Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

This word "is from the French, but has become somewhat naturalized in our language. Strictly and etymologically, It means la person employed,' but, in practice in the French language, it ordinarily is used to signify a person in seme official employment, and as generally used with us, though perhaps not confined to any ofBcial employment, it is understood to mean some permanent employment or position." The word is more extensive than "clerk" or "officer." It signifies any one in place, or having charge or using a function, as well as one in office. See Ritter v. State, 111 Ind. 324, 12 N. E. 501; Palmer v. Van Santvoord, 153 N. Y.'6I2, 47 N. E. 915, 38 In R. A. 402; Frick Co., v. Norfolk & O. V. R. Co., 86'Fed. 738, 32 C. C. A. 31; Pcople v. Board of Police, 75 N. Y. 38; Finance Co. v. Charleston. C. & C. R. Co. (C. C.) 52 Fed. 527; State v. Sarlls, 135 Ind. 195, 34 N. E. 1129; Hopkins v. Cromwell, 89 App. Div. 481, 85 N. Y. Supp. 839.

Henry Campbell Black, M.A.
West Publishing Company
Year Published: 
Law Dictionary