in the element of the Ready Reserve in the combat or combat support skill for the period for which the bonus was paid under this section shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(e) This section shall be administered under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for the armed forces under his jurisdiction and by the Secretary of Homeland Security for the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy.
(f) A bonus may not be paid under this section to any person for an enlistment
(1) during the period beginning on October 1, 1992, and ending on September 30, 2005; or
(2) after December 31, 2007.

37 USC 308h - Special pay: bonus for reenlistment, enlistment, or voluntary extension of enlistment in elements of the Ready Reserve other than the Selected Reserve

(a) Authority and Eligibility Requirements.— 

(1) The Secretary concerned may pay a bonus as provided in subsection (b) to an eligible person who reenlists, enlists, or voluntarily extends an enlistment in a reserve component of an armed force for assignment to an element (other than the Selected Reserve) of the Ready Reserve of that armed force if the reenlistment, enlistment, or extension is for a period of three years, or for a period of six years, beyond any other period the person is obligated to serve.
(2) A person is eligible for a bonus under this section if the person
(A) is or has been a member of an armed force;
(B) is qualified in a skill or specialty designated by the Secretary concerned as a critically short wartime skill or critically short wartime specialty; and
(C) has not failed to complete satisfactorily any original term of enlistment in the armed forces.
(3) For the purposes of this section, the Secretary concerned may designate a skill or specialty as a critically short wartime skill or critically short wartime specialty for an armed force under the jurisdiction of the Secretary if the Secretary determines that
(A) the skill or specialty is critical to meet wartime requirements of the armed force; and
(B) there is a critical shortage of personnel in that armed force who are qualified in that skill or specialty.
(4) The Secretary concerned may waive the eligibility requirement in paragraph (2)(B) in the case of a reenlistment or voluntary extension of enlistment by a member of the armed forces that is entered into as described in this subsection while the member is serving on active duty in Afghanistan, Iraq, or Kuwait in support of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom.
(b) Bonus Amounts; Payment.— 

(1) Eligibility for and the amount and method of payment of a bonus under this section shall be determined under regulations to be prescribed under subsection (f).
(2) The amount of a bonus under this section
(A) may not exceed $3,000, in the case of a person who enlists for a period of six years; and
(B) may not exceed $1,500 in the case of a person who enlists for a period of three years.
(3) A bonus paid under this section shall be paid as follows:
(A) In the case of a bonus under paragraph (2)(A)
(i) $500 shall be paid at the time of the reenlistment, enlistment, or extension of enlistment for which the bonus is paid; and
(ii) the remainder shall be paid in equal annual increments.
(B) In the case of a bonus under paragraph (2)(B), the amount of the bonus shall be paid in equal annual increments.
(4) A person entitled to a bonus under this section who is called or ordered to active duty shall be paid, during that period of active duty, any amount of the bonus that becomes payable to the member during that period of active duty.
(c) Repayment.— 
A person who does not complete the period of enlistment or extension of enlistment for which the bonus was paid under this section shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(d) Regulations.— 

(1) This section shall be administered under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for the armed forces under his jurisdiction and by the Secretary of Homeland Security for the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy.
(2) Regulations under this section may require that as a condition of receiving a bonus under this section the person receiving the bonus agree to participate in an annual muster of the Reserves, or in active duty for training, as may be required by the Secretary concerned.
(e) Termination of Authority.— 
A bonus may not be paid under this section to any person for a reenlistment, enlistment, or voluntary extension of an enlistment after December 31, 2007.

37 USC 308i - Special pay: prior service enlistment bonus

(a) Authority and Eligibility Requirements.— 

(1) A person who is a former enlisted member of an armed force who enlists in the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve of an armed force for a period of three or six years in a critical military skill designated for such a bonus by the Secretary concerned and who meets the requirements of paragraph (2) may be paid a bonus as prescribed in subsection (b).
(2) A bonus may only be paid under this section to a person who meets each of the following requirements:
(A) The person has not more than 16 years of total military service and received an honorable discharge at the conclusion of all prior periods of service.
(B) The person was not released, or is not being released, from active service for the purpose of enlistment in a reserve component.
(C) The person is projected to occupy, or is occupying, a position as a member of the Selected Reserve in a specialty in which the person
(i) successfully served while a member on active duty and attained a level of qualification while on active duty commensurate with the grade and years of service of the member; or
(ii) has completed training or retraining in the specialty skill that is designated as critically short and attained a level of qualification in the specialty skill that is commensurate with the grade and years of service of the member.
(b) Bonus Amounts; Payment.— 

(1) The amount of a bonus under this section may not exceed
(A) $15,000, in the case of a person who enlists for a period of six years;
(B) $7,500, in the case of a person who, having never received a bonus under this section, enlists for a period of three years; and
(C) $6,000, in the case of a person who, having received a bonus under this section for a previous three-year enlistment, reenlists or extends the enlistment for an additional period of three years.
(2) Any bonus payable under this section shall be disbursed in one initial payment of an amount not to exceed one-half of the total amount of the bonus and subsequent periodic partial payments of the balance of the bonus. The Secretary concerned shall prescribe the amount of each partial payment and the schedule for making the partial payments.
(3) A person entitled to a bonus under this section who is called or ordered to active duty shall be paid, during that period of active duty, any amount of the bonus that becomes payable to the member during that period of active duty.
(c) Condition on Eligibility; Limitation on Number of Bonuses.— 

(1) To be eligible for a second bonus under this section in the amount specified in subsection (b)(1)(C), a person must
(A) enter into a reenlistment or extension of an enlistment for a period of three years not later than the date on which the enlistment for which the first bonus was paid would expire; and
(B) still satisfy the eligibility requirements under subsection (a).
(2) A person may not be paid more than one six-year bonus or two three-year bonuses under this section.
(d) Repayment.— 
A person who receives a bonus payment under this section and who, during the period for which the bonus was paid, does not serve satisfactorily in the element of the Selected Reserve with respect to which the bonus was paid shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(e) Regulations.— 
This section shall be administered under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for the armed forces under his jurisdiction and by the Secretary of Homeland Security for the Coast Guard when the Coast Guard is not operating as a service in the Navy.
(f) Termination of Authority.— 
No bonus may be paid under this section to any person for an enlistment after December 31, 2007.

37 USC 308j - Special pay: affiliation bonus for officers in the Selected Reserve

(a) Affiliation Bonus.— 

(1) The Secretary concerned may pay an affiliation bonus under this section to an eligible officer in any of the armed forces who enters into an agreement with the Secretary to serve, for the period specified in the agreement, in the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve of an armed force under the Secretarys jurisdiction
(A) in a critical officer skill designated under paragraph (3); or
(B) to meet a manpower shortage in
(i) a unit of that Selected Reserve; or
(ii) a particular pay grade in that armed force.
(2) An officer is eligible for an affiliation bonus under this section if the officer
(A) either
(i) is serving on active duty for a period of more than 30 days; or
(ii) is a member of a reserve component not on active duty and, if the member formerly served on active duty, was released from active duty under honorable conditions; and
(B) is not entitled to receive retired or retainer pay.
(3) 
(A) The Secretary concerned shall designate for an armed force under the Secretarys jurisdiction the critical officer skills to which the bonus authority under this subsection is to be applied.
(B) A skill may be designated as a critical officer skill for an armed force under subparagraph (A) if, to meet requirements of that armed force, it is critical for that armed force to have a sufficient number of officers who are qualified in that skill.
(4) An affiliation bonus payable pursuant to an agreement under this section to an eligible officer accrues on the date on which the person is assigned to a unit or position in the Selected Reserve pursuant to such agreement.
(b) Accession Bonus.— 

(1) The Secretary concerned may pay an accession bonus under this section to an eligible person who enters into an agreement with the Secretary
(A) to accept an appointment as an officer in the armed forces; and
(B) to serve in the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve in a skill designated under paragraph (2) for a period specified in the agreement.
(2) 
(A) The Secretary concerned shall designate for an armed force under the Secretarys jurisdiction the officer skills to which the authority under this subsection is to be applied.
(B) A skill may be designated for an armed force under subparagraph (A) if, to mitigate a current or projected significant shortage of personnel in that armed force who are qualified in that skill, it is critical to increase the number of persons accessed into that armed force who are qualified in that skill or are to be trained in that skill.
(3) An accession bonus payable to a person pursuant to an agreement under this section accrues on the date on which that agreement is accepted by the Secretary concerned.
(c) Period of Obligated Service.— 
An agreement entered into with the Secretary concerned under this section shall require the person entering into that agreement to serve in the Selected Reserve for a specified period. The period specified in the agreement shall be any period not less than three years that the Secretary concerned determines appropriate to meet the needs of the reserve component in which the service is to be performed.
(d) Amount.— 
The amount of a bonus under this section may be any amount not in excess of $10,000 that the Secretary concerned determines appropriate.
(e) Payment.— 

(1) Upon acceptance of a written agreement by the Secretary concerned under this section, the total amount of the bonus payable under the agreement becomes fixed. The agreement shall specify whether the bonus is to be paid in one lump sum or in installments.
(2) A person entitled to a bonus under this section who is called or ordered to active duty shall be paid, during that period of active duty, any amount of the bonus that becomes payable to the member during that period of active duty.
(f) Relation to Other Accession Bonus Authority.— 
A person may not receive an affiliation bonus or accession bonus under this section and financial assistance under chapter 1608, 1609, or 1611 of title 10, or under section 302g of this title, for the same period of service.
(g) Repayment.— 
A person who enters into an agreement under this section and receives all or part of the bonus under the agreement, but who does not accept a commission or an appointment as an officer or does not commence to participate or does not satisfactorily participate in the Selected Reserve for the total period of service specified in the agreement, shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.

37 USC 309 - Special pay: enlistment bonus

(a) Bonus Authorized; Bonus Amount.— 
A person who enlists in an armed force for a period of at least 2 years may be paid a bonus in an amount not to exceed $40,000. The bonus may be paid in a single lump sum or in periodic installments.
(b) Repayment.— 
A member who does not complete the term of enlistment for which a bonus was paid to the member under this section, or a member who is not technically qualified in the skill for which a bonus was paid to the member under this section, shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(c) Relation to Prohibition on Bounties.— 
The enlistment bonus authorized by this section is not a bounty for purposes of section 514 (a) of title 10.
(d) Regulations.— 
This section shall be administered under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for the armed forces under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Defense and by the Secretary of Homeland Security for the Coast Guard when the Coast Guard is not operating as a service in the Navy.
(e) Duration of Authority.— 
No bonus shall be paid under this section with respect to any enlistment in the armed forces made after December 31, 2007.

37 USC 310 - Special pay: duty subject to hostile fire or imminent danger

(a) Eligibility and Special Pay Amount.— 
Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, a member of a uniformed service may be paid special pay at the rate of $225 for any month in which
(1) the member was entitled to basic pay or compensation under section 204 or 206 of this title; and
(2) the member
(A) was subject to hostile fire or explosion of hostile mines;
(B) was on duty in an area in which the member was in imminent danger of being exposed to hostile fire or explosion of hostile mines and in which, during the period the member was on duty in the area, other members of the uniformed services were subject to hostile fire or explosion of hostile mines;
(C) was killed, injured, or wounded by hostile fire, explosion of a hostile mine, or any other hostile action; or
(D) was on duty in a foreign area in which the member was subject to the threat of physical harm or imminent danger on the basis of civil insurrection, civil war, terrorism, or wartime conditions.
(b) Continuation During Hospitalization.— 

(1) A member described in paragraph (2) may be paid special pay under this section for not more than three additional months during which the member is hospitalized as described in such paragraph.
(2) Paragraph (1) applies with respect to a member who
(A) is injured or wounded under the circumstances described in subsection (a)(2)(C) and is hospitalized for the treatment of the injury or wound; or
(B) while in the line of duty, incurs a wound, injury, or illness in a combat operation or combat zone designated by the Secretary of Defense and is hospitalized outside of the theater of the combat operation or the combat zone for the treatment of the wound, injury, or illness.
(c) Limitations and Administration.— 

(1) In the case of an area described in subparagraph (B) or (D) of subsection (a)(2), the Secretary of Defense shall be responsible for designating the period during which duty in the area will qualify members for special pay under this section. The effective date designated for the commencement of such a period may be a date occurring before, on, or after the actual date on which the Secretary makes the designation. If the commencement date for such a period is a date occurring before the date on which the Secretary makes the designation, the payment of special pay under this section for the period between the commencement date and the date on which the Secretary makes the designation shall be subject to the availability of appropriated funds for that purpose.
(2) A member may not be paid more than one special pay under this section for any month. A member may be paid special pay under this section in addition to any other pay and allowances to which he may be entitled.
(3) A member of a reserve component who is eligible for special pay under this section for a month shall receive the full amount authorized in subsection (a) for that month regardless of the number of days during that month on which the member satisfies the eligibility criteria specified in such subsection.
(d) Determinations of Fact.— 
Any determination of fact that is made in administering this section is conclusive. Such a determination may not be reviewed by any other officer or agency of the United States unless there has been fraud or gross negligence. However, the determination may be changed on the basis of new evidence or for other good cause.

37 USC 311 - Repealed. Pub. L. 99145, title VI, 639(b), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 651]

Section, added Pub. L. 90–207, § 1(2)(A), Dec. 16, 1967, 81 Stat. 651; amended Pub. L. 90–603, § 1, Oct. 18, 1968, 82 Stat. 1187; Pub. L. 90–623, § 3(5), Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1314; Pub. L. 93–274, § 1(3), May 6, 1974, 88 Stat. 95; Pub. L. 93–394, § 1, Aug. 29, 1974, 88 Stat. 792; Pub. L. 96–284, § 4(d)(1)(3), June 28, 1980, 94 Stat. 591, 592; Pub. L. 96–513, title IV, § 414(b), title V, 516(7), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2906, 2938, provided for continuation pay for dentists in the armed forces. See section 302b of this title.

37 USC 312 - Special pay: nuclear-qualified officers extending period of active service

(a) Special Pay Authorized; Eligibility.— 
Under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of the Navy, the Secretary may pay special pay under subsection (b) to an officer of the naval service who
(1) is entitled to basic pay;
(2) has the current technical qualification for duty in connection with supervision, operation, and maintenance of naval nuclear propulsion plants; and
(3) executes a written agreement to remain on active duty in connection with supervision, operation, and maintenance of naval nuclear propulsion plants for a period of three, four, or five years, so long as the new period of obligated active service does not extend beyond the end of 26 years of commissioned service, in addition to any other period of obligated active service.
(b) Payment Amount; Payment Options.— 

(1) The total amount paid to an officer under an agreement under subsection (a) or (e)(1) may not exceed $30,000 for each year of the active-service agreement. Amounts paid under the agreement are in addition to all other compensation to which the officer is entitled.
(2) The Secretary shall determine annually the necessity for continuance of the special pay and the rate of special pay per year for such active-service agreements accepted within each 12-month period.
(3) Upon acceptance of an agreement under subsection (a) or (e)(1) by the Secretary, the total amount payable shall be paid in a single lump-sum or in annual installments of equal or different amounts over the length of the contract, commencing at the expiration of any existing period of obligated active service.
(4) The Secretary may accept an active service agreement under this section not more than one year in advance of the end of an officers existing period of obligated active service under such an agreement. In such a case, the amount of the special pay may be paid commencing with the date of acceptance of the agreement, and, if the special pay will be paid in annual installments, the number of installments may not exceed the number of years covered by the agreement plus one.
(c) Repayment.— 
An officer who does not complete the period of active duty in connection with the supervision, operation, and maintenance of naval nuclear propulsion plants that the officer agreed to serve, and for which a payment was made under subsection (b) or (e)(1), shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(d) Relation to Service Obligation.— 
Nothing in this section shall alter or modify the obligation of a regular officer to perform active service at the pleasure of the President. Completion of the additional period of active service under this section shall in no way obligate the President to accept a resignation submitted by a regular officer.
(e) New Agreement.— 

(1) An officer who is performing obligated service under an agreement under subsection (a) may, if the amount that may be paid under subsection (b) is higher than at the time the officer executed such agreement, execute a new agreement under this subsection. The period of such an agreement shall be a period equal to or exceeding the original period of the officers existing agreement, so long as the period of obligated active service under the new agreement does not extend beyond the end of 26 years of commissioned service. If a new agreement is executed under this subsection, the existing active-service agreement shall be cancelled, effective on the day before an anniversary date of that agreement after the date on which the amount that may be paid under this section is increased.
(2) This subsection shall be carried out under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Navy.
(f) Duration of Authority.— 
The provisions of this section shall be effective only in the case of officers who, on or before December 31, 2007, execute the required written agreement to remain in active service.

37 USC 312a - Repealed. Pub. L. 109163, div. A, title VI, 629(d)(1), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3297]

Section, added Pub. L. 92–581, § 1(3), Oct. 27, 1972, 86 Stat. 1277; amended Pub. L. 97–295, § 3(3), Oct. 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 1303; Pub. L. 102–25, title VII, § 702(b)(1), (c), Apr. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 117, related to special pay for nuclear-trained and qualified enlisted members.

37 USC 312b - Special pay: nuclear career accession bonus

(a) 
(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Navy, an individual who is selected for officer naval nuclear power training and who executes a written agreement to participate in a program of training for duty in connection with the supervision, operation, and maintenance of naval nuclear propulsion plants may be paid a bonus not to exceed $30,000 upon acceptance by the Secretary of the written agreement. Upon acceptance of the agreement by the Secretary, the amounts payable upon selection for training and upon completion of training, respectively, as determined under subsection (b), shall become fixed.
(2) An officer who does not commence or complete satisfactorily the nuclear power training specified in the agreement under paragraph (1) shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(b) The Secretary of the Navy shall determine annually the total amount of the bonus to be paid under this section and of that amount the portions that are to be paid
(1) upon selection for officer naval nuclear power training; and
(2) upon successful completion, as a commissioned officer, of training for duty in connection with the supervision, operation, and maintenance of naval nuclear propulsion plants.
(c) The provisions of this section shall be effective only in the case of officers who, on or before December 31, 2007, have been accepted for training for duty in connection with the supervision, operation, and maintenance of naval nuclear propulsion plants.

37 USC 312c - Special pay: nuclear career annual incentive bonus

(a) 
(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Navy, an officer of the naval service who
(A) is entitled to basic pay;
(B) is not above the pay grade O6;
(C) has completed his initial obligated active service as an officer;
(D) has, as a commissioned officer, successfully completed training for duty in connection with the supervision, operation, and maintenance of naval nuclear propulsion plants; and
(E) has the current technical qualifications for duty in connection with the supervision, operation, and maintenance of naval nuclear propulsion plants;

may, in addition to all other compensation to which he is entitled, be paid an annual bonus in an amount not to exceed $22,000 for each nuclear service year.

(2) In order to be eligible for an annual bonus for any nuclear service year in accordance with this subsection, an otherwise technically qualified officer must have been on active duty on the last day of that nuclear service year.
(3) The amount of the annual bonus to which an officer would otherwise be entitled for a nuclear service year in accordance with this subsection shall be reduced on a pro rata basis for each day of that nuclear service year on which he
(A) was not on active duty;
(B) was not technically qualified for duty in connection with the supervision, operation, and maintenance of naval nuclear propulsion plants;
(C) was performing obligated service as the result of an active-service agreement executed under section 312 of this title; or
(D) was entitled to receive aviation career incentive pay in accordance with section 301a while serving in a billet other than a billet that required the officer
(i) be technically qualified for duty in connection with the supervision, operation, and maintenance of naval nuclear propulsion plants; and
(ii) be qualified for the performance of operational flying duties.
(b) 
(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Navy, an officer of the naval service who
(A) is entitled to basic pay;
(B) is not above the pay grade O6;
(C) has, as an enlisted member, received training for duty in connection with the supervision, operation, and maintenance of naval nuclear propulsion plants; and
(D) has the current technical qualifications for duty in connection with the supervision, operation, and maintenance of naval nuclear propulsion plants;

may, in addition to all other compensation to which he is entitled, be paid an annual bonus in an amount not to exceed $14,000 for each nuclear service year.

(2) In order to be eligible for an annual bonus for any nuclear service year in accordance with this subsection, an otherwise technically qualified officer must have been on active duty on the last day of that nuclear service year.
(3) The amount of the annual bonus to which an officer would otherwise be entitled in accordance with this subsection shall be reduced on a pro rata basis for each day of that nuclear service year on which he
(A) was not in an assignment involving the direct supervision, operation, or maintenance of naval nuclear propulsion plants;
(B) was performing obligated service as the result of an active-service agreement executed under section 312 of this title; or
(C) was entitled to receive aviation career incentive pay in accordance with section 301a while serving in a billet other than a billet
(i) involving the direct supervision, operation, or maintenance of naval nuclear propulsion plants; and
(ii) that required the officer be qualified for the performance of operational flying duties.
(c) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Navy, an officer of the naval service who is not on active duty on the last day of a nuclear service year or who, on or before the last day of a nuclear service year, loses his technical qualifications or advances from the pay grade of O6 to a higher pay grade may be paid a bonus in accordance with subsection (a) or (b) on a pro rata basis, if otherwise qualified, unless termination of active duty or loss of technical qualifications was voluntary or was the result of his own misconduct.
(d) For the purposes of this section, a nuclear service year is any fiscal year beginning before December 31, 2007.

37 USC 313 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title IV, 414(a), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2906]

Section, added Pub. L. 93–274, § 1(4), May 6, 1974, 88 Stat. 95; amended Pub. L. 94–273, § 43, Apr. 21, 1976, 90 Stat. 381; Pub. L. 96–107, title VIII, § 804(b), Nov. 9, 1979, 93 Stat. 812; Pub. L. 96–284, § 3(b)(1)(5), June 28, 1980, 94 Stat. 590, 591, related to special pay for medical officers of the Public Health Service who execute active duty agreements.

37 USC 314 - Special pay or bonus: qualified members extending duty at designated locations overseas

(a) Covered Members.— 
This section applies with respect to a member of an armed force who
(1) is entitled to basic pay;
(2) has a specialty that is designated by the Secretary concerned for the purposes of this section;
(3) has completed a tour of duty (as defined in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned) at a location outside the continental United States that is designated by the Secretary concerned for the purposes of this section; and
(4) at the end of that tour of duty executes an agreement to extend that tour for a period of not less than one year.
(b) Special Pay or Bonus Authorized.— 
Upon the acceptance by the Secretary concerned of the agreement providing for an extension of the tour of duty of a member described in subsection (a), the member is entitled, at the election of the Secretary concerned, to either
(1) special pay in monthly installments in an amount prescribed by the Secretary, but not to exceed $80 per month; or
(2) an annual bonus in an amount prescribed by the Secretary, but not to exceed $2,000 per year.
(c) Selection and Payment of Special Pay or Bonus.— 
Not later than the date on which the Secretary concerned accepts an agreement described in subsection (a)(4) providing for the extension of a members tour of duty, the Secretary concerned shall notify the member regarding whether the member will receive special pay or a bonus under this section. The payment rate for the special pay or bonus shall be fixed at the time of the agreement and may not be changed during the period of the extended tour of duty. The Secretary concerned may pay a bonus under this section either in a lump sum or installments.
(d) Repayment.— 
A member who, having entered into a written agreement to extend a tour of duty for a period under subsection (a), receives a bonus payment under subsection (b)(2) for a 12-month period covered by the agreement and ceases during that 12-month period to perform the agreed tour of duty shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(e) Effect of Rest and Recuperative Absence.— 
A member who elects to receive one of the benefits specified in section 705 (b) of title 10 as part of the extension of a tour of duty is not entitled to the special pay authorized by subsection (b)(1) for the period of the extension of duty for which the benefit under such section is provided.

37 USC 315 - Special pay: engineering and scientific career continuation pay

(a) In this section, the term engineering or scientific duty means service performed by an officer
(1) that requires an engineering or science degree; and
(2) that requires a skill designated (under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for the armed forces, by the Secretary of Commerce for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or by the Secretary of Health and Human Services for the Public Health Service) as critical and as a skill in which there is a critical shortage of officers in the uniformed service concerned.
(b) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, an officer of a[1] uniformed service who
(1) is entitled to basic pay;
(2) is below the pay grade of O7;
(3) holds a degree in engineering or science from an accredited college or university;
(4) has been certified by the Secretary concerned as having the technical qualifications for detail to engineering or scientific duty;
(5) has completed at least three but less than nineteen years of engineering or scientific duty as an officer; and
(6) executes a written agreement to remain on active duty for detail to engineering or scientific duty for at least one year, but not more than four years;

may, upon acceptance of the written agreement by the Secretary concerned, be paid, in addition to all other compensation to which the officer is entitled, an amount not to exceed $3,000 multiplied by the number of years, or monthly fraction thereof, of obligated service to which the officer agrees under the agreement. The total amount payable may be paid in a lump sum or in equal periodic installments, as determined by the Secretary concerned.

(c) An officer who, having entered into a written agreement under subsection (b) and having received all or part of a bonus under this section, does not complete the period of active duty as specified in the agreement shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
[1] So in original. Probably should be “an”.

37 USC 316 - Special pay: bonus for members with foreign language proficiency

(a) Availability of Bonus.— 
Subject to subsection (c), the Secretary concerned may pay a bonus under this section to a member of the uniformed services who
(1) is qualified in a uniformed services specialty requiring proficiency in a foreign language identified by the Secretary concerned as a foreign language in which it is necessary to have personnel proficient because of national defense or public health considerations;
(2) received training, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, designed to develop a proficiency in such a foreign language;
(3) is assigned to duties requiring a proficiency in such a foreign language; or
(4) is proficient in a foreign language for which the uniformed service may have a critical need, as determined by the Secretary concerned.
(b) Bonus Amount; Time for Payment.— 
A bonus under subsection (a) may not exceed $12,000 per one-year certification period under subsection (c). The Secretary concerned may pay the bonus in a single lump sum at the beginning of the certification period or in installments during the certification period. The bonus is in addition to any other pay or allowance payable to a member under any other provision of law.
(c) Certification of Proficiency.— 
To be eligible to receive a bonus under this section, a member described in subsection (a) must be certified by the Secretary concerned as being proficient in the foreign language for which the bonus is offered. The certification of the member shall expire at the end of the one-year period beginning on the first day of the first month beginning on or after the certification date.
(d) Certification Interrupted by Contingency Operation.— 

(1) Notwithstanding subsection (c), the Secretary concerned may waive the certification requirement under such subsection and pay a bonus under this section to a member who
(A) is assigned to duty in connection with a contingency operation;
(B) is unable to schedule or complete the certification required by subsection (c) because of that assignment; and
(C) except for the lack of such certification, satisfies the eligibility requirements under subsection (a).
(2) The Secretary concerned may treat the date on which the member was assigned to duty in connection with the contingency operation as equivalent to a certification date. In the case of a member whose certification will expire during such a duty assignment, the Secretary shall commence the next one-year certification period on the date on which the prior certification period expires.
(3) A member who is paid a bonus under the authority of this subsection shall complete the certification required by subsection (c) for the foreign language for which the bonus was paid not later than the end of the 180-day period beginning on the date on which the member is released from the assignment in connection with the contingency operation. The Secretary concerned may extend that period for a member in accordance with regulations prescribed under subsection (f).
(4) If a member fails to obtain the required certification under subsection (c) before the end of the period provided under paragraph (3), the Secretary concerned may require the member to repay all or a portion of the bonus in the manner provided in section 303a (e) of this title.
(e) Repayment.— 
A member who receives a bonus under this section, but who does not satisfy an eligibility requirement specified in paragraph (1), (2), (3), or (4) of subsection (a) for the entire certification period, shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(f) Regulations.— 
This section shall be administered under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for the armed forces under the jurisdiction of the Secretary, by the Secretary of Homeland Security for the Coast Guard when the Coast Guard is not operating as a service in the Navy, by the Secretary of Health and Human Services for the Commissioned Corps of the Public Health Service, and by the Secretary of Commerce for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

37 USC 316a - Repealed. Pub. L. 108375, div. A, title VI, 620(b)(1), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 1954]

Section, added Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title VI, 636(a), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1382, related to waiver of certification requirement.

37 USC 317 - Special pay: officers in critical acquisition positions extending period of active duty

(a) Bonus Authorized.— 
An officer described in subsection (b) who executes a written agreement to remain on active duty in a critical acquisition position for at least one year may, upon the acceptance of the agreement by the Secretary concerned, be paid a retention bonus as provided in this section.
(b) Covered Officers.— 
An officer referred to in subsection (a) is an officer of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps who
(1) is a member of an Acquisition Corps selected to serve in, or serving in, a critical acquisition position designated under section 1733 of title 10; and
(2) is eligible to retire, or is assigned to such position for a period that will extend beyond the date on which the officer will be eligible to retire, under any provision of law.
(c) Amount of Bonus.— 
The amount of a bonus paid under this section for each year a member agrees to remain on active duty may not be more than 15 percent of the annual rate of basic pay paid to the member at the time the member executes a written agreement under this section.
(d) Payment of Bonus.— 
Upon the acceptance of a written agreement under subsection (a) by the Secretary concerned, the total amount payable pursuant to the agreement becomes fixed and may be paid by the Secretary in either a lump sum or installments.
(e) Additional Pay.— 
A bonus paid under this section is in addition to other pay and allowances to which an officer is entitled.
(f) Repayment.— 
An officer who, having entered into a written agreement under subsection (a) and having received all or part of a bonus under this section, does not complete the period of active duty as specified in the agreement shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(g) Period of Commitment.— 
The period of active duty agreed upon by an officer in a written agreement under this section is in addition to any other service commitment of the officer, except that any period of active duty agreed upon in a written agreement under subsection (a)(2) or (b)(2) of section 1734 of title 10 by the officer may be counted concurrently with the commitment under this section.
(h) Regulations.— 
The Secretaries concerned shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section. Regulations prescribed by the Secretary of a military department shall be subject to the approval of the Secretary of Defense.

