Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    In Scotch law. These are either
    (1) actions of proper improbation for declaring a writing false or forged;
    (2) actions of reduction-improbation for the production of a writing in order to have it set aside or its effect ascertained under the certification that the writing if not produced shall be declared false or forged; and
    (3) actions of simple reduction, for declaring a writing called for null until produced. Ersk. Prin. 4, 1, 5.