Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Ballentine's Law Dictionary

    An associate of the chief civil magistrate of an English city or town. A member of the governing board of a city. See 4 Hill (N. Y.), 384.

  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    A judicial or administrative magistrate. Originally the word was synonymous with "elder," but was also used to designate an earl, and even a king. In English law. An associate. to the chief civll magistrate of a corporate town or city. In American cities. The aldermen are generally a legislative body, having limited judicial powers as a body, as in matters of internal polico regulation, laying out and repairing streets, constructing sewers, and the like; though in many cities they hold separate courts, and have magisterial powers to a considerable extent Bouvier.