37 USC 318 - Special pay: special warfare officers extending period of active duty

(a) Special Warfare Officer Defined.— 
In this section, the term special warfare officer means an officer of a uniformed service who
(1) is qualified for a military occupational specialty or designator identified by the Secretary concerned as a special warfare military occupational specialty or designator; and
(2) is serving in a position for which that specialty or designator is authorized.
(b) Retention Bonus Authorized.— 
A special warfare officer who meets the eligibility requirements specified in subsection (c) and who executes a written agreement to remain on active duty in special warfare service for at least one year may, upon the acceptance of the agreement by the Secretary concerned, be paid a retention bonus as provided in this section.
(c) Eligibility Requirements.— 
A special warfare officer may apply to enter into an agreement referred to in subsection (b) if the officer
(1) is in pay grade O3, or is in pay grade O4 and is not on a list of officers recommended for promotion, at the time the officer applies to enter into the agreement;
(2) has completed at least 6, but not more than 14, years of active commissioned service; and
(3) has completed any service commitment incurred to be commissioned as an officer.
(d) Amount of Bonus.— 
The amount of a retention bonus paid under this section may not be more than $15,000 for each year covered by the agreement.
(e) Proration.— 
The term of an agreement under subsection (b) and the amount of the retention bonus payable under subsection (d) may be prorated as long as the agreement does not extend beyond the date on which the officer executing the agreement would complete 14 years of active commissioned service.
(f) Payment Methods.— 

(1) Upon acceptance of an agreement under subsection (b) by the Secretary concerned, the total amount payable pursuant to the agreement becomes fixed.
(2) The amount of the retention bonus may be paid as follows:
(A) At the time the agreement is accepted by the Secretary concerned, the Secretary may make a lump sum payment equal to half the total amount payable under the agreement. The balance of the bonus amount shall be paid in equal annual installments on the anniversary of the acceptance of the agreement.
(B) The Secretary concerned may make graduated annual payments under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, with the first payment being payable at the time the agreement is accepted by the Secretary and subsequent payments being payable on the anniversary of the acceptance of the agreement.
(g) Additional Pay.— 
A retention bonus paid under this section is in addition to any other pay and allowances to which an officer is entitled.
(h) Repayment.— 
An officer who, having entered into a written agreement under subsection (b) and having received all or part of a bonus under this section, does not complete the period of active duty in special warfare service as specified in the agreement shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(i) Regulations.— 
The Secretaries concerned shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section, including the definition of the term special warfare service for purposes of this section. Regulations prescribed by the Secretary of a military department under this section shall be subject to the approval of the Secretary of Defense.

37 USC 319 - Special pay: surface warfare officer continuation pay

(a) Eligible Surface Warfare Officer Defined.— 
In this section, the term eligible surface warfare officer means an officer of the Regular Navy or Navy Reserve on active duty who
(1) is qualified and serving as a surface warfare officer;
(2) has been selected for assignment as a department head on a surface vessel; and
(3) has completed any service commitment incurred through the officers original commissioning program or is within one year of completing such commitment.
(b) Special Pay Authorized.— 
An eligible surface warfare officer who executes a written agreement to remain on active duty to complete one or more tours of duty to which the officer may be ordered as a department head on a surface vessel may, upon the acceptance of the agreement by the Secretary of the Navy, be paid an amount not to exceed $50,000.
(c) Proration.— 
The term of the written agreement under subsection (b) and the amount payable under the agreement may be prorated.
(d) Payment Methods.— 
Upon acceptance of the written agreement under subsection (b) by the Secretary of the Navy, the total amount payable pursuant to the agreement becomes fixed. The Secretary shall prepare an implementation plan specifying the amount of each installment payment under the agreement and the times for payment of the installments.
(e) Additional Pay.— 
Any amount paid under this section is in addition to any other pay and allowances to which an officer is entitled.
(f) Repayment.— 
An officer who, having entered into a written agreement under subsection (b) and having received all or part of a bonus under this section, does not complete the period of active duty as a department head on a surface vessel as specified in the agreement, shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(g) Regulations.— 
The Secretary of the Navy shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section.

37 USC 320 - Incentive pay: career enlisted flyers

(a) Eligible Career Enlisted Flyer Defined.— 
In this section, the term eligible career enlisted flyer means an enlisted member of the armed forces who
(1) is entitled to basic pay under section 204 of this title, or is entitled to pay under section 206 of this title as described in subsection (e) of this section;
(2) holds an enlisted military occupational specialty or enlisted military rating designated as a career enlisted flyer specialty or rating by the Secretary concerned, performs duty as a dropsonde system operator, or is in training leading to qualification and designation of such a specialty or rating or the performance of such duty;
(3) is qualified for aviation service under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned; and
(4) satisfies the operational flying duty requirements applicable under subsection (c).
(b) Incentive Pay Authorized.— 

(1) The Secretary concerned may pay monthly incentive pay to an eligible career enlisted flyer in an amount not to exceed the monthly maximum amounts specified in subsection (d). The incentive pay may be paid as continuous monthly incentive pay or on a month-to-month basis, dependent upon the operational flying duty performed by the eligible career enlisted flyer as prescribed in subsection (c).
(2) Continuous monthly incentive pay may not be paid to an eligible career enlisted flyer after the member completes 25 years of aviation service. Thereafter, an eligible career enlisted flyer may still receive incentive pay on a month-to-month basis under subsection (c)(4) for the frequent and regular performance of operational flying duty.
(c) Operational Flying Duty Requirements.— 

(1) An eligible career enlisted flyer must perform operational flying duties for 6 of the first 10, 9 of the first 15, and 14 of the first 20 years of aviation service, to be eligible for continuous monthly incentive pay under this section.
(2) Upon completion of 10, 15, or 20 years of aviation service, an enlisted member who has not performed the minimum required operational flying duties specified in paragraph (1) during the prescribed period, although otherwise meeting the definition in subsection (a), may no longer be paid continuous monthly incentive pay except as provided in paragraph (3). Payment of continuous monthly incentive pay may be resumed if the member meets the minimum operational flying duty requirement upon completion of the next established period of aviation service.
(3) For the needs of the service, the Secretary concerned may permit, on a case-by-case basis, a member to continue to receive continuous monthly incentive pay despite the members failure to perform the operational flying duty required during the first 10, 15, or 20 years of aviation service, but only if the member otherwise meets the definition in subsection (a) and has performed at least 5 years of operational flying duties during the first 10 years of aviation service, 8 years of operational flying duties during the first 15 years of aviation service, or 12 years of operational flying duty during the first 20 years of aviation service. The authority of the Secretary concerned under this paragraph may not be delegated below the level of the Service Personnel Chief.
(4) If the eligibility of an eligible career enlisted flyer to continuous monthly incentive pay ceases under subsection (b)(2) or paragraph (2), the member may still receive month-to-month incentive pay for subsequent frequent and regular performance of operational flying duty. The rate payable is the same rate authorized by the Secretary concerned under subsection (d) for a member of corresponding years of aviation service.
(d) Monthly Maximum Rates.— 
The monthly rate of any career enlisted flyer incentive pay paid under this section to a member on active duty shall be prescribed by the Secretary concerned, but may not exceed the following:
(e) Eligibility of Reserve Component Members When Performing Inactive Duty Training.— 
Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, when a member of a reserve component or the National Guard, who is entitled to compensation under section 206 of this title, meets the definition of eligible career enlisted flyer, the Secretary concerned may increase the members compensation by an amount equal to 1/30 of the monthly incentive pay authorized by the Secretary concerned under subsection (d) for a member of corresponding years of aviation service who is entitled to basic pay under section 204 of this title. The reserve component member may receive the increase for as long as the member is qualified for it, for each regular period of instruction or period of appropriate duty, at which the member is engaged for at least two hours, or for the performance of such other equivalent training, instruction, duty or appropriate duties, as the Secretary may prescribe under section 206 (a) of this title.
(f) Relation to Hazardous Duty Incentive Pay or Diving Duty Special Pay.— 
A member receiving incentive pay under section 301 (a) of this title or special pay under section 304 of this title may not be paid special pay under this section for the same period of service.
(g) Save Pay Provision.— 
If, immediately before a member receives incentive pay under this section, the member was entitled to incentive pay under section 301 (a) of this title, the rate at which the member is paid incentive pay under this section shall be equal to the higher of the monthly amount applicable under subsection (d) or the rate of incentive pay the member was receiving under subsection (b) or (c)(2)(A) of section 301 of this title.
(h) Specialty Code of Dropsonde System Operators.— 
Within the Air Force, the Secretary of the Air Force shall assign to members who are dropsonde system operators a specialty code that identifies such members as serving in a weather specialty.
(i) Definitions.— 
In this section:
(1) The term aviation service means participation in aerial flight performed, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, by an eligible career enlisted flyer.
(2) The term operational flying duty means flying performed under competent orders while serving in assignments, including an assignment as a dropsonde system operator, in which basic flying skills normally are maintained in the performance of assigned duties as determined by the Secretary concerned, and flying duty performed by members in training that leads to the award of an enlisted aviation rating or military occupational specialty designated as a career enlisted flyer rating or specialty by the Secretary concerned.

37 USC 321 - Special pay: judge advocate continuation pay

(a) Eligible Judge Advocate Defined.— 
In this section, the term eligible judge advocate means an officer of the armed forces on full-time active duty who
(1) is qualified and serving as a judge advocate, as defined in section 801 of title 10; and
(2) has completed
(A) the active duty service obligation incurred through the officers original commissioning program; or
(B) in the case of an officer detailed under section 2004 of title 10 or section 470 of title 14, the active duty service obligation incurred as part of that detail.
(b) Special Pay Authorized.— 
An eligible judge advocate who executes a written agreement to remain on active duty for a period of obligated service specified in the agreement may, upon the acceptance of the agreement by the Secretary concerned, be paid continuation pay under this section. The total amount paid to an officer under one or more agreements under this section may not exceed $60,000.
(c) Proration.— 
The term of an agreement under subsection (b) and the amount payable under the agreement may be prorated.
(d) Payment Methods.— 
Upon acceptance of an agreement under subsection (b) by the Secretary concerned, the total amount payable pursuant to the agreement becomes fixed. The Secretary shall prepare an implementation plan specifying the amount of each installment payment under the agreement and the times for payment of the installments.
(e) Additional Pay.— 
Any amount paid to an officer under this section is in addition to any other pay and allowances to which the officer is entitled.
(f) Repayment.— 
An officer who has entered into a written agreement under subsection (b) and has received all or part of the amount payable under the agreement but who does not complete the total period of active duty specified in the agreement, shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(g) Regulations.— 
The Secretary concerned shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section.

37 USC 322 - Special pay: 15-year career status bonus for members entering service on or after August 1, 1986

(a) Availability of Bonus.— 
The Secretary concerned shall pay a bonus under this section to an eligible career bonus member if the member
(1) elects to receive the bonus under this section; and
(2) executes a written agreement (prescribed by the Secretary concerned) to remain continuously on active duty until the member has completed 20 years of active-duty service creditable under section 1405 of title 10.
(b) Eligible Career Bonus Member Defined.— 
In this section, the term eligible career bonus member means a member of a uniformed service serving on active duty who
(1) first became a member on or after August 1, 1986; and
(2) has completed 15 years of active duty in the uniformed services (or has received notification under subsection (e) that the member is about to complete that duty).
(c) Election Method.— 
An election under subsection (a)(1) shall be made in such form and within such period as the Secretary concerned may prescribe. An election under that subsection is irrevocable.
(d) Amount of Bonus; Payment.— 

(1) A bonus under this section shall be equal to $30,000.
(2) A member electing to receive the bonus under this section shall elect one of the following payment options:
(A) A single lump sum of $30,000.
(B) Two installments of $15,000 each.
(C) Three installments of $10,000 each.
(D) Four installments of $7,500 each.
(E) Five installments of $6,000 each.
(3) If a member elects installment payments under paragraph (2), the second installment (and subsequent installments, as applicable) shall be paid on the earlier of the following dates:
(A) The annual anniversary date of the payment of the first installment.
(B) January 15 of each succeeding calendar year.
(4) The lump sum payment of the bonus, and the first installment payment in the case of members who elect to receive the bonus in installments, shall be paid to an eligible career bonus member not later than the first month that begins on or after the date that is 60 days after the date on which the Secretary concerned receives from the member the election required under subsection (a)(1) and the written agreement required under subsection (a)(2), if applicable.
(e) Notification of Eligibility.— 

(1) The Secretary concerned shall transmit to each member who meets the definition of eligible career bonus member a written notification of the opportunity of the member to elect to receive a bonus under this section. The Secretary shall provide the notification not later than 180 days before the date on which the member will complete 15 years of active duty.
(2) The notification shall include the following:
(A) The procedures for electing to receive the bonus.
(B) An explanation of the effects under sections 1401a, 1409, and 1410 of title 10 that such an election has on the computation of any retired or retainer pay that the member may become eligible to receive.
(f) Repayment.— 
If a person paid a bonus under this section does not complete a period of active duty beginning on the date on which the election of the person under paragraph (1) of subsection (a) is received and ending on the date on which the person completes 20 years of active duty service as described in paragraph (2) of such subsection, the person shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.

37 USC 323 - Special pay: retention incentives for members qualified in critical military skills or assigned to high priority units

(a) Retention Bonus Authorized.— 
An officer or enlisted member of the armed forces who is serving on active duty in a regular component or in an active status in a reserve component and who is qualified in a critical military skill designated under subsection (b) or accepts an assignment to a high priority unit designated under such subsection may be paid a retention bonus as provided in this section if
(1) in the case of an officer, the member executes a written agreement to remain on active duty for at least one year or to remain in an active status in a reserve component for at least one year;
(2) in the case of an enlisted member, other than an enlisted member referred to in paragraph (3), the member reenlists or voluntarily extends the members enlistment for a period of at least one year; or
(3) in the case of an enlisted member serving pursuant to an indefinite reenlistment, the member executes a written agreement to remain on active duty for a period of at least one year or to remain in an active status in a reserve component for a period of at least one year.
(b) Eligibility Criteria.— 

(1) A designated critical military skill referred to in subsection (a) is a military skill designated as critical by the Secretary of Defense, or by the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy.
(2) The Secretary of Defense, and the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy, may designate a unit as a high priority unit regarding which a retention bonus will be provided to a member of the armed forces who agrees to accept an assignment to the unit under subsection (a).
(c) Payment Methods.— 
A bonus under this section may be paid in a single lump sum or in periodic installments.
(d) Maximum Bonus Amount.— 

(1) A member may enter into an agreement under this section, or reenlist or voluntarily extend the members enlistment, more than once to receive a bonus under this section. However, a member may not receive a total of more than $200,000 (or $100,000 in the case of a reserve component member) in payments under this section.
(2) The limitation in paragraph (1) on the total bonus payments that a member may receive under this section does not apply with respect to an officer who is assigned duties as a health care professional.
(e) Certain Members Ineligible.— 

(1) A retention bonus may not be provided under subsection (a) to a member of the armed forces who
(A) has completed more than 25 years of active duty or service in an active status in a reserve component; or
(B) will complete the members twenty-fifth year of active duty or service in an active status in a reserve component before the end of the period of active duty or service in an active status in a reserve component for which the bonus is being offered.
(2) The limitations in paragraph (1) do not apply with respect to an officer who, during the period of active duty or service in an active status in a reserve component for which the bonus is being offered, is assigned duties as a health care professional.
(3) The limitations in paragraph (1) do not apply with respect to a member who, during the period of active duty or service in an active status in a reserve component for which the bonus is being offered
(A) is qualified in a skill designated as critical under subsection (b)(1) related to special operations forces; or
(B) is qualified for duty in connection with the supervision, operation, and maintenance of naval nuclear propulsion plants.
(f) Relationship to Other Incentives.— 
A retention bonus paid under this section is in addition to any other pay and allowances to which a member is entitled.
(g) Repayment.— 
A member paid a bonus under this section who fails, during the period of service covered by the members agreement, reenlistment, or voluntary extension of enlistment under subsection (a), to remain qualified in the critical military skill or to satisfy the other eligibility criteria for which the bonus was paid shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(h) Annual Report.— 
Not later than February 15 of each year, the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Homeland Security shall submit to Congress a report
(1) analyzing the effect, during the preceding fiscal year, of the provision of bonuses under this section on the retention of members of the armed forces who were offered a bonus under this section; and
(2) describing the intentions of the Secretary regarding the continued use of the bonus authority during the current and next fiscal years.
(i) Termination of Bonus Authority.— 
No bonus may be paid under this section with respect to any reenlistment, or voluntary extension of an enlistment, in the armed forces entered into after December 31, 2007, and no agreement under this section may be entered into after that date.

37 USC 324 - Special pay: accession bonus for new officers in critical skills

(a) Accession Bonus Authorized.— 
Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, a person who executes a written agreement to accept a commission or an appointment as an officer of the armed forces and serve on active duty in a designated critical officer skill for the period specified in the agreement may, upon acceptance of the agreement by the Secretary concerned, be paid an accession bonus in an amount determined by the Secretary concerned.
(b) Designation of Critical Officer Skills.— 
The Secretary concerned shall designate the critical officer skills for the purposes of this section. A skill may be designated as a critical officer skill for an armed force under this subsection if
(1) in order to meet requirements of the armed force, it is critical for the armed force to have a sufficient number of officers who are qualified in that skill; and
(2) in order to mitigate a current or projected significant shortage of personnel in the armed force who are qualified in that skill, it is critical to access into that armed force in sufficient numbers persons who are qualified in that skill or are to be trained in that skill.
(c) Limitation on Amount of Bonus.— 
The amount of an accession bonus under subsection (a) may not exceed $60,000.
(d) Payment Method.— 
Upon acceptance of a written agreement under subsection (a) by the Secretary concerned, the total amount of the accession bonus payable under the agreement becomes fixed. The agreement shall specify whether the accession bonus will be paid by the Secretary in a lump sum or installments.
(e) Relation to Other Accession Bonus Authority.— 
An individual may not receive an accession bonus under this section and section 302d, 302h, 302j, or 312b of this title for the same period of service.
(f) Repayment.— 
An individual who, having received all or part of the bonus under an agreement referred to in subsection (a), is not thereafter commissioned as an officer or does not commence or complete the total period of active duty service specified in the agreement shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(g) Termination of Authority.— 
No agreement under this section may be entered into after December 31, 2007.

37 USC 325 - Incentive bonus: savings plan for education expenses and other contingencies

(a) Benefit and Eligibility.— 
The Secretary concerned may purchase United States savings bonds under this section for a member of the armed forces who is eligible as follows:
(1) A member who, before completing three years of service on active duty, enters into a commitment to perform qualifying service.
(2) A member who, after completing three years of service on active duty, but not more than nine years of service on active duty, enters into a commitment to perform qualifying service.
(3) A member who, after completing nine years of service on active duty, enters into a commitment to perform qualifying service.
(b) Qualifying Service.— 
For the purposes of this section, qualifying service is service on active duty in a specialty designated by the Secretary concerned as critical to meet requirements (whether or not such specialty is designated as critical to meet wartime or peacetime requirements) for a period that
(1) is not less than six years; and
(2) does not include any part of a period for which the member is obligated to serve on active duty under an enlistment or other agreement for which a benefit has previously been paid under this section.
(c) Forms of Commitment to Additional Service.— 
For the purposes of this section, a commitment means
(1) in the case of an enlisted member, a reenlistment; and
(2) in the case of a commissioned officer, an agreement entered into with the Secretary concerned.
(d) Amounts of Bonds.— 
The total of the face amounts of the United States savings bonds authorized to be purchased for a member under this section for a commitment shall be as follows:
(1) In the case of a purchase for a member under paragraph (1) of subsection (a), $5,000.
(2) In the case of a purchase for a member under paragraph (2) of subsection (a), the amount equal to the excess of $15,000 over the total of the face amounts of any United States savings bonds previously purchased for the member under this section.
(3) In the case of a purchase for a member under paragraph (3) of subsection (a), the amount equal to the excess of $30,000 over the total of the face amounts of any United States savings bonds previously purchased for the member under this section.
(e) Total Amount of Benefit.— 
The total amount of the benefit authorized for a member when United States savings bonds are purchased for the member under this section by reason of a commitment by that member shall be the sum of
(1) the purchase price of the United States savings bonds; and
(2) the amounts that would be deducted and withheld for the payment of individual income taxes if the total amount computed under this subsection for that commitment were paid to the member as a bonus.
(f) Amount Withheld for Taxes.— 
The total amount payable for a member under subsection (e)(2) for a commitment by that member shall be withheld, credited, and otherwise treated in the same manner as amounts deducted and withheld from the basic pay of the member.
(g) Repayment.— 
If a person does not complete the qualifying service for which the person is obligated under a commitment for which a benefit has been paid under this section, the person shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(h) Relationship to Other Special Pays.— 
The benefit authorized under this section is in addition to any other bonus or incentive or special pay that is paid or payable to a member under any other provision of this chapter for any portion of the same qualifying service.
(i) Regulations.— 
This section shall be administered under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for the armed forces under his jurisdiction and by the Secretary of Homeland Security for the Coast Guard when the Coast Guard is not operating as a service in the Navy.

37 USC 326 - Incentive bonus: conversion to military occupational specialty to ease personnel shortage

(a) Incentive Bonus Authorized.— 
The Secretary concerned may pay a bonus under this section to an eligible member of a regular or reserve component of the armed forces who executes a written agreement to convert to, and serve for a period of not less than three years in, a military occupational specialty for which there is a shortage of trained and qualified personnel.
(b) Eligible Members.— 
A member is eligible to enter into an agreement under subsection (a) if, at the time the agreement is executed, the member is serving in
(1) pay grade E6, with not more than 10 years of service computed under section 205 of this title; or
(2) pay grade E5 or below, regardless of years of service.
(c) Amount and Payment of Bonus.— 

(1) A bonus under this section may not exceed $4,000, in the case of a member of a regular component of the armed forces, and $2,000, in the case of a member of a reserve component of the armed forces.
(2) A bonus payable under this section shall be disbursed in one lump sum when the members conversion to the military occupational specialty is approved by the chief personnel officer of the regular or reserve component of the members armed force.
(d) Relationship to Other Pay and Allowances.— 
A bonus paid to a member under this section is in addition to any other pay and allowances to which the member is entitled.
(e) Repayment.— 
A member who does not convert to and complete the period of service in the military occupational specialty specified in the agreement executed under subsection (a) shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(f) Regulations.— 
The Secretaries concerned shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section. Regulations prescribed by the Secretary of a military department shall be subject to the approval of the Secretary of Defense.
(g) Termination of Authority.— 
No agreement under this section may be entered into after December 31, 2007.

37 USC 327 - Incentive bonus: transfer between armed forces

(a) Incentive Bonus Authorized.— 
A bonus under this section may be paid to an eligible member of a regular component or reserve component of an armed force who executes a written agreement
(1) to transfer from such regular component or reserve component to a regular component or reserve component of another armed force; and
(2) to serve pursuant to such agreement for a period of not less than three years in the component to which transferred.
(b) Eligible Members.— 
A member is eligible to enter into an agreement under subsection (a) if, as of the date of the agreement, the member
(1) has not failed to satisfactorily complete any term of enlistment in the armed forces;
(2) is eligible for reenlistment in the armed forces or, in the case of an officer, is eligible to continue in service in a regular or reserve component of the armed forces; and
(3) has fulfilled such requirements for transfer to the component of the armed force to which the member will transfer as the Secretary having jurisdiction over such armed force shall establish.
(c) Limitation.— 
A member may enter into an agreement under subsection (a) to transfer to a regular component or reserve component of another armed force only if the Secretary having jurisdiction over such armed force determines that there is shortage of trained and qualified personnel in such component.
(d) Amount and Payment of Bonus.— 

(1) A bonus under this section may not exceed $10,000.
(2) A bonus under this section shall be paid by the Secretary having jurisdiction of the armed force to which the member to be paid the bonus is transferring.
(3) A bonus under this section shall, at the election of the Secretary paying the bonus
(A) be disbursed to the member in one lump sum when the transfer for which the bonus is paid is approved by the chief personnel officer of the armed force to which the member is transferring; or
(B) be paid to the member in annual installments in such amounts as may be determined by the Secretary paying the bonus.
(e) Relationship to Other Pay and Allowances.— 
A bonus paid to a member under this section is in addition to any other pay and allowances to which the member is entitled.
(f) Repayment.— 
A member who is paid a bonus under an agreement under this section and who, voluntarily or because of misconduct, fails to serve for the period covered by such agreement shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(g) Regulations.— 
The Secretaries concerned shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section. Regulations prescribed by the Secretary of a military department under this subsection shall be subject to the approval of the Secretary of Defense.
(h) Termination of Authority.— 
No agreement under this section may be entered into after December 31, 2009.

37 USC 328 - Combat-related injury rehabilitation pay

(a) Special Pay Authorized.— 
The Secretary concerned may pay monthly special pay under this section to a member of the armed forces who, while in the line of duty, incurs a wound, injury, or illness in a combat operation or combat zone designated by the Secretary of Defense and is evacuated from the theater of the combat operation or from the combat zone for medical treatment.
(b) Commencement of Payment.— 
Subject to subsection (c), the special pay authorized by subsection (a) may be paid to a member described in such subsection for any month beginning after the date on which the member was evacuated from the theater of the combat operation or the combat zone in which the member incurred the combat-related injury.
(c) Termination of Payments.— 
The payment of special pay to a member under subsection (a) shall terminate at the end of the first month during which any of the following occurs:
(1) The member is paid a benefit under the traumatic injury protection rider of the Servicemembers Group Life Insurance Program issued under section 1980A of title 38.
(2) The member receives notification of the eligibility of the member for a benefit under such traumatic injury protection rider and a period of 30 days expires after the date of such notification.
(3) The member is no longer hospitalized in a military treatment facility or a facility under the auspices of the military health care system.
(d) Amount of Special Pay.— 
The monthly amount of special pay paid to a member under this section shall be equal to $430, less any payment received by the member for the same month under section 310 (b) of this title.
(e) Relationship to Other Pay and Allowances.— 
Special pay paid to a member under this section is in addition to any other pay and allowances to which the member is entitled or authorized to receive.

37 USC 329 - Incentive bonus: retired members and reserve component members volunteering for high-demand, low-density assignments

(a) Incentive Bonus Authorized.— 
The Secretary of Defense may pay a bonus under this section to a retired member or former member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps or to a member of a reserve component of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps (who is not otherwise serving on active duty) who executes a written agreement to serve on active duty for a period specified in the agreement in an assignment intended to alleviate the need for members in a high-demand, low-density military capability or in any other specialty designated by the Secretary as critical to meet wartime or peacetime requirements.
(b) Maximum Amount of Bonus.— 
A bonus under subsection (a) and any incentive developed under subsection (d) may not exceed $50,000.
(c) Methods of Payment.— 
At the election of the Secretary of Defense, a bonus under subsection (a) and any incentive developed under subsection (d) shall be paid or provided
(1) when the member commences service on active duty; or
(2) in annual installments in such amounts as may be determined by the Secretary.
(d) Development of Additional Incentives.— 

(1) The Secretary of Defense may develop and provide to members referred to in subsection (a) additional incentives to encourage such members to return to active duty in assignments intended to alleviate the need for members in a high-demand, low-density military capability or in other specialties designated by the Secretary as critical to meet wartime or peacetime requirements.
(2) The provision of any incentive developed under this subsection shall be subject to an agreement, as required for bonuses under subsection (a).
(3) Not later than 30 days before first offering any incentive developed under this subsection, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report that contains a description of that incentive and an explanation why a bonus under subsection (a) or other pay and allowances are not sufficient to alleviate the high-demand, low-density military capability or otherwise fill critical military specialties.
(4) In this subsection, the term congressional defense committees has the meaning given that term in section 101 (a)(16) of title 10.
(e) Relationship to Other Pay and Allowances.— 
A bonus or other incentive paid or provided to a member under this section is in addition to any other pay and allowances to which the member is entitled.
(f) Prohibition on Promotions.— 
The written agreement required by subsections (a) and (d) shall specify that a member who is paid or receives a bonus or other incentive under this section is not eligible for promotion while serving in the assignment for which the bonus or other incentive is provided.
(g) Repayment.— 
A member who does not complete the period of active duty specified in the agreement executed under subsection (a) or (d) shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(h) High-Demand, Low-Density Military Capability.— 
In this section, the term high-demand, low-density military capability means a combat, combat support or service support capability, unit, system, or occupational specialty that the Secretary of Defense determines has funding, equipment, or personnel levels that are substantially below the levels required to fully meet or sustain actual or expected operational requirements set by regional commanders.
(i) Regulations.— 
The Secretary of Defense may prescribe such regulations as the Secretary considers necessary to carry out this section.
(j) Termination of Authority.— 
No agreement under subsection (a) or (d) may be entered into after December 31, 2010.

37 USC 330 - Special pay: accession bonus for officer candidates

(a) Accession Bonus Authorized.— 
Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, a person who executes a written agreement described in subsection (c) may be paid an accession bonus under this section upon acceptance of the agreement by the Secretary concerned.
(b) Amount of Bonus.— 
The amount of an accession bonus under subsection (a) may not exceed $8,000.
(c) Agreement.— 
A written agreement referred to in subsection (a) is a written agreement by a person
(1) to complete officer candidate school;
(2) to accept a commission or appointment as an officer of the armed forces; and
(3) to serve on active duty as a commissioned officer for a period specified in the agreement.
(d) Payment Method.— 
Upon acceptance of a written agreement under subsection (a) by the Secretary concerned, the total amount of the accession bonus payable under the agreement becomes fixed. The agreement shall specify whether the accession bonus will be paid in a lump sum or installments.
(e) Repayment.— 
A person who, having received all or part of the bonus under a written agreement under subsection (a), does not complete the total period of active duty as a commissioned officer as specified in such agreement shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(f) Termination of Authority.— 
No agreement under this section may be entered into after December 31, 2007.

TITLE 37 - US CODE - CHAPTER 7 - ALLOWANCES

37 USC 401 - Definitions

(a) Dependent Defined.— 
In this chapter, the term dependent, with respect to a member of a uniformed service, means the following persons:
(1) The spouse of the member.
(2) An unmarried child of the member who
(A) is under 21 years of age;
(B) is incapable of self-support because of mental or physical incapacity and is in fact dependent on the member for more than one-half of the childs support; or
(C) is under 23 years of age, is enrolled in a full-time course of study in an institution of higher education approved by the Secretary concerned for purposes of this subparagraph, and is in fact dependent on the member for more than one-half of the childs support.
(3) A parent of the member if
(A) the parent is in fact dependent on the member for more than one-half of the parents support;
(B) the parent has been so dependent for a period prescribed by the Secretary concerned or became so dependent due to a change of circumstances arising after the member entered on active duty; and
(C) the dependency of the parent on the member is determined on the basis of an affidavit submitted by the parent and any other evidence required under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned.
(4) An unmarried person who
(A) is placed in the legal custody of the member as a result of an order of a court of competent jurisdiction in the United States (or Puerto Rico or a possession of the United States) for a period of at least 12 consecutive months;
(B) either
(i) has not attained the age of 21;
(ii) has not attained the age of 23 years and is enrolled in a full time course of study at an institution of higher learning approved by the Secretary concerned; or
(iii) is incapable of self support because of a mental or physical incapacity that occurred while the person was considered a dependent of the member or former member under this paragraph pursuant to clause (i) or (ii);
(C) is dependent on the member for over one-half of the persons support;
(D) resides with the member unless separated by the necessity of military service or to receive institutional care as a result of disability or incapacitation or under such other circumstances as the Secretary concerned may by regulation prescribe; and
(E) is not a dependent of a member under any other paragraph.
(b) Other Definitions.— 
For purposes of subsection (a):
(1) The term child includes
(A) a stepchild of the member (except that such term does not include a stepchild after the divorce of the member from the stepchilds parent by blood);
(B) an adopted child of the member, including a child placed in the home of the member by a placement agency (recognized by the Secretary of Defense) in anticipation of the legal adoption of the child by the member; and
(C) an illegitimate child of the member if the members parentage of the child is established in accordance with criteria prescribed in regulations by the Secretary concerned.
(2) The term parent means
(A) a natural parent of the member;
(B) a stepparent of the member;
(C) a parent of the member by adoption;
(D) a parent, stepparent, or adopted parent of the spouse of the member; and
(E) any other person, including a former stepparent, who has stood in loco parentis to the member at any time for a continuous period of at least five years before the member became 21 years of age.

37 USC 402 - Basic allowance for subsistence

(a) Entitlement to Allowance.— 

(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) or otherwise provided by law, each member of a uniformed service who is entitled to basic pay is entitled to a basic allowance for subsistence as set forth in this section.
(2) An enlisted member is not entitled to the basic allowance for subsistence during basic training.
(b) Rates of Allowance Based on Food Costs.— 

(1) The monthly rate of basic allowance for subsistence to be in effect for an enlisted member for a year (beginning on January 1 of that year) shall be equal to the sum of
(A) the monthly rate of basic allowance for subsistence that was in effect for an enlisted member for the preceding year; plus
(B) the product of the monthly rate under subparagraph (A) and the percentage increase in the monthly cost of a liberal food plan for a male in the United States who is between 20 and 50 years of age over the preceding fiscal year, as determined by the Secretary of Agriculture each October 1.
(2) The monthly rate of basic allowance for subsistence to be in effect for an officer for a year (beginning on January 1 of that year) shall be the amount equal to the monthly rate of basic allowance for subsistence in effect for officers for the preceding year, increased by the same percentage by which the rate of basic allowance for subsistence for enlisted members for the preceding year is increased effective on such January 1.
(3) For purposes of implementing paragraph (1), the monthly rate of basic allowance for subsistence that was in effect for an enlisted member for calendar year 2001 is deemed to be $233.
(c) Advance Payment.— 
The allowance to an enlisted member may be paid in advance for a period of not more than three months.
(d) Special Rate for Enlisted Members Occupying Single Quarters Without Adequate Availability of Meals.— 
The Secretary of Defense, and the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating, may pay an enlisted member the basic allowance for subsistence under this section at a monthly rate that is twice the amount in effect under subsection (b)(1) while
(1) the member is assigned to single Government quarters which have no adequate food storage or preparation facility in the quarters; and
(2) there is no Government messing facility serving those quarters that is capable of making meals available to the occupants of the quarters.
(e) Special Rule for Certain Enlisted Reserve Members.— 
Unless entitled to basic pay under section 204 of this title, an enlisted member of a reserve component may receive, at the discretion of the Secretary concerned, rations in kind, or a part thereof, when the members instruction or duty periods, as described in section 206 (a) of this title, total at least 8 hours in a calendar day. The Secretary concerned may provide an enlisted member who could be provided rations in kind under the preceding sentence with a commutation when rations in kind are not available.
(f) Special Rule for High-Cost Duty Locations and Other Unique and Unusual Circumstances.— 
The Secretary of Defense may authorize a member of the armed forces who is not entitled to the meals portion of the per diem in connection with an assignment in a high-cost duty location or under other unique and unusual circumstances, as determined by the Secretary, to receive any or all of the following:
(1) Meals at no cost to the member, regardless of the entitlement of the member to a basic allowance for subsistence under subsection (a).
(2) A basic allowance for subsistence at the standard rate, regardless of the entitlement of the member for all meals or select meals during the duty day.
(3) A supplemental subsistence allowance at a rate higher than the basic allowance for subsistence rates in effect under this section, regardless of the entitlement of the member for all meals or select meals during the duty day.
(g) Policies on Use of Dining and Messing Facilities.— 
The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretaries concerned, shall prescribe policies regarding use of dining and field messing facilities of the uniformed services.
(h) No Payment for Meals Received at Military Treatment Facilities.— 

(1) A member of the armed forces who is undergoing medical recuperation or therapy, or is otherwise in the status of continuous care, including outpatient care, at a military treatment facility for an injury, illness, or disease described in paragraph (2) shall not be required to pay any charge for meals provided to the member by the military treatment facility during any month covered by paragraph (3) in which the member is entitled to a basic allowance for subsistence under this section.
(2) Paragraph (1) applies with respect to an injury, illness, or disease incurred or aggravated by a member while the member was serving on active duty
(A) in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom or Operation Enduring Freedom; or
(B) in any other operation designated by the Secretary of Defense as a combat operation or in an area designated by the Secretary as a combat zone.
(3) This subsection shall apply to months beginning during the period beginning on October 1, 2005, and ending on December 31, 2007.
(i) Regulations.— 

(1) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations for the administration of this section. Before prescribing the regulations, the Secretary shall consult with each Secretary concerned.
(2) The regulations shall include the specific rates of basic allowance for subsistence required by subsection (b).

37 USC 402a - Supplemental subsistence allowance for low-income members with dependents

(a) Supplemental Allowance Required.— 

(1) The Secretary concerned shall increase the basic allowance for subsistence to which a member of the armed forces described in subsection (b) is otherwise entitled under section 402 of this title by an amount (in this section referred to as the supplemental subsistence allowance) designed to remove the members household from eligibility for benefits under the food stamp program.
(2) The supplemental subsistence allowance may not exceed $500 per month. In establishing the amount of the supplemental subsistence allowance to be paid an eligible member under this paragraph, the Secretary shall take into consideration the amount of the basic allowance for housing that the member receives under section 403 of this title or would otherwise receive under such section, in the case of a member who is not entitled to that allowance as a result of assignment to quarters of the United States or a housing facility under the jurisdiction of a uniformed service.
(3) In the case of a member described in subsection (b) who establishes to the satisfaction of the Secretary concerned that the allotment of the members household under the food stamp program, calculated in the absence of the supplemental subsistence allowance, would exceed the amount established by the Secretary concerned under paragraph (2), the amount of the supplemental subsistence allowance for the member shall be equal to the lesser of the following:
(A) The value of that allotment.
(B) $500.
(b) Members Entitled to Allowance.— 

(1) Subject to subsection (d), a member of the armed forces with dependents is entitled to receive the supplemental subsistence allowance if the Secretary concerned determines that the members income, together with the income of the rest of the members household (if any), is within the highest income standard of eligibility, as then in effect under section 5(c) of the Food Stamp Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 2014 (c)) and without regard to paragraph (1) of such section, for participation in the food stamp program.
(2) In determining whether a member meets the eligibility criteria under paragraph (1), the Secretary concerned shall take into consideration the amount of the basic allowance for housing that the member receives under section 403 of this title or would otherwise receive under such section, in the case of a member who is not entitled to that allowance as a result of assignment to quarters of the United States or a housing facility under the jurisdiction of a uniformed service.
(3) In determining whether a member meets the eligibility criteria under paragraph (1), the Secretary concerned shall not take into consideration
(A) the amount of the supplemental subsistence allowance that is payable under this section;
(B) the amount of any special pay that is payable to the member under section 310 of this title, relating to duty subject to hostile fire or imminent danger; or
(C) the amount of any family separation allowance that is payable to the member under section 427 of this title.
(c) Application for Allowance.— 
To request the supplemental subsistence allowance, a member shall submit an application to the Secretary concerned in such form and containing such information as the Secretary concerned may prescribe. A member applying for the supplemental subsistence allowance shall furnish such evidence regarding the members satisfaction of the eligibility criteria under subsection (b) as the Secretary concerned may require.
(d) Effective Period.— 
The entitlement of a member to receive the supplemental subsistence allowance terminates upon the occurrence of any of the following events, even though the member continues to meet the eligibility criteria described in subsection (b):
(1) Payment of the supplemental subsistence allowance for 12 consecutive months.
(2) Promotion of the member to a higher grade.
(3) Transfer of the member in a permanent change of station.
(e) Reapplication.— 
Upon the termination of the effective period of the supplemental subsistence allowance for a member, or in anticipation of the imminent termination of the allowance, a member may reapply for the allowance under subsection (c), and the Secretary concerned shall approve the application and resume payment of the allowance to the member, if the member continues to meet, or once again meets, the eligibility criteria described in subsection (b).
(f) Reporting Requirement.— 
Not later than March 1 of each year after 2001, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report specifying the number of members of the armed forces who received, at any time during the preceding year, the supplemental subsistence allowance. In preparing the report, the Secretary of Defense shall consult with the Secretary of Homeland Security, with respect to the Coast Guard.
(g) Eligibility for Other Federal Assistance.— 

(1) A child or spouse of a member of the armed forces receiving the supplemental subsistence allowance under this section who, except on account of the receipt of such allowance, would be eligible to receive a benefit described in paragraph (2) shall be considered to be eligible for that benefit notwithstanding the receipt of such allowance.
(2) The benefits referred to in paragraph (1) are as follows:
(A) Assistance provided under the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.).
(B) Assistance provided under the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1771 et seq.).
(C) A service provided under the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9831 et seq.).
(D) Assistance under the Child Care and Development Block Grant Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 9858 et seq.).
(3) A household that includes a member of the armed forces receiving the supplemental subsistence allowance under this section and that, except on account of the receipt of such allowance, would be eligible to receive a benefit under the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Act of 1981 (42 U.S.C. 8621 et seq.) shall be considered to be eligible for that benefit notwithstanding the receipt of such allowance.
(h) Definitions.— 
In this section:
(1) The term Secretary concerned means
(A) the Secretary of Defense; and
(B) the Secretary of Homeland Security, with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy.
(2) The terms allotment and household have the meanings given those terms in section 3 of the Food Stamp Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 2012).
(3) The term food stamp program means the program established pursuant to section 4 of the Food Stamp Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 2013).

37 USC 403 - Basic allowance for housing

(a) General Entitlement.— 

(1) Except as otherwise provided by law, a member of a uniformed service who is entitled to basic pay is entitled to a basic allowance for housing at the monthly rates prescribed under this section or another provision of law with regard to the applicable component of the basic allowance for housing. The amount of the basic allowance for housing for a member will vary according to the pay grade in which the member is assigned or distributed for basic pay purposes, the dependency status of the member, and the geographic location of the member. The basic allowance for housing may be paid in advance.
(2) A member of a uniformed service with dependents is not entitled to a basic allowance for housing as a member with dependents unless the member makes a certification to the Secretary concerned indicating the status of each dependent of the member. The certification shall be made in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense.
(b) Basic Allowance for Housing Inside the United States.— 

(1) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe the rates of the basic allowance for housing that are applicable for the various military housing areas in the United States. The rates for an area shall be based on the costs of adequate housing determined for the area under paragraph (2).
(2) The Secretary of Defense shall determine the costs of adequate housing in a military housing area in the United States for all members of the uniformed services entitled to a basic allowance for housing in that area. The Secretary shall base the determination upon the costs of adequate housing for civilians with comparable income levels in the same area. After June 30, 2001, the Secretary may not differentiate between members with dependents in pay grades E1 through E4 in determining what constitutes adequate housing for members.
(3) The total amount that may be paid for a fiscal year for the basic allowance for housing under this subsection may not be less than the product of
(A) the total amount authorized to be paid for such allowance for the preceding fiscal year; and
(B) a fraction
(i) the numerator of which is the index of the national average monthly cost of housing for June of the preceding fiscal year; and
(ii) the denominator of which is the index of the national average monthly cost of housing for June of the second preceding fiscal year.
(4) An adjustment in the rates of the basic allowance for housing under this subsection as a result of the Secretarys redetermination of housing costs in an area shall take effect on the same date as the effective date of the next increase in basic pay under section 1009 of this title or other provision of law.
(5) On and after July 1, 2001, the Secretary of Defense shall establish a single monthly rate for members of the uniformed services with dependents in pay grades E1 through E4 in the same military housing area. The rate shall be consistent with the rates paid to members in pay grades other than pay grades E1 through E4 and shall be based on the following:
(A) The average cost of a two-bedroom apartment in that military housing area.
(B) One-half of the difference between the average cost of a two-bedroom townhouse in that area and the amount determined in subparagraph (A).
(6) So long as a member of a uniformed service retains uninterrupted eligibility to receive a basic allowance for housing within an area of the United States, the monthly amount of the allowance for the member may not be reduced as a result of changes in housing costs in the area or the promotion of the member.
(7) 
(A) Under the authority of this paragraph, the Secretary of Defense may prescribe a temporary increase in the rates of basic allowance for housing otherwise prescribed for a military housing area or a portion of a military housing area if the military housing area or portion thereof
(i) is located in an area covered by a declaration by the President under section 401 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5170) that a major disaster exists; or
(ii) contains one or more military installations that are experiencing a sudden increase in the number of members of the armed forces assigned to the installation.
(B) The Secretary of Defense shall base the amount of the increase to be made in the rates of basic allowance for housing for an area on a determination by the Secretary of the amount by which the costs of adequate housing for civilians have increased in the area by reason of the disaster or the influx of military personnel, except that the increase may not exceed the amount equal to 20 percent of the rate of basic allowance for housing otherwise prescribed for the area.
(C) A member may be paid a basic allowance for housing at a rate increased under this paragraph only if the member certifies to the Secretary concerned that the member has incurred increased housing costs in the area by reason of the disaster or the influx of military personnel.
(D) Subject to subparagraph (E), an increase in the rates of basic allowance for housing in an area under this paragraph shall remain in effect until the effective date of the first adjustment in rates of basic allowance for housing made for the area pursuant to a redetermination of housing costs in the area under this subsection that occurs after the date of the increase under this paragraph.
(E) An increase in the rates of basic allowance for housing for an area may not be prescribed under this paragraph or continue after December 31, 2008.
(c) Basic Allowance for Housing Outside the United States.— 

(1) The Secretary of Defense may prescribe an overseas basic allowance for housing for a member of a uniformed service who is on duty outside of the United States. The Secretary shall establish the basic allowance for housing under this subsection on the basis of housing costs in the overseas area in which the member is assigned.
(2) So long as a member of a uniformed service retains uninterrupted eligibility to receive a basic allowance for housing in an overseas area and the actual monthly cost of housing for the member is not reduced, the monthly amount of the allowance in an area outside the United States may not be reduced as a result of changes in housing costs in the area or the promotion of the member. The monthly amount of the allowance may be adjusted to reflect changes in currency rates.
(3) 
(A) In the case of a member of the uniformed services authorized to receive an allowance under paragraph (1), the Secretary concerned may make a lump-sum payment to the member for required deposits and advance rent, and for expenses relating thereto, that are
(i) incurred by the member in occupying private housing outside of the United States; and
(ii) authorized or approved under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned.
(B) Expenses for which a member may be reimbursed under this paragraph may include losses relating to housing that are sustained by the member as a result of fluctuations in the relative value of the currencies of the United States and the foreign country in which the housing is located.
(C) The Secretary concerned shall recoup the full amount of any deposit or advance rent payments made by the Secretary under subparagraph (A), including any gain resulting from currency fluctuations between the time of payment and the time of recoupment.
(d) Basic Allowance for Housing When Dependents Do Not Accompany Member.— 

(1) A member of a uniformed service with dependents who is on permanent duty at a location described in paragraph (2) may be paid a family separation basic allowance for housing under this subsection at a monthly rate equal to the rate of the basic allowance for housing established under subsection (b) or the overseas basic allowance for housing established under subsection (c), whichever applies to that location, for members in the same grade at that location without dependents.
(2) A permanent duty location referred to in paragraph (1) is a location
(A) to which the movement of the members dependents is not authorized at the expense of the United States under section 406 of this title, and the members dependents do not reside at or near the location; and
(B) at which quarters of the United States are not available for assignment to the member.
(3) If a member with dependents is assigned to duty in an area that is different from the area in which the members dependents reside, the member is entitled to a basic allowance for housing as provided in subsection (b) or (c), whichever applies to the member, subject to the following:
(A) If the members assignment to duty in that area, or the circumstances of that assignment, require the members dependents to reside in a different area, as determined by the Secretary concerned, the amount of the basic allowance for housing for the member shall be based on the area in which the dependents reside or the members last duty station, whichever the Secretary concerned determines to be most equitable.
(B) If the members assignment to duty in that area is under the conditions of a low-cost or no-cost permanent change of station or permanent change of assignment, the amount of the basic allowance for housing for the member shall be based on the members last duty station if the Secretary concerned determines that it would be inequitable to base the allowance on the cost of housing in the area to which the member is reassigned.
(C) If the member is reassigned for a permanent change of station or permanent change of assignment from a duty station in the United States to another duty station in the United States for a period of not more than one year for the purpose of participating in professional military education or training classes, the amount of the basic allowance for housing for the member may be based on whichever of the following areas the Secretary concerned determines will provide the more equitable basis for the allowance:
(i) The area of the duty station to which the member is reassigned.
(ii) The area in which the dependents reside, but only if the dependents reside in that area when the member departs for the duty station to which the member is reassigned and only for the period during which the dependents reside in that area.
(iii) The area of the former duty station of the member, if different than the area in which the dependents reside.
(4) A family separation basic allowance for housing paid to a member under this subsection is in addition to any other allowance or per diem that the member receives under this title. A member may receive a basic allowance for housing under both paragraphs (1) and (3).
(e) Effect of Assignment to Quarters.— 

(1) Except as otherwise provided by law, a member of a uniformed service who is assigned to quarters of the United States or a housing facility under the jurisdiction of a uniformed service appropriate to the grade, rank, or rating of the member and adequate for the member and dependents of the member, if with dependents, is not entitled to a basic allowance for housing.
(2) A member without dependents who is in a pay grade above pay grade E6 and who is assigned to quarters in the United States or a housing facility under the jurisdiction of a uniformed service, appropriate to the grade or rank of the member and adequate for the member, may elect not to occupy those quarters and instead to receive the basic allowance for housing prescribed for the members pay grade by this section.
(3) A member without dependents who is in pay grade E6 and who is assigned to quarters of the United States that do not meet the minimum adequacy standards established by the Secretary of Defense for members in such pay grade, or to a housing facility under the jurisdiction of a uniformed service that does not meet such standards, may elect not to occupy such quarters or facility and instead to receive the basic allowance for housing prescribed for the members pay grade under this section.
(4) The Secretary concerned may deny the right to make an election under paragraph (2) or (3) if the Secretary determines that the exercise of such an election would adversely affect a training mission, military discipline, or military readiness.
(5) A member with dependents who is assigned to quarters of the United States or a housing facility under the jurisdiction of a uniformed service may be paid the basic allowance for housing if, because of orders of competent authority, the dependents are prevented from occupying those quarters.
(f) Ineligibility During Initial Field Duty or Sea Duty.— 

(1) A member of a uniformed service without dependents who makes a permanent change of station for assignment to a unit conducting field operations is not entitled to a basic allowance for housing while on that initial field duty unless the commanding officer of the member certifies that the member was necessarily required to procure quarters at the members expense.
(2) 
(A) Except as provided in subparagraphs (B) and (C), a member of a uniformed service without dependents who is in a pay grade below pay grade E6 is not entitled to a basic allowance for housing while the member is on sea duty.
(B) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, the Secretary may authorize the payment of a basic allowance for housing to a member of a uniformed service without dependents who is serving in pay grade E4 or E5 and is assigned to sea duty. In prescribing regulations under this subparagraph, the Secretary concerned shall consider the availability of quarters for members serving in pay grades E4 and E5.
(C) Notwithstanding section 421 of this title, two members of the uniformed services in a pay grade below pay grade E6 who are married to each other, have no other dependents, and are simultaneously assigned to sea duty are each entitled to a basic allowance for housing during the period of such simultaneous sea duty. The amount of the allowance payable to a member under the preceding sentence shall be based on the without dependents rate for the pay grade of the member.
(3) The Secretary of Defense, and the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Department of the Navy, shall prescribe regulations defining the terms field duty and sea duty for purposes of this section.
(g) Reserve Members.— 

(1) A member of a reserve component without dependents who is called or ordered to active duty in support of a contingency operation or for a period of more than 30 days, or a retired member without dependents who is ordered to active duty under section 688 (a) of title 10 in support of a contingency operation or for a period of more than 30 days, may not be denied a basic allowance for housing if, because of that call or order, the member is unable to continue to occupy a residence
(A) which is maintained as the primary residence of the member at the time of the call or order; and
(B) which is owned by the member or for which the member is responsible for rental payments.
(2) The Secretary concerned may provide a basic allowance for housing to a member described in paragraph (1) at a monthly rate equal to the rate of the basic allowance for housing established under subsection (b) or the overseas basic allowance for housing established under subsection (c), whichever applies to the location at which the member is serving, for members in the same grade at that location without dependents. The member may receive both a basic allowance for housing under paragraph (1) and under this paragraph for the same month, but may not receive the portion of the allowance authorized under section 404 of this title, if any, for lodging expenses if a basic allowance for housing is provided under this paragraph.
(3) Paragraphs (1) and (2) shall not apply if the member is authorized transportation of household goods under section 406 of this title as part of the call or order to active duty described in such paragraph.
(4) The rate of basic allowance for housing to be paid to the following members of a reserve component shall be equal to the rate in effect for similarly situated members of a regular component of the uniformed services:
(A) A member who is called or ordered to active duty for a period of more than 30 days.
(B) A member who is called or ordered to active duty for a period of 30 days or less in support of a contingency operation.
(5) The Secretary of Defense shall establish a rate of basic allowance for housing to be paid to a member of a reserve component while the member serves on active duty under a call or order to active duty specifying a period of 30 days or less, unless the call or order to active duty is in support of a contingency operation.
(h) Rental of Public Quarters.— 
Notwithstanding any other law (including those restricting the occupancy of housing facilities under the jurisdiction of a department or agency of the United States by members, and their dependents, of the armed forces above specified grades, or by members, and their dependents, of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the Public Health Service), a member of a uniformed service, and the dependents of the member, may be accepted as tenants in, and may occupy on a rental basis, any of those housing facilities, other than public quarters constructed or designated for assignment to an occupancy without charge by such a member and the dependents of the member, if any. Such a member may not, because of occupancy under this subsection, be deprived of any money allowance to which the member is otherwise entitled for the rental of quarters.
(i) Temporary Housing Allowance While in Travel or Leave Status.— 
A member of a uniformed service is entitled to a temporary basic allowance for housing (at a rate determined by the Secretary of Defense) while the member is in a travel or leave status between permanent duty stations, including time granted as delay en route or proceed time, when the member is not assigned to quarters of the United States.
(j) Aviation Cadets.— 
The eligibility of an aviation cadet of the Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard for a basic allowance for housing shall be determined as if the aviation cadet were a member of the uniformed services in pay grade E4.
(k) Administration.— 

(1) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations for the administration of this section.
(2) The Secretary concerned may make such determinations as may be necessary to administer this section, including determinations of dependency and relationship. When warranted by the circumstances, the Secretary concerned may reconsider and change or modify any such determination. The authority of the Secretary concerned under this subsection may be delegated. Any determination made under this section with regard to a member of the uniformed services is final and is not subject to review by any accounting officer of the United States or a court, unless there is fraud or gross negligence.
(3) Parking facilities (including utility connections) provided members of the uniformed services for house trailers and mobile homes not owned by the Government shall not be considered to be quarters for the purposes of this section or any other provision of law. Any fees established by the Government for the use of such a facility shall be established in an amount sufficient to cover the cost of maintenance, services, and utilities and to amortize the cost of construction of the facility over the 25-year period beginning with the completion of such construction.
(l) Temporary Continuation of Allowance for Dependents of Members Dying on Active Duty.— 

(1) The Secretary of Defense, or the Secretary of Homeland Security in the case of the Coast Guard when not operating as a service in the Navy, may allow the dependents of a member of the armed forces who dies on active duty and whose dependents are occupying family housing provided by the Department of Defense, or by the Department of Homeland Security in the case of the Coast Guard, other than on a rental basis on the date of the members death to continue to occupy such housing without charge for a period of 365 days.
(2) The Secretary concerned may pay a basic allowance for housing (at the rate that is payable for members of the same grade and dependency status as the deceased member for the area where the dependents are residing) to the dependents of a member of the uniformed services who dies while on active duty and whose dependents
(A) are not occupying a housing facility under the jurisdiction of a uniformed service on the date of the members death;
(B) are occupying such housing on a rental basis on such date; or
(C) vacate such housing sooner than 365 days after the date of the members death.
(3) An allowance may be paid under paragraph (2) to the spouse of the deceased member even though the spouse is also a member of the uniformed services. The allowance paid under such paragraph is in addition to any other pay and allowances to which the spouse is entitled as a member.
(4) The payment of the allowance under paragraph (2) shall terminate 365 days after the date of the members death.
(m) Members Paying Child Support.— 

(1) A member of a uniformed service with dependents may not be paid a basic allowance for housing at the with dependents rate solely by reason of the payment of child support by the member if
(A) the member is assigned to a housing facility under the jurisdiction of a uniformed service; or
(B) the member is assigned to sea duty, and elects not to occupy assigned quarters for unaccompanied personnel, unless the member is in a pay grade above E3.
(2) A member of a uniformed service assigned to quarters of the United States or a housing facility under the jurisdiction of a uniformed service who is not otherwise authorized a basic allowance for housing and who pays child support is entitled to the basic allowance for housing differential, except for months for which the amount payable for the child support is less than the rate of the differential. Payment of a basic allowance for housing differential does not affect any entitlement of the member to a partial allowance for quarters under subsection (n).
(3) The basic allowance for housing differential to which a member is entitled under paragraph (2) is the amount equal to the difference between
(A) the rate of the basic allowance for quarters (with dependents) for the members pay grade, as such rate was in effect on December 31, 1997, under this section (as in effect on that date); and
(B) the rate of the basic allowance for quarters (without dependents) for the members pay grade, as such rate was in effect on December 31, 1997, under this section (as in effect on that date).
(4) Whenever the rates of basic pay for members of the uniformed services are increased, the monthly amount of the basic allowance for housing differential computed under paragraph (3) shall be increased by the average percentage increase in the rates of basic pay. The effective date of the increase shall be the same date as the effective date of the increase in the rates of basic pay.
(5) In the case of two members, who have one or more common dependents (and no others), who are not married to each other, and one of whom pays child support to the other, the amount of the basic allowance for housing paid to each member under this section shall be reduced in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense. The total amount of the basic allowances for housing paid to the two members may not exceed the sum of the amounts of the allowance to which each member would be otherwise entitled under this section.
(n) Partial Allowance for Members Without Dependents.— 

(1) A member of a uniformed service without dependents who is not entitled to receive a basic allowance for housing under subsection (b), (c), or (d) is entitled to a partial basic allowance for housing at a rate determined by the Secretary of Defense under paragraph (2).
(2) The rate of the partial basic allowance for housing is the partial rate of the basic allowance for quarters for the members pay grade as such partial rate was in effect on December 31, 1997, under section 1009 (c)(2) of this title (as such section was in effect on such date).
(o) Treatment of Low-Cost and No-Cost Moves as Not Being Reassignments.— 
In the case of a member who is assigned to duty at a location or under circumstances that make it necessary for the member to be reassigned under the conditions of low-cost or no-cost permanent change of station or permanent change of assignment, the member may be treated for the purposes of this section as if the member were not reassigned if the Secretary concerned determines that it would be inequitable to base the members entitlement to, and amount of, a basic allowance for housing on the cost of housing in the area to which the member is reassigned.

37 USC 403a - Repealed. Pub. L. 10585, div. A, title VI, 603(c)(1), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1781]

Section, added Pub. L. 98–525, title VI, § 602(d)(1), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2534; amended Pub. L. 99–145, title VI, §§ 602(a)(d), 604(b), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 636–638; Pub. L. 100–26, § 8(e)(8), Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 286; Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title VI, 602(a), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1445; Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title VI, 602, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1575; Pub. L. 102–25, title VII, § 702(b)(1), (2), (c), Apr. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 117; Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title VI, 603, 604 (b), 633, Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1373, 1374, 1381; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title VI, 604, Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1679; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title VI, 605(a)(1), (b), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 358; Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title VI, 604(d), 606 (a)(d), Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2541, 2542, related to variable housing allowances.

37 USC 403b - Cost-of-living allowance in the continental United States

(a) Payment Authorized.— 
The Secretary concerned may pay a cost-of-living allowance to the eligible members of a uniformed service under the jurisdiction of the Secretary.
(b) Eligible Members.— 
The following members are eligible to receive a cost-of-living allowance under this section:
(1) A member assigned to a high cost area in the continental United States.
(2) A member assigned to an unaccompanied tour of duty outside the continental United States if the primary dependent of the member resides in a high cost area in the continental United States.
(3) A member assigned to duty in the continental United States if the Secretary of the uniformed service concerned determines that
(A) the primary dependent of the member must reside in a high cost area in the continental United States by reason of the members duty location or other circumstances; and
(B) it would be inequitable for the members eligibility for the allowance to be determined on the basis of the duty location of the member.
(c) High Cost Area Defined.— 
An area is a high cost area for a fiscal year for purposes of this section if the uniformed services cost of living for that area for the base period exceeds the average cost of living in the continental United States for such base period by at least the threshold percentage. The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the other administering Secretaries, shall establish the threshold percentage, except that the threshold percentage may not be less than 8 percent. The administering Secretaries shall prescribe a higher threshold percentage to be applied for a fiscal year when it is necessary to do so in order to ensure that the total amount of the payments of the cost-of-living allowance made to members of the uniformed services under this section for such fiscal year does not exceed the total amount available to all uniformed services for that fiscal year for paying such allowance.
(d) Amount of Allowance.— 
The cost-of-living allowance that may be paid to a member for a high cost area for a fiscal year shall be the amount that is equal to the product of
(1) the amount of the average spendable income determined applicable for the regular military compensation level of such member under subsection (g); and
(2) the percentage equal to the excess of
(A) the percentage by which the uniformed services cost of living for the members high cost area for the base period exceeds the average cost of living in the continental United States for such base period, over
(B) the threshold percentage applicable to such fiscal year under subsection (c).
(e) Limitation to One Allowance.— 
If primary dependents of a member reside separately in different high cost areas
(1) the member may be paid only one cost-of-living allowance under this section; and
(2) the cost-of-living allowance payable to the member shall be the highest of the amounts computed under this section for such high cost areas.
(f) Service Not Covered.— 

(1) A cost-of-living allowance may not be paid a member under this section for the days authorized for travel of the member in connection with a permanent change of duty station.
(2) A member of a reserve component is not eligible for a cost-of-living allowance under this section unless the member is on active duty under a call or order to active duty that
(A) specifies a period of 140 days or more; or
(B) states that the call or order to active duty is in support of a contingency operation.
(g) Average Spendable Income.— 
The Secretary of Defense shall determine, using a methodology and assumptions that the Secretary considers appropriate, the amounts of average spendable income of members of the uniformed services for various ranges of regular military compensation. For purposes of this subsection, spendable income is the total amount of regular military compensation that is available for purchase of goods and services after allocation of amounts for taxes, insurance, housing, gifts and contributions, and savings.
(h) Joint Regulations.— 
The Secretary of Defense and the other administering Secretaries shall jointly prescribe regulations to carry out this section.
(i) Other Definitions.— 
In this section:
(1) The term primary dependent, with respect to a member, means
(A) the members spouse; or
(B) in the case of an unmarried member, a dependent described in paragraph (2) or (4) of section 401 (a) of this title.
(2) The term cost of living means a price index selected by the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the other administering Secretaries, from among the following indices:
(A) The Consumer Price Index (all itemsUnited States city average) published monthly by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
(B) Any other index developed in the private sector that the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the other administering Secretaries, determines is comparable to the Consumer Price Index and is appropriate for use for purposes of this section.
(3) The term uniformed services cost of living means the price index selected as described in paragraph (2) and adjusted as the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the other administering Secretaries, considers appropriate to reflect variations between expenses of members of the uniformed services (as offset by the basic allowance for subsistence) and the corresponding expenses of persons not members of the uniformed services with regard to the following:
(A) Nonhousing costs (including costs of transportation, goods, and services, taking into consideration savings attributable to use of such military facilities as commissary stores and exchange stores).
(B) Average income tax paid.
(C) Cost of health care.
(4) The term base period, with respect to a fiscal year, means the 12-month period ending on June 30 of the year in which such fiscal year begins.
(5) The term administering Secretaries means the following:
(A) The Secretary of Defense, with respect to the armed forces (other than the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy).
(B) The Secretary of Homeland Security, with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy.
(C) The Secretary of Commerce, with respect to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
(D) The Secretary of Health and Human Services, with respect to the Public Health Service.

37 USC 404 - Travel and transportation allowances: general

(a) Except as provided in subsection (f) and under regulations prescribed by the Secretaries concerned, a member of a uniformed service is entitled to travel and transportation allowances for travel performed or to be performed under orders, without regard to the comparative costs of the various modes of transportation
(1) upon a change of permanent station, or otherwise, or when away from his designated post of duty regardless of the length of time he is away from that post;
(2) upon appointment, call to active duty, enlistment, or induction, from his home or from the place from which called or ordered to active duty to his first station;
(3) upon separation from the service, placement on the temporary disability retired list, release from active duty, or retirement, from his last duty station to his home or the place from which he was called or ordered to active duty, whether or not he is or will be a member of a uniformed service at the time the travel is or will be performed;
(4) when away from home to perform duty, including duty by a member of the Army National Guard of the United States or the Air National Guard of the United States, as the case may be, in his status as a member of the National Guard, for which he is entitled to, or has waived, pay under this title; and
(5) when not on active duty, if assigned to a Reserve school, and attending a reserve training meeting for the purpose of performing duties as an instructor at such meeting, if such meeting is 100 or more miles from the site at which the member would attend paid drills of the Reserve school to which he is assigned.
(b) 
(1) The Secretaries concerned may prescribe
(A) the conditions under which travel and transportation allowances are authorized, including advance payments thereof; and
(B) the allowances for the kinds of travel, but not more than the amounts authorized in this section.
(2) In prescribing such conditions and allowances, the Secretaries concerned shall provide that a member who is performing travel under orders away from his designated post of duty and who is authorized a per diem under clause (2) of subsection (d) shall be paid for the meals portion of that per diem in a cash amount at a rate that is not less than the rate established under section 1011 (a) of this title for meals sold to members. The preceding sentence shall not apply with respect to a member on field duty or sea duty (as defined in regulations prescribed under section 403 (f)(3) of this title) or a member of a unit with respect to which the Secretary concerned has determined that unit messing is essential to the accomplishment of the units training and readiness.
(c) 
(1) Under uniform regulations prescribed by the Secretaries concerned and as provided in paragraph (2), a member who
(A) is retired, or is placed on the temporary disability retired list, under chapter 61 of title 10;
(B) is retired with pay under any other law, or, immediately following at least eight years of continuous active duty with no single break therein or more than 90 days, is discharged with separation pay or severance pay or is involuntarily released from active duty with separation pay or readjustment pay; or
(C) is involuntarily separated from active duty during the period beginning on October 1, 1990, and ending on December 31, 2001,

may, not later than one year from the date he is so retired, placed on that list, involuntarily separated, discharged, or released, except as prescribed in regulations by the Secretaries concerned, select his home for the purposes of the travel and transportation allowances authorized by subsection (a).

(2) A member authorized under paragraph (1) to select a home for the purposes of such allowances may select as his home
(A) any place within the United States;
(B) the place outside the United States from which the member was called or ordered to active duty to his first duty station; or
(C) any other place.

However, if the member selects as his home a place other than a place described in clause (A) or (B) of the preceding sentence, the travel and transportation allowances authorized by subsection (a) may not exceed the allowances which would be payable if the place selected as his home were in the United States (other than Hawaii or Alaska).

(d) 
(1) The travel and transportation allowances authorized for each kind of travel may not be more than one of the following:
(A) Transportation in kind, reimbursement therefor, or, under regulations prescribed by the Secretaries concerned, when travel by privately owned conveyance is authorized or approved as more advantageous to the Government, a monetary allowance in place of the cost of transportation, at the rates provided in section 5704 of title 5.
(B) Transportation in kind, reimbursement therefor, or a monetary allowance as provided in subparagraph (A), plus a payment in lieu of subsistence as provided in paragraph (2) in an amount sufficient to meet normal and necessary expenses in the area to which travel is performed.
(C) A mileage allowance at a rate per mile prescribed by the Secretaries concerned and based on distances established under subparagraph (A).
(2) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretaries concerned, a member of a uniformed service entitled to travel and transportation allowances under subsection (a) is entitled to any of the following:
(A) A per diem allowance at a rate not to exceed that established by the Secretaries concerned.
(B) Reimbursement for the actual and necessary expenses of official travel not to exceed an amount established by the Secretaries concerned.
(C) A combination of payments described in subparagraphs (A) and (B).
(3) A per diem allowance or maximum amount of reimbursement established for purposes of paragraph (2) shall be established, to the extent feasible, by locality.
(4) For travel consuming less than a full day, the payment prescribed by regulation under paragraph (2) shall be allocated in such manner as the Secretaries concerned prescribe.
(5) Effective January 1, 2003, the per diem rates established under paragraph (2)(A) for travel performed in connection with a change of permanent station or for travel described in paragraph (2) or (3) of subsection (a) shall be equal to the standard per diem rates established in the Federal travel regulation for travel within the continental United States of civilian employees and their dependents, unless the Secretaries concerned determine that a higher rate for members is more appropriate.
(e) A member who is on duty with, or is undergoing training for, the Air Mobility Command, the Marine Corps Transport Squadrons, the Fleet Tactical Support Squadrons, the Naval Aircraft Ferrying Squadrons, or any other unit determined by the Secretary concerned to be performing duties similar to the duties performed by such command or squadrons, and who is away from his permanent station, may be paid a per diem in lieu of subsistence in an amount not more than the amount to which he would be entitled if he were performing travel in connection with temporary duty without, in either case, the issuance of orders for specific travel.
(f) 
(1) The travel and transportation allowances authorized under this section for a member who is separated from the service or released from active duty may be paid or provided only for travel actually performed.
(2) 
(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), a member who is separated from the service or released from active duty and who
(i) on the date of his separation from the service or release from active duty, has not served on active duty for a period of time equal to at least 90 percent of the period of time for which he initially enlisted or otherwise initially agreed to serve; or
(ii) is separated from the service or released from active duty under other than honorable conditions, as determined by the Secretary concerned;

may be provided travel and transportation under this section only by transportation in kind by the least expensive mode of transportation available or by a monetary allowance that does not exceed the cost to the Government of such transportation in kind.

(B) Subparagraph (A) does not apply to a member
(i) who is retired, or is placed on the temporary disability retired list, under chapter 61 of title 10;
(ii) who is separated from the service or released from active duty for a medical condition affecting the member, as determined by the Secretary concerned;
(iii) who is separated from the service or released from active duty because the period of time for which the member initially enlisted or otherwise initially agreed to serve has been reduced by the Secretary concerned and is separated or released under honorable conditions;
(iv) who is discharged under section 1173 of title 10; or
(v) who is involuntarily separated from active duty during the period beginning on October 1, 1990, and ending on December 31, 2001.
(3) For purposes of entitlement to per diem in place of subsistence under subsection (d)(2), a member shall not be considered under subsection (a)(1) to be performing travel under orders away from his designated post of duty if such member
(A) is an enlisted member serving his first tour of active duty;
(B) has not actually reported to a permanent duty station pursuant to orders directing such assignment; and
(C) is not actually traveling between stations pursuant to orders directing a change of station.
(g) 
(1) Subject to paragraph (2), a member of the armed forces accompanying a Member of Congress or a congressional employee on official travel may be authorized reimbursement for actual travel and transportation expenses incurred for such travel.
(2) The reimbursement authorized in paragraph (1) may be paid
(A) at a rate that does not exceed the rate approved for official congressional travel; and
(B) only when the travel of the member is directed or approved by the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary concerned.
(3) In this subsection:
(A) The term Member of Congress means a member of the Senate or the House of Representatives, a Delegate to the House of Representatives, and the Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico.
(B) The term congressional employee means an employee of a Member of Congress or an employee of Congress.
(h) Under uniform regulations prescribed by the Secretaries concerned, a member of a uniformed service entitled to travel and transportation allowances under subsection (a) is entitled to reimbursement for parking fees, ferry fares, and bridge, road, and tunnel tolls actually incurred incident to such travel.
(i) 
(1) In the case of a member of a reserve component performing active duty for training or inactive-duty training who is not otherwise entitled to travel and transportation allowances in connection with such duty under subsection (a), the Secretary concerned may reimburse the member for housing service charge expenses incurred by the member in occupying transient government housing during the performance of such duty. If transient government housing is unavailable or inadequate, the Secretary concerned may provide the member with lodging in kind in the same manner as members entitled to such allowances under subsection (a).
(2) Any payment or other benefit under this subsection shall be provided in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretaries concerned.
(3) The Secretary may pay service charge expenses under paragraph (1) and expenses of providing lodging in kind under such paragraph out of funds appropriated for operation and maintenance for the reserve component concerned. Use of Government charge cards is authorized for payment of these expenses.
(4) Decisions regarding the availability or adequacy of government housing at a military installation under paragraph (1) shall be made by the installation commander.
(j) In this section, the term involuntarily separated has the meaning given that term in section 1141 of title 10.

37 USC 404a - Travel and transportation allowances: temporary lodging expenses

(a) Payment or Reimbursement of Subsistence Expenses.— 

(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretaries concerned, a member of a uniformed service who is ordered to make a change of permanent station described in paragraph (2) shall be paid or reimbursed for subsistence expenses of the member and the members dependents for the period (subject to subsection (c)) for which the member and dependents occupy temporary quarters incident to that change of permanent station.
(2) Paragraph (1) applies to the following:
(A) A permanent change of station from any duty station to a duty station in the United States (other than Hawaii or Alaska).
(B) A permanent change of station from a duty station in the United States (other than Hawaii or Alaska) to a duty station outside the United States or in Hawaii or Alaska.
(C) In the case of a member who is reporting to the members first permanent duty station, the change from the members home of record or initial technical school to that first permanent duty station.
(b) Payment in Advance.— 
The Secretary concerned may make any payment for subsistence expenses to a member under this section in advance of the member actually incurring the expenses. The amount of an advance payment made to a member shall be computed on the basis of the Secretarys determination of the average number of days that members and their dependents occupy temporary quarters under the circumstances applicable to the member and the members dependents.
(c) Maximum Payment Period.— 

(1) In the case of a change of permanent station described in subparagraph (A) or (C) of subsection (a)(2), the period for which subsistence expenses are to be paid or reimbursed under this section may not exceed 10 days.
(2) In the case of a change of permanent station described in subsection (a)(2)(B)
(A) the period for which such expenses are to be paid or reimbursed under this section may not exceed five days; and
(B) such payment or reimbursement may be provided only for expenses incurred before leaving the United States (other than Hawaii or Alaska).
(3) Whenever the conditions described in clause (i) or (ii) of subparagraph (A) of section 403 (b)(7) of this title exist for a military housing area or portion thereof, the Secretary concerned may increase the period for which subsistence expenses are to be paid or reimbursed under this section in the case of a change of permanent station described in subparagraph (A) or (C) of subsection (a)(2) in the same military housing area or portion thereof to a maximum of 20 days.
(d) Daily Subsistence Rates.— 
Regulations prescribed under subsection (a) shall prescribe average daily subsistence rates for purposes of this section for the member and for each dependent. Such rates may not exceed the maximum per diem rates prescribed under section 404 (d) of this title for the area where the temporary quarters are located.
(e) Maximum Daily Payment.— 
A member may not be paid or reimbursed more than $180 a day under this section.

37 USC 404b - Travel and transportation allowances: payment of lodging expenses at temporary duty location during authorized absence of member

(a) Payment or Reimbursement Authorized.— 
The Secretary concerned may pay or reimburse a member of the armed forces assigned to temporary duty as described in subsection (b) for lodging expenses incurred by the member at the temporary duty location during an authorized absence of the member from the temporary duty location.
(b) Covered Members.— 
Subsection (a) applies with respect to a member assigned to temporary duty, for a period of more than 30 days, in support of a contingency operation or in other specific situations designated by the Secretary concerned if the member
(1) immediately before the authorized absence, was performing the temporary duty at a location away from the home or permanent duty station of the member;
(2) was receiving a per diem allowance under section 404 (a)(4) of this title to cover lodging and subsistence expenses incurred at the temporary duty location because quarters of the United States were not available for assignment to the member at that location; and
(3) before the end of the authorized absence, returns to the duty location.
(c) Payment Limitation.— 
The amount paid or reimbursed under subsection (a) for a member may not exceed the lesser of
(1) the actual daily cost of lodging incurred by the member at the temporary duty location during the authorized absence of the member; and
(2) the lodging portion of the applicable daily per diem rate for the temporary duty location.
(d) Authorized Absence Defined.— 
In this section, the term authorized absence, with respect to a member, means that the member is in an authorized leave status or that the absence of the member is otherwise authorized under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned.

37 USC 405 - Travel and transportation allowances: per diem while on duty outside the continental United States

(a) Per Diem Authorized.— 
Without regard to the monetary limitation of this title, the Secretary concerned may pay a per diem to a member of the uniformed services who is on duty outside of the continental United States, whether or not the member is in a travel status. The Secretary may pay the per diem in advance of the accrual of the per diem.
(b) Determination of Per Diem.— 
In determining the per diem to be paid under this section, the Secretary concerned shall consider all elements of the cost of living to members of the uniformed services under the Secretarys jurisdiction and their dependents, including the cost of quarters, subsistence, and other necessary incidental expenses. However, dependents may not be considered in determining the per diem allowance for a member in a travel status.
(c) Treatment of Housing Cost and Allowance.— 
Housing cost and allowance may be disregarded in prescribing a station cost of living allowance under this section.
(d) Unusual or Extraordinary Expenses.— 

(1) The Secretary concerned may reimburse a member of the uniformed services on duty as described in subsection (a) or (e) for an unusual or extraordinary expense incurred by the member incident to such duty that
(A) is directly related to the conditions or location of the duty or the location of the members dependents;
(B) is of a nature or a magnitude not normally incurred by members of the uniformed services on duty inside the continental United States; and
(C) is not included in the per diem determined under subsection (b) as payable to the member under subsection (a) or (e).
(2) Any reimbursement provided to a member under paragraph (1) is in addition to a per diem payable to that member under subsection (a) or (e).
(e) Payment of Allowance Based on Overseas Location of Dependents.— 
In the case of a member assigned to duty inside the continental United States whose dependents continue to reside outside the continental United States, the Secretary concerned may pay the member a per diem under this section based on the location of the dependents and provide reimbursement under subsection (d) for an unusual or extraordinary expense incurred by the dependents if the Secretary determines that such payment or reimbursement is in the best interest of the member or the members dependents and in the best interest of the United States.

37 USC 405a - Travel and transportation allowances: departure allowances

(a) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretaries concerned, when dependents of members of the uniformed services are authorized or ordered to depart by competent authority, they may be authorized such allowances as the Secretary concerned determines necessary to offset the expenses incident to the departure. Allowances authorized by this section are in addition to those authorized by any other section of this title. Such allowances may be paid in advance. For the purposes of this section, a dependent authorized or ordered to depart by competent authority includes
(1) a dependent who is present at or in the vicinity of the members duty station when the departure of dependents is authorized or ordered by competent authority and who actually moved to an authorized safe haven designated by that authority, whether such safe haven is at or in the vicinity of the members duty station or elsewhere;
(2) a dependent who resides at or in the vicinity of a former duty station of the member following the assignment of the member elsewhere or who resides at or in the vicinity of a duty station (other than the duty station of the member) incident to orders in connection with an unaccompanied tour of duty of the member, if a departure of dependents is authorized or ordered by competent authority from the duty station at which or in the vicinity of which the dependent resides and the dependent actually moves to an authorized safe haven designated by that authority;
(3) a dependent who established a household at or in the vicinity of the members duty station but who is temporarily absent therefrom for any reason when departure of dependents is authorized or ordered by competent authority; and
(4) a dependent who was authorized to join the member and who departed from his former place of residence incident to joining the member but who, as a result of the departure of dependents, is diverted to a safe haven designated by competent authority or is authorized to travel to a place the dependent may designate, even though he was in the United States when the departure was authorized or ordered.
(b) 
(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretaries concerned, each member whose dependents are covered by subsection (a) is entitled to have one motor vehicle that is owned by the member (or a dependent of the member) and is for the personal use of the member or his dependents, transported at the expense of the United States to a designated place for the use of the dependents. When the dependents are permitted to rejoin the member, the vehicle may be transported at the expense of the United States to his permanent duty station.
(2) If a motor vehicle of a member (or a dependent of the member) that is transported at the expense of the United States under paragraph (1) does not arrive at the authorized destination of the vehicle by the designated delivery date, the Secretary concerned shall reimburse the member for expenses incurred after that date to rent a motor vehicle for the dependents use. The amount reimbursed may not exceed $30 per day, and the rental period for which reimbursement may be provided expires after 7 days or on the date on which the delayed vehicle arrives at the authorized destination (whichever occurs first).

37 USC 406 - Travel and transportation allowances: dependents; baggage and household effects

(a) 
(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), a member of a uniformed service who is ordered to make a change of permanent station is entitled to transportation in kind, reimbursement therefor, or a monetary allowance in place of the cost of transportation, plus a per diem, for the members dependents at rates prescribed by the Secretaries concerned, but not more than the rate authorized under section 404 (d) of this title. The Secretary concerned may also reimburse the member for mandatory pet quarantine fees for household pets, but not to exceed $550 per change of station, when the member incurs the fees incident to such change of station.
(2) 
(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), a member who
(i) is separated from the service or released from active duty; and
(ii) on the date of his separation from the service or release from active duty, has not served on active duty for a period of time equal to at least 90 percent of the period of time for which he initially enlisted or otherwise initially agreed to serve,

may be provided transportation under this subsection for his dependents only by transportation in kind by the least expensive mode of transportation available or by a monetary allowance that does not exceed the cost to the Government of such transportation in kind.

(B) Subparagraph (A) does not apply to a member
(i) who is retired, or is placed on the temporary disability retired list, under chapter 61 of title 10;
(ii) who is separated from the service or released from active duty for a medical condition affecting the member, as determined by the Secretary concerned;
(iii) who is separated from the service or released from active duty because the period of time for which the member initially enlisted or otherwise initially agreed to serve has been reduced by the Secretary concerned and is separated or released under honorable conditions;
(iv) who is discharged under section 1173 of title 10; or
(v) who is involuntarily separated from active duty during the period beginning on October 1, 1990, and ending on December 31, 2001.
(3) The allowances authorized under this subsection may be paid in advance.
(4) In this section, the term involuntarily separated has the meaning given that term in section 1141 of title 10.
(b) 
(1) 
(A) Except as provided in paragraph (2), in connection with a change of temporary or permanent station, a member is entitled to transportation (including packing, crating, drayage, temporary storage, and unpacking) of baggage and household effects within the weight allowances listed in subparagraph (C), without regard to the comparative costs of the various modes of transportation. Temporary storage in excess of 180 days may be authorized. Alternatively, the member may be paid reimbursement or a monetary allowance under subparagraph (F).
(B) Subject to uniform regulations prescribed by the Secretaries concerned, in the case of a permanent change of station in which the Secretary concerned has authorized transportation of a motor vehicle under section 2634 of title 10 (except when such transportation is authorized from the old duty station to the new duty station), the member is entitled to a monetary allowance for transportation of that motor vehicle
(i) from the old duty station to
(I) the customary port of embarkation which is nearest the old duty station if delivery of the motor vehicle to the port of embarkation is not made in conjunction with the members travel to the members port of embarkation; or
(II) the customary port of embarkation which is nearest to the members port of embarkation if delivery of the motor vehicle to the port of embarkation is made in conjunction with the members travel to the members port of embarkation;

whichever is most cost-effective for the Government considering all operational, travel, and transportation requirements incident to such change of station; and

(ii) from the customary port of debarkation which has been designated by the Government as most cost-effective for the Government considering all operational, travel, and transportation requirements incident to such change of station to the new duty station.

Such monetary allowance shall be established at a rate per mile that does not exceed the rate established under section 404 (d)(1) of this title. If clause (i)(I) applies to the transportation by the member of a motor vehicle from the old duty station, the monetary allowance under this subparagraph shall also cover return travel to the old duty station by the member or other person transporting the vehicle. In the case of transportation described in clause (ii), the monetary allowance shall also cover travel from the new duty station to the port of debarkation to pick up the vehicle. In the case of the transportation of a motor vehicle arranged by the member under section 2634 (h) of title 10, the Secretary concerned may pay the member, upon presentation of proof of shipment, a monetary allowance in lieu of transportation, as established under section 404 (d)(1) of this title.

(C) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, the weight allowance in pounds to which a member is entitled under subparagraph (A) is determined in accordance with the following table:
(D) In connection with the change of temporary or permanent station of a member in a pay grade below pay grade O6, the Secretary concerned may authorize a higher weight allowance than the weight allowance determined under subparagraph (C) for the member if the Secretary concerned determines that the application of the weight allowance determined under such subparagraph would result in significant hardship to the member or the dependents of the member. An increase in weight allowance under this subparagraph may not result in a weight allowance exceeding the weight allowance specified in subparagraph (C) for pay grades O6 to O10, unless the additional weight allowance in excess of such maximum is intended to permit the shipping of consumables that cannot be reasonably obtained at the new station of the member. The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations to carry out this subparagraph.
(E) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, or the Secretary of Homeland Security for the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy, cadets at the United States Military Academy, the United States Air Force Academy, and the United States Coast Guard Academy, and midshipmen at the United States Naval Academy shall be entitled, in connection with temporary or permanent station change, to transportation of baggage and household effects as provided in subparagraph (A). The weight allowance for cadets and midshipmen is 350 pounds.
(F) A member entitled to transportation of baggage and household effects under subparagraph (A) may, as an alternative to the provision of transportation, be paid reimbursement or, at the members request, a monetary allowance in advance for the cost of transportation of the baggage and household effects. The monetary allowance may be paid only if the amount of the allowance does not exceed the cost that would be incurred by the Government under subparagraph (A) for the transportation of the baggage and household effects. Appropriations available to the Department of Defense, the Department of Homeland Security, and the Department of Health and Human Services for providing transportation of baggage or household effects of members of the uniformed services shall be available to pay a reimbursement or monetary allowance under this subparagraph. The Secretary concerned may prescribe the manner in which the risk of liability for damage, destruction, or loss of baggage or household effects arranged, packed, crated, or loaded by a member is allocated among the member, the United States, and any contractor when a reimbursement or monetary allowance is elected under this subparagraph.
(G) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary concerned may pay a member a share (determined pursuant to such regulations) of the savings resulting to the United States when the total weights of the members baggage and household effects shipped and stored under subparagraph (A) are less than the average weights of the baggage and household effects that are shipped and stored, respectively, by other members in the same grade and with the same dependents status as the member in connection with changes of station that are comparable to the members change of station. The total savings shall be equal to the difference between the cost of shipping and cost of storing such average weights of baggage and household effects, respectively, and the corresponding costs associated with the weights of the members baggage and household effects. For the administration of this subparagraph, the Secretary of Defense shall annually determine the average weights of baggage and household effects shipped and stored in connection with a change of temporary or permanent station.
(2) The transportation and allowances authorized under paragraph (1) may be paid or provided to a member upon his separation from the service or release from active duty only if the member applies for the transportation and allowances not later than 180 days after the date of his separation or release from active duty. If a member to whom this paragraph applies has been authorized nontemporary storage under subsection (d), the 180-day period shall not begin until such authorization for nontemporary storage expires. This paragraph does not apply to a member to whom subsection (g)(1) applies.
(c) The allowances and transportation authorized by subsections (a) and (b) are in addition to those authorized by sections 403 (c), 404, and 405 of this title and are
(1) subject to such conditions and limitations;
(2) for such grades, ranks, and ratings; and
(3) to and from such places;

prescribed by the Secretaries concerned. Transportation of the household effects of a member may not be made by commercial air carrier at an estimated over-all cost that is more than the estimated over-all cost of the transportation thereof by other means, unless an appropriate transportation officer has certified in writing to his commanding officer that those household effects to be so transported are necessary for use in carrying out assigned duties, or are necessary to prevent undue hardship and other means of transportation will not fill those needs. However, not more than 1,000 pounds of unaccompanied baggage may be transported by commercial air carrier, without regard to the preceding sentence, under regulations prescribed under the authority of the Secretary of Defense.

(d) The nontemporary storage of baggage and household effects may be authorized in facilities of the United States, or in commercial facilities when it is considered to be more economical to the United States. However, the weight of baggage and household effects stored, plus the weight of the baggage and household effects transported, in connection with a change of station may not be more than the maximum weight limitations in regulations prescribed by the Secretaries concerned when it is not otherwise fixed by law. In the event a members baggage and household effects exceed such maximum weight limitation, the Secretary concerned, if requested to do so by the member, may pay the costs for the nontemporary storage of that excess weight and collect the amount paid from the members pay and allowances, or collect the amount in such other manner as the Secretary concerned determines appropriate. The nontemporary storage of baggage and household effects may not be authorized for a period longer than one year from the date the member concerned is separated from the service, retired, placed on the temporary disability retired list, discharged, or released from active duty, except as prescribed in regulations by the Secretaries concerned for a member who, on that date, or at any time during the one-year period following that date, is confined in a hospital, or is in its vicinity, undergoing medical treatment; or in the case of a member who
(1) is retired, or is placed on the temporary disability retired list, under chapter 61 of title 10; or
(2) is retired with pay under any other law, or, immediately following at least eight years of continuous active duty with no single break therein of more than 90 days, is discharged with separation pay or severance pay or is involuntarily released from active duty with separation pay or readjustment pay.

Except in the case of a member who, on the date of his separation, discharge, or release, or at any time during the one-year period following that date, is confined in a hospital, or is in its vicinity, undergoing medical treatment, the cost of the storage, for the period that exceeds one year, shall be paid by the member.

(e) When orders directing a change of permanent station for the member concerned have not been issued, or when they have been issued but cannot be used as authority for the transportation of his dependents, baggage, and household effects, the Secretaries concerned may authorize the movement of the dependents, baggage, and household effects and prescribe transportation in kind, reimbursement therefor, or a monetary allowance in place thereof (as the case may be), plus a per diem, as authorized under subsection (a) or (b). This subsection may be used only under unusual or emergency circumstances, including those in which
(1) the member is performing duty at a place designated by the Secretary concerned as being within a zone from which dependents should be evacuated;
(2) orders which direct the members travel in connection with temporary duty do not provide for return to the permanent station or do not specify or imply any limit to the period of absence from his permanent station; or
(3) the member is serving on permanent duty at a station outside the United States, in Hawaii or Alaska, or on sea duty.
(f) 
(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, transportation for dependents, baggage, and household effects of a member, plus a per diem for the members dependents, is authorized if the member dies while entitled to basic pay under chapter 3 of this title.
(2) The Secretary concerned shall give the dependents of a member described in paragraph (1) a period of not less than three years, beginning on the date of the death of the member, during which to select a home for the purposes of the travel and transportation allowances authorized by this section.
(g) 
(1) Under uniform regulations prescribed by the Secretaries concerned, a member who
(A) is retired, or is placed on the temporary disability retired list, under chapter 61 of title 10;
(B) is retired with pay under any other law, or, immediately following at least eight years of continuous active duty with no single break therein of more than 90 days, is discharged with separation pay or severance pay or is involuntarily released from active duty with separation pay or readjustment pay; or
(C) is involuntarily separated from active duty during the period beginning on October 1, 1990, and ending on December 31, 2001,

is, not later than one year from the date he is so retired, placed on that list, involuntarily separated, discharged, or released, except as prescribed in regulations by the Secretaries concerned, entitled to transportation for his dependents, baggage, and household effects to the home selected under section 404 (c) of this title, and to a per diem for his dependents. In addition, baggage and household effects may be shipped to a location other than the home selected by the member.

(2) If baggage and household effects of a member are shipped to a place selected by a member as his home under section 404 (c) of this title that is not a place described in clause (A) or (B) of section 404 (c)(2) of this title or to a location other than the home selected by the member, or if transportation is provided for a members dependents to a place selected by the member as his home under section 404 (c) of this title that is not a place described in clause (A) or (B) of section 404 (c)(2) of this title, and the costs of that shipment or transportation are in excess of those that would have been incurred if the shipment had been made or the transportation had been provided to a location in the United States (other than Alaska or Hawaii), the member shall pay that excess cost.
(3) If a member authorized to select a home under section 404 (c) of this title accrues that right or any entitlement under this subsection but dies before the member exercises the right or entitlement, that right or entitlement accrues to and may be exercised by the surviving dependents at any time before the end of the three-year period beginning on the date on which the member accrued that right or entitlement. If there are no surviving dependents, the baggage and household effects of the deceased member may be shipped to the home of the person legally entitled to such baggage and effects. However, if baggage and household effects are shipped under circumstances described in paragraph (2) in which the member would have been required to pay the excess costs of that shipment, the surviving dependents or the person legally entitled to the baggage and household effects, as the case may be, shall pay that excess cost.
(h) 
(1) If the Secretary concerned determines that it is in the best interests of a member described in paragraph (2) or the members dependents and the United States, the Secretary may, when orders directing a change of permanent station for the member concerned have not been issued, or when they have been issued but cannot be used as authority for the transportation of the members dependents, baggage, and household effects
(A) authorize the movement of the members dependents, baggage, and household effects at the station to an appropriate location in the United States or its possessions or, if the dependents are foreign nationals, to the country of the dependents origin and prescribe transportation in kind, reimbursement therefor, or a monetary allowance in place thereof, as the case may be, plus a per diem, as authorized under subsection (a) or (b); and
(B) in the case of a member described in paragraph (2)(A), authorize the transportation of one motor vehicle, which is owned or leased by the member (or a dependent of the member) and is for the personal use of a dependent of the member, to that location by means of transportation authorized under section 2634 of title 10 or authorize the storage of the motor vehicle pursuant to subsection (b) of such section.

If the members baggage and household effects are in nontemporary storage under subsection (d), the Secretary concerned may authorize their movement to the location concerned and prescribe transportation in kind or reimbursement therefor, as authorized under subsection (b). For the purposes of this section, a members unmarried child for whom the member received transportation in kind to his station outside the United States or in Hawaii or Alaska, reimbursement therefor, or a monetary allowance in place thereof and who, by reason of age or graduation from (or cessation of enrollment in) an institution of higher education, would otherwise cease to be a dependent of the member while the member was serving at that station shall still be considered as a dependent of the member.

(2) A member referred to in paragraph (1) is a member who
(A) is serving at a station outside the United States or in Hawaii or Alaska;
(B) receives an administrative discharge under other than honorable conditions; or
(C) is sentenced by a court-martial
(i) to be confined for a period of more than 30 days,
(ii) to receive a dishonorable or bad-conduct discharge, or
(iii) to be dismissed from a uniformed service.
(3) If a motor vehicle of a member (or a dependent of the member) that is transported at the expense of the United States under this subsection does not arrive at the authorized destination of the vehicle by the designated delivery date, the Secretary concerned shall reimburse the member for expenses incurred after that date to rent a motor vehicle for the dependents use. The amount reimbursed may not exceed $30 per day, and the rental period for which reimbursement may be provided expires after 7 days or on the date on which the delayed vehicle arrives at the authorized destination (whichever occurs first).
(4) 
(A) If a determination described in subparagraph (B) is made with respect to a dependent of a member described in that subparagraph and a request described in subparagraph (C) is made by or on behalf of that dependent, the Secretary may provide a benefit authorized for a member under paragraph (1) or (3) to that dependent in lieu of providing such benefit to the member.
(B) A determination described in this subparagraph is a determination by the commanding officer of a member that
(i) the member has committed a dependent-abuse offense against a dependent of the member;
(ii) a safety plan and counseling have been provided to that dependent;
(iii) the safety of the dependent is at risk; and
(iv) the relocation of the dependent is advisable.
(C) A request described in this subparagraph is a request by the spouse of a member, or by the parent of a dependent child in the case of a dependent child of a member, for relocation.
(D) Transportation may be provided under this paragraph for household effects or a motor vehicle only if a written agreement of the member, or an order of a court of competent jurisdiction, gives possession of the effects or vehicle to the spouse or dependent of the member concerned.
(E) In this paragraph, the term dependent-abuse offense means an offense described in section 1059 (c) of title 10.
(i) A member traveling under orders who is relieved from a duty station is entitled to transportation for his dependents, baggage, and household effects, plus a per diem for the members dependents, regardless of the time the dependents, baggage, or household effects arrive at their destination. Appropriations of the Department of Defense available for travel or transportation that are current when the member is relieved may be used to pay for the transportation.
(j) Under uniform regulations prescribed by the Secretaries concerned, a member with dependents who is ordered to make an overseas permanent change of station and who, in anticipation of his dependents accompanying him overseas, ships baggage and household effects to that overseas station, may be authorized a return shipment of the baggage and household effects if, after the shipment, the members dependents are unable to accompany him overseas and the Secretary concerned determines that such inability was unexpected and uncontrollable.
(k) For the purposes of this section, the residence of a dependent of a member who is a student not living with the member while at school shall be considered to be the permanent duty station of the member or the designated residence of dependents of the member if the members dependents are not authorized to reside with the member.
(l) No carrier, port agent, warehouseman, freight forwarder, or other person involved in the transportation of property may have any lien on, or hold, impound, or otherwise interfere with, the movement of baggage and household goods being transported under this section.

37 USC 406a - Travel and transportation allowances: authorized for travel performed under orders that are canceled, revoked, or modified

Under uniform regulations prescribed by the Secretaries concerned, a member of a uniformed service is entitled to travel and transportation allowances under section 404 of this title, and to transportation of his dependents, baggage, and household effects under sections 406 and 409 of this title, if otherwise qualified, for travel performed before the effective date of orders that direct him to make a change of station and that are later
(1) canceled, revoked, or modified to direct him to return to the station from which he was being transferred; or
(2) modified to direct him to make a different change of station.

37 USC 406b - Travel and transportation allowances: members of the uniformed services attached to a ship overhauling or inactivating

(a) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, a member of the uniformed services who is on permanent duty aboard a ship which is being overhauled or inactivated away from its home port and whose dependents are residing at the home port of the ship is entitled to transportation, transportation in kind, reimbursement for personally procured transportation, or an allowance for transportation as provided in section 404 (d)(3) of this title for round-trip travel from the port of overhaul or inactivation to the home port on or after after the thirty-first calendar day, and every sixtieth calendar day after the thirty-first calendar day after the date on which the ship enters the overhaul or inactivation port or after the date on which the member becomes permanently attached to the ship, whichever date is later. However, in no event shall the amount of reimbursement for personally procured transportation or allowance for transportation exceed the cost of Government-procured commercial round-trip air travel.
(b) Transportation in kind, reimbursement for personally procured transportation, or a monetary allowance in place of the cost of transportation as provided in section 404 (d)(1) of this title may be provided, in lieu of the members entitlement to transportation, for the members dependents from the location that was the home port of the ship before commencement of overhaul or inactivation to the port of overhaul or inactivation. The total reimbursement for transportation for the members dependents may not exceed the cost of Government-procured commercial round-trip travel.
(c) In any case in which a member of the uniformed services is assigned to permanent duty aboard a ship that undergoes a change of home port to the overhaul or inactivation port, the dependents of the member may be provided transportation allowances prescribed in subsections (a) and (b) in lieu of the transportation authorized by section 406 of this title and section 2634 of title 10.
(d) Section 421 of this title does not apply with respect to transportation or allowances provided under this section.

37 USC 406c - Travel and transportation allowances: members assigned to a vessel under construction

(a) Allowance Authorized.— 

(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, a member of the uniformed services who is assigned to permanent duty aboard a ship that is under construction at a location other than
(A) the designated home port of the ship; or
(B) the area where the dependents of the member are residing,

is entitled to transportation, or an allowance for transportation under section 404 (d)(3) of this title, for round-trip travel from the port of construction to either of those locations as provided in paragraph (2).

(2) A member referred to in paragraph (1) shall be entitled to such transportation or allowance on or after the thirty-first day (and every sixtieth day after the thirty-first day) after the later of
(A) the date on which the ship enters the construction port; and
(B) the date on which the member becomes permanently assigned to the ship.
(3) The amount of reimbursement for personally procured transportation or the allowance for transportation under this subsection may not exceed the cost of Government-procured commercial round-trip air travel.
(b) Dependents Travel.— 

(1) In lieu of the entitlement of a member of the uniformed services to transportation under subsection (a), the Secretary concerned may provide transportation in kind, reimbursement for personally procured transportation, or a monetary allowance in place of the cost of transportation as provided in section 404 (d)(1) of this title for the travel of the dependents of the member from the designated home port of the ship, or the area where the dependents of the member are residing, to the port of construction.
(2) The total reimbursement for transportation for the members dependents under paragraph (1) may not exceed the cost of Government-procured commercial round-trip travel.
(c) Change of Home Port.— 
In any case in which a member of the uniformed services assigned to permanent duty aboard a ship that undergoes a change of home port to the port at which the ship is being constructed, the dependents of such member may be provided the transportation allowances prescribed in subsections (a) and (b) in lieu of the transportation authorized by section 406 of this title and section 2634 of title 10.
(d) Application of Other Law.— 
Section 420 of this title does not apply with respect to transportation or allowances provided under this section.

37 USC 407 - Travel and transportation allowances: dislocation allowance

(a) Eligibility for Primary Dislocation Allowance.— 

(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, a member of a uniformed service described in paragraph (2) is entitled to a primary dislocation allowance at the rate determined under subsection (c) for the members pay grade and dependency status.
(2) A member of the uniformed services referred to in paragraph (1) is any of the following:
(A) A member who makes a change of permanent station and the members dependents actually make an authorized move in connection with the change, including a move by the dependents
(i) to join the member at the members duty station after an unaccompanied tour of duty when the members next tour of duty is an accompanied tour at the same station; and
(ii) to a location designated by the member after an accompanied tour of duty when the members next tour of duty is an unaccompanied tour at the same duty station.
(B) A member whose dependents actually move pursuant to section 405a (a), 406 (e), 406 (h), or 554 of this title.
(C) A member whose dependents actually move from their place of residence under circumstances described in section 406a of this title.
(D) A member who is without dependents and
(i) actually moves to a new permanent station where the member is not assigned to quarters of the United States; or
(ii) actually moves from a place of residence under circumstances described in section 406a of this title.
(E) A member who is ordered to move in connection with the closure or realignment of a military installation and, as a result, the members dependents actually move or, in the case of a member without dependents, the member actually moves.
(F) A member whose dependents actually move from the members place of residence in connection with the performance of orders for the member to report to the members first permanent duty station if the move
(i) is to the permanent duty station or a designated location; and
(ii) is an authorized move.
(G) Each of two members married to each other who
(i) is without dependents;
(ii) actually moves with the members spouse to a new permanent duty station; and
(iii) is assigned to family quarters of the United States at or in the vicinity of the new duty station.
(3) If a primary dislocation allowance is paid under this subsection to a member described in subparagraph (C) or (D)(ii) of paragraph (2), the member is not entitled to another dislocation allowance as a member described in subparagraph (A) or (E) of such paragraph in connection with the same move.
(4) If a primary dislocation allowance is payable to two members described in paragraph (2)(G) who are married to each other, the amount of the allowance payable to such members shall be the amount otherwise payable under this subsection to the member in the higher pay grade, or to either member if both members are in the same pay grade. The allowance shall be paid jointly to both members.
(b) Secondary Allowance Authorized Under Certain Circumstances.— 

(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, whenever a member is entitled to a primary dislocation allowance under subsection (a) as a member described in paragraph (2)(C) or (2)(D)(ii) of such subsection, the member is also entitled to a secondary dislocation allowance at the rate determined under subsection (c) for the members pay grade and dependency status if, subsequent to the member or the members dependents actually moving from their place of residence under circumstances described in section 406a of this title, the member or members dependents complete that move to a new location and then actually move from that new location to another location also under circumstances described in section 406a of this title.
(2) If a secondary dislocation allowance is paid under this subsection, the member is not entitled to a dislocation allowance as a member described in paragraph (2)(A) or (2)(E) of subsection (a) in connection with those moves.
(c) Dislocation Allowance Rates.— 

(1) The amount of the dislocation allowance to be paid under this section to a member shall be based on the members pay grade and dependency status at the time the member becomes entitled to the allowance, except that the Secretary concerned may not differentiate between members with dependents in pay grades E1 through E5.
(2) The initial rate for the dislocation allowance, for each pay grade and dependency status, shall be equal to the rate in effect for that pay grade and dependency status on December 31, 1997, as adjusted by the average percentage increase in the rates of basic pay for calendar year 1998. Effective on the same date that the monthly rates of basic pay for members are increased for a subsequent calendar year, the Secretary of Defense shall adjust the rates for the dislocation allowance for that calendar year by the percentage equal to the average percentage increase in the rates of basic pay for that calendar year.
(d) Fiscal Year Limitation; Exceptions.— 

(1) A member is not entitled to more than one dislocation allowance under this section during a fiscal year unless
(A) the Secretary concerned finds that the exigencies of the service require the member to make more than one change of permanent station during the fiscal year;
(B) the member is ordered to a service school as a change of permanent station;
(C) the members dependents are covered by section 405a (a), 406 (e), 406 (h), or 554 of this title; or
(D) subparagraph (C) or (D)(ii) of subsection (a)(2) or subsection (b) apply with respect to the member or the members dependents.
(2) This subsection does not apply in time of national emergency or in time of war.
(e) First or Last Duty.— 
A member is not entitled to payment of a dislocation allowance under this section when the member is ordered from the members home to the members first duty station (except as provided in subsection (a)(2)(F)) or from the members last duty station to the members home.
(f) Partial Dislocation Allowance.— 

(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, a member ordered to occupy or vacate family housing provided by the United States to permit the privatization or renovation of housing or for any other reason (other than pursuant to a permanent change of station) may be paid a partial dislocation allowance of $500.
(2) Effective on the same date that the monthly rates of basic pay for all members are increased under section 1009 of this title or another provision of law, the Secretary of Defense shall adjust the rate of the partial dislocation allowance authorized by this subsection by the percentage equal to the average percentage increase in the rates of basic pay.
(3) Subsections (c) and (d) do not apply to the partial dislocation allowance authorized by this subsection.
(g) Rule of Construction.— 
For purposes of this section, a member whose dependents may not make an authorized move in connection with a change of permanent station is considered a member without dependents.
(h) Advance Payment.— 
A dislocation allowance payable under this section may be paid in advance.

37 USC 408 - Travel and transportation allowances: travel within limits of duty station

(a) A member of a uniformed service may be directed, by regulations of the head of the department or agency in which he is serving, to procure transportation necessary for conducting official business of the United States within the limits of his station. Expenses so incurred by the member for train, bus, streetcar, taxicab, ferry, bridge, and similar fares and tolls, or for the use of privately owned vehicles at a fixed rate a mile plus parking fees, shall be defrayed by the department or agency under which he is serving, or the member is entitled to be reimbursed for the expense.
(b) 
(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, a member of a uniformed service who performs emergency duty described in paragraph (2) is entitled to travel and transportation allowances under section 404 of this title for that duty.
(2) The emergency duty referred to in paragraph (1) is duty that
(A) is performed by a member under emergency circumstances that threaten injury to property of the Federal Government or human life;
(B) is performed at a location within the limits of the members station (other than at the residence or normal duty location of the member);
(C) is performed pursuant to the direction of competent authority; and
(D) requires the members use of overnight accommodations.

37 USC 409 - Travel and transportation allowances: house trailers and mobile homes

(a) 
(1) A member, or in the case of a members death, the members dependent, who would otherwise be entitled to transportation of baggage and household effects under section 406 of this title, may be provided transportation of a house trailer or mobile home dwelling within the continental United States, within Alaska, or between the continental United States and Alaska (or reimbursement for such transportation), if the house trailer or mobile home dwelling is intended for use as a residence by such member or dependent. Such transportation may be limited to such modes and maximum costs as may be prescribed by regulations under subsection (d).
(2) Except as provided in subsection (c), transportation of a house trailer or mobile home dwelling under paragraph (1) is in place of the transportation of baggage and household effects the member or members dependent would otherwise be entitled to have provided.
(3) The cost of transportation of a house trailer or mobile home dwelling under paragraph (1) may not be more than the total cost of transportation (including packing, pick-up, line-haul or drayage, delivery, and unpacking) of baggage and household effects of the member or dependent having the maximum weight authorized for the member or dependent under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned.
(4) A house trailer or mobile home dwelling in transit under this section may be stored up to 180 days in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned.
(b) Any payment authorized by this section may be made in advance of the transportation concerned.
(c) A member or members dependent who is entitled to the transportation of baggage or household effects from a place inside the continental United States or Alaska to a place outside the continental United States or Alaska, or from a place outside the continental United States or Alaska to a place inside the continental United States or Alaska, may be provided the transportation of a house trailer or mobile dwelling under this section, but the total cost to the Government of the transportation of baggage and household effects and the transport of a house trailer or mobile home dwelling may not exceed the cost of transporting baggage and household effects of the member or dependent having the maximum weight authorized for the member or dependent under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned.
(d) The Secretaries concerned shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section.

37 USC 410 - Travel and transportation allowances: miscellaneous categories

(a) The following persons are entitled to such travel and transportation allowances provided by section 404 of this title as prescribed by the Secretaries concerned
(1) cadets of the United States Military Academy;
(2) midshipmen of the United States Naval Academy;
(3) cadets of the United States Air Force Academy;
(4) cadets of the Coast Guard Academy;
(5) applicants for enlistment;
(6) rejected applicants for enlistment;
(7) general prisoners;
(8) discharged prisoners;
(9) insane patients transferred from military hospitals to other hospitals or to their homes; and
(10) persons discharged from Saint Elizabeths Hospital after transfer from a uniformed service.
(b) The Secretary concerned shall, in prescribing allowances under subsection (a), consider the rights of the United States, as well as those of the persons concerned.

37 USC 411 - Travel and transportation allowances: administrative provisions

(a) For the administration of sections 404 (a), (b), and (d)(f), 404a, 405, 405a, 406(a)(f), 407, 409, and 410 of this title, the Secretaries concerned shall prescribe regulations that are, as far as practicable, uniform for all of the uniformed services.
(b) In establishing the rates and kinds of allowances authorized by the sections of this title designated by subsection (a), the Secretaries concerned shall
(1) consider the average cost of common carrier transportation when prescribing a monetary allowance in place of transportation;
(2) consider the current economic data on the cost of subsistence, including lodging and other necessary incidental expenses related thereto, when prescribing per diem rates and designating areas as high cost areas; and
(3) consider the average cost of transportation and current economic data on the cost of subsistence, including lodging and other necessary incidental expenses relating thereto, when prescribing mileage allowances.
(c) The Secretaries concerned shall determine what constitutes a travel status for the purposes of the sections of this title designated by subsection (a).
(d) The Secretary concerned shall define the term permanent station for the purposes of the sections of this title designated by subsection (a). The definition shall include a shore station or the home yard or home port of a vessel to which a member of a uniformed service who is entitled to basic pay may be ordered. An authorized change in the home yard or home port of such a vessel is a change of permanent station.

37 USC 411a - Travel and transportation allowances: travel performed in connection with convalescent leave

(a) Under uniform regulations prescribed by the Secretaries concerned, a member of a uniformed service is entitled to travel and transportation allowances for travel from his place of medical treatment in the continental United States to a place selected by him and approved by the Secretary concerned, and return, when the Secretary concerned determines that the member is traveling in connection with authorized leave for convalescence from illness or injury incurred while the member was eligible for the receipt of hostile fire pay under section 310 of this title.
(b) The allowances prescribed under this section may not be at rates more than the rates authorized under section 404 (d)(1) of this title. Authorized travel under this section is performed in a duty status.

37 USC 411b - Travel and transportation allowances: travel performed in connection with leave between consecutive overseas tours

(a) Allowances Authorized.— 
Under uniform regulations prescribed by the Secretaries concerned, a member of a uniformed service stationed outside the continental United States who is ordered to a consecutive tour of duty at the same duty station or who is ordered to make a change of permanent station to another duty station outside the continental United States may be paid travel and transportation allowances in connection with authorized leave from his last duty station to a place approved by the Secretary concerned and from that place to his designated post of duty. Such allowances may be paid for the member and for the dependents of the member who are authorized to, and do, accompany him at his duty stations.
(b) Authority to Defer Travel; Limitations.— 

(1) Under the regulations referred to in subsection (a), a member may defer the travel for which the member is paid travel and transportation allowances under this section until any time before the completion of the consecutive tour at the same duty station or the completion of the tour of duty at the new duty station under the order involved, as the case may be.
(2) If a member is unable to undertake the travel before expiration of the deferral period under paragraph (1) because of duty in connection with a contingency operation, the member may defer the travel until not more than one year after the date on which the members duty in connection with the contingency operation ends.
(c) Limitation on Allowance Rate.— 
The allowances prescribed under this section may not exceed the rate authorized under section 404 (d) of this title. Authorized travel under this section is performed in a duty status.

37 USC 411c - Travel and transportation allowances: travel performed in connection with rest and recuperative leave from certain stations in foreign countries

(a) Under uniform regulations prescribed by the Secretaries concerned, a member of a uniformed service who is serving at a duty station outside the United States in an area specifically designated for the purposes of this section by the Secretary concerned may be paid for or provided transportation for himself and his dependents authorized to reside at his duty station
(1) to another location outside the United States having different social, climatic, or environmental conditions than those at the duty station at which the member is serving; or
(2) to a location in the United States.
(b) When the transportation authorized by subsection (a) is provided by the Secretary concerned, the Secretary may use Government or commercial carriers. The Secretary concerned may limit the amount of payments made to members under subsection (a).

37 USC 411d - Travel and transportation allowances: transportation incident to personal emergencies for certain members and dependents

(a) Under uniform regulations prescribed by the Secretaries concerned, transportation in accordance with subsection (b) may be provided for a member of a uniformed service and for dependents of that member authorized to reside at the members duty station (or authorized to reside at another location and receive a station allowance) incident to emergency leave granted for reasons of a personal emergency (or in the case of transportation provided only for a dependent, under circumstances involving a personal emergency similar to the circumstances for which emergency leave could be granted a member).
(b) 
(1) In the case of a member stationed outside the continental United States and the dependents of such a member, transportation under this section may be provided from the location of the member or dependents, at the time notification of the personal emergency is received, or the members permanent duty station (and if the members dependents reside at another overseas location and receive a station allowance, from that location)
(A) to the international airport in the continental United States closest to the location from which the member and his dependents departed;
(B) to any airport in the continental United States to which travel can be arranged at the same or a lower cost as travel obtained under subparagraph (A); or
(C) to an airport in Alaska, Hawaii, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, any possession of the United States, or any other location outside the continental United States, as determined by the Secretary concerned.
(2) In the case of a member whose domicile is outside the continental United States and who is stationed in the continental United States and the dependents of such a member, transportation under this section may be provided from the international airport in the continental United States nearest the location of the member and dependents at the time notification of the personal emergency is received or the international airport nearest the members permanent duty station to an international airport in Alaska, Hawaii, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, a possession of the United States, or any other location outside the continental United States, as determined by the Secretary concerned.
(3) In the case of a member stationed outside the continental United States whose dependents reside in the continental United States, transportation under this section may be provided for the member as described in paragraph (1) and for the dependents as described in paragraph (2).
(4) Whenever transportation is provided under this section, return transportation may be provided to the location from which the member or dependent departed or the members duty station.
(c) Transportation under this section may be authorized only upon a determination that, considering the nature of the personal emergency involved, Government transportation is not reasonably available. The cost of transportation authorized under this section for a member, or the dependents of a member, may not exceed the cost of Government-procured commercial air travel between the applicable locations described in subsection (b).

37 USC 411e - Travel and transportation allowances: transportation incident to certain emergencies for members performing temporary duty

(a) Under uniform regulations prescribed by the Secretaries concerned, a member of a uniformed service who is performing temporary duty away from his permanent duty station (or who is assigned to a ship or unit operating away from its home port) may be provided the travel and transportation authorized by section 404 of this title for travel performed by the member from his place of temporary duty (or from his ship or unit) to his permanent duty station (or the home port of the ship or unit) or to any other location, and return (if applicable), if such travel has been approved incident to a personal emergency of the member.
(b) Transportation under this section may be authorized only upon a determination that Government transportation is not reasonably available, considering the nature of the personal emergency involved. The cost of transportation authorized under this section may not exceed the cost of Government-procured commercial air travel from the members place of temporary duty (or from his ship or unit) to the members permanent duty station (or the home port of the ship or unit), and return (if applicable).

37 USC 411f - Travel and transportation allowances: transportation for survivors of deceased member to attend the members burial ceremonies

(a) Allowances Authorized.— 

(1) The Secretary concerned may provide round trip travel and transportation allowances to eligible relatives of a member of the uniformed services who dies while on active duty or inactive duty in order that the eligible relatives may attend the burial ceremony of the deceased member at the location determined under subsection (a)(8) of section 1482 of title 10 or attend a memorial service for the deceased member, under circumstances covered by subsection (d) of such section.
(2) The Secretary concerned may also provide round trip travel and transportation allowances to an attendant who accompanies an eligible relative provided travel and transportation allowances under paragraph (1) for travel to the burial ceremony if the Secretary concerned determines that
(A) the accompanied eligible relative is unable to travel unattended because of age, physical condition, or other justifiable reason; and
(B) there is no other eligible relative of the deceased member traveling to the burial ceremony who is eligible for travel and transportation allowances under paragraph (1) and is qualified to serve as the attendant.
(b) Limitation on Amount.— 
Allowances for travel under subsection (a) may not exceed the rates for two days and the time necessary for such travel.
(c) Eligible Relatives.— 

(1) The following members of the family of a deceased member of the uniformed services are eligible for the travel and transportation allowances under subsection (a)(1):
(A) The surviving spouse (including a remarried surviving spouse) of the deceased member.
(B) The unmarried child or children of the deceased member referred to in section 401 (a)(2) of this title.
(C) The parent or parents of the deceased member (as defined in section 401 (b)(2) of this title).
(2) If no person described in paragraph (1) is provided travel and transportation allowances under subsection (a)(1), the travel and transportation allowances may be provided to
(A) the person who directs the disposition of the remains of the deceased member under section 1482 (c) of title 10, or, in the case of a deceased member whose remains are commingled and buried in a common grave in a national cemetery, the person who would have been designated under such section to direct the disposition of the remains if individual identification had been made; and
(B) up to two additional persons closely related to the deceased member who are selected by the person referred to in subparagraph (A).
(d) Expanded Allowances Related to Recovery of Remains From Vietnam Conflict.— 

(1) The Secretary of Defense may provide round trip travel and transportation allowances for the family of a deceased member of the armed forces who died while classified as a prisoner of war or as missing in action during the Vietnam conflict and whose remains are returned to the United States in order that the family members may attend the burial ceremony of the deceased member.
(2) The allowances under paragraph (1) shall include round trip transportation from the places of residence of such family members to the burial ceremony and such living expenses and other allowances as the Secretary of Defense considers appropriate.
(3) For purposes of paragraph (1), eligible family members of the deceased member of the armed forces include the following:
(A) The surviving spouse (including a remarried surviving spouse) of the deceased member.
(B) The child or children, including children described in section 401 (b)(1) of this title, of the deceased member.
(C) The parent or parents of the deceased member (as defined in section 401 (b)(2) of this title).
(D) If no person described in subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) is provided travel and transportation allowances under paragraph (1), any brothers, sisters, halfbrothers, halfsisters, stepbrothers, and stepsisters of the deceased member.
(e) Burial Ceremony Defined.— 
In this section, the term burial ceremony includes the following:
(1) An interment of casketed or cremated remains.
(2) A placement of cremated remains in a columbarium.
(3) A memorial service for which reimbursement is authorized under section 1482 (d)(2) of title 10.
(4) A burial of commingled remains that cannot be individually identified in a common grave in a national cemetery.
(f) Regulations.— 
The Secretaries concerned shall prescribe uniform regulations to carry out this section.

37 USC 411g - Travel and transportation allowances: transportation incident to voluntary extensions of overseas tours of duty

(a) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, a member of a uniformed service who
(1) is stationed outside the United States; and
(2) voluntarily agrees to extend his overseas tour of duty for a period equal to at least one-half of the overseas tour prescribed for his permanent duty station;

may be paid the transportation allowance described in subsection (b) for himself and each dependent who is authorized to, and does, accompany him.

(b) The transportation allowance authorized by subsection (a) is an allowance provided
(1) in connection with authorized leave; and
(2) for the cost of transportation
(A) from a members permanent duty station to a place approved by the Secretary concerned and from that place to his permanent duty station; or
(B) from a members permanent duty station to a place no farther distant than his home of record (if he is a member without dependents) and from that place to his permanent duty station.
(c) The transportation allowance authorized by subsection (a) may not be provided to an enlisted member who, with respect to an extension of duty described in subsection (a)
(1) elects to receive special pay under section 314 of this title for duty performed during such extension of duty; or
(2) elects to receive rest and recuperative absence or transportation at Government expense, or any combination thereof, under section 705 of title 10 for such extension of duty.
(d) The authority under this section shall expire on October 1, 1989.

37 USC 411h - Travel and transportation allowances: transportation of family members incident to illness or injury of members

(a) 
(1) Under uniform regulations prescribed by the Secretaries concerned, travel and transportation described in subsection (c) may be provided for not more than three family members of a member described in paragraph (2) if the attending physician or surgeon and the commander or head of the military medical facility exercising control over the member determine that the presence of the family member may contribute to the members health and welfare. In circumstances determined to be appropriate by the Secretary concerned, the Secretary may waive the limitation on the number of family members provided travel and transportation under this section.
(2) A member referred to in paragraph (1) is a member of the uniformed services who
(A) is serving on active duty, is entitled to pay and allowances under section 204 (g) of this title (or would be so entitled were it not for offsetting earned income described in that section), or is retired for the illness or injury referred to in subparagraph (B); and
(B) either
(i) is seriously ill, seriously injured, or in a situation of imminent death (whether or not electrical brain activity still exists or brain death is declared), and is hospitalized in a medical facility in or outside the United States; or
(ii) is not described in clause (i), but has an injury incurred in an operation or area designated as a combat operation or combat zone, respectively, by the Secretary of Defense and is hospitalized in a medical facility in the United States for treatment of that injury.
(3) Not more than one roundtrip may be provided to a family member under paragraph (1) on the basis of clause (ii) of paragraph (2)(B).
(b) 
(1) In this section, the term family member, with respect to a member, means
(A) the members spouse;
(B) children of the member (including stepchildren, adopted children, and illegitimate children);
(C) parents of the member or persons in loco parentis to the member, as provided in paragraph (2);
(D) siblings of the member; and
(E) a person related to the member as described in subparagraph (A), (B), (C), or (D) who is also a member of the uniformed services.
(2) Parents of a member or persons in loco parentis to a member include fathers and mothers through adoption and persons who stood in loco parentis to the member for a period not less than one year immediately before the member entered the uniformed service. However, only one father and one mother or their counterparts in loco parentis may be recognized in any one case.
(3) In this section, the term health and welfare, with respect to a member, includes a situation in which a decision must be made by family members regarding the termination of artificial life support being provided to the member.
(c) 
(1) The transportation authorized by subsection (a) is round-trip transportation between the home of the family member and the location of the medical facility in which the member is hospitalized.
(2) In addition to the transportation authorized by subsection (a), the Secretary concerned may provide a per diem allowance or reimbursement for the actual and necessary expenses of the travel, or a combination thereof, but not to exceed the rates established under section 404 (d) of this title.
(d) 
(1) The transportation authorized by subsection (a) may be provided by any of the following means:
(A) Transportation in-kind.
(B) A monetary allowance in place of transportation in-kind at a rate to be prescribed by the Secretaries concerned.
(C) Reimbursement for the commercial cost of transportation.
(2) An allowance payable under this subsection may be paid in advance.
(3) Reimbursement payable under this subsection may not exceed the cost of government-procured commercial round-trip air travel.

37 USC 411i - Travel and transportation allowances: parking expenses

(a) Reimbursement Authority.— 
Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of a military department may reimburse eligible Department of Defense personnel for expenses incurred after October 1, 2001, for parking a privately owned vehicle at a place of duty described in subsection (b).
(b) Eligibility.— 
A member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps or an employee of the Department of Defense may be reimbursed under subsection (a) for parking expenses while
(1) assigned to duty as a recruiter for any of the armed forces;
(2) assigned to duty at a military entrance processing facility of the armed forces; or
(3) detailed for instructional and administrative duties at any institution where a unit of the Senior Reserve Officers Training Corps is maintained.

37 USC 411j - Travel and transportation allowances: transportation of family members incident to the repatriation of members held captive

(a) Allowance for Family Members and Certain Others.— 

(1) Under uniform regulations prescribed by the Secretaries concerned, travel and transportation described in subsection (d) may be provided for not more than three family members of a member described in subsection (b).
(2) In addition to the family members authorized to be provided travel and transportation under paragraph (1), the Secretary concerned may provide travel and transportation described in subsection (d) to an attendant to accompany a family member described in that paragraph if the Secretary determines that
(A) the family member to be accompanied is unable to travel unattended because of age, physical condition, or other reason determined by the Secretary; and
(B) no other family member who is eligible for travel and transportation under paragraph (1) is able to serve as an attendant for the family member.
(3) If no family member of a member described in subsection (b) is able to travel to the repatriation site of the member, travel and transportation described in subsection (d) may be provided to not more than 2 persons related to and selected by the member.
(4) In circumstances determined to be appropriate by the Secretary concerned, the Secretary may waive the limitation on the number of family members of a member provided travel and transportation allowances under this section.
(b) Covered Members.— 
A member described in this subsection is a member of the uniformed services who
(1) is serving on active duty;
(2) was held captive, as determined by the Secretary concerned; and
(3) is repatriated to a site inside or outside the United States.
(c) Eligible Family Members.— 
In this section, the term family member has the meaning given the term in section 411h (b) of this title.
(d) Travel and Transportation Authorized.— 

(1) The transportation authorized by subsection (a) is round-trip transportation between the home of the family member (or home of the attendant or person provided transportation under paragraph (2) or (3) of subsection (a), as the case may be) and the location of the repatriation site at which the member is located.
(2) In addition to the transportation authorized by subsection (a), the Secretary concerned may provide a per diem allowance or reimbursement for the actual and necessary expenses of the travel, or a combination thereof, but not to exceed the rates established for such allowances and expenses under section 404 (d) of this title.
(3) The transportation authorized by subsection (a) may be provided by any of the means described in section 411h (d)(1) of this title.
(4) An allowance under this subsection may be paid in advance.
(5) Reimbursement payable under this subsection may not exceed the cost of Government-procured round-trip air travel.

37 USC 412 - Appropriations for travel: may not be used for attendance at certain meetings

Appropriations of the Department of Defense that are available for travel may not, without the approval of the Secretary concerned or his designee, be used for expenses incident to attendance of a member of an armed force under that department at a meeting of a technical, scientific, professional, or similar organization.

37 USC 413 - Chairman and Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

The Chairman and Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff are entitled to the allowances provided by law for the Chief of Staff of the Army.

37 USC 414 - Personal money allowance

(a) Allowance for Officers Serving in Certain Ranks or Positions.— 
In addition to other pay or allowances authorized by this title, an officer who is entitled to basic pay is entitled to a personal money allowance of
(1) $500 a year, while serving in the grade of lieutenant general or vice admiral, or in an equivalent grade or rank;
(2) $1,200 a year, in place of any other personal money allowance authorized by this section while serving as Surgeon General of the Public Health Service;
(3) $2,200 a year, in addition to the personal money allowance authorized by clause (1), while serving as a senior member of the Military Staff Committee of the United Nations;
(4) $2,200 a year, while serving in the grade of general or admiral, or in an equivalent grade or rank; or
(5) $4,000 a year, in place of any other personal money allowance authorized by this section, while serving as Chief of Staff of the Army, Chief of Naval Operations, Chief of Staff of the Air Force, Commandant of the Marine Corps, or Commandant of the Coast Guard.
(b) Allowance for Certain Naval Officers.— 
In addition to other pay or allowances authorized by law, an officer who is serving in one of the following positions is entitled to the amount set forth for that position, to be paid annually out of naval appropriations for pay, and to be spent in his discretion for the contingencies of his position
(1) President of the Naval Postgraduate School$400;
(2) Commandant of Midshipmen at the Naval Academy$800;
(3) President of the Naval War College$1,000;
(4) Superintendent of the Naval Academy$5,200; and
(5) Director of Naval Intelligence$5,200.
(c) Allowance for Senior Enlisted Members.— 
In addition to other pay or allowances authorized by this title, a noncommissioned officer is entitled to a personal money allowance of $2,000 a year while serving as the Sergeant Major of the Army, the Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy, the Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force, the Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps, the Master Chief Petty Officer of the Coast Guard, or the Senior Enlisted Advisor to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

37 USC 415 - Uniform allowance: officers; initial allowance

(a) Subject to subsection (b), an officer of an armed force is entitled to an initial allowance of not more than $400 as reimbursement for the purchase of required uniforms and equipment
(1) upon first reporting for active duty (other than for training) for a period of more than 90 days;
(2) upon completing at least 14 days of active duty as a member of a reserve component;
(3) upon completing 14 periods, each of which was of at least two hours duration, of inactive-duty training as a member of the Ready Reserve; or
(4) upon reporting for the first period of active duty required by section 2121 (c) of title 10 as a member of the Armed Forces Health Professions Scholarship program.
(b) An officer who has received an initial uniform reimbursement or allowance under any other law is not entitled to an initial allowance under subsection (a).
(c) An allowance of $250 for uniforms and equipment may be paid to each commissioned officer of the Public Health Service who is
(1) on active duty or on inactive duty training status; and
(2) required by directive of the Surgeon General to wear a uniform.

An officer is not entitled to more than one allowance under this subsection.

37 USC 416 - Uniform allowance: officers; additional allowances

(a) In addition to the allowance provided by section 415 of this title, a reserve officer of an armed force, an officer of the Army or the Air Force without specification of component, or a regular officer of an armed force appointed under section 2106 or 2107 of title 10 is entitled to not more than $200 as reimbursement for additional uniforms and equipment required on that duty, for each time that the officer enters on active duty for a period of more than 90 days.
(b) Subsection (a) does not apply to a tour of active duty if
(1) the officer, during that tour or within a period of two years before entering on that tour, received, under any law, an initial uniform reimbursement or allowance of more than $400; or
(2) the officer enters on that tour within two years after completing a period of active duty of more than 90 days duration.

37 USC 417 - Uniform allowance: officers; general provisions

(a) Subject to standards, policies, and procedures prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of each military department may prescribe regulations that he considers necessary to carry out sections 415 (a)(c) and 416 of this title within his department. The Secretary of Homeland Security, with the concurrence of the Secretary of the Navy, may prescribe regulations that he considers necessary to carry out those sections for the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy. As far as practicable, regulations for all reserve components shall be uniform.
(b) Under regulations approved by the Secretary of Defense, or by the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy, and subject to section 415 (a)
(c)  or 416 of this title, a reserve officer of an armed force who has received a uniform and equipment allowance under section 415 (a)
(c)  or 416 of this title, may if a different uniform is required, be paid a uniform and equipment reimbursement upon transfer to, or appointment in, another reserve component.
(c) For the purposes of sections 415 (a)(c) and 416 of this title and subsections (a) and (b), an officer may count only that duty for which he is required to wear a uniform.
(d) 
(1) For purposes of sections 415 and 416 of this title, a period for which an officer of an armed force, while employed as a National Guard technician, is required to wear a uniform under section 709 (b) of title 32 shall be treated as a period of active duty (other than for training).
(2) A uniform allowance may not be paid, and uniforms may not be furnished, to an officer under section 1593 of title 10 or section 5901 of title 5 for a period of employment referred to in paragraph (1) for which an officer is paid a uniform allowance under section 415 or 416 of this title.

37 USC 418 - Clothing allowance: enlisted members

(a) The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Homeland Security, with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy, may prescribe the quantity and kind of clothing to be furnished annually to an enlisted member of the armed forces or the National Guard, and may prescribe the amount of a cash allowance to be paid to such a member if clothing is not so furnished to him.
(b) In determining the quantity and kind of clothing or allowances to be furnished pursuant to regulations prescribed under this section to persons employed as National Guard technicians under section 709 of title 32, the Secretary of Defense shall take into account the requirement under subsection (b) of such section for such persons to wear a uniform.
(c) A uniform allowance may not be paid, and uniforms may not be furnished, under section 1593 of title 10 or section 5901 of title 5 to a person referred to in subsection (b) for a period of employment referred to in that subsection for which clothing is furnished or a uniform allowance is paid under this section.

37 USC 419 - Civilian clothing allowance

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, an officer of an armed force who is assigned to a permanent duty station at a location outside the United States may be paid a civilian clothing allowance in such amount as the Secretary shall determine under regulations if such officer is required to wear civilian clothing all or a substantial portion of the time in the performance of the officers official duties. A clothing allowance under this section is in addition to any uniform allowance to which an officer is otherwise entitled under this title.

37 USC 420 - Allowances while participating in international sports

(a) Section 717 of title 10 does not authorize the payment of allowances at higher rates than those provided for participation in military activities not covered by that section.
(b) Notwithstanding any other law, a member of a uniformed service is not entitled to travel and transportation allowances under sections 404–411 of this title for any period during which his expenses for travel or transportation are being paid by the agency sponsoring his participation in a competition covered by section 717 of title 10.
(c) Notwithstanding any other law, a member of a uniformed service who has no dependents is not entitled to the basic allowances for subsistence and housing authorized by sections 402 and 403 of this title for a period during which he is subsisted and quartered by the agency sponsoring his participation in a competition covered by section 717 of title 10.

37 USC 421 - Allowances: no increase while dependent is entitled to basic pay

A member of a uniformed service may not be paid an increased allowance under this chapter, on account of a dependent, for any period during which that dependent is entitled to basic pay under section 204 of this title.

37 USC 422 - Cadets and midshipmen

(a) A cadet at the United States Military Academy, the United States Air Force Academy, or the Coast Guard Academy, or a midshipman at the United States Naval Academy, is entitled to the allowances provided by law for a midshipman in the Navy, and to travel and transportation allowances prescribed under section 410 of this title while traveling under orders as a cadet or midshipman.
(b) Each midshipman of the Navy to whom a Navy ration is not furnished is entitled to the commuted value of the ration in money for each day that he is on active duty, including each day that he is on leave. The Secretary of the Navy may prescribe regulations stating the conditions under which the commuted value shall be allowed and may prescribe regulations establishing the rates at which the ration shall be commuted.
(c) A cadet or midshipman appointed under section 2107 of title 10 is entitled to the same allowances as are provided for cadets and midshipmen at the United States Military, Naval, and Air Force Academies for
(1) initial travel to the educational institution in which matriculated;
(2) travel while under orders; and
(3) travel on discharge.

However, no allowance for travel on discharge may be paid to a discharged cadet or midshipman who continues his scholastic instruction at the same educational institution.

37 USC 423 - Validity of allowance payments based on purported marriages

A payment of an allowance, based on a purported marriage, that is made under this chapter, under the Career Compensation Act of 1949, or under the Pay Readjustment Act of 1942, before judicial annulment or termination of that marriage, is valid, if a court of competent jurisdiction adjudges or decrees that the marriage was entered into in good faith on the part of the spouse who is a member of a uniformed service or if, in the absence of such a judgment or decree, such a finding of good faith is made by the Secretary concerned or by a person designated by him to investigate the matter.

37 USC 424 - Band leaders

(a) The leader of the Army Band is entitled to the allowances of a captain in the Army.
(b) The leader of the United State Navy Band is entitled to the allowances of a lieutenant of the Navy.
(c) A member of the Marine Corps who is appointed as director or assistant director of the United States Marine Corps Band under section 6222 of title 10, is entitled, while serving thereunder, only to the allowances of an officer in the grade in which he is serving. However, his allowances may not be less than those to which he was entitled at the time of his appointment under that section.
(d) The leader of the Naval Academy Band is entitled to the allowances of the pay grade prescribed for him by the Secretary of Navy under section 207 (e) of this title. The second leader is entitled to the allowances of a warrant officer, W1.
(e) The director of the Coast Guard Band is entitled to the allowances of an officer in the grade in which he is serving. However, his allowances may not be less than those to which he was entitled at the time of his appointment as director.

37 USC 425 - United States Navy Band; United States Marine Corps Band: allowances while on concert tour

While on concert tours approved by the President, the members of the United States Navy Band and the United States Marine Corps Band do not forfeit allowances.

37 USC 426 - Repealed. Pub. L. 90377, 10, July 5, 1968, 82 Stat. 288]

Section, Pub. L. 87–649, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 480, provided for payment to persons confined in a naval confinement facility under sentence of a court-martial of not more than $3 a month for necessary expenses, such payments to be made from appropriations for pay of Navy or Marine Corps.

37 USC 427 - Family separation allowance

(a) Entitlement to Allowance.— 

(1) In addition to any allowance or per diem to which he otherwise may be entitled under this title a member of a uniformed service with dependents is entitled to a monthly allowance equal to $250 if
(A) the movement of his dependents to his permanent station or a place near that station is not authorized at the expense of the United States under section 406 of this title and his dependents do not reside at or near that station;
(B) he is on duty on board a ship away from the home port of the ship for a continuous period of more than 30 days; or
(C) he is on temporary duty away from his permanent station for a continuous period of more than 30 days and his dependents do not reside at or near his temporary duty station.
(2) A member who becomes entitled to an allowance under this subsection by virtue of duty prescribed in subparagraph (B) or (C) of paragraph (1) for a continuous period of more than 30 days is entitled to the allowance effective as of the earlier of
(A) the first day of that period; or
(B) the first day the member ceased being entitled to a previous allowance under this subsection by reason of the end of duty prescribed in such subparagraphs, if the member ceased being entitled to the previous allowance within 30 days before the first day of that period.
(b) Entitlement When No Residence or Household Maintained for Dependents.— 
An allowance is payable under subsection (a) even though the member does not maintain for his primary dependents who would otherwise normally reside with him, a residence or household, subject to his management and control, which he is likely to share with them as a common household when his duty assignment permits.
(c) Effect of Election to Serve Unaccompanied Tour of Duty.— 

(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) or (3), a member who elects to serve a tour of duty unaccompanied by his dependents at a permanent station to which the movement of his dependents is authorized at the expense of the United States under section 406 of this title is not entitled to an allowance under subsection (a)(1)(A).
(2) The prohibition in the first sentence of paragraph (1) does not apply to a member who elects to serve an unaccompanied tour of duty because a dependent cannot accompany the member to or at that permanent station for certified medical reasons.
(3) The Secretary concerned may waive paragraph (1) in situations in which it would be inequitable to deny the allowance to the member because of unusual family or operational circumstances.
(d) Entitlement While Spouse Entitled to Basic Pay.— 
A member married to another member of the uniformed services becomes entitled, regardless of any other dependency status, to an allowance under subsection (a) by virtue of duty prescribed in subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of paragraph (1) of such subsection if the members were residing together immediately before being separated by reasons of execution of military orders. Section 421 of this title does not apply to bar the entitlement to an allowance under this section. However, not more than one monthly allowance may be paid with respect to a married couple under this section.

37 USC 428 - Allowance for recruiting expenses

In addition to other pay or allowances authorized by law, and under uniform regulations prescribed by the Secretaries concerned, a member who is assigned to recruiting duties for his armed force may be reimbursed for actual and necessary expenses incurred in connection with those duties.

37 USC 429 - Travel and transportation allowances: minor dependent schooling

Under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, a member of a uniformed service whose permanent station is outside the United States may be allowed transportation in kind for any minor dependent (or reimbursement therefor), or a monetary allowance in place of such transportation in kind, to a school operated by the Department of Defense under the Defense Dependents Education Act of 1978 (20 U.S.C. 921 et seq.) for dependents in an overseas area which is operated, and which such dependent attends, on a 5-day-a-week dormitory basis or on a 7-day-a-week dormitory basis. In the case of a dependent attending a school on a 5-day-a-week dormitory basis, the transportation in kind or allowance authorized by this section shall be for weekly trips to and from such school, and in the case of a dependent attending a school on a 7-day-a-week dormitory basis, such transportation in kind or allowances shall be for not less than three trips to and from such school during the school year.

37 USC 430 - Travel and transportation: dependent children of members stationed overseas

(a) Availability of Allowance.— 

(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, a member of a uniformed service may be paid the allowance set forth in subsection (b) if the member
(A) is assigned to a permanent duty station outside the continental United States;
(B) is accompanied by the members dependents at or near that duty station (unless the members only dependents are in the category of dependent described in paragraph (2)); and
(C) has an eligible dependent child described in paragraph (2).
(2) An eligible dependent child of a member referred to in paragraph (1)(C) is a child who
(A) is under 23 years of age and unmarried;
(B) is enrolled in a school in the continental United States for the purpose of obtaining a formal education; and
(C) is attending that school or is participating in a foreign study program approved by that school and, pursuant to that foreign study program, is attending a school outside the United States for a period of not more than one year.
(b) Allowance Authorized.— 

(1) A member described in subsection (a) may be paid a transportation allowance for each eligible dependent child of the member of one annual trip between the school being attended by that child and the members duty station outside the continental United States and return. The allowance authorized by this section may be transportation in kind or reimbursement therefor, as prescribed by the Secretaries concerned. However, the transportation authorized by this section may not be paid a member for a child attending a school in the continental United States for the purpose of obtaining a secondary education if the child is eligible to attend a secondary school for dependents that is located at or in the vicinity of the duty station of the member and is operated under the Defense Dependents Education Act of 1978 (20 U.S.C. 921 et seq.).
(2) The allowance authorized under paragraph (1) for the travel of an eligible dependent may include reimbursement for costs incurred by or on behalf of the dependent for lodging of the dependent that is necessitated by an interruption in the travel caused by extraordinary circumstances prescribed in the regulations under subsection (a). The amount of the reimbursement shall be determined using the rate applicable to such circumstances.
(3) At the option of the member, in lieu of the transportation of baggage of a dependent child under paragraph (1) from the dependents school in the continental United States, the Secretary concerned may pay or reimburse the member for costs incurred to store the baggage at or in the vicinity of the school during the dependents annual trip between the school and the members duty station or during a different period in the same fiscal year selected by the member. The amount of the payment or reimbursement may not exceed the cost that the Government would incur to transport the baggage.
(4) The transportation allowance paid under paragraph (1) for an annual trip of an eligible dependent child who is attending a school outside the United States may not exceed the transportation allowance that would be paid under this section for the annual trip of that child between the childs school in the continental United States and the members duty station outside the continental United States and return.
(c) Use of Airlift and Sealift Command.— 
Whenever possible, the Air Mobility Command or Military Sealift Command shall be used, on a space-required basis, for the travel authorized by this section.
(d) Attendance at School in Alaska or Hawaii.— 
For a member assigned to duty outside the continental United States, transportation under this section may be provided a dependent child as described in subsection (a)(2) who is attending a school in Alaska or Hawaii.
(e) Exception.— 
The transportation allowance authorized by this section (whether transportation in kind or reimbursement) may not be paid in the case of a member assigned to a permanent duty station in Alaska or Hawaii for a child attending a school in the State of the permanent duty station.
(f) Definitions.— 
In this section:
(1) The term formal education means the following:
(A) A secondary education.
(B) An undergraduate college education.
(C) A graduate education pursued on a full-time basis at an institution of higher education.
(D) Vocational education pursued on a full-time basis at a postsecondary vocational institution.
(2) The term institution of higher education has the meaning given that term in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).
(3) The term postsecondary vocational institution has the meaning given that term in section 102(c) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1002 (c)).

37 USC 431 - Benefits for certain members assigned to the Defense Intelligence Agency

(a) The Secretary of Defense may provide to members of the armed forces described in subsection (e) allowances and benefits comparable to those provided by the Secretary of State to officers and employees of the Foreign Service under paragraphs (2), (3), (4), (6), (7), (8), and (13) of section 901 and sections 705 and 903 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4081 (2), (3), (4), (6), (7), (8), and (13), 4025, 4083) and under section 5924 (4) of title 5.
(b) The authority of the Secretary of Defense to make payments under subsection (a) is effective for any fiscal year only to the extent that appropriated funds are available for such purpose.
(c) Members of the armed forces may not receive benefits under both subsection (a) and any other provision of this title for the same purpose. The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe such regulations as may be necessary to carry out this subsection.
(d) Regulations prescribed under subsection (a) may not take effect until the Secretary of Defense has submitted such regulations to
(1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate; and
(2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives.
(e) Subsection (a) applies to members of the armed forces who
(1) are assigned
(A) to Defense Attache Offices or Defense Intelligence Agency Liaison Offices outside the United States; or
(B) to the Defense Intelligence Agency and engaged in intelligence-related duties outside the United States; and
(2) are designated by the Secretary of Defense for the purposes of subsection (a).

37 USC 432 - Travel and transportation: members escorting certain dependents

(a) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, a member of a uniformed service may be provided round trip transportation and travel allowances for travel performed or to be performed under competent orders as an escort for the members dependent when travel by the dependent is authorized by competent authority and the dependent is incapable of traveling alone because of age, mental or physical incapacity, or other extraordinary circumstances.
(b) Whenever possible, the Air Mobility Command or Military Sealift Command shall be used, on a space-required basis, for the travel authorized by this section.

37 USC 433 - Allowance for muster duty

(a) Under uniform regulations prescribed by the Secretaries concerned, a member of the Ready Reserve who is not a member of the National Guard or of the Selected Reserve is entitled to an allowance for muster duty performed pursuant to section 12319 of title 10 if the member is engaged in that duty for at least two hours.
(b) The amount of the allowance under this section shall be 125 percent of the amount of the average per diem rate for the United States (other than Alaska and Hawaii) under section 404 (d)(2)(A) of this title as in effect on September 30 of the year preceding the year in which the muster duty is performed.
(c) The allowance authorized by this section may not be disbursed in kind. The allowance may be paid to the member before, on, or after the date on which the muster duty is performed, but not later than 30 days after that date. The allowance shall constitute the single, flat-rate monetary allowance authorized for the performance of muster duty and shall constitute payment in full to the member, regardless of grade or rank in which serving, as commutation for travel to the immediate vicinity of the designated muster duty location, transportation, subsistence, and the special or extraordinary costs of enforced absence from home and civilian pursuits, including such absence on weekends and holidays.
(d) A member who performs muster duty is not entitled to compensation for inactive-duty training under section 206 (a) of this title for the same period.

37 USC 434 - Subsistence reimbursement relating to escorts of foreign arms control inspection teams

(a) Reimbursement of Reasonable Subsistence Costs.— 
Under uniform regulations prescribed by the Secretaries concerned, a member of the armed forces may be reimbursed for the reasonable cost of subsistence incurred by the member while performing duties as an escort of an arms control inspection team of a foreign country, or any member of such a team, while the team or the team member, as the case may be, is engaged in activities related to the implementation of an arms control treaty or agreement.
(b) Period of Authority.— 
The authority under subsection (a) applies to the period during which the inspection team, pursuant to authority specifically provided in the applicable arms control treaty or agreement, is in the country where inspections and related activities are being conducted by the team pursuant to that treaty or agreement.
(c) Effect of Location of Member’s Permanent Duty Station.— 
The authority under subsection (a) applies to a member of the armed forces whether the duties referred to in that subsection are performed at, near, or away from the members permanent duty station.

37 USC 435 - Funeral honors duty: allowance

(a) Allowance Authorized.— 

(1) The Secretary concerned may authorize payment of an allowance to a member of the Ready Reserve for any day on which the member performs at least two hours of funeral honors duty pursuant to section 12503 of title 10 or section 115 of title 32.
(2) The Secretary concerned may also authorize payment of that allowance to a member of the armed forces in a retired status for any day on which the member serves in a funeral honors detail under section 1491 of title 10, if the time required for service in such detail (including time for preparation) is not less than two hours. The amount of an allowance paid to a member under this paragraph shall be in addition to any other compensation to which the member may be entitled under this title or title 10 or 38.
(b) Amount.— 
The daily rate of an allowance under this section is $50.

37 USC 436 - High-deployment allowance: lengthy or numerous deployments; frequent mobilizations

(a) Monthly Allowance.— 
The Secretary of the military department concerned shall pay a high-deployment allowance to a member of the armed forces under the Secretarys jurisdiction for each month during which the member
(1) is deployed; and
(2) at any time during that month
(A) has been deployed for 191 or more consecutive days (or a lower number of consecutive days prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness);
(B) has been deployed, out of the preceding 730 days, for a total of 401 or more days (or a lower number of days prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness); or
(C) in the case of a member of a reserve component, is on active duty
(i) under a call or order to active duty for a period of more than 30 days that is the second (or later) such call or order to active duty (whether voluntary or involuntary) for that member in support of the same contingency operation; or
(ii) for a period of more than 30 days under a provision of law referred to in section 101 (a)(13)(B) of title 10, if such period begins within one year after the date on which the member was released from previous service on active duty for a period of more than 30 days under a call or order issued under such a provision of law.
(b) Definition of Deployed.— 
In this section, the term deployed, with respect to a member, means that the member is deployed or in a deployment within the meaning of section 991 (b) of title 10 (including any definition of deployment prescribed under paragraph (4) of that section).
(c) Rate.— 
The monthly rate of the allowance payable to a member under this section shall be determined by the Secretary concerned, not to exceed $1,000 per month.
(d) Payment of Claims.— 
A claim of a member for payment of the high-deployment allowance that is not fully substantiated by the recordkeeping system applicable to the member under section 991 (c) of title 10 shall be paid if the member furnishes the Secretary concerned with other evidence determined by the Secretary as being sufficient to substantiate the claim.
(e) Relationship to Other Allowances.— 
A high-deployment allowance payable to a member under this section is in addition to any other pay or allowance payable to the member under any other provision of law.
(f) National Security Waiver.— 
No allowance may be paid under this section to a member for any month during which the applicability of section 991 of title 10 to the member is suspended under subsection (d) of that section.
(g) Authority to Exclude Certain Duty Assignments.— 
The Secretary concerned may exclude members serving in specified duty assignments from eligibility for the high-deployment allowance while serving in those assignments. Any such specification of duty assignments may only be made with the approval of the Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness. Specification of a particular duty assignment for purposes of this subsection may not be implemented so as to apply to the member serving in that position at the time of such specification.
(h) Payment From Operation and Maintenance Funds.— 
The monthly allowance payable to a member under this section shall be paid from appropriations available for operation and maintenance for the armed force in which the member serves.

37 USC 437 - Allowance to cover monthly premium for Servicemembers Group Life Insurance: members serving in Operation Enduring Freedom or Operation Iraqi Freedom

(a) Required Reimbursement for Premium Deduction.— 
In the case of a member of the armed forces who has insurance coverage for the member under the Servicemembers Group Life Insurance program under subchapter III of chapter 19 of title 38 and who serves in the theater of operations for Operation Enduring Freedom or Operation Iraqi Freedom at any time during a month, the Secretary concerned shall pay the member an allowance under this section for that month in an amount equal to the amount of the deduction made under subsection (a)(1) of section 1969 of such title for the amount of Servicemembers Group Life Insurance coverage held by the member under section 1967 of such title.
(b) Notice of Availability of Allowance.— 
To the maximum extent practicable, in advance of the deployment of a member to a theater of operations referred to in subsection (a), the Secretary concerned shall give the member information regarding the following:
(1) The availability of the allowance under this section for members insured under the Servicemembers Group Life Insurance program.
(2) The ability of members who elected not to be insured under Servicemembers Group Life Insurance, or elected less than the maximum coverage amount available for such insurance, to obtain insurance, or to obtain additional coverage, as the case may be, under the authority provided in section 1967 (c) of title 38.

TITLE 37 - US CODE - CHAPTER 9 - LEAVE

37 USC 501 - Payments for unused accrued leave

(a) In this section, the term discharge means
(1) in the case of an enlisted member, separation or release from active duty under honorable conditions, termination of an enlistment in conjunction with the commencement of a successive enlistment (without regard to the date of the expiration of the term of the enlistment being terminated), or appointment as an officer;
(2) in the case of an officer, separation or release from active duty under honorable conditions; and
(3) in the case of either an officer or an enlisted member, death while on active duty unless the decedent was put to death as lawful punishment for a crime or a military offense.
(b) 
(1) A member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, or National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, who has accrued leave to his credit at the time of his discharge, is entitled to be paid in cash or by a check on the Treasurer of the United States for such leave on the basis of the basic pay to which he was entitled on the date of discharge.
(2) Payment may not be made under this subsection to a member who is discharged for the purpose of accepting an appointment or a warrant in any uniformed service.
(3) Payment may not be made to a member for any leave he elects to have carried over to a new enlistment in any uniformed service on the day after the date of his discharge; but payment may be made to a member for any leave he elects not to carry over to a new enlistment. However, the number of days of leave for which payment is made may not exceed sixty, less the number of days for which payment was previously made under this section after February 9, 1976.
(4) A member to whom a payment may not be made under this subsection, or a member who reverts from officer to enlisted status, carries the accrued leave standing to his credit from the one status to the other within any uniformed service.
(5) The limitation in the second sentence of paragraph (3) and in subsection (f) shall not apply with respect to leave accrued
(A) by a member of a reserve component while serving on active duty in support of a contingency operation;
(B) by a member of the armed forces in the Retired Reserve while serving on active duty in support of a contingency operation;
(C) by a retired member of the Regular Army, Regular Navy, Regular Air Force, or Regular Marine Corps or a member of the Fleet Reserve or Fleet Marine Corps Reserve while the member is serving on active duty in support of a contingency operation; or
(D) by a member of a reserve component while serving on active duty, full-time National Guard duty, or active duty for training for a period of more than 30 days but not in excess of 365 days.
(c) Unused accrued leave for which payment is made under subsection (b) is not considered as service for any purpose.
(d) 
(1) Payments for unused accrued leave under subsections (b) and (g), in the case of a member who dies while on active duty or in the case of a member or former member who dies after retirement or discharge and before he receives that payment, shall be made in accordance with section 2771 of title 10. In the case of a member who dies while on active duty, payment for unused accrued leave under subsections (b) and (g) shall be based upon the unused accrued leave the member carried forward into the leave year during which he died plus the unused leave that accrued to him during that leave year.
(2) The limitations in the second sentence of subsection (b)(3), subsection (f), and the second sentence of subsection (g) shall not apply with respect to a payment made under this subsection.
(e) 
(1) A member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, or National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration who is discharged under other than honorable conditions forfeits all accrued leave to his credit at the time of his discharge.
(2) The Secretary concerned may require that a member of a uniformed service who is discharged before completing six months of active duty because of a failure to serve satisfactorily (as determined by the Secretary concerned) forfeit all accrued leave to his credit at the time of his discharge.
(f) The number of days upon which payment under subsection (b) or (g) is based may not exceed sixty, less the number of days for which payment has been previously made under such subsections after February 9, 1976. For the purposes of this subsection, the number of days upon which payment may be based shall be determined without regard to any break in service or change in status in the uniformed services.
(g) An officer of the Regular Corps of the Public Health Service, or an officer of the Reserve Corps of the Public Health Service on active duty, who is credited with accumulated and accrued annual leave on the date of his separation, retirement, or release from active duty, shall, if his application for that leave is approved by the Secretary of Health and Human Services, be paid for that leave in a lump-sum on the basis of his basic pay, subsistence allowance, and allowance for quarters whether or not he is receiving that allowance on that date. However, the number of days upon which the lump-sum payment is based is subject to subsection (f). A lump-sum payment may not be made under this subsection to an officer
(1) whose appointment expires or is terminated and who, without a break in active service, accepts a new appointment;
(2) who is retired for age in time of war and is continued on, or recalled to, active duty without a break in active service; or
(3) who is transferred to another department or agency of the United States under circumstances in which, by any other law, his leave may be transferred.

In this subsection, the term accumulated annual leave means unused accrued annual leave carried forward from one leave year into the next leave year, and the term accrued annual leave means the annual leave accruing to an officer during one leave year.

(h) Payment shall be made for all leave accumulated under section 701 (g) of title 10 as soon as possible after the name of the person concerned is removed from a missing status, as defined in section 551 (2) of this title.

37 USC 502 - Absences due to sickness, wounds, and certain other causes

(a) A member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, or National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, who is absent because of sickness or wounds, or who is directed by the Secretary concerned, or his designated representative, to be absent from duty to await orders pending disability retirement proceedings for a period that is longer than the leave authorized by section 701 of title 10, is entitled to the pay and allowances to which he would be entitled if he were not so absent. A member who is absent with leave for any other reason for not longer than the leave authorized by that section is entitled to the same pay and allowances to which he would be entitled if he were not on leave, and to any additional allowances otherwise provided by law for members on leave.
(b) Except as provided in subsection (a) and section 701 (h) of title 10, a member who is authorized by the Secretary concerned, or his designated representative, to be absent for a period that is longer than the leave authorized by section 701 of title 10 is not entitled to pay or allowances during the part of his absence that is more than the number of days leave authorized by that section.

37 USC 503 - Absence without leave or over leave

(a) A member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, or National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, who is absent without leave or over leave, forfeits all pay and allowances for the period of that absence, unless it is excused as unavoidable.
(b) A commissioned officer of the Regular Corps of the Public Health Service, or an officer of the Reserve Corps of the Public Health Service on active duty, who is absent without leave, forfeits all pay and allowances for the period of that absence, unless it is excused as unavoidable.

37 USC 504 - Cadets and midshipmen: chapter does not apply to

This chapter does not apply to cadets at the United States Military Academy, the United States Air Force Academy, the Coast Guard Academy, midshipmen at the United States Naval Academy, or cadets or midshipmen serving elsewhere in the armed forces.

TITLE 37 - US CODE - CHAPTER 10 - PAYMENTS TO MISSING PERSONS

37 USC 551 - Definitions

In this chapter:
(1) The term dependent, with respect to a member of a uniformed service, means
(A) his spouse;
(B) his unmarried child (including an unmarried dependent stepchild or adopted child) under 21 years of age;
(C) his dependent mother or father;
(D) a dependent designated in official records; and
(E) a person determined to be dependent by the Secretary concerned, or his designee.
(2) The term missing status means the status of a member of a uniformed service who is officially carried or determined to be absent in a status of
(A) missing;
(B) missing in action;
(C) interned in a foreign country;
(D) captured, beleaguered, or besieged by a hostile force; or
(E) detained in a foreign country against his will.
(3) The term pay and allowances means
(A) basic pay;
(B) special pay;
(C) incentive pay;
(D) basic allowance for housing;
(E) basic allowance for subsistence; and
(F) station per diem allowances for not more than 90 days.

37 USC 552 - Pay and allowances; continuance while in a missing status; limitations

(a) A member of a uniformed service who is on active duty or performing inactive-duty training, and who is in a missing status, is
(1) for the period he is in that status, entitled to receive or have credited to his account the same pay and allowances, as defined in this chapter, to which he was entitled at the beginning of that period or may thereafter become entitled; and
(2) for the period, not to exceed one year, required for his hospitalization and rehabilitation after termination of that status, under regulations prescribed by the Secretaries concerned, with respect to incentive pay, considered to have satisfied the requirements of section 301 of this title so as to entitle him to a continuance of that pay.

However, a member who is performing full-time training duty or other full-time duty without pay, or inactive-duty training with or without pay, is entitled to the pay and allowances to which he would have been entitled if he had been on active duty with pay. Notwithstanding section 1523 of title 10 or any other provision of law, the promotion of a member while he is in a missing status is fully effective for all purposes.

(b) The expiration of a members term of service while he is in a missing status does not end his entitlement to pay and allowances under subsection (a). Notwithstanding the death of a member while in a missing status, entitlement to pay and allowances under subsection (a) ends on the date
(1) the Secretary concerned receives evidence that the member is dead; or
(2) that his death is prescribed or determined under section 555 of this title or under chapter 76 of title 10.
(c) A member is not entitled to pay and allowances under subsection (a) for a period during which he is officially determined to be absent from his post of duty without authority, and he is indebted to the United States for payments from amounts credited to his account for that period.
(d) A member who is performing full-time training duty or inactive-duty training is entitled to the benefits of this section only when he is officially determined to be in a missing status that results from the performance of duties prescribed by competent authority.
(e) A member in a missing status who is continued in that status under section 555 of this title or under chapter 76 of title 10 is entitled to be credited with pay and allowances under subsection (a).

37 USC 553 - Allotments; continuance, suspension, initiation, resumption, or increase while in a missing status; limitations

(a) Notwithstanding the end of the period for which it was made, an allotment, including one for the purchase of United States savings bonds, made by a member of a uniformed service before he was in a missing status may be continued for the period he is entitled to pay and allowances under section 552 of this title.
(b) When there is no allotment in effect, or when it is insufficient for a purpose authorized by the Secretary concerned, he, or his designee, may authorize new allotments or increases in allotments that are warranted by the circumstances and payable for the period the member is entitled to pay and allowances under section 552 of this title.
(c) The total of all allotments from the pay and allowances of a member in a missing status may not be more than the amount of pay and allowances he is permitted to allot under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned.
(d) A premium paid by the United States on insurance issued on the life of a member which is unearned because it covers a period after his death reverts to the appropriation of the department concerned.
(e) Subject to subsections (f) and (g), the Secretary concerned, or his designee, may, when he considers it in the interest of the member, his dependents, or the United States, direct the initiation, continuance, discontinuance, increase, decrease, suspension, or resumption of payments of allotments from the pay and allowances of a member entitled to pay and allowances under section 552 of this title.
(f) When the Secretary concerned officially reports that a member in a missing status is alive, the payments of allotments authorized by subsections (a)(d) may, subject to section 552 of this title, be made until the date on which, in a case covered by section 555 of this title, the Secretary concerned receives evidence, or, in a case covered by chapter 76 of title 10, the Secretary concerned determines pursuant to that chapter, that the member is dead or has returned to the controllable jurisdiction of the department concerned.
(g) A member in a missing status who is continued in that status under section 555 of this title or under chapter 76 of title 10 is entitled to have the payments of allotments authorized by subsections (a)(d) continued, increased, or initiated.
(h) When the Secretary concerned considers it essential for the well-being and protection of the dependents of a member on active duty (other than a member entitled to pay and allowances under section 552 of this title), he may, with or without the consent, and subject to termination at the request, of the member
(1) direct the payment of a new allotment from the pay of the member;
(2) increase or decrease the amount of an allotment made by the member; and
(3) continue payment of an allotment of the member which has expired.

37 USC 554 - Travel and transportation; dependents; household and personal effects; trailers; additional movements; motor vehicles; sale of bulky items; claims for proceeds; appropriation chargeable

(a) In this section, household and personal effects and household effects may include, in addition to other authorized weight allowances, two privately owned motor vehicles which may be shipped at United States expense. Under regulations prescribed by the Secretaries concerned, and in place of the transportation of household and personal effects, a dependent, who would otherwise be entitled to transportation of household and personal effects under this section, may transport a house trailer or mobile dwelling within and between the areas specified in section 409 of this title for use as a residence by one of the following means
(1) transport it and be reimbursed by the United States;
(2) deliver it to an agent of the United States for transportation by the United States or by commercial means; or
(3) have it transported by commercial means, and be reimbursed by the United States.

If a trailer or dwelling is transported under clause (2) or (3), that transportation may include two privately owned motor vehicles which may be shipped at United States expense. Transportation, and incidental costs, authorized by this section shall be at United States expense without any cost limitation, and any payment authorized may be made in advance of the transportation concerned.

(b) Transportation (including packing, crating, drayage, temporary storage, and unpacking of household and personal effects) may be provided for the dependents and household and personal effects of a member of a uniformed service on active duty (without regard to pay grade) who is officially reported as dead, injured, ill, or absent for a period of more than 29 days in a missing status
(1) to the members official residence of record;
(2) to the residence of his dependent, next of kin, or other person entitled to custody of the effects, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned; or
(3) on request of the member (if injured or ill), or his dependent, next of kin, or other person described in clause (2), to another location determined in advance or later approved by the Secretary concerned, or his designee.

When he considers it necessary, the Secretary concerned may, with respect to the household and personal effects of a member who is officially reported as absent for a period of more than 29 days in a missing status, authorize the nontemporary storage of those effects for a period of one year, or longer when justified. In addition, he may authorize additional movements of, and prescribe transportation for, the dependents and household and personal effects, or the dependents and house trailer or mobile dwelling, of a member who is officially reported as absent for a period of more than one year in a missing status.

(c) When a member described in subsection (b) is in an injured or ill status, transportation of dependents and household and personal effects authorized by this section may be provided only when prolonged hospitalization or treatment is anticipated.
(d) Transportation requested by a dependent may be authorized under this section only if there is a reasonable relationship between the circumstances of the dependent and the requested destination.
(e) In place of the transportation for dependents authorized by this section, and after the travel is completed, the Secretary concerned may authorize
(1) reimbursement for the commercial cost of the transportation; or
(2) a monetary allowance at the prescribed rate for all, or that part, of the travel for which transportation in kind is not furnished.
(f) The Secretary concerned may store the household and personal effects of a member described in subsection (b) until proper disposition can be made. The cost of the storage and transportation (including packing, crating, drayage, temporary storage, and unpacking) of household and personal effects shall be charged against appropriations currently available.
(g) The Secretary concerned may, when he determines that there is an emergency and a sale would be in the best interests of the United States, provide for the public or private sale of motor vehicles and other bulky items of household and personal effects of a member described in subsection (b). Before a sale, and if practicable, a reasonable effort shall be made to determine the desires of the interested persons. The net proceeds received from the sale shall, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, be sent to the owner or other persons. If there are no such persons, or if they or their addresses are not known within one year from the date of sale, the net proceeds may be covered into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts.
(h) Claims for net proceeds that are covered into the Treasury under subsection (g) may be filed with the Secretary of Defense by the rightful owners, their heirs or next of kin, or their legal representatives at any time before the end of a 5-year period from the date the proceeds are covered into the Treasury. When a claim is filed, the Secretary of Defense shall allow or disallow it. A claim that is allowed shall be paid from the appropriation for refunding money erroneously received and covered. If a claim is not filed before the end of the 5-year period from the date the proceeds are covered into the Treasury, it is barred from being acted on by the courts or the Secretary of Defense.
(i) If a motor vehicle of a member (or a dependent of the member) that is transported at the expense of the United States under this section does not arrive at the authorized destination of the vehicle by the designated delivery date, the Secretary concerned shall reimburse the dependent for expenses incurred after that date to rent a motor vehicle for the dependents use. The amount reimbursed may not exceed $30 per day, and the rental period for which reimbursement may be provided expires after 7 days or on the date on which the delayed vehicle arrives at the authorized destination (whichever occurs first). In a case in which two motor vehicles of a member (or the dependent or dependents of a member) are transported at the expense of the United States, no reimbursement is payable under this subsection unless both motor vehicles do not arrive at the authorized destination of the vehicles by the designated delivery date.
(j) This section does not amend or repeal
(1) section 2575, 2733, 4712, 6522, or 9712 of title 10;
(2) section 507 of title 14; or
(3) chapter 171 of title 28.

37 USC 555 - Secretarial review

(a) Except as provided in subsection (d), when a member of a uniformed service entitled to pay and allowances under section 552 of this title has been in a missing status, and the official report of his death or of the circumstances of his absence has not been received by the Secretary concerned, he shall, before the end of a 12-month period in that status, have the case fully reviewed. After that review and the end of the 12-month period in a missing status, or after a later review which shall be made when warranted by information received or other circumstances, the Secretary concerned, or his designee, may
(1) if the member can reasonably be presumed to be living, direct a continuance of his missing status; or
(2) make a finding of death.
(b) When a finding of death is made under subsection (a), it shall include the date death is presumed to have occurred for the purpose of
(1) ending the crediting of pay and allowances;
(2) settlement of accounts; and
(3) payment of death gratuities. That date is
(A) the day after the day on which the 12-month period in a missing status ends; or
(B) if the missing status has been continued under subsection (a), the day determined by the Secretary concerned, or his designee.
(c) For the sole purpose of determining status under this section, a dependent of a member on active duty is treated as if he were a member. Any determination made by the Secretary concerned, or his designee, under this section is conclusive on all other departments and agencies of the United States. This subsection does not entitle a dependent to pay, allowances, or other compensation to which he is not otherwise entitled.
(d) This section does not apply in a case to which section 1502 of title 10 applies.

37 USC 556 - Secretarial determinations

(a) The Secretary concerned, or his designee, may make any determination necessary to administer this chapter and, when so made, it is conclusive as to
(1) death or finding of death;
(2) the fact of dependency under this chapter;
(3) the fact of dependency for the purpose of paying six months death gratuities authorized by law;
(4) the fact of dependency under any other law authorizing the payment of pay, allowances, or other emoluments to enlisted members of the armed forces, when the payments are contingent on dependency;
(5) any other status covered by this chapter;
(6) an essential date, including one on which evidence or information is received by the Secretary concerned; and
(7) whether information received concerning a member of a uniformed service is to be construed and acted on as an official report of death.

Paragraphs (1), (5), (6), and (7) only apply with respect to a case to which section 555 of this title applies.

(b) When the Secretary concerned, in a case to which section 555 of this title applies, receives information that he considers establishes conclusively the death of a member of a uniformed service, he shall, notwithstanding any earlier action relating to death or other status of the member, act on it as an official report of death. After the end of the 12-month period in a missing status prescribed by section 555 of this title, the Secretary concerned, or his designee, shall, when he considers that the information received, or a lapse of time without information, establishes a reasonable presumption that a member in a missing status is dead, make a finding of death.
(c) The Secretary concerned, or his designee, may determine the entitlement of a member to pay and allowances under this chapter, including credits and charges in his account, and that determination is conclusive. An account may not be charged or debited with an amount that a member captured, beleaguered, or besieged by a hostile force may receive or be entitled to receive from, or have placed to his credit by, the hostile force as pay, allowances, or other compensation.
(d) The Secretary concerned, or his designee, may, when warranted by the circumstances, reconsider a determination made under this chapter, and change or modify it.
(e) When the account of a member has been charged or debited with an allotment paid under this chapter, the amount so charged or debited shall be recredited to the account of the member if the Secretary concerned, or his designee, determines that the payment was induced by fraud or misrepresentation to which the member was not a party.
(f) Except an allotment for an unearned insurance premium, an allotment paid from pay and allowances of a member for the period he is entitled to pay and allowances under section 552 of this title may not be collected from the allottee as an overpayment when it was caused by delay in receiving evidence of death. An allotment payment for a period after the end of entitlement to pay and allowances under this chapter, or otherwise, which was caused by delay in receiving evidence of death, may not be collected from the allottee or charged against the pay of the deceased member.
(g) The Secretary concerned, or his designee, may waive the recovery of an erroneous payment or overpayment of an allotment to a dependent if he considers recovery is against equity and good conscience.
(h) For the sole purpose of determining pay under this section, a dependent of a member of a uniformed service on active duty is treated as if he were a member. Any determination made by the Secretary concerned, or his designee, under this section in a case to which section 555 of this title applies is conclusive on all other departments and agencies of the United States. This subsection does not entitle a dependent to pay, allowances, or other compensation to which he is not otherwise entitled.

37 USC 557 - Settlement of accounts

(a) The Secretary concerned, or his designee, may settle the account of
(1) a member of a uniformed service for whose account payments have been made under sections 552, 553, and 555 of this title; and
(2) a survivor of a casualty to a ship, station, or military installation which results in the loss or destruction of disbursing records.

That settlement is conclusive on the accounting officers of the United States in settling the accounts of disbursing officers.

(b) Payment or settlement of an account made pursuant to a report, determination, or finding of death may not be recovered or reopened because of a later report or determination which fixes a date of death. However, an account shall be reopened and settled on the basis of a date of death so fixed which is later than that used as a basis for earlier settlements.
(c) In the settlement of his accounts, a disbursing officer is entitled, if there is no fraud or criminality by him, to credit for an erroneous payment or overpayment he made in carrying out this chapter, except section 558 of this title. Unless there is fraud or criminality by him, recovery may not be made from a civilian officer or employee or a member of a uniformed service who authorizes a payment under this chapter, except section 558 of this title.

37 USC 558 - Income tax deferment

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a Federal income tax return of, or the payment of a Federal income tax by, a member of a uniformed service who, at the time the return or payment would otherwise become due, is in a missing status, does not become due until the earlier of the following dates
(1) the fifteenth day of the third month in which he ceased (except by reason of death or incompetency) being in a missing status, unless before the end of that fifteenth day he is again in a missing status; or
(2) the fifteenth day of the third month after the month in which an executor, administrator, or conservator of the estate of the taxpayer is appointed.

That due date is prescribed subject to the power of the Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate to extend the time for filing the return or paying the tax, as in other cases, and to assess and collect the tax as provided by sections 6851, 6861, and 6871 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 in cases in which the assessment or collection is jeopardized and in cases of bankruptcy or receivership.

37 USC 559 - Benefits for members held as captives

(a) In this section:
(1) The term captive status means a missing status of a member of the uniformed services which, as determined by the President, arises because of a hostile action and is a result of membership in the uniformed services, but does not include a period of captivity of a member as a prisoner of war if Congress provides to such member, in an Act enacted after August 27, 1986, monetary payment in respect of such period of captivity.
(2) The term former captive means a person who, as a member of the uniformed services, was held in a captive status.
(b) 
(1) The Secretary of the Treasury shall establish a savings fund to which the Secretary concerned may allot all or any portion of the pay and allowances of any member of the uniformed services who is in a captive status to the extent that such pay and allowances are not subject to an allotment under section 553 of this title or any other provision of law.
(2) Amounts so allotted shall bear interest at a rate which, for any calendar quarter, shall be equal to the average rate paid on United States Treasury bills with three-month maturities issued during the preceding calendar quarter. Such interest shall be computed quarterly.
(3) Amounts in the savings fund credited to a member shall be considered as pay and allowances for purposes of section 553 (c) of this title and shall otherwise be subject to withdrawal under procedures which the Secretary of the Treasury shall establish.
(4) Any interest accruing under this subsection on
(A) any amount for which a member is indebted to the United States under section 552 (c) of this title shall be deemed to be part of the amount due under such section; and
(B) any amount referred to in section 556 (f) of this title shall be deemed to be part of such amount for purposes of such section.
(5) An allotment under this subsection may be made without regard to section 553 (c) of this title.
(c) 
(1) Except as provided in paragraph (3), the President shall make a cash payment to any person who is a former captive. Such payment shall be made before the end of the one-year period beginning on the date on which the captive status of such person terminates.
(2) Except as provided in section 802 of the Victims of Terrorism Compensation Act (5 U.S.C. 5569 note ), the amount of such payment shall be determined by the President under the provisions of section 5569 (d)(2) of title 5.
(3) 
(A) The President
(i) may defer such payment in the case of any former captive who during such one-year period is charged with an offense described in clause (ii), until final disposition of such charge; and
(ii) may deny such payment in the case of any former captive who is convicted of a captivity-related offense
(I) referred to in subsection (b) or (c) of section 8312 of title 5; or
(II) under chapter 47 of title 10 (the Uniform Code of Military Justice) that is punishable by dishonorable discharge, dismissal, or confinement for one year or more.
(B) For the purposes of subparagraph (A), a captivity-related offense is an offense that is
(i) committed by a person while the person is in a captive status; and
(ii) related to the captive status of the person.
(4) A payment under this subsection is in addition to any other amount provided by law.
(5) Any amount due a person under this subsection shall, after the death of such person, be deemed to be pay and allowances for the purposes of this chapter.
(6) Any payment made under paragraph (1) that is later denied under paragraph (3)(A)(ii) is a claim of the United States Government for purposes of section 3711 of title 31.
(d) A determination by the President under subsection (a)(1) or (c) is final and is not subject to judicial review.

TITLE 37 - US CODE - CHAPTER 11 - PAYMENTS TO MENTALLY INCOMPETENT PERSONS

37 USC 601 - Applicability

This chapter applies to
(1) members of a uniformed service who are on active duty (other than for training) or who are on a retired list of that service; and
(2) members of the Fleet Reserve or Fleet Marine Corps Reserve.

37 USC 602 - Payments: designation of person to receive amounts due

(a) Active duty pay and allowances, amounts due for accrued or accumulated leave, or retired or retainer pay, that are otherwise payable to a member to whom this chapter applies and who, in the opinion of a board of medical officers or physicians, is mentally incapable of managing his affairs, may be paid for that members use or benefit to any person designated by the Secretary concerned, or by any officer to whom he delegates his authority under this section, without the appointment in judicial proceedings of a committee, guardian, or other legal representative.
(b) The board shall consist of at least three qualified medical officers or physicians, one of whom is specially qualified in the treatment of mental disorders, appointed from available medical officers or physicians under his jurisdiction by the head of whichever of the following is providing medical treatment for the member, or by a person designated by that head
(1) Department of the Army;
(2) Department of the Navy;
(3) Department of the Air Force;
(4) Department of Health and Human Services; or
(5) Department of Veterans Affairs.

If the hospitalization or medical care of the member is not provided by the United States, the board shall be appointed by the Secretary of the department having jurisdiction of the member.

(c) A payment made to a person who is designated under this section discharges the obligation of the United States as to the amount paid.
(d) A person serving in a legal, medical, fiduciary, or other capacity, may not demand or accept a fee, commission, or other charge for any service performed under this chapter.
(e) This section does not apply in any case in which a legal committee, guardian, or other representative has been appointed by a court of competent jurisdiction, except as to payments made before the paying agency of the department concerned receives notice of that appointment.
(f) A person who is designated to receive payments under this section shall furnish satisfactory assurance that the amounts received by him will be applied to the use and benefit of the incompetent member, and, where the payments may reasonably be expected to be more than $1,000, shall provide a suitable bond to be paid for out of amounts due the incompetent member.

37 USC 603 - Regulations

The Secretary concerned and the Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall prescribe regulations necessary to carry out this chapter.

37 USC 604 - Determination of Secretary final

The determination as to the person authorized to receive a payment under section 602 of this title is final and is not subject to review by an official of the United States or a court.

TITLE 37 - US CODE - CHAPTER 13 - ALLOTMENTS AND ASSIGNMENTS OF PAY

37 USC 701 - Members of the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps; contract surgeons

(a) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the military department concerned, a commissioned officer of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps may transfer or assign his pay account, when due and payable.
(b) A contract surgeon, or contract dental surgeon, of the Army, Navy, or Air Force, on duty in Alaska, Hawaii, the Philippine Islands, or Puerto Rico, may transfer or assign his pay account, when due and payable, under the regulations prescribed under subsection (a).
(c) An enlisted member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps may not assign his pay, and if he does so, the assignment is void.
(d) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, a member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps and a contract surgeon of the Army, Navy, or Air Force may make allotments from the pay of the member or surgeon for the purpose of supporting relatives or for any other purpose that the Secretary considers proper. Such allotments may include a maximum of six allotments considered to be discretionary under such regulations. For a member or former member entitled to retired or retainer pay, a maximum of six discretionary allotments authorized during active military service may be continued into retired status, and new discretionary allotments may be authorized so long as the total number of discretionary allotments does not exceed six.
(e) If an allotment made under subsection (d) is paid to the allottee before the disbursing officer receives a notice of discontinuance from the officer required by regulation to furnish the notice, the amount of the allotment shall be credited to the disbursing officer. If an allotment is erroneously paid because the officer required by regulation to so report failed to report the death of the allotter or any other fact that makes the allotment not payable, the amount of the payment not recovered from the allottee shall, if practicable, be collected by the Secretary concerned from the officer who failed to make the report.

37 USC 702 - Repealed. Pub. L. 99145, title VI, 683(b)(1), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 665]

Section, Pub. L. 87–649, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 484, authorized allotments by officers of Navy and Marine Corps for support of family or relatives, for personal savings, and for other purposes. See section 701 of this title.

37 USC 703 - Allotments: members of Coast Guard

Members of the Coast Guard may, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Homeland Security, make allotments from their pay and allowances.

37 USC 704 - Allotments: officers of Public Health Service

Commissioned officers of the Public Health Service who are on active duty may, under regulations prescribed by the President, make allotments from their pay.

37 USC 705 - Repealed. Pub. L. 99145, title VI, 683(b)(1), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 665]

Section, Pub. L. 87–649, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 485, related to assignments of pay due enlisted members of naval service. See section 701 of this title.

37 USC 706 - Allotments: commissioned officers of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Commerce, commissioned officers of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration may make allotments or assignments of their pay.

37 USC 707 - Allotments: members of the National Guard

(a) The Secretary of the Army or the Secretary of the Air Force, as the case may be, may allow a member of the National Guard who is not on active duty to make allotments from his pay under sections 204 and 206 of this title for the payment of premiums under a group life insurance program sponsored by the military department of the State in which such member holds his National Guard membership or by the National Guard association of such State if the State or association concerned has agreed in writing to reimburse the United States for all costs incurred by the United States in providing for such allotments. The amount of such costs and procedures for reimbursements shall be determined by the Secretary of Defense and his determination shall be conclusive. All amounts of reimbursements for such costs received by the United States from a State or an association shall be credited to the appropriations or funds against which charges have been made for such costs.
(b) The United States is not liable for loss or damage suffered by a person as a result of an error made by an officer or employee of the United States in carrying out the allotment program under subsection (a).

TITLE 37 - US CODE - CHAPTER 15 - PROHIBITIONS AND PENALTIES

37 USC 801 - Repealed. Pub. L. 103355, title VI, 6001(a)(1), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3362]

Section, Pub. L. 87–649, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 485; Pub. L. 89–718, §§ 49(a)(1), 68, Nov. 2, 1966, 80 Stat. 1121, 1123; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, § 516(20), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2939; Pub. L. 101–194, title V, § 505(a), Nov. 30, 1989, 103 Stat. 1756; Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title XIV, 1484(c)(2), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1716, prohibited payment from any appropriation to officer, for period of three years after name of officer was placed on retired list of Regular Army, Regular Navy, Regular Air Force, Regular Marine Corps, Regular Coast Guard, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or Public Health Service, who was engaged for himself or others in selling, or contracting or negotiating to sell, supplies or war materials to agency of Department of Defense, Coast Guard, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or Public Health Service.

37 USC 802 - Forfeiture of pay during absence from duty due to disease from intemperate use of alcohol or drugs

A member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps, on active duty who is absent from his regular duties for a continuous period of more than one day because of disease that is directly caused by and immediately follows his intemperate use of alcoholic liquor or habit-forming drugs is not entitled to pay for the period of that absence. However, a member whose pay is forfeited for more than one month is entitled to $5 for personal expenses for each full month that his pay is forfeited. Determinations of periods and causes of absence under this section shall be made as prescribed by the Secretary concerned, and are final.

37 USC 803 - Commissioned officers of Army or Air Force: forfeiture of pay when dropped from rolls

A commissioned officer of the Army or the Air Force who is dropped from the rolls under section 1161 (b) of title 10 for absence without authority for three months forfeits all pay due or to become due.

37 USC 804 - Repealed. Pub. L. 104106, div. A, title XI, 1122(c)(1), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 463]

Section, Pub. L. 87–649, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 486, provided that pay and allowances do not accrue to enlisted member of Army or Air Force who is in confinement under sentence of dishonorable discharge, while execution of sentence to discharge is suspended.

37 USC 805 - Repealed. Pub. L. 99145, title VI, 683(b)(1), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 665]

Section, Pub. L. 87–649, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 486, required commanding officer to discourage the sale of pay by members of naval service. See section 701 of this title.

TITLE 37 - US CODE - CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS RIGHTS AND BENEFITS

37 USC 901 - Wartime pay of officer of armed force exercising command higher than his grade

In time of war, an officer of an armed force who is serving with troops operating against an enemy and who exercises, under assignment in orders issued by competent authority, a command above that pertaining to his grade, is entitled to the pay and allowances (not above that of pay grade O7) appropriate to the command so exercised.

37 USC 902 - Pay of crews of wrecked or lost naval vessels

(a) When the accounts of the disbursing officer of a naval vessel are lost as a result of the destruction of the vessel, his return for the last month may, unless there is official evidence to the contrary, be used in computing later credits to and settling accounts of persons, other than officers, carried on his accounts. If the return for the last month has not been made, the pay accounts may be settled on principles of equity and justice.
(b) When a naval vessel is lost or has not been heard from for so long that her loss may be presumed, the Secretary of the Navy may fix the date of loss of the vessel for the purpose of settling the accounts of persons aboard other than officers.
(c) When the crew of a naval vessel is separated from that vessel because of her wreck, loss, or destruction, the pay and emoluments of those officers and enlisted members that the Secretary considers (because of the sentence of a court-martial or the finding of a court of inquiry, or by other satisfactory evidence) to have done their utmost to save the vessel and, after the wreck, loss, or destruction, to have behaved themselves according to the discipline of the Navy, continue and shall be paid to them until their discharge or death, whichever is earlier.

37 USC 903 - Retired members recalled to active duty; former members

A retired member or former member of a uniformed service, or a member of the Fleet Reserve or Fleet Marine Corps Reserve, who is serving on active duty is entitled to the pay and allowances to which he is entitled, under this title, for the grade, rank, or rating in which he is serving. In addition, while on active duty, he is entitled to the pay and allowances, while on leave of absence or while sick, of a member of a uniformed service of similar grade, rank, or rating who is entitled to basic pay.

37 USC 904 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title IV, 403(a), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2904]

Section, Pub. L. 87–649, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 487; Pub. L. 90–130, § 3(2), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 383; Pub. L. 90–623, § 3(8), Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1315, set forth provisions relating to effective date of beginning of pay and allowances of officers of Navy or Marine Corps promoted under chapter 545 of Title 10, Armed Forces.

37 USC 905 - Reserve officers of the Navy or Marine Corps not on the active-duty list: effective date of pay and allowances

(a) A reserve officer who is promoted under chapter 1405 of title 10 to a grade above lieutenant (junior grade) in the Navy Reserve or above first lieutenant in the Marine Corps Reserve is entitled to the pay and allowances of the grade to which promoted for duty performed from the date on which he becomes eligible for promotion to that grade.
(b) A reserve officer who is promoted under section 14308 (b) of title 10 to the grade of lieutenant (junior grade) in the Navy Reserve or first lieutenant in the Marine Corps Reserve is entitled to the pay and allowances of the higher grade for duty performed from the date given him as his date of rank.

37 USC 906 - Extension of enlistment: effect on pay and allowances

A member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard, as the case may be, who extends his enlistment under section 509 of title 10 is entitled to the same pay and allowances as though he had reenlisted. For the purposes of determining entitlement to reenlistment bonus or to travel and transportation allowances upon discharge, all such extensions of an enlistment are considered one continuous extension.

37 USC 907 - Enlisted members and warrant officers appointed as officers: pay and allowances stabilized

(a) An enlisted member who accepts an appointment as an officer shall, for service as an officer, be paid the greater of
(1) the pay and allowances to which the officer is entitled as an officer; or
(2) the pay and allowances to which the officer would be entitled if the officer were in the last enlisted grade the officer held before the appointment as an officer.
(b) A warrant officer who accepts an appointment as a commissioned officer in a pay grade above W4 shall, for service as such a commissioned officer, be paid the greater of
(1) the pay and allowances to which the officer is entitled as such a commissioned officer;
(2) the pay and allowances to which the officer would be entitled if the officer were in the last warrant officer grade the officer held before the appointment as such a commissioned officer; or
(3) in the case of an officer who was formerly an enlisted member, the pay and allowances to which the officer would be entitled if the officer were in the last enlisted grade the officer held before the appointment as an officer.
(c) For the purposes of this section
(1) the pay and allowances of a grade formerly held by an officer include
(A) subject to subsection (d), special and incentive pays under chapter 5 of this title; and
(B) subject to subsection (e), allowances under chapter 7 of this title; and
(2) the rates of pay and allowances of a grade which an officer formerly held are those to which the officer would have been entitled had the officer remained in that grade and continued to receive the increases in pay and allowances authorized for that grade, as otherwise provided in this title.
(d) 
(1) In determining the amount of the pay and allowances of a grade formerly held by an officer, the following special and incentive pays may be considered only so long as the officer continues to perform the duty that creates the entitlement to, or eligibility for, that pay and would otherwise be eligible to receive that pay in the former grade:
(A) Incentive pay for hazardous duty under section 301 of this title.
(B) Submarine duty incentive pay under section 301c of this title.
(C) Special pay for diving duty under section 304 of this title.
(D) Hardship duty pay under section 305 of this title.
(E) Career sea pay under section 305a of this title.
(F) Special pay for service as a member of a Weapons of Mass Destruction Civil Support Team under section 305b of this title.
(G) Assignment incentive pay under section 307a of this title.
(H) Special pay for duty subject to hostile fire or imminent danger under section 310 of this title.
(I) Special pay or bonus for an extension of duty at a designated overseas location under section 314 of this title.
(J) Foreign language proficiency pay under section 316 of this title.
(K) Critical skill retention bonus under section 323 of this title.
(2) The following special and incentive pays are dependent on a member being in an enlisted status and may not be considered in determining the amount of the pay and allowances of a grade formerly held by an officer:
(A) Special duty assignment pay under section 307 of this title.
(B) Reenlistment bonus under section 308 of this title.
(C) Enlistment bonus under section 309 of this title.
(D) Career enlisted flyer incentive pay under section 320 of this title.
(e) The clothing allowance under section 418 of this title may not be considered in determining the amount of the pay and allowances of a grade formerly held by an officer if the officer is entitled to a uniform allowance under section 415 of this title.

37 USC 908 - Employment of reserves and retired members by foreign governments

(a) Congressional Consent.— 
Subject to subsection (b), Congress consents to the following persons accepting civil employment (and compensation for that employment) for which the consent of Congress is required by the last paragraph of section 9 of article I of the Constitution, related to acceptance of emoluments, offices, or titles from a foreign government:
(1) Retired members of the uniformed services.
(2) Members of a reserve component of the armed forces.
(3) Members of the Commissioned Reserve Corps of the Public Health Service.
(b) Approval Required.— 
A person described in subsection (a) may accept employment or compensation described in that subsection only if the Secretary concerned and the Secretary of State approve the employment.
(c) Military Service in Foreign Armed Forces.— 
For a provision of law providing the consent of Congress to service in the military forces of certain foreign nations, see section 1060 of title 10.

37 USC 909 - Special and incentive pay: payment at unreduced rates during suspension of personnel laws

(a) Authority To Continue Payment at Unreduced Rates.— 
To ensure fairness and recognize the contributions of members of the armed forces to military essential missions, the Secretary of the military department concerned may authorize members who are involuntarily retained on active duty under section 123 or 12305 of title 10 or any other provision of law and who, immediately before retention on active duty, were entitled or eligible for special pay or incentive pay under chapter 5 of this title, to receive that special pay or incentive pay for qualifying service performed during the retention period, without a reduction in the payment rate below the rate the members received immediately before retention on active duty, notwithstanding any requirement otherwise applicable to that special pay or incentive pay that would reduce the payment rate by reason of the years of service of the members.
(b) Suspension During Time of War.— 
Subsection (a) does not apply with respect to a special pay or incentive pay under chapter 5 of this title, whenever the authority to provide that special pay or incentive pay is suspended by the President or the Secretary of Defense during a time of war.
(c) Qualifying Service Defined.— 
In this section, the term qualifying service means service for which a particular special pay or incentive pay is payable under the authority of a provision of chapter 5 of this title.

37 USC 910 - Replacement of lost income: involuntarily mobilized reserve component members subject to extended and frequent active duty service

(a) Payment Required.— 
The Secretary concerned shall pay to an eligible member of a reserve component of the armed forces an amount equal to the monthly active-duty income differential of the member, as determined by the Secretary. The payments shall be made on a monthly basis.
(b) Eligibility.— 
Subject to subsection (c), a reserve component member is entitled to a payment under this section for any full month of active duty of the member, while on active duty under an involuntary mobilization order, following the date on which the member
(1) completes 18 continuous months of service on active duty under such an order;
(2) completes 24 months on active duty during the previous 60 months under such an order; or
(3) is involuntarily mobilized for service on active duty for a period of 180 days or more within six months or less following the members separation from a previous period of involuntary active duty for a period of 180 days or more.
(c) Minimum and Maximum Payment Amounts.— 

(1) A payment under this section shall be made to a member for a month only if the amount of the monthly active-duty income differential for the month is greater than $50.
(2) Notwithstanding the amount determined under subsection (d) for a member for a month, the monthly payment to a member under this section may not exceed $3,000.
(d) Monthly Active-Duty Income Differential.— 
For purposes of this section, the monthly active-duty income differential of a member is the difference between
(1) the average monthly civilian income of the member; and
(2) the members total monthly military compensation.
(e) Definitions.— 
In this section:
(1) The term average monthly civilian income, with respect to a member of a reserve component, means the amount, determined by the Secretary concerned, of the earned income of the member for either the 12 months preceding the members mobilization or the 12 months covered by the members most recent Federal income tax filing, divided by 12.
(2) The term total monthly military compensation means the amount, computed on a monthly basis, of the sum of
(A) the amount of the regular military compensation (RMC) of the member; and
(B) any amount of special pay or incentive pay and any allowance (other than an allowance included in regular military compensation) that is paid to the member on a monthly basis.
(f) Regulations.— 
This section shall be administered under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of Defense.
(g) Termination of Authority.— 
No payment shall be made under this section after December 31, 2008.

TITLE 37 - US CODE - CHAPTER 19 - ADMINISTRATION

37 USC 1001 - Regulations relating to pay and allowances

(a) A Secretary of a military department may not prescribe a regulation under this title or any other law, relating to the pay and allowances of members of an armed force under that department, unless it has been approved under procedures prescribed by the Secretary of Defense.
(b) Regulations of the Secretary concerned relating to pay and allowances matters, similar to those covered by subsection (a), for members of the Coast Guard, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and the Public Health Service, shall, as far as practicable, conform to regulations approved under that subsection.
(c) The Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Secretary of Commerce, or the Secretary of Health and Human Services, may obtain from the Comptroller General an advisory opinion with respect to a proposed regulation especially affecting a department under that Secretarys jurisdiction.

37 USC 1002 - Additional training or duty without pay: Reserves and members of National Guard

(a) A member of the National Guard, or of a reserve component of a uniformed service, may, with his consent, be given additional training or other duty as provided by law, without pay, as may be authorized by the Secretary concerned.
(b) 
(1) A member who performs training or other duty without pay under subsection (a) may, in the discretion of the Secretary concerned, be authorized the travel and transportation allowances prescribed by section 404 (a)(d), and (f), of this title for travel performed to and from that training or duty, and, during the performance of that training or duty, be furnished with subsistence and quarters in kind or commutation thereof at a rate to be fixed by the Secretary concerned.
(2) If a military technician (dual status), as described in section 10216 of title 10, is performing active duty without pay while on leave from technician employment, as authorized by section 6323 (d) of title 5, the Secretary concerned may authorize the payment of a per diem allowance to the military technician in lieu of commutation for subsistence and quarters under paragraph (1).
(c) This section does not authorize compensation for work or study performed by a member of a reserve component in connection with correspondence courses of an armed force.
(d) This section does not apply to a member who is entitled to basic pay under chapter 3 of this title.

37 USC 1003 - Assimilation of pay and allowances

Chapters 3 and 5 and sections 402–407, 409–411, and 414 of this title apply equally to persons who are not serving as members of a uniformed service but whose pay or allowances, or both, are assimilated under law or a regulation prescribed under law, to the pay or allowances, or both, of commissioned officers, warrant officers, or enlisted members of any grade, rank, or rating in any uniformed service.

37 USC 1004 - Computation of pay and allowances for month or part of month

A member of a uniformed service who is entitled to pay and allowances under this title for a continuous period of less than one month is entitled to his pay and allowances for each day of that period at the rate of 1/30 of the monthly amount of his pay and allowances. The thirty-first day of a calendar month may not be excluded from a computation under this section.

37 USC 1005 - Army and Air Force: prompt payments required

Members of the Army and of the Air Force shall be paid at such times that arrears will at no time be more than two months, unless circumstances make further arrears unavoidable.

37 USC 1006 - Advance payments

(a) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, a member of a uniformed service may be paid in advance
(1) not more than three months pay of such member upon such members change of permanent station; or
(2) the amount of an allotment made from such members pay to a dependent if such member is assigned or scheduled for assignment to sea duty or other duty with a unit or command deployed or to be deployed outside the United States and the allotment is made by such member not more than sixty days before the scheduled date of the assignment of such member to such duty.
(b) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, a member of a uniformed service who is on duty at a distant station where the pay and emoluments to which he is entitled cannot be disbursed regularly, may be paid in advance.
(c) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, an advance of pay to a member of a uniformed service who is on duty outside the United States, or other place designated by the Secretary of Defense, of not more than two months basic pay may be made to a member if the member or the dependents of the member are ordered evacuated by competent authority. An advance of pay under this subsection is not subject to the conditions under which advances of pay may be made under subsection (a) or (b). An advance may be made on the basis of the evacuation of a members dependents only if all dependents of members of the uniformed services are ordered evacuated from the place where the members dependents are located. In the case of a member with dependents, the payment may be made directly to dependents previously designated by the member. The Secretary concerned or his designee may waive any right of recovery of not more than one months basic pay advanced under this subsection if he finds that recovery of the advance would be against equity and good conscience or against the public interest.
(d) If a person to whom an advance of pay is made under subsection (a), (b), or (c) dies or is separated from his uniformed service, before liquidation of that advance, the amount remaining unliquidated at the time of his death or separation shall be credited to the account of the disbursing officer concerned. However, the unliquidated amount remains a debt of that person or his estate to the United States.
(e) 
(1) As far as practicable, regulations for the administration of subsections (a)(d) shall be uniform for all of the uniformed services.
(2) 
(A) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an obligation for an advance of pay made pursuant to this section shall be recorded as an obligation only in the fiscal year in which the entitlement of the member to the pay accrues.
(B) Current appropriations available for advance payments under this section may be transferred to the prior fiscal year appropriation available for the same purpose in the amount of any unliquidated advance payments that remain at the end of such prior fiscal year. Such unliquidated advance payments shall then be credited to the current appropriation.
(f) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Homeland Security, an advance of pay of not more than three months pay may be made to an officer of the Coast Guard who is ordered to sea duty or to or from shore duty beyond the seas. In addition, the Commandant of the Coast Guard may direct such advances as he considers necessary and proper to members of the Coast Guard stationed at distant stations where the pay and emoluments to which they are entitled cannot be paid regularly.
(g) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, the dislocation allowance authorized by section 407 of this title for a member of a uniformed service whose dependents are covered by section 405a (a) of this title may be paid in advance of the evacuation of the dependents and to the dependents designated by the member.
(h) Notwithstanding subsections (a) and (b) of section 3324 of title 31, the Secretary concerned may, when the last day of the pay period falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, authorize the payment of pay and allowances to members of uniformed service under his jurisdiction on the preceding workday but not more than three days before the last day of that pay period. If a member dies after he has received an advance payment under this subsection, but before the last day of the pay period for which the payment is made, no part of the amount so advance is recoverable by the United States.
(i) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, not more than one months pay may be paid in advance to a member of the Armed Forces Health Professions Scholarship program upon reporting for a period of active duty required by section 2121 (c) of title 10.
(j) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, not more than one months pay may be paid in advance to a member of the Senior Reserve Officers Training Corps who is ordered to field training or a practice required under section 2109 of title 10.

37 USC 1007 - Deductions from pay

(a) The pay of an officer of an armed force may be withheld, under section 5512 of title 5, only for an indebtedness to the United States admitted by the officer or shown by the judgment of a court, or upon a special order issued in the discretion of the Secretary of Defense (or the Secretary of Homeland Security, in the case of an officer of the Coast Guard when the Coast Guard is not operating as a service in the Navy), or upon the denial of relief of an officer pursuant to section 3527 of title 31.
(b) An amount due to the United States from an enlisted member of the Army or the Air Force for articles sold to him on credit under section 4621 (a)(1) or 9621 (a)(1) of title 10, as the case may be, shall be deducted from the next pay due him after the sale is reported.
(c) 
(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, an amount that a member of the uniformed services is administratively determined to owe the United States or any of its instrumentalities may be deducted from the members pay in monthly installments.
(2) After the deduction of pay forfeited by the sentence of a court-martial, if any, or otherwise authorized by law to be withheld, the deductions authorized by this section may not reduce the pay actually received by a member of the uniformed services for any month to less than one-third of the members pay for that month.
(3) If the indebtedness of a member of the uniformed services to the United States is due to the overpayment of pay or allowances to the member through no fault of the member, the amount of the overpayment shall be recovered in monthly installments. The amount deducted from the pay of the member for a month to recover the overpayment amount may not exceed 20 percent of the members pay for that month unless the member requests or consents to collection of the overpayment at an accelerated rate.
(4) If a member of the uniformed services is injured or wounded under the circumstances described in section 310 (a)(2)(C) of this title or, while in the line of duty, incurs a wound, injury, or illness in a combat operation or combat zone designated by the Secretary of Defense, any overpayment of pay or allowances made to the member while the member recovers from the wound, injury, or illness may not be deducted from the members pay until
(A) the end of the 90-day period beginning on the date on which the member is notified of the overpayment; or
(B) such earlier date as may be requested or agreed to by the member.
(d) Subject to subsection (c), an amount due the United States from an enlisted member of the Army or the Air Force may be deducted from his pay on final statement, or from his savings on his clothing allowance.
(e) The amount of any damage, or cost of repairs, to arms or equipment caused by the abuse or negligence of a member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps, as the case may be, who had the care of, or was using, the property when it was damaged, shall be deducted from his pay.
(f) If, upon final settlement of the accounts of an officer of the Army or the Air Force charged with the issue of an article of military supply, there is a deficiency of that article, or if an article of military supply with whose issue an officer is charged is damaged, the value of the lost article or the amount of the damage shall be charged against the officer and deducted from his monthly pay, unless he shows to the satisfaction of the Secretary of the Army or the Secretary of the Air Force, as the case may be, by one or more affidavits setting forth the circumstances, that he was not at fault.
(g) An amount due the United States from an officer of the Army or the Air Force for rations bought on credit, and for articles bought on credit under section 4621 (a)(1) or 9621 (a)(1) of title 10, shall be deducted from the next pay due that officer after the sale is reported.
(h) 
(1) Upon request by a service relief society and subject to paragraph (2), an amount owed by a member of the uniformed services to the relief society may be deducted from the pay on final statement of such member and paid to that relief society.
(2) An amount may not be deducted under paragraph (1) from the pay of a member unless the Secretary concerned makes a determination of the amount owed in accordance with the regulations prescribed under subsection (c). Any amount determined to be owed to a service relief society under this paragraph shall be considered an amount that the member is administratively determined to owe the United States under subsection (c) and shall be collectible in accordance with such subsection.
(3) The Secretaries concerned shall prescribe regulations to carry out this subsection.
(4) In this subsection, the term service relief society means the Army Emergency Relief, the Air Force Aid Society, the Navy Relief Society, or the Coast Guard Mutual Assistance.
(i) 
(1) There shall be deducted each month from the pay of each enlisted member, warrant officer, and limited duty officer of the armed forces on active duty an amount (determined under paragraph (3)) not to exceed $1.00.
(2) Amounts deducted under paragraph (1) shall be deposited in the Armed Forces Retirement Home Trust Fund.
(3) The Secretary of Defense, after consultation with the Armed Forces Retirement Home Board, shall determine from time to time the amount to be deducted under paragraph (1) from the pay of enlisted members, warrant officers, and limited duty officers on the basis of the financial needs of the Armed Forces Retirement Home. The amount to be deducted may be fixed at different amounts on the basis of grade or length of service, or both.
(4) In this subsection, the term armed forces does not include the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy.
(5) This subsection does not apply to an enlisted member, warrant officer, or limited duty officer of a reserve component.

37 USC 1008 - Presidential recommendations concerning adjustments and changes in pay and allowances

(a) The President shall direct an annual review of the adequacy of the pays and allowances authorized by this title for members of the uniformed services.
(b) Whenever the President considers it appropriate, but in no event later than January 1, 1967, and not less than once each four years thereafter, he shall direct a complete review of the principles and concepts of the compensation system for members of the uniformed services. Upon completion of such review he shall submit a detailed report to Congress summarizing the results of such review together with any recommendations he may have proposing changes in the statutory salary system and other elements of the compensation structure provided members of the uniformed services.

37 USC 1009 - Adjustments of monthly basic pay

(a) Requirement for Annual Adjustment.— 
Effective on January 1 of each year, the rates of basic pay for members of the uniformed services under section 203 (a) of this title shall be increased under this section.
(b) Effectiveness of Adjustment.— 
An adjustment under this section shall have the force and effect of law.
(c) Equal Percentage Increase for All Members.— 

(1) An adjustment made under this section in a year shall provide all eligible members with an increase in the monthly basic pay that is the percentage (rounded to the nearest one-tenth of one percent) by which the ECI for the base quarter of the year before the preceding year exceeds the ECI for the base quarter of the second year before the preceding calendar year (if at all).
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), but subject to subsection (d), the percentage of the adjustment taking effect under this section during each of fiscal years 2004, 2005, and 2006, shall be one-half of one percentage point higher than the percentage that would otherwise be applicable under such paragraph.
(3) In this subsection:
(A) The term ECI means the Employment Cost Index (wages and salaries, private industry workers) published quarterly by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
(B) The term base quarter for any year is the three-month period ending on September 30 of such year.
(d) Protection of Member’s Total Compensation While Performing Certain Duty.— 

(1) The total daily equivalent amount of the elements of compensation described in paragraph (3), together with other pay and allowances under this title, to be paid to a member of the uniformed services who is temporarily assigned to duty away from the members permanent duty station or to duty under field conditions at the members permanent duty station shall not be less, for any day during the assignment period, than the total amount, for the day immediately preceding the date of the assignment, of the elements of compensation and other pay and allowances of the member.
(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply with respect to an element of compensation or other pay or allowance of a member during an assignment described in such paragraph to the extent that the element of compensation or other pay or allowance is reduced or terminated due to circumstances unrelated to the assignment.
(3) The elements of compensation referred to in this subsection mean
(A) the monthly basic pay authorized members of the uniformed services by section 203 (a) of this title;
(B) the basic allowance for subsistence authorized members of the uniformed services by section 402 of this title; and
(C) the basic allowance for housing authorized members of the uniformed services by section 403 of this title.
(e) Presidential Determination of Need for Alternative Pay Adjustment.— 

(1) If, because of national emergency or serious economic conditions affecting the general welfare, the President considers the pay adjustment which would otherwise be required by this section in any year to be inappropriate, the President shall prepare and transmit to Congress before September 1 of the preceding year a plan for such alternative pay adjustments as the President considers appropriate, together with the reasons therefor.
(2) In evaluating an economic condition affecting the general welfare under this subsection, the President shall consider pertinent economic measures including the Indexes of Leading Economic Indicators, the Gross Domestic Product, the unemployment rate, the budget deficit, the Consumer Price Index, the Producer Price Index, the Employment Cost Index, and the Implicit Price Deflator for Personal Consumption Expenditures.
(3) The President shall include in the plan submitted to Congress under paragraph (1) an assessment of the impact that the alternative pay adjustments proposed in the plan would have on the Governments ability to recruit and retain well-qualified persons for the uniformed services.

37 USC 1010 - Commissioned officers: promotions; effective date for pay and allowances

An officer of a uniformed service who is promoted to a grade above second lieutenant or ensign is entitled to the pay and allowances of the grade to which promoted on the effective date of the promotion.

37 USC 1011 - Mess operation: reimbursement of expenses

(a) The Secretary of Defense shall, by regulation, establish rates for meals sold at messes to officers, civilians, and enlisted members. Such rates shall be established at a level sufficient to provide reimbursement of operating expenses and food costs to the appropriations concerned, but members of the uniformed services and civilians in a travel status receiving a per diem allowance in lieu of subsistence shall be charged at a rate of not less than $2.50 per day. Notwithstanding the preceding sentence, if the Secretary determines that it is in the best interest of the United States, the Secretary may reduce a rate for meals established under this subsection by the amount of that rate attributable to operating expenses.
(b) For the purposes of this section, payment for meals at the rates established under this section may be made in cash or, in the case of enlisted members or civilian employees, by deduction from pay. Members of organized nonprofit youth groups sponsored at either the national or local level, when extended the privilege of visiting a military installation or when residing at a military installation pursuant to an agreement in effect on June 30, 1986, and permitted to eat in the general mess by the commanding officer of the installation, shall pay the commuted ration cost of such meal or meals.
(c) Spouses and dependent children of enlisted members in pay grades E1, E2, E3, and E4 may not be charged for meals sold at messes in excess of a level sufficient to cover food costs.
(d) When the Coast Guard is not operating as a service in the Navy, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall establish rates for meals sold at Coast Guard dining facilities, provide for reimbursement of operating expenses and food costs to the appropriations concerned, and reduce the rates for such meals when the Secretary determines that it is in the best interest of the United States to do so.

37 USC 1012 - Disbursement and accounting: pay of enlisted members of the National Guard

Amounts appropriated for the pay, under subsections (a), (b), and (d) of section 206, section 301 (f), section 402(e), and section 1002 of this title, of enlisted members of the Army National Guard of the United States or the Air National Guard of the United States for attending regular periods of duty and instruction shall be disbursed and accounted for by the Secretary of Defense. All such disbursements shall be made for 3-month periods for units of the Army National Guard or Air National Guard under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, and on pay rolls prepared and authenticated as prescribed in those regulations.

37 USC 1013 - Payment of compensation for victims of terrorism

Any benefit or payment pursuant to section 559 of this title, or section 1032 or 1095a or chapter 110 of title 10, shall be paid out of funds available to the Secretary concerned for military personnel.

37 USC 1014 - Payment date for pay and allowances

(a) Amounts of basic pay, basic allowance for housing, basic allowance for subsistence, and other payments of military compensation (other than travel and transportation allowances and separation allowances) shall be paid on the first day of the month beginning after the month during which the right to such compensation accrues.
(b) Subsection (a) does not preclude one payment in midmonth for any element of compensation and does not affect any authority to make advance payments of pay and allowances.

37 USC 1015 - Repealed. Pub. L. 109364, div. A, title X, 1046(b)(1), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2393]

Section, added Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title VI, 673(a)(1), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 674, related to annual report on effects of recruitment and retention initiatives